Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology

Journal Information
EISSN : 2320-7027
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 1,220
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Latest articles in this journal

, Remko Vonk, Mulugeta Diro, Dawit Alemu
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 53-68; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130726

Abstract:
For the last six decades, Ethiopia has been implementing different agricultural extension approaches. These approaches range from area focused comprehensive package programme which selectively targeted high potential areas to modified Training and Visit extension and the recent nationwide participatory extension System. One thing in common in all these approaches is standardized advisory system characterised by ‘one size fits for all’ approaches which pushes selected package of technologies and extension messages to all classes of smallholder farmers. The study followed a comparative analysis of baseline and post interventions assessment using ‘one-timad extension package’ customised advisory service. One -timad extension package is exclusively designed for land constrained poor farmers on a quarter of a hectare land size with farmers preferred crop varieties, recommended fertilizer rate, practical training and Integrated Pest management. The pilots were implemented in four regional states of Ethiopia to get an insight for further engagement. The finding shows the need for advisory service to be inclusive; technology supply and services tailored to the multiple capacities and demands of different classes of small farmers. Hence, further piloting to new clients and areas is recommended for institutionalization of the approach.
, K. Ramakrishnan, K. Prabakaran, A. Janaki Rani
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 48-52; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130725

Abstract:
The present study was carried out in Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, India by using random sampling method with 120 respondents and data collected by well structured interview schedule. There are 8 blocks of Dindigul district (Tamil Nadu, India) out of which 4 blocks were selected on the basis of maximum area (1568 ha) and production (18002 MT). Objective of this research is to study the Marketing behaviour of tomato growers. Consumers' marketing behaviour when looking for, buying, selling, using, evaluating, and discarding products and services that they believe will meet their requirements. According to the findings, the majority of respondents (64.16 per cent) had a medium level of overall marketing behaviour, followed by 23.34 per cent of them having high and only 12.5 percent of them having low level of marketing behaviour.
, M. Anji Reddy, K. R. Karunakaran, K. B. Shafeer
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 69-78; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130727

Abstract:
Paddy is the important, food grain, cereal crop, and staple food crop of India. India ranks second in production of paddy after China. This establishes the pressing need for the study of vulnerability and trend of paddy cultivation and productivity in India. Andhra Pradesh being one of the largest producers of paddy, the compound growth rate and instability in area, productivity and production of paddy in Andhra Pradesh was assessed after the remainder of the state of undivided Andhra Pradesh after bifurcation in 2014 with the jurisdiction of four Rayalaseema and nine Coastal Andhra districts. In this study, we have analyzed the trend & carried out instability index analysis in paddy crop area, productivity and production across district of Andhra Pradesh to explicate the trend in extent paddy cultivation and paddy productivity, district wise Cuddy-Della Valle-Instability Index (%) for the paddy cultivating area from 1991-92 to 2018-19, using the data collected from Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Andhra Pradesh. We assessed district wise Cuddy-Della Valle-Instability Index (%) in paddy productivity from 1991-92 to 2018-19 and found that in Andhra Pradesh, the area of paddy cultivation, paddy productivity output has changed in the study area over the time. Between 1991-92 and 2018-19, the overall paddy growth rate of the area showed a decline of 0.5%. And growth rate of paddy productivity was 1.31% while the increase of production was 0.74%, which can be attributed to the negative impacts arising out of changing weather patterns.
Golam Torab Ali, , Prabhat Kumar Pal
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 35-41; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130723

Abstract:
Agricultural extension institutions play different roles at village level. There is always a need of inter-collaboration network between different institutions. Information exchange among these organizations is important for technology generation, information dissemination and adoption. So, it is imperative to know the inter collaboration network among the institutional actors which requires proper investigation and analysis. A few works were found in India on inter-collaboration network among the institutional actors of Agricultural Knowledge Information System (AKIS). The objective of the study was to find out the inter-collaboration network among institutional actors of AKIS of two different districts of West Bengal and their comparative evaluation. The data were collected from 84 respondents from 19 different institutions employing a random sampling technique. The data were analysed through UCINET 6 and Netdraw software. It was found from the study that Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Comprehensive Area Development Corporation (CADC), Agricultural line department through Assistant Director of Agriculture (ADA), Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) and Farmer Producers’ Organisations (FPO) play a pivotal role in this network. It was found also from the study that Cooch Behar district had stronger inter-collaboration network among its institution’s actors than Jalpaiguri district.
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 42-47; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130724

Abstract:
The study aimed to explore the challenges perceived by the instructors during the designing and development of MOOCs in India. The data was collected through a mailed questionnaire with the help of Google form. A total of 79 respondents were involved across India. Descriptive research design was used for this particular study. The study revealed that content development (2.48) was perceived as a big challenge by the instructors because most of the content was available in video form. Learners’ engagement (2.33) was found as the second most important challenge perceived by the instructors. Other important challenges were time pressure during the development of MOOCs (2.20); moderating discussion forum (2.11) and technical competency (2.06). It can be concluded that among all parameters content development is hectic and the most challenging. One can be more effective in content development when others parameters like technical competency, discussion forum etc. are tackled properly so that more time and energy can be given in content development.
K. Keerthana, A. Rohini, D. Murugananthi, R. Vasanthi
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 28-34; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130719

