Materials Science Forum

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EISSN : 1662-9752
Published by: Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. (10.4028)
Total articles ≅ 59,314
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Wei Ting Hsu, Kun Ze Ho, Yu Xin Liu, Shu Ti Chung
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 202-206; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.202

Abstract:
Double-symmetry I-beams are the most common beam cross-sections in structural building. Because that is simpler to design and analyze steel profiles than single-symmetry I-beams. However, with the advancement of economy, the improvement of the quality of life and the cultural standards, large-scale emergence of various large span bridges, special bridge-type landscapes and viaducts. Single symmetrical I-section is better than Double-symmetry I-section to fairly in line with demand characteristics and material economy. This study chooses different Iyc/Iy ratio sections, 0.229, 0.23, 0.3 and 0.5. Iyc/Iy =0.23 is the change point of the sudden drop of the strength of the compressed airfoil. In study, the section is divided into three sections of plasticity, inelasticity and elasticity for analysis and comparison. Considering the different section sizes. If the value of Lb for a small non-elastic interval is too large, the section with a smaller cross-section will reach the elastic interval. Taking all section conditions Lb into consideration, taking 1.4m as a section will reach the non-elastic interval, if the value of the longer Lb is too small, the section with the larger section does not reach the elastic interval. In study, 10m is taken as the section to reach the elastic interval, orientation the AISC ( 2017 ) specification is used to analyze the I-beam. Symmetrical wing plate cross-sections were increased and reduced. The strength of the cross-sections between the compressed side and the tensioned side was discussed, and a single-symmetric I-section with the best cross-sectional efficiency was proposed.
Hai Bo Yang, Ping Wang, Hong Liang Qian
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 68-73; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.68

Abstract:
Various types of welded joints are of wide application in industrial and productional regions, including T-shaped, butt, and fillet joints of steel, stainless steel, and cast steel. Under cyclic fatigue load, the fatigue performance of welded joints is significant for the engineering design and it’s of interest to investigate the fatigue property of the welded joints using the recommended prediction methods. In this paper, the fatigue performance of welded T-shaped joints is investigated. The mesh-insensitive property of the structural stress method is validated with the comparison of various prediction methods. The fatigue cyclic life of welded T-shaped joints under tensile loads is analyzed. The structural stress curve of T-shaped joints with various base metal thicknesses is determined for the engineering design.
Fritz Rosell, Joseph Carrion Nieto, Robert Janampa Cuicapuza, Luis Meza Isla, Veronika Contreras Valenzuela, Jorge Ticlla Rivera, Roberto Vadillo Salazar, NabilT Moggiano
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 186-191; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.186

Abstract:
In order to improve the sustainable construction in Peru, throughout the recycling of non-biodegradable materials, a study of the influence of glass and Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) wastes in the physic properties of concrete bricks was carried out. They were made with a 1:5:2 cement, fine aggregate, and waste relation. Three proportions were studied named P-01, P-02, and P-03. Each proportion had a different content of glass and PET wastes, as a result, it was found that the average brick’s absorption was increased with PET wastes and it was reduced with glass wastes. On the other hand, the compressive strength value increased with glass wastes and it was reduced with PET wastes. Finally, it was found that P-02 was the most efficient concrete brick proportion to develop a sustainable construction, obeying the requirements of the Peruvian national building regulations.
Umer Sharif, Bei Bei Sun, Peng Zhao, Dauda Sh. Ibrahim, Orelaja Oluseyi Adewale, Aleena Zafar
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.31

Abstract:
In this article a sandwich beam structure with honeycomb core filled of MRE (magnetorheological elastomer) with different ratios of Elastomer and iron particles is proposed. Modal response for structures with Nylon and Resin8000 honeycomb core filled with MRE and sandwiched between aluminum face sheets were analyzed and compared for two different ratios of MRE by placing magnets at free end and center of the structure. The force generated by magnets on the sandwich beam structure was calculated using ANSYS EDT and the modal response of the structure was then observed under generated magnetic force using ANSYS Workbench. The results showed that the resonance frequency of the structure decreased as the magnetic intensity was increased for all the cases specially for the first mode. Secondly structure with Nylon honeycomb core showed lower frequency drop and higher deformation than the structure with Resin8000 honeycomb core.
Nuchanaporn Pijarn, Wisallaya Jankasemsook, Supanida Suwantha, Janpen Intaraprasert
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 103-110; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.103

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to prepare ready-to-use TiO2 and ZnO in slurry form for ready-to-use in facial foundation sunscreen. Two types of TiO2 sources were prepared as TiO2 slurry namely commercial TiO2 powder and synthesized TiO2 powder. Preparation of formula 1, 35 g solution PEG-10 dimethicone, and added 20 g solution cyclomethicone after that 45 g TiO2 powder was added slowly to the prepared substance, stirring and heated to 60-70 °C, and stir until the substance mix well. Formula 2, 46 g solution cyclomethicone added 2.5 g stearic acid and 2 g aluminum hydroxide after that stirring and heated to 60-70 °C until the substance mixed well, and TiO2 powder 49.5 g was added slowly to the continuous stirred and heated. On the other hand, ZnO slurry was prepared in the same steps. The results show that formula 1was the best formulation. Due to it was not precipitation and good compatibility with an emulsifier, therefore, formula 1was chosen to study in various volumes. The texture and stability of the prepared slurry were similar to the commercial slurry. Two sunscreen formulas were differently formulated by containing prepared and commercial slurry and evaluated. There were no significant differences in results between prepared slurry and commercial slurry. To investigate the satisfaction of products, 30 volunteers were asked to use products for one week and answer the questionnaires. The product containing prepared slurry was satisfied by 93.33% of volunteers, whereas the product containing commercial slurry was satisfied by 76.66% of volunteers.
Xiao Zhong Song
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 41-49; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.41

