Problems and Perspectives in Management

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 17277051 / 18105467
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 638
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Ayan Zhaxylykova, Mainur Ordabayeva, Zauresh Akhmetova, Almira Zhumagaziyeva, Gulzhihan Smagulova
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 18, pp 17-25; doi:10.21511/ppm.18(1).2020.02

Abstract:This paper addresses the key aspects of project management of organizational performance in the context of changing economic market relations and seeks for an alternative approach to fill the representation gap. Employee’s voice is chosen as the case of organizational performance, as it is important in many ways. In this context, key question is whether partnership mechanism could help labor union revival and increase mutual gains outcomes. In order to address the issues, first of all, the paper reviews the concept of employee’s voice, the features of direct communication, and representative participation, including consultation and partnership. Next, it explores the recent evolution of industrial relations in Kazakhstan and explains why the representation gap is important. Then it looks into the real business case study of the National Railway Company Kazakhstan to understand the features of partnership. The conclusion suggests that there is a need for a mix of direct communication and representative participation to fill the representation gap effectively, and partnership could be an effective mechanism to establish the cooperative industrial relations. Acknowledgment(s)This paper was written within PhD project “Barriers and solutions to small and medium entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan” (Ayana Zhaxylykova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University).
Jana Hinke, Michal Gezo, Luboš Smutka, Wadim Strielkowski
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 18, pp 1-16; doi:10.21511/ppm.18(1).2020.01

Abstract:This paper aims at comparing the management perspectives with the audit conditions in the Visegrad Group (V4) countries (the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Poland, and Hungary) in the following areas: legislation governing the auditing, statutory duty of auditing, mandatory rotation of auditors in public interest entities, requirements on auditors and professional activities, and audit supervision organizations. The paper also tests the hypothesis whether there is a relationship between the size of the accounting entity and the auditor’s opinion.The methodology is based on the statistical analysis of the data using the Chi-square test of independence applied to a sample of 800 randomly selected accounting entities from all V4 countries (200 per each country in question).The results demonstrated significant differences in the management approaches to financial reporting, especially in the area of the statutory duty of auditing. In addition, quantitative research was conducted to determine whether there is a relationship between the size of the accounting entity and the auditor’s opinion. At the 5% significance level, no such dependence has been found for any of the V4 countries, but at the 10% significance level, the dependence has already been proved in case of the Republic of Poland and Hungary. The practical value of the obtained results is the knowledge of how to manage accounting standards for business entities in the V4 countries, as well as to determine the statutory duty to audit financial statements. These results might be of a special practical importance for business managers, tax authorities, and auditors operating in the EU countries.
Uzzal Hossain, Ahmed Al Asheq, S. M. Arifuzzaman
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 493-503; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.40

Abstract:This study has investigated the extent to which individual and contextual factors determine the entrepreneurial intention in Bangladesh. Also, this study examined the comparative impact of both individual and contextual factors on entrepreneurial intentions. Sample data (n = 270) have been collected through using a survey questionnaire from a renowned public university of Bangladesh. This study has applied both correlation analysis and hierarchical regression for testing the hypotheses. Total eight hypotheses are tested to examine the influence of seven independent variables on entrepreneurial intentions, in which six factors have been found as significant predictors of entrepreneurial intentions. The correlation analysis revealed that risk-taking, locus of control, self-efficacy, and job autonomy are significantly correlated with entrepreneurial intention at 5% significance level. The regression result indicated that individual factors such as risk-taking, locus of control, self-efficacy, and job autonomy and contextual factors such as social networks and university educational program have positive effect on entrepreneurial intention. The study also found out that individual factors have more influence on entrepreneurial intentions than contextual variables. This paper also offers some implications for academic scholars.
Lina Marcela Vargas Garcia, Jesus David Perdomo Jacanamejoy, Maria Angelica Hernandez Cordoba, Julian Mauricio Gomez Lopez
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 480-492; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.39

Abstract:This study seeks to analyze and describe the business dynamics of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the commerce and services sector in the municipality of Palmira, Colombia. In addition, it aims at analyzing the organizational characteristics (internal and external) to determine the factors that influence the strengthening of the variables that make them more or less competitive. The study used the estimation of an econometric model and data from 219 SMEs registered with the Chamber of Commerce1 – Palmira 2017. In addition to several investigations with similar claims that seek to study the variables that relate to organizational competitiveness and how this aspect is classified as a fundamental factor in the state of success or business failure in the world, it was found that variables such as the contribution that technical support programs make to strengthen the SMEs.Good management and knowledge of the financial situation of the company and the correct management of relations with suppliers are the variables that most influence the dynamics and internal and market behavior of companies in Palmira.It is evident that more than 40% of the companies surveyed have not been trained in issues associated with competitiveness, which indicates that there are weaknesses related to the synergies that should exist between the SMEs and the institutions that provide technical support. Consequently, companies that have received training are expected to receive higher sales from the strategies learned in these trainings.
Yuliia Komarynska, Olha Kryshevych, Nataliya Linnyk, Vladyslav Karelin, Olena Kofanova
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 469-479; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.38

Abstract:The article analyzes public-private partnership (PPP) as a form of interaction between state and business in the context of optimizing the Ukrainian economy. According to the results of SWOT analysis of the implementation of PPP projects in the infrastructure of Ukraine (2017–2019), the main criteria that determine the necessary model of public-private partnership were substaintiated, namely the distribution of investments, risks, obligations between the state and the private sector, the term and object of the agreement.The study analyzed the impact of economic, political, legislative and criminal processes on public-private partnerships in Ukraine. It was proved that the formation of specific allocation relations based on the interaction between public and private property is the most important feature of public-private partnership, which distinguishes it from other forms of interaction between the state and business. Advantages of PPP are as follows: the increase of management efficiency of state and municipal property objects, the reduction of tax burden on the state budget and optimization of budget expenditures on public services provision, the maintenance of budget-funded institutions, etc. It has been established that the PPP is the best alternative to privatization in order to attract private investment in strategic infrastructure facilities.
Nataliya Chukhray, Oleksandra Mrykhina
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 504-516; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.41

