ISSN / EISSN : 2369-7393 / 2369-7407
Published by: Growing Science (10.5267)
Total articles ≅ 483
Latest articles in this journal
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 293-302; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.11.004
This research aims to find out the significant difference between added value on sustainable competitive advantage and unsustainable competitive advantage of Islamic banks in Indonesia. The population in this study is Islamic banking units in Indonesia, the sampling technique used purposive sampling and the data is used from annual financial reports from 2015 to 2019. The results of this research support the resource-based theory that companies that can maintain their competitive advantage have added value and can also manage their strategic assets in the form of VRIN (Valuable, Rare, Inimitable, non-substitutable) more efficiently. The results also indicate that companies that can maintain competitive advantage are those that can provide added value for the stakeholders. The test results support the RBT hypothesis, as evidenced by the finding that it is possible to use VRIN assets to offer added value for stakeholders.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 375-384; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.9.002
This study aims to examine whether the dividend theories that were principally developed for non-financial companies in developed institutional environments can explain the dividend policies of banks in Palestine, an emerging market with a high level of uncertainty. It also aims to determine the main factors affecting the banks’ propensity to pay dividends and the banks’ dividend payout ratios. The study uses pooled Probit and ordinary least squares regressions to analyze 10 years of data from all listed banks in the Palestine Stock Exchange Market. The results indicate that agency cost, signaling, and regulatory pressure theories are valid for Palestinian banks. In addition, the analysis shows that bank size, profitability, and capital adequacy are the main positive determinants of Palestinian banks’ propensity to pay dividends and of the dividend payout ratios. Furthermore, after winsorizing the data, the results were found to remain consistent. Finally, the results of a general dominance analysis revealed that bank size is the most important determinant, followed by bank profitability and bank capital adequacy, all three of which positively influence dividend policy decisions in Palestinian banks. This study is among the first to investigate dividend policy determinants in the financial sector. Moreover, this study is conducted in Palestine, an emerging economy. Furthermore, unlike prior studies, this study considers banks’ propensity to pay dividends and banks’ dividend payout ratios concurrently when analyzing the dividend determinants in order to make a significant contribution to solving the dividend determinant puzzle.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 269-276; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2022.1.001
The aim of this paper is to examine the possible association between the effectiveness of Board of Directors (BOD) and firm performance (FP). For the purpose of this analysis, data is derived from firms listed in the materials sector of the Saudi Exchange Market’s Tadawul All Share Index (TASI). Using pooled OLS regression analysis and the dependent variables of ROA and ROE as a proxy for FP, while board meetings (BMEET), independence and board size (BSIZE) are used as explanatory variables, the results reveal that frequent BMEET may not lead to improved FