International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine

Journal Information
ISSN : 2476-664X
Current Publisher: Maad Rayan Publishing Company (10.34172)
Former Publisher: International Society for Phytocosmetic Sciences (10.15171)
Total articles ≅ 109
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Latest articles in this journal

, Fatemeh Javanmardi, Neda Pirbonyeh,
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 1-3; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.01

Abstract:
Specification and Misconception About COVID-19 Disappearing
Hamidreza Ghanbari, , Hamid Nejat
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 28-32; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.07

Abstract:
Introduction: Drug addiction is one of the most serious psychological, social, economic, and health hazards that needs prevention and treatment considering its serious consequences for the individual and human society. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and quality of life improvement training (QOLT) on distress tolerance and self-destructive behaviors in substance abusers. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-test design and a control group. The statistical population included men over 20 years old referred to addiction treatment centers in Mashhad. The sample consisted of 45 volunteers who were selected by purposive sampling method and were divided into 3 groups (two experimental and one control group). Experimental groups received ACT and skills training based on the quality of life, while the control group did not receive any experimental intervention. The Distress Tolerance Scale (Simons and Gaher) and Self-destructive Behavior Questionnaire (Owens) were used as research tools in the study. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance using SPSS version 24.0 software. Results: The results of the analysis of covariance showed that the therapeutic methods used in this study were effective in improving distress tolerance and self-destructive behaviors in men with substance abuse (P
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 16-21; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.05

Abstract:
Introduction: The inflammatory system, oxidative stress, and cholinergic pathways are some important factors in long-term opioid dependence withdrawal. The adverse effects of some adjunctive medications on withdrawal symptoms treatment limit their clinical efficiency and finding compounds with inhibitory effects on opioid dependence can be helpful. The antioxidant, antinociceptive, and anti-inflammatory properties of Satureja khuzestanica extract (SKE) have been noted. Additionally, it could reduce morphine analgesic tolerance. Given that no study has assessed the effect of SKE on morphine-induced withdrawal symptoms, we have tried to investigate it in this study. Methods: Male Wistar rats were used in this study. The rats were treated with morphine for 7 days. The control group received saline, and intervention groups received SKE intragastrically by gavage (100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, and 25 mg/kg) 15 minutes before morphine injections. Five hours after the last injection, naloxone was used and withdrawal symptoms were assessed for one hour. SPSS software version 16.0 was used for statistical analysis, and P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: SKE diminished weight loss and jumping (P≤0.001). It decreased grooming behaviors and cramps (P≤0.01). SKE was found to decrease morphine withdrawal symptoms and 100 mg/kg was the most effective dose. Additionally, different doses of SKE were able to eliminate ptosis, diarrhea, and teeth chattering in animals; however, different doses had different effects on withdrawal symptoms. Conclusion: Naloxone significantly increased the frequency of jumping, cramps, weight loss, grooming, and induced ptosis, diarrhea, and teeth chattering. Treatment with SKE can significantly reduce morphine withdrawal symptoms. This can be done through its ability to decrease inflammation.
Naser Aslan Abadi, Roghaiyeh Afsargharehbagh, Aliakbar Nasiri, Mirhosein Seyedmohammadzad, Kamal Khademvatan, Sima Ghaemimirabad, Abbas Malandish
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 4-8; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.03

Abstract:
Introduction: Evidence indicates that the associations between coronary slow flow (CSF), cystatin C (Cys C), and body mass index (BMI) are unclear. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to determine the association among the above-mentioned parameters in female patients. Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study and the participants were those who were referred to the Shohada Cardiovascular Center of Urmia in 2015-2016. The participants were measured by a quantitative method under angiography (corrected TIMI frame count, CTFC) for CSF assessment, followed by evaluating physiological indices and the serum Cys C by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to analyze the correlations among CTFC, Cys C, and BMI, and a significance level of P < 0.05 was used for this test. Results: Sixty-six female patients (mean age: 57.01±8.25 years) took part in this study. The correlations among Cys C with CTFC, and BMI (r=-0.189, P=0.128 and r=0.044, P=0.724, respectively) and BMI with CTFC (r=-0.178, P=0.153) were not meaningful in female patients’ who were candidates for angiography. Conclusion: In general, the results suggested that serum Cys C cannot be considered as a predictive biomarker for the prognostic stratification of CSF and BMI in female patients aged 34-73 years who were candidates for angiography.
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Anis Amirhakimi, Iraj Shahramian, Najmeh Rahanjam, Fatemeh Fazeli, Samaneh Hamzeloo, Zahra Bidar
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 22-27; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.06

Abstract:
Introduction: Celiac disease (CD) is one of the most common reasons for malnutrition. This study aimed to determine the status of the micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals in children with CD. Methods: The participants of this study included children
Maryam Farbod, , Mohammad Rashidi, Zahra Mirakhori
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 5, pp 9-15; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2020.04

Abstract:
Introduction: Obesity is a major risk factor for inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. We tried to assess whether 12 weeks of aerobic exercises affect serum resistin level and lipid profile in overweight females or not. Methods: For this purpose, 32 non-trained adult females with the mean age of 38 ± 7 years old and body mass index (BMI) of 32 ± 3 kg/m2 were randomly assigned to aerobic exercise (n=16) and control (n=16) groups. Twelve weeks of aerobic exercise program including 3 sessions weekly at 60-75% of maximum heart rate was considered. Fasting serum resistin level, lipid profile (total cholesterol [TC], low-density lipoprotein [LDL] and high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol, and triglyceride [TG]), and anthropometric indexes were measured and compared between the two groups before and after training. Results: Serum resistin, lipid profile markers, and anthropometrical indexes were not significantly different at baseline between the two groups (P>0.05). TG, TC, LDL, and serum resistin did not change significantly after the intervention in the exercise group (P>0.05). However, a significant increase in HDL (exercise: 46.3 ± 9.6 vs. 51.4 ± 8.5, P=0.011; control: 45.8 ± 7.9 vs. 46.8 ± 6.9 P=0.326) and a significant decrease in LDL/HDL ratio (exercise: 2.94 ± 0.12 vs. 2.47 ± 0.19, P=0.019; control: 3.14 ± 0.23 vs. 3.18 ± 0.63, P=0.265) were observed after the intervention. Other variables in the control group remained unchanged. Conclusion: Aerobic exercises had no impacts on the inflammatory profile but could improve lipid profile with an emphasis on HDL in adult obese women.
, Fatemeh Dahmardeh
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 4, pp 143-147; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2019.04

Abstract:
Introduction: Opioid addiction (OA) is a neurologically life-threatening challenge associated with socioeconomic and health concerns for individuals and society. The addictive drugs trigger neuromodulators and neurotransmitters through the opioid receptors and corresponding endogenous peptide ligands. In addition, drug addiction is reportedly related to the mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) encoding gene and its variants. According to the role of the rs648893 polymorphism of the OPRM1 gene in numerous disorders, it has been suggested as a candidate associated with drug addiction. The present case-control study was conducted to evaluate the role of OPRM1 rs648893 polymorphism in the OA risk. Methods: To this end, the rs648893 polymorphism was genotyped by tetra amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction among 160 Iranian subjects consisting of 105 OA cases and 155 controls. Results: According to our findings, there was no significant association between OA and the OPRM1 rs648893 gene polymorphism. Moreover, a marginally insignificant difference was found between OA cases and controls in accordance with the allelic frequencies (P=0.05) Conclusion: In general, our results reported no association between OPRM1 rs648893 gene polymorphism and OA although further research among various ethnicities with larger sample sizes is needed to draw a definite conclusion on the association of rs648893 polymorphism and other OPRM1 intronic variants with opioid and other addictions.
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 4, pp 148-154; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2019.05

Abstract:
Introduction: Patients with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) and movement control dysfunction demonstrate alternation in hip muscles flexibility and spinal movement patterns. Therapeutic modalities that augment hip muscles flexibility could help these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of global postural reeducation (GPR) on pain and hip muscle flexibility in patients with NSLBP and movement control dysfunction. Materials and Methods: A total of 27 men with a mean age of 31.21±2.5147 years, height of 166.44±6.11 cm, and weight of 64.21±5.25 kg participated in this study. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain. The flexibility of hip muscles (rectus femoris, tensor fasciae latae, external rotators and hamstring) was measured using universal goniometer. All data were assessed at baseline and after the intervention. The Shapiro-Wilk test and paired t test were used for statistical analysis at significance level of P=0.05. Results: Our results revealed a decline in pain (P
Maryam Poursadeghfard, Sara Azhdari
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 4, pp 128-130; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2019.01

Abstract:
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is known as an autoimmune disorder which affects transmission in neuromuscular junction. The serologic tests used for diagnosis include acetylcholine receptor and muscle specific receptor tyrosine kinase antibodies. Studies often have reported that patients with formal antibody are negative for the latter one. However, very limited studies have reported positive anti-muscle specific receptor tyrosine kinase antibody in a small percentage of patients with acetylcholine receptor antibody. Here, we reported a young woman who was diagnosed with MG and had a rapid and progressive course of the disease. She was seropositive for both acetylcholine receptor and muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase antibodies simultaneously. However, she discharged from the hospital with good condition after treatment.
Amin Afsharimoghaddam
International Journal of Basic Science in Medicine, Volume 4, pp 131-136; doi:10.34172/ijbsm.2019.02

Abstract:
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome as one of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases has recently been the focus of clinical studies. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hemodialysis patients in Iran. Methods: The present systematic review was done using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Case-control, cohort and crosssectional studies conducted in Iran were included. Clinical trials, case reports, letters to editors, systematic reviews, study protocols, narrative reviews, and case series were excluded. Subgroup analysis was conducted for determining the heterogeneity based on the participants as well as their gender. Meta-analysis was conducted using STATA version 14.0. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among 799 patients was 50% (95% CI: 47.0, 53.0, I2=50.6). The analysis of subgroups was conducted for determining the heterogeneity based on the participants as well as their gender. Based on the analysis of the subgroups using a random effects model, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 44% and 55% in Iranian men and women undergoing hemodialysis, respectively. Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hemodialysis patients, it is advisable and logical that patients with chronic renal failure should be regularly evaluated for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors both at the diagnosis time and afterwards.
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