Journal of Vocational Health Studies
ISSN / EISSN : 2580-7161 / 2580-717X
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 80
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 29-34; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.29-34
Background: Low back pain is pain that arises below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal fold. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) low back pain is referred to as Yao Tong. Low back pain cases experienced by patients are pain that gets worse when exposed to cold air, is too tired and feels stiff and heavy. The patient has low back pain with damp cold pathogenic syndrome. Purpose: To prove the effect of combination therapy for Swedish massage in the back and waist area, acupressure at Shenshu (BL23), Dachangshu (BL25), Taixi (KI3), Taibai (SP3), Fenglong (ST40) and turmeric herbs (Curcuma longa Linn) on low back pain sufferers. Methods: Management of low back pain with Swedish, acupressure and herbal massage methods. Swedish massage therapy is performed on the back and waist area. Acupressure at the points of Shenshu (BL23), Dachangshu (BL25), Taixi (KI3), Taibai (SP3), Fenglong (ST40) with the principle of therapy of kidney and spleen tonification and elimination of cold moist pathogens. The most common herbal therapy for patients is turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn). Results: The curcumin compounds in turmeric can inhibit lipoxygenase, phospholipase A2 and COX-2 so they can reduce low back pain. In the treatment of low back pain, massage and acupressure are performed 2 times a week 12 times. While herbal therapy is given for 42 days taken once a day with a dose of 9 grams of turmeric simplicia. Conlussion: Swedish massage therapy, acupressure and herbs can reduce low back pain.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 35-40; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.35-40
Background: Menstruation is the process of regular discharging of blood in women. The menstrual cycle describes the distance between the first day of menstruation and the next menstruation which normally occurs within 28-35 days. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the menstrual cycle is used as a simple diagnostic way in viewing a woman's fertility status. Purpose: To determine the effect of acupuncture combination therapy at the Taichong (LV3), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Diji (SP8) and Qihai (CV6) point with herbal pomegranate peel (Punica granatum L.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in irregular menstrual patients. Methods: Treatment of irregular menstruation with acupuncture and herbal therapy methods. Acupuncture therapy is carried out at the Taichong (LV3), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Diji (SP8) and Qihai (CV6) point with the principle of helping to smooth out the flow of Qi and regulating the Chong & Ren vessels. In herbal therapy the patient is given decoction of herbal pomegranate peel (Punica granatum L.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Results: Therapy using acupuncture and herbs to handling cases of irregular menstruation showed a good change in patient's menstrual cycle, this can make the patient's menstrual cycle after therapy to 36 days, which is almost closer to normal compared to before therapy with menstrual cycles exceeding 40 days. Conclusion: Acupuncture and herbal therapy can be continued so that the patient's menstrual cycle returns to normal.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 41-49; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.41-49
Background : Hypertension or high blood pressure is an increase in systolic blood presure ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg in a person's body, when two measurements are taken with an interval of five minutes so that the body is resting or quite calm. In TCM, hypertension is categorized into two, is called Xuan Yun (vertigo) and Tou Feng (headache). Cases of hypertension experienced by patients is the patient's blood pressure has increased 188/100 mmHg because stopped taking medicine for 2 years. The patient is classified as hypertensive with differentiated liver fire hyperactivity syndrome. Purpose: To determine the effect of acupuncture combination therapy at Shenmen (HT 7), Fuliu (KI 7), Taichong (LR 3), Xingjian (LR 2), and Yinlingquan (SP 9) herbal fruit and herbal cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in diseases hypertension. Methods : Treatment of Hypertension with acupuncture and herbal therapy methods. Acupuncture therapy was carried out at Shenmen (HT 7), Fuliu (KI 7), Taichong (LR 3), points for tonification, the Point of Xingjian (LR 2) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) points for sedation. Result : The water content 0f 95% in cucumber which is a diuretic can reduce blood pressure in hypertension patient by giving cucumber herbs (Cucumis sativus) once a day, for 27 days with a dose of 150 grams of cucumber. And acupuncture theraphy 12 times, once every 2 days. Conclusion : Acupuncture and herbal therapy can be used to treat diseases in hypertension patients.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 15-20; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.15-20
Background : Acne vulgaris is a chronic skin disease that occurs due to chronic inflammation of the pilosebaceous glands. Acne is clinically affected by an increase in sebum, Propionibacterium bacteria acne, hormones, genetic, stress, diet and the environment. In Chinese Medicine, acne vulgaris belongs to categories of Feng Ci, it is caused by wind-heat pathogens that attack the lungs and excessive consumption of spicy and oily foods resulting in accumulation of heat in the stomach and intestines. In Chinese Medicine, sebaceous glands are associated with the Lung and Spleen. Patients classified as acne with differentiation of accumulation of phlegm syndrome. Purpose: To know the effect of acupuncture therapy at LI-4 Hegu, ST-36 Zusanli , ST-40 Fenglong, SP-6 Sanyinjiao and herbal therapy using Jianghuang in patients Acne vulgaris with differentiation of accumulation of phlegm syndrome. Methods: Acupuncture therapy at LI-4 Hegu, ST-36 Zusanli , ST-40 Fenglong, SP-6 Sanyinjiao were given 12 times, 3 times a week, with the principle of therapy to reinforce phlegm, strengthen the spleen and raise the spleen. In herbal therapy the patient is given herbal Jianghuang (Curcuma longa.L) dose of 3 grams 12 times, 3 times a week. Results: Compound of curcumin which is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and wound healing affects acne. Acupuncture and herbal therapy given 12 times, 3 times a week can overcome acne vulgaris. Conclusion: Acupuncture and herbal therapy can overcome the growth of acne.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 5-11; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.5-11
Background: Fitness is the state of the body does not experience significant fatigue after doing routine activities. While in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), fitness is defined as the good circulation of Qi-energy and Xue-blood that can cause the function of the organs of Zhang Fu to run well. Physical predisposition is influenced by various factors and assessed in various ways, one of which is by measuring VO2 max calculated by doing cooper test that is running for 12 minutes on the track 400 meters. A person’s VO2 max level indicates the level of physical fitness. Based on the examination that has been done, the patient is exposed to excessive heat pathogens in the Stomach, there are humid pathogens in the body, and Qi and Xue are not sufficient. Purpose: To find out the effect of acupuncture therapy and herbal administration in complementary traditional medicine on improving fitness. Methods: To improve fitness is done acupuncture therapy and herbal therapy. Acupuncture therapy is performed at the Zusanli point (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao point (SP 6). Herbal therapy given during treatment is infusion of leaves Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica (L). Urb) and Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.). To improve fitness, acupuncture therapy was performed 12 times in 4 stages of therapy. For herbal therapy infusa leaves Gotu Kola fresh as much as 2.5 grams and 2 grams of Liquorice, taken daily 3 times a day. Results: Acupuncture and herbal therapy that has been done for 26 days showed good results. This is evidenced by the results of copper test VO2 max increased 44.3% and no more complaints felt by patient. Conclution: Acupuncture therapy at the point of Zusanli (ST36), Sanyinjiao (SP6) accompanied by gotu kola herbs (Centella asiatica (L.) Urb) and liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) can improve fitness.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 12-14; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.12-14
Background: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a condition of unilateral, involuntary, irregular, spasmodic movements of the face. The condition is most commonly a result of vascular loop compression at the root entry zone of the facial nerve. Patient whose hemifacial spasm with left-sided facial complaints often twitching since 6 months ago. This 69-year-old man with hyperlipidemia and hypertension had diagnosed with hemifacial spasm by neurologist. Purpose: To prove the effect of acupuncture on Fengchi (GB 20), Neiguan (PC 6) and Taichong (LR 3) accompanied with acupressure on Taichong (LR 3) and auricular acupressure on the Ear Shenmen point in patient with hemifacial spasm. Methods: Handling Hemifacial spasm with acupuncture on Fengchi (GB 20), Neiguan (PC 6) and Taichong (LR 3) with the reducing method and strong stimulation three times a week, acupressure on the Taichong (LR 3) twice a day for 30 times pressure and auricular acupressure on ear Shenmen, twice a day for 5 minutes. Results: Biochemical mechanism of acupuncture and acupressure involve the stimulation of acupoint that lead to complex neuro-hormonal response. In handling hemifacial spasm, acupunture given for 15 times, taken three times a week combined with acupressure and auricular acupressure. This therapy overcome the symptoms of facial twitching in hemifacial spasm. Conclusion: Acupuncture combined with acupressure and auricular acupressure can be used to overcome facial twitching in hemifacial spasm.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 1-4; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.1-4
Background: Appetite is a condition where a person has an urge to satisfy activities in eating. Lack of appetite in children is characterized by eating small portions, reluctant to refuse when it comes time to eat, take a long time to finish a meal, playing with the food, etc. Children are at the stage of high curiosity and very active, which mean the energy needed must be sufficient. If the energy and nutrition needs are not sufficient it might lead to a slowdown in physical and psychological growth. Purpose: The purpose of this case study is to observe whether Swedish massage and children’s massage with a combination of Temu Ireng herba (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.) could increase appetite in school-age children. Results: The results of massage therapy with Temu Ireng decotion can increase appetite in children based on the increasing number of calories consumed before therapy from 1,267 kcal to 2,050 kcal per day after therapy session, and an increase in body weight of 0.9 Kg after 8 weeks of therapy. Conclusion: Providing Swedish massage therapy with a combination of Temu Ireng herba (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.) could increase appetite in schoolage children with the result of increasing the number of daily calories intake and body weight.