Abstract:
Various novel 3D micro machining technologies were researched and developed for silicon micro mechanical system fabrication. Micro EDM is one of them. The material removal mechanism is thermal sparking erosion and is completely independent with regards to the crystalline orientation of silicon, therefore there is no orientation constraint in processing the complex 3D geometry of silicon wafers. As thermal sparking implied, the process features local area high temperature melting and evaporating, and this characteristic has an adverse side-effect on the sparked surface integrity. One important concern is the generation of micro cracks, which would provide an adverse effect on the fatigue life of the micro feature element made of silicon. For this consideration, in this paper, with the experiment and SEM picture analysis approach, the author explored the micro crack generation characteristics on mono crystalline silicon wafers under micro EDM with available sparking energies and on the different crystal orientation surface machining. The generation of micro cracking is not only related with the sparking energy but also related with the crystalline orientation. The {100} orientation is the strongest surface to resist crack generation. For a strong-doped P type silicon wafer, there exists a maximum crack energy threshold. If single sparking energy is over this threshold, micro cracks unavoidably would be generated on any orientation surface. Two types of chemical etching post processes that can remove cracks on sparked surfaces are also tested and discussed.
Lance Patrick M. Buizon, Menandro C. Marquez
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 85-89; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.85

Abstract:
Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanosheets were successfully synthesized and deposited onto the nickel foam substrate via electrochemical route. The chronoamperograms during the deposition revealed electrochemical activity resulting to the nucleation of the cobalt ions forming cobalt hydroxide and transformation to cobalt oxide. Energy dispersive xray (EDX) results elucidates the presence of samarium, cobalt and oxygen in the sample. The formation of nanosheets was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. It was found that adding more samarium in the electrochemical bath changes the morphology of the final product from nanosheets to nanoflowers. The evolution of nanosheets to nanoflowers of the synthesized material could pave way for its potential application in the field of electrochemical energy storage devices and electrochemical sensors.
M. Mehedi Hasan Talukder, Mahfuza Maisha Mouri, Abhishek Singha, Soebur Rahman
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 195-201; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.195

Abstract:
This paper explores the ultimate strength of the composite floor system of structural steel concrete. ABAQUS, used to research non-linear competencies and ultimate load-carrying capability of such floor systems, developed the Finite Element Model (FEM) in 3-D. A comparison of computed values with experimental results has validated the proposed finite element model. The measured and experimental findings show a good match with an average variation of 10%. In parametric study effects of different sizes of shear studs on the ultimate strength of the floor system have been explored on full size specimens. Results show that an increase in height of the shear stud with the same diameter increases the ultimate strength of the floor system. An Increase in the diameter of the shear stud also increases the ultimate capacity of the floor system.
Xu Li, Ling Yuan, Ying Jun Zhang, You Li Yao, Chi Hui Tsou, Ya Li Sun
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 9-14; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.9

Abstract:
In this paper, multiwall carbon nanotube-ZnO (MWCNT/ZnO) was melt-blended with polyethylene (PE) by a Haake-Buchler Rheomixer. The mechanical properties, thermal stability and dispersion degree of the composite materials was characterized. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction analysis, thermogravimetry, tensile test and SEM were carried out. The results showed that with the addition of MWCNT/ZnO, the crystallinity and thermal degradation temperature of PE changed. 0.2phr MWCNT/ZnO/PE exhibited crystallinity that was 10% higher than PE. With the addition of MWCNT/ZnO, the tensile strength of PE decreased gradually, but the elongation at break increased first and then decreased. When MWCNT/ZnO content is 0.2phr, the elongation at break of the composite is close to 532.21%, which is 116% higher than that of pure PE.
Shoroog Alraddadi
Materials Science Forum, Volume 1047, pp 151-157; https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.1047.151

Abstract:
The effect of fine black scoria on the mechanical properties and thermal conductivity of building materials was investigated in this study. Black scoria was used to replace cement in concrete with various percentages. Four concrete samples containing 0%, 10%, 20%, and 30% black scoria were prepared. Characterization black scoria was performed via X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry analysis. Then, the compressive strength of the samples was investigated after 14, 21, 28, and 91 days of curing at room temperature. Finally, the thermal conductivities of the samples were measured after 28 days. Based on the experimental results, the highest compressive strength among the samples was 45.3 MPa, obtained from the mixture containing 10% black scoria after 91 days of curing. It was also observed that the average thermal conductivity of the concrete samples decreased with an increase in the fine black scoria content from 1.8 to 0.193 W m−1 K−1. Thus, black scoria is an appropriate substitute for commercial admixtures in cement composites in thermally insulating building materials due to its low density, excellent compressive strength, and good heat insulation properties.
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