Abstract:
This study was mainly concentrated on grape production. The results of analysis would throw light on the extent of cost and returns of grape cultivation, constraints faced by farmers ranked using Garett’s ranking technique. The cost and return of the grape farm per acre were analyzed and the average total cost was worked out to Rs.73,815.45 per acre and the average gross return was Rs 1,20,290 per acre.The result of the study indicates that grape cultivation is highly profitable and the benefit cost ratio was more than one (1.6). The major constraints faced by the sample farmers in the cultivation of grapes were pest attack followed by weeds, water shortage, credit availability and lack of input availability. The results would help the policy makers in formulating suitable programs and devising strategy for increasing production of grapes in Tamil Nadu.
Baljit Kaur, K. K. Kundu, Nitin Sharma
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 20-27; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130716

Abstract:
The study's major goal is to look at how prices and market arrivals have changed before and after the installation of e-NAM, as well as the challenges that stakeholders experience in adopting this technology. Based on the facilities gained from the designated APMCs linked with e-NAM through personal interviews, data from randomly selected farmers and dealers, cum commission agents, and committee officials was collected. Several users were interviewed in order to achieve this goal relating to various challenges faced by e-NAM stakeholders while participating in the process of selling and buying through the e-NAM site. Farmers in the selected APMCs faced significant challenges due to the complicated and time-consuming method of trading in the e-NAM system, a lack of knowledge about e-trading (farmers frequently do not understand the meaning displayed in the machine), and frequent visits to the bank for payment realisation.
, S. V. Prasad, P. L. R. J. Praveena, G. Karuna Sagar, B. Ravindra Reddy
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 11-19; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130715

Abstract:
Water is a critical resource in agriculture & allied sector and it is estimated that globally, on average, agriculture accounts for 70 percent of global freshwater withdrawals. Consequently, the management of water in agriculture (irrigation) becomes important and in this context, programmes on irrigation and water conservation have been playing pivotal role. At present, this task at central level is performed by Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY). So, the research objective was formulated to study the socio-personal and communication characteristics of beneficiary farmers of PMKSY and it was undertaken during 2020-21. Uttarkashi and Dehradun districts were selected purposively and two blocks were selected in each district by simple random sampling. Three villages from each block and twenty farmers from each village were selected by following simple random sampling. Thus, the sample constituted to a total of 240 respondents. The findings revealed that majority (35.84%) of beneficiary farmers belonged for middle age group, more than two-fifth (40.00%) of the beneficiary farmers had education up to intermediate, almost two-fifth (39.17%) of the beneficiary farmers had medium farm, nearly half (49.59%) of the beneficiary farmers had medium farming experience. Moreover, beneficiary farmers (100.00%) had agriculture as their primary occupation, half (50.83%) of the beneficiary farmers had medium extension contact, more than half (56.67%) had medium level of mass media exposure followed, three-fifth (61.25%) beneficiary farmers had high innovativeness, 51.67 per cent PMKSY beneficiary farmers had low level of training exposure, majority (47.50%) had low social participation, 60.83 per cent beneficiary farmers had medium achievement motivation, majority (67.50%) had medium scientific orientation and majority (66.67%) of beneficiary farmers belonged to medium risk preference group. Interventions on focusing on small and marginal farmers, providing more trainings, improving extension contacts and social participation were suggested as the suitable measures for success of micro irrigation under PMKSY.
Swapnalika Nanda Goswami,
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 444-448; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1030717

Abstract:
Agriculture can be contemplated as the “vertebral column” of the human life and has substantial control on country’s economy. In the aim of enhancing agricultural sustainability, effectiveness and plant health, cultivators are continuously innovating high technical and scientific estimation. Remote sensing is a quick, broad-spectrum, and sophisticated approach for analysing the spectral properties of earth surfaces from a variety of distances, ranging from satellites to ground-based platforms. In this process, the information can be obtained without coming into direct contact with the object. One of the main focus of remote sensing in agriculture production of crop including crop protection from various diseases and pests. Remote sensing technique is very helpful for incredibly spatial diagnostic results and its execution in agriculture, more sustain and safe by evading expensive and excessive use of different pesticides, fungicides etc. in production of crops.
, S. Selvanayaki, N. Deepa, R. Vasanthi
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i1130712

Abstract:
Forests are renewable resources that contribute significantly to economic growth. The economic contribution by forest is through the valuable commodities including wood, paper and non-timber forest products. One among this is timber, it has been the primary material for house construction and furnishings of all kinds over the years. Timber plays a vital role in international trade in India. This study was focused on finding growth pattern in export and import of timber using Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR). Over the period of 2005-2019, the production of timber has been increased at the rate of 0.07%. The import performance was dominant over the export due to over requirements of raw materials. Although export showed positive growth rate at 0.15%, import of timber shot up at 4.09% from 2005-2019. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce adequate due diligence system to meet domestic demand of timber production in India.
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