Abstract:Technology transfer from universities to the business environment plays a key role in use of the open innovation concept. Meanwhile, in Ukraine which has a sufficiently high level of scientific and technological capacity, universities do not fully respond to market demands and do not receive the proper commercial results. One of the reasons for this is that current methods and models do not allow justifying the level of techno­logy transferability. This article aims to present a methodological approach to assessing the transferability of technologies from universities to the business environment and to develop a method for determining the integral index of technology transferability. Therefore, the study considered and substantiated options for this transfer based on the sale of technology licenses by the universities; creation of spin-off companies by the university; technology transfer as startups; conclusion of a joint activity agreements; scientific and technical cooperation. A market technology launch matrix was developed to select these models. The developed methodological tools can be used to compare investment projects. The results obtained were tested based on technology of personal passive optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry of ionizing radiation.
Wika Harisa Putri, Handoko Arwi Hasthoro, Ghea Maudhia Putri
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 453-468; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.37

Abstract:The establishment of a company cannot be separated from its environmental and social factors. Sustainability reports start from those applied to current companies because there are forms of corporate accountability to stakeholders and community considerations of the company to provide social responsibility. This study finds out and empirically proves that there are differences in each Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G4 indicator in the company’s sustainability report in each industry classification. The authors investigate the dominant indicators in each industry classification based on sustainability reports. The data are obtained from 28 GRI G4-based company sustainability reports in 2016 and 2017. The analytical method in the study is the K-means clustering analysis. The results of study indicate the differences in GRI G4 in 2016 and 2017. The researchers find out that the dominant indicator expressed in the financial industry is an economic indicator. Meanwhile, in the mining, transportation and infrastructure industries, basic and chemical industries etc. the dominant indicators to be disclosed are environmental indicators. This research provides a theoretical basis for sustainability and environmental reporting, particularly in the context of developing countries. It is expected that this study should also inform business practitioners as well as policymakers vis-à-vis sustainability reporting in practice.
Renato Costa, Álvaro Dias, Leandro Pereira, José Santos, André Capelo
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 441-452; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.36

Abstract:The essence of this research is to shed light on use and importance of artificial intelligence (AI) in commercial activity. As such, the objective of the present study is to understand the impact of AI tools on the development of business functions and if they can be affirmed as a means of help or as a substitute for these functions. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 commercial managers from technological SMEs. The results indicate that all the participants use AI systems frequently, that these tools assist in developing of their functions, allowing having more time and better preparing to solve the commercial problems. The findings also indicate that the tools used by commercials are still somewhat limited, and companies should focus on their training and development in AI, as well as the training of their commercials. Furthermore, the results show that firms intend to use the data collection and the analytical tool that enable real-time response and customization according to customer needs.
Arman Hakim Nasution, Alva Edy Tontowi, Bertha Maya Sopha, Budi Hartono, Satria Fadil Persada
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 416-429; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.34

Abstract:This research aims to create a sustainable dynamic model concept towards the craft industry, which competes with each other in order to get the government budget allocation. The object of this research is superior industry (IU) from regional work unit. The regional work unit allocates its fund’s proportion of wood craft industry (IKA) by 51 percent and leather craft industry (IKU) by 49 percent. With almost equal portion, it turns out that the development result of IU has unequal proportion, which is 34 percent for IKA and 66 percent for IKU. This inequality indicates that there is a budgeting allocation, which is not based on performance. System dynamic simulation approach (SD) is conducted to predict the development of performance of both observation objects. In the phase of SD model development, Balanced Scoreboard (BSC) framework is used as a frame of development. The approach of ARCH-type model Success to Successful (StoS) is used as a concept of problem-solving. Several scenarios are formed in this research and needed as symbiosis redesign policy towards IKA product to increase the absorption of IKU product. Practical implications on sustainability of IKA and IKU are discussed in this research. The problem-solving can be applicable and replicable in Indonesia’s craft industry.
Iwan Sidharta, M. Sidik Priadana, Azhar Affandi
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, pp 404-415; doi:10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.33

Abstract:Nowadays, the creative industry contributes a lot to the economic growth. Reliable human resources support the organizational success. This study investigates the employees’ innovative behavior, which is assumed to be influenced by intellectual capital. This aspect consists of human capital, structural capital, and relational capital. This survey-based research studied the creative industry employees for four months in data collection and four months for analysis and interpretation of data processing results. This study used a quantitative method to answer the proposed hypothesis. The samples were 243 employees of the creative industry in Bandung, Cimahi, Bandung Regency, and West Bandung Regency, Indonesia. For processing the data and testing the hypotheses, the research employed the Partial Least Square-SEM. The results show that there is a compelling effect on human capital, structural capital, and relational capital on innovative behavior. The R-squared value of 0.46 indicates the overall impact. This research suggests some aspects that escalate the innovative behavior. The first aspect is skill enhancement, which leads to the raising of human capital. Next, providing the facilities and infrastructure for internet network connections builds the structural capital. Moreover, offering sources of raw materials needed by employees prompts the relational capital. By carrying out those efforts, the employees’ innovative behavior can increase optimally. Research on intellectual capital currently focuses on the performance of the company and dynamic capabilities. Currently, focus on processes of intellectual capital is still in an emerging stage. This study pursues to fulfill the theoretical gap regarding the intellectual capital in which the focus of the research is on innovative behavior in the creative industry.