Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology
EISSN : 2320-7027
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 1,486
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 27 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 340-351; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931012
Aim: Analyze gender relationships and farmers' involvement in rice-bean (Vigna ambellata) production activities in selected regions of Nyanza, Kenya. Study Design: Ex post facto survey design was used. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in selected regions of Siaya, Kisii, and Migori between August 2020 and July 2021. Methodology: Questionnaires and interviews were administered to collect information from 103 households; Kisii (18) Siaya (24) and Migori (61). Analysis was through the statistical package for social Scientist's version 26(SPSS; 26). ANOVA was used to determine the level of involvement by gender in rice-bean production, ordinal regression was used to determine the influence of gender on rice-bean production, and chi-square to determine the association between gender and rice-bean production. Results: The response rate was 100% (N=103). Women were more involved in rice-bean production with a production index of 2.96 compared to men who had a production index of 2.39 translating to a significant association between gender and production activities (F=50.189, P-val=0.00<0.05). Gender influences rice-bean production by 61.3%. The chi-square test showed a significant association between gender and rice-bean production (P=0.001<0.05). Conclusion: Gender influences the level of involvement in rice-bean production activities; efforts to revive rice beans may not be realized if the needs of male and female farmers are not treated separately in rice-bean production and priority is given to those that exhibit a high level of involvement. The article collaborates with the existing theory by Eagly on gender and division of labor based on stereotyping and societal nurturance to produce gender-specific roles. Efforts should be set up by the government through the Ministry of Agriculture in conjunction with other stakeholders to formulate policies to mainstream gender involvement in rice-bean production to unlock rice-bean potential. Provide certified seeds and extension education blended with rice-bean agronomic information.
Published: 27 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 357-362; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931014
Students’ behaviour is substantially impacted by their personality attributes. Demographic status of students has a significant influence in shaping up on their personality. So, to understand one's behaviour, one must first learn about their demographic characteristics. This study intends to investigate to study about the main factors of socioeconomic level and characteristic traits, such as social and academic engagement, life satisfaction, demographic features, socioeconomic level and characteristic traits of the agricultural postgraduate students of Uttar Pradesh. A total of responses of 283 students from 6 universities having a curriculum for agriculture degrees, were collected. A systematic questionnaire was designed and sent to collect information through a google form. Frequency distributions, mean, percentage, quantile and Cumulative Square Root techniques were used to analyse the data.
Published: 27 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 352-356; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931013
Onion (Allium cepa L.) is an inevitable vegetable in Indian diet. India holds first place in onion cultivation in the world and Tamil Nadu state occupies ninth place in onion production in India. Perambalur district is the top most producer of small onion in Tamil Nadu. This study was aimed to find the adoption level of small onion variety CO (On) 5 among the farmers of Perambalur district of Tamil Nadu. This study had been conducted using ex post facto research design. Of the 4 blocks of Perambalur district, Alathur block was purposively selected for this study that it produces more quantity of small onion compared to other 3 blocks. Irur, Chettikulam, Nattarmangalam and Padalur were the four villages selected in Alathur block for study. The data were collected from 120 respondents among selected four villages using well-structured interview schedule between April to May, 2022. The collected data were tabulated and analysed using frequency and percentage. The results of the study revealed that 65.83 % of the respondents belonged to medium level of adoption category, followed by 23.33 % and 10.33 % of the respondents in low and high level of adoption categories. The farmers who had adopted small variety CO (On) 5 have not been adopted the package of practices properly.
Published: 27 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 363-366; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931015
A On Farm Trial (OFT) on Assessment of Integrated Pest Management module for management of pod borer in chickpea was conducted at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Lalitpur. The practices such as cultural and mechanical, biological and need based chemical practices were followed in IPM plot. The IPM practices deep summer ploughing, use of pheromone traps @ 5 traps / ha for Monitoring purpose, Bird perches @ 50/ ha, HaNPV @ 250 LE/ha and Emamectin benzoate @ 220 gm/ha gave average yield 19.85 q/ha as compared to farmers practices i.e 14.5 q/ha. The per cent increase in yield over control was 35.91 and 37.83 during 2020-21 and 2021-22, respectively. The net return was Rs. 73120/-, Rs. 76260/- and Rs. 46550/-, Rs. 47320/- in IPM plot and Non IPM plot during 2020-21 and 2021-22, respectively. The average benefit cost ratio was 3.1 and 1.8 in IPM plot and Non IPM plot, respectively.
Published: 25 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 330-339; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931011
The study aimed to investigate farmers' awareness level of pesticide use in the study area and to pursue the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents and their awareness level of pesticide use. A mixed-method approach was used in which qualitative and quantitative analyses were blended rationally to have in-depth Knowledge and understanding of research problems. The area of Dumki Upazila under Patuakhali district in Bangladesh was selected for conducting this study successfully. The simple random sampling technique was used to select 110 farmers engaged in various types of crop production using multiple pesticides. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews using a pretested interview schedule from April 15 to June 30, 2020. Descriptive statistical measurement and the software SPSS were used to analyze collected data. The results of the Pearson's Product Moment correlation coefficient identified that, among the independent variables, only six variables such as training received, percentages of land ownership, communication exposure, yearly household income, risk orientation, and Knowledge of pesticide use had a positive and significant relationship on farmers' level of awareness of pesticide use. At the same time, the stepwise multiple regression analysis demonstrated that four variables, such as Knowledge of pesticide use, communication exposure, risk orientation, and training received, had a positive and significant contribution to the farmers' awareness of pesticide use. These four variables also explained 54.55% of the farmers' total variation in awareness level.
Published: 25 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 325-329; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931010
Aims: India is the largest importer, producer, and consumer of pulses in the world. In order to protect indigenous pulse production, India must not only produce enough pulses, but also remain competitive. It was recommended that extension agencies involved in the transfer and application of agricultural technologies to farmers' fields prioritise organising frontline demonstrations on a cluster basis to maximize pulse crop productivity. Study Design: Expost-facto study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted among farmers from Pudukkottai district which covered under KVK, Vamban. The demonstration period was 2016 – 2019. Methodology: By simple random sampling technique, 30 farmers were selected and VBN 6 variety was demonstrated in the area of 6 ha. Results: The maximum yield was 9.74 qtl/ha and average yield was 9.48 qtl/ha. The yield gap minimized was 0.2%. The B.C ratio was 4.06 which indicated the profit level. Conclusion: The study concluded that VBN 6 in recommended practice proved beneficial in respect of yield and economics of blackgram.
Published: 24 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 316-324; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931008
There are maximum number of farmers are marginal and small in Odisha. They face various problems which restrict their way in to market and hinder them to take advantages of marketing opportunities. This research aims to survey the factors affecting the market participation of farmers and target to improve their income and livelihood. The study establishes its novelty in carrying out the research in the paddy farmers of Odisha focusing on all the categories of farmers. Earlier the study focused exclusively on small and marginal farmers across various study areas. The study attempts to transcend the scope of research as well as keeps future scope of research open. Objective of this paper explains the market participation decision of farmers and expresses the vital factors that influence the farmer’s decision to participate in the market in Odisha. To study the relationship between the farmer’s decision to participate in the market and the factors influencing this farmer’s decision, a Probit regression model is used. The study uses primary data collected from 320 farmers of Ganjam, Kalahandi, Bargarh and Mayurbhanj District of Odisha. It has been discovered that the primary elements influencing a farmer's decision to participate in the market are farm size, household labour, amount of income, and farm income. From the standpoints of market engagement, the paper investigates the phenomena of paddy farmers in Odisha. The findings of this study have implications for the issues that must be resolved in order to motivate Odisha's paddy farmers to participate in the market. We propose that in order to promote development and contribute to food security, value addition, and general economic development, the government and policymakers of Odisha should design balanced policies for farmers and manage them appropriately.
Published: 23 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 308-315; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931007
The present study was conducted in Burhanpur district of Madhya Pradesh with sample size of 296 banana farmers to measure knowledge about banana production technology .Due to the non-availability of a standardized scale to measure farmers’ knowledge about banana production technology, it was thought necessary to construct a test for the purpose and an attempt has been made to develop a test for measuring knowledge about banana production technology. Pertinent items were collected covering all aspects of banana production technology. After getting the jury’s opinion on the items of test index of item difficulty, index of item discrimination, and index of item validity were worked out.to administer the knowledge test a respondent is given one mark for each correct answer and zero marks for each wrong answer. Twenty-five statements were finally selected from 32 statements.
Published: 23 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 295-307; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931006
The present study aimed to study the intergenerational transfer of the ethnic medicines related knowledge among the tribes people of Kerala. The study was conducted among three tribal communities in the Malappuram district of Kerala, a district that has a high number of tribal communities. Paniyans, Aranadans, and Kattunaikkans are the predominant tribal communities in Malappuram. These communities are living on the fringes of Nilambur forests and depend on the forest for their livelihood. The study showed that 36.7% of elderly tribespeople have ethnic medicine knowledge compared to middle-aged (27.54%) and young people (26. 15%). Further, the young tribespeople shared about 97 citations (single or combinations of medicinal plants to treat a particular ailment/ for a single health condition), making an average of 5.7 citations per young person. Middle-aged tribespeople shared a total of 87 citations, which created an average of 4.58 citations per middle-aged person. And among the elderly category, they shared about 144 citations, which made the largest average citation of 8.47 among all the three age categories. The respondents with ethnic medicine knowledge were further asked whether they were ready to pass this knowledge to the next generation or not. The majority (51%) of respondents responded that they would pass the knowledge to the next generation only if they showed interest in it. 41.5% of the respondents expressed that they are ready to pass their knowledge to the next generation, and 8 percent of the respondents would never pass their knowledge to the next generation. A chi-square test was done to know the significance of the relationship between age and readiness. The test revealed that there is a significant relationship between the variable's age and their readiness to share their ethnic medicine knowledge. That is, the elderly tribal people are less ready to share their ethnic medicine knowledge with others. The study also documented the ethnic medicine knowledge of the tribal respondents in three age groups. It was found that the old age tribes people know the usage of 75 plant species to cure various diseases and also for different health conditions, whereas the middle-aged group of tribespeople expressed about 44 plants and young people shared only 30 plants. The study indicated that the ethnic medicine knowledge of tribespeople is decreasing from the old generation to the young generation. Serious efforts should be taken to conserve this valuable knowledge.
Published: 21 June 2022
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology pp 285-294; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i931005
The present study was undertaken to analyse the socio-economic implications of emigration on farmers’ household in the eastern zone of Punjab. The study was based on multi stage random sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data was used to achieve the objectives of the study. Primary data was collected from Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts and secondary data were collected from various online portals during the period 2020-21. Multiple linear regression model and simple descriptive tools were used to calculate the results. The value of dependent variable (factors affecting amount of remittances sent back by emigrants) worked out to be 51.9 per cent. Out of 34 explanatory variables, age, education, status before migration-2, visa type-1, visa type-2 and destination country were negatively statistically significant at various probability levels, however, number of children, status before migration-1, visa type-3, factor responsible for migration-1 and factor responsible for migration-2 were positively statistically significant. The study found that 90.4 per cent migrants were in the age group of 20 to 35 years and 44.8 per cent of migrants emigrated due to unemployment in their country. The study suggested that the central and state governments should come forward to provide employment opportunities to the youngsters in Punjab according to their qualification.