Journal of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 4, pp 21-28; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v4.i1.2020.21-28
Background : Plant cassava leaves (Manihot esculenta) are known flavonoid is efficacious as antioxidant. Antioxidant can prevent damage to the skin by reducing free radical activity. Purpose : The purpose of this study to determine the concentration of ethanol extract of leaves of cassava can be formulated into dosage cream body scrub which have antioxidant activity. Method : Cassava leaf extract obtained by maceration using 97% ethanol. Determination of antioxidant activity by the method of reduction of free radical DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl). Result : The ethanol extract of cassava leaves are formulated into dosage cream body scrub with concentration variations 0,0085 mg/mL (formula 1), 0,017 mg/mL (formula 2), and 0,0255 mg/mL (formula 3). Stability test preparation cream body scrub using cycling tests performed for 6 cycles. Preparation cream body scrub to formula I has a moderate antioxidant activity with IC50 158,16 µg/mL, formula 2 has an active antioxidant activity with IC50 66,59 µg/mL, and formula 3 has a stronger antioxidant activity with IC50 38,80 µg/mL. Conclusion : cream body scrub and cassava ethanol extract does not irritate so it is safe to use. Preparations cream body scrub well have the most activity at a concentration of 0,0255 mg/mL with IC50 38,80 µg/mL.
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 3, pp 131-135; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v3.i3.2020.131-135
Background: Every shipyard has a fire hazard that needs to have a sufficient fire protection. PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero) has the potential for fire do to hot work and usage of high vultage electricity. Active fire protection facilities at PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero) need to be evaluated to ensure that the active fire protection facilities are always in good condition. Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the application of active protection means in PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero) to comply with the rule and standard namely : Permenakertrans No. Per 04/MEN/1980 for fire extinguisher, Permen PU No. 26/PRT/M/2008 and SNI 03-1745-2000 for hydrant. Method: This research was observational descriptive one. The object of this research were : fire extinguisher and hydrant in PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero). Data collected by questionnaire,checklist, and observation. Result: The result showed that the active protective means for fire extinguisher in good category with a level of suitability of 92,9% and for hydrant in sufficient condition with a level of suitability of 73,5%. Conclusion:. There were some elements that were not suitable, such as some fire extinguisher covered by items, some fire extinguisher installations exceed 120 cm from the floor surface, some fire extinguisher were defective due to rusting, there were no hydrant use instructions, and no fire hydrant have been examined. PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero) is suggested to move items that cover fire extinguisher to be easily seen, the height of the fire extinguisher installation should not exceed 120 cm from Permenakertrans No. Per 04/MEN/1980, replacing inappropriate fire extinguisher, carrying out rountine fire check.
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies, Volume 3, pp 97-102; doi:10.20473/jvhs.v3.i3.2020.97-102
Background: VO2 max measurement method for physical fitness test using QCST method has been widely used. VO2 max measurement is important for workers to determine the appropriate loading. There are several factors related to a person's ability to carry out physical fitness tests, including body posture, pulse, BMI, gender. Purpose: analyze factors related to the ability to conduct tests with the QCST method. Method: This research was analytic observational type which was conducted cross-sectional on 46 respondents taken randomly on 48 third-year D3K3 students in the Faculty of Vocational Studies of Universitas Airlangga. The independent variable consisted of gender, resting pulse rate and BMI. Dependent variable is the ability to complete the QCST test for 3 minutes. The relationship between variables was tested using the Fischer and Chi-square test with a significance of 5%. Results: The results showed that most respondents were unable to complete the QCST test for 3 minutes. There is no relationship between the ability to perform the QCST test with gender (p=0,365); resting pulse (p = 0,351) and BMI (p =0,187). Conclusion: QCST test for 3 minutes is too heavy for respondents. It is necessary to modify the QCST test that is appropriate for Indonesians.