Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health
EISSN : 25759612
Current Publisher: Fortune Journals (10.26502)
Total articles ≅ 95
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 15 August 2020
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health; doi:10.26502/jesph
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health is a peer reviewed journals. Impact factor, indexing, SCI, Scopus, PubMed, ESCI, Clarivate Analytics. Environmental Science journals
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 16-31; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120082
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 5-15; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120081
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 229-243; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120097
Background: In December 2016, the Cameroon ministry of Public health in collaboration with WHO updated its HIV guidelines to a test and treat all strategy, expanding antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility to all individuals with HIV infection, regardless of CD4+ cell count, and recommending ART be initiated within two weeks of HIV diagnosis and this has been implemented in Cameroon since 2016. Objective: The overall objective of this study was to assess the uptake of universal test and treat strategy and associated challenges. Methods: This was a cross sectional study where participants were randomly selected from 8 communities and 4 Health facilities within Fako Health districts.1501 and 384 participants were randomly selected from the communities and health facilities, respectively .Data was collected using electronic questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 25. Chi square test was used to compared proportions between categorical variables while descriptive analysis was used to measure the uptake of Universal test and treat strategy. Results: A total of 1501 respondents were interviewed in the 8 randomly selected communities among which there were 882(58.8%) females and 619(41.1%) males. Among the 384 participants that were sampled from the 4 different health facilities,282(73.4%) and 102(26.6%) were males. With respect to history of HIV test, 1207(85.9%) reported to have ever done an HIV test in their lifetime among which majority (61%) were females and the difference was statistically significant (x2=40.1, p
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 32-42; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120083
Introduction: Asthma is one of the most significant non-communicable diseases. In 2016, the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) estimated that asthma affects as many as 339 million people worldwide. More than 80% of asthma deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the burden of asthma. Methods: We did this population-based cross-sectional study in Ouagadougou city, Burkina Faso. We randomly selected women above the age of 18 years from 3 neighborhoods in 2 districts. Trained interviewers asked validated questionnaires and administered spirometry to participants. Participants considered with asthma were those who reported wheeze in the past 12 months and/or a physician diagnosis of asthma and/or current use of asthma medications and/or have been diagnosed with asthma by the spirometry test. We calculated prevalence of asthma and tested its association with risk factors. Results: Between March 2017 and September 2018, we interviewed 1705 women, of whom 835 were selected for the spirometry, and among them, 564 provided acceptable spirometry and were analyzed. Mean age was 36 years; none have reported current or former smoking. The prevalence of asthma was 18.18%. The peak of prevalence was observed in the 25-34 years age-group. About 3.28% reported a physician diagnosis of asthma or use of asthma medications and 16.07% reported wheeze in the past 12 months. Asthma was associated with biomass use as main cooking fuel (odds ratio 1·33, 95% CI 1·02–1·73; p = 0·035), having a family history of asthma (2.19, 1.59-3.03; p < 0.001), being in the age group 25-34 years (1.55, 1.05-2.28; p = 0.028). Living less than 100 meters from a paved road seems to be a protective factor (0.45, 0.34-0.59; p < 0.001). We didn’t find any association between asthma and passive smoking. Conclusion: Biomass smoke exposure cause damage to women respiratory health. Strategies to improve clean and healthy fuels access are needed.
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 161-174; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120092
This study assessed the levels of heavy metals in the soils of three communities (Lokoja, Osara, and Kabba) within forty kilometers from a Cement factory situated in Obajana, Kogi State of Nigeria. Soil pH values ranged from 6.0 - 7.3, organic matter ranged from 2.5±0.5-4.03±0.3 %, Electrical Conductivity ranged from 104.1±31.5-188.5±75.5 µS/Cm, carbonates ranged from 2.8±0.8-3.7±0.5 mg/kg. The order of pollution of the locations under study was Lokoja > Osara > Kabba > Control based on the Pollution Load Index calculation. The elements’ dominance was in the order: Zn >Pb >Cu> Ni > Cd in general. Lokoja: Zn-31.32, Pb-30.78, Cu-28.12, Ni- 22.723, and Cd-1.63 mgkg-1 Osara: Cu-22.32, Zn-21.56, Pb-16.31, Ni- 3.61, and Cd-1.16 mgkg-1 Kabba: Zn-17.98, Cu-6.05, Pb-5.89, Ni- 4.70, and Cd-1.105 mgkg-1. Higher elemental concentrations were observed in Lokoja and Osara. The I-geo results indicated that the Cu and Ni were moderately to strongly polluted metals in Lokoja with I-geo 4.15 and 3.84 respectively, while Cu I-geo= 1.85), and Ni (I-geo=1.59) in Kabba and Cd (I-geo=1.93), Ni (I-geo=1.18) and Pb (I-geo=1.67) were moderately polluted. However Zn was, according to the I-geo values, unpolluted both in Kabba and Osara but moderately polluted in Lokoja. The PLI values ranged from 2.04 to 6.3 indicating that some of the studied metals exceeded the background (Control) metal concentration. The mathematical models revealed that the source of pollution was anthropogenic, the cement facility together with the attendant vehicular traffic and emissions were implicated as responsible for metal pollution in these areas.
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 43-60; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120084
The constant generation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is a global concern in terms of quantity and its variety. The composition of MSW is influenced by the level of income; the season of the year; population; culture and lifestyle of people living in that community. Nigeria, in particular, is currently struggling with the menace of the upsurge in the quantity MSW in her major cities, but concern only with its collection, transportation, and disposal, however neglecting the prospect of material recovery from MSW for recycling. On this note, the study aimed to characterize MSW from identified dumpsites and at household level in Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) and Bwari area council, Abuja, Nigeria towards a sustainable and efficient MSW management. The methodology used in this study was carried out in both wet and dry seasons, and each season entails; the use of American Standard Test Method  to determine the composition of unprocessed MSW at dumpsites 3 days in a week for 4 weeks and, the segregation of MSW into colored bags representing waste category at the household level was done for 2 weeks. The use of a stratified and random sampling method was employed to administer the questionnaires for data acquisition. The results show that the level of income played a significant role in the constituents of MSW generated at district level. In conclusion, food waste/organics and plastic waste are the predominant MSW categories in AMAC, and Bwari area council, Abuja, Nigeria. The characterization of MSW is essential for a long-term effect and sustainable solid waste management plans in order to design an appropriate and efficient waste management system for the society.
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 3, pp 483-486; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120078
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 3, pp 487-495; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120079
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, Volume 4, pp 150-160; doi:10.26502/jesph.96120091
This study assessed the accumulation of heavy metals in shrubs and herbs along Mubi Mararaba Road (MMRR), Mubi Maiha Road (MMR), Adamawa State University Second Gate (ADSU2G) road and Adamawa State University Ecological Garden (ADSUEG) in Mubi. The fresh leaves samples of the herbs and shrubs in these aforementioned locations were collected at a distance between 0-100 m and 100-200 m away from the road. After identification, the samples were air dried at room temperature and were pulverized into fine powder using wooden pestle and mortar. Analyses of heavy metals were carried out using standard procedures. The investigation revealed varied concentrations of the heavy metals such as Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe) and Lead (Pb) in both the herbs and shrubs; with those obtained at a distance between 0-100 having higher concentration of most of the metals. The study therefore, concluded that, the concentrations of Cd, Zn, Pb, Fe and Cu at the study areas which were within the ranges of 0.16-0.42 mg/kg, 2.75-7.82 mg/kg, 0.12-0.53 mg/kg, 24.13-69.52 mg/kg and 3.21-9.16 mg/kg respectively in both the herbs and shrubs were within the allowable limit for plants; and the concentrations of these metals were dependent upon distance of the plants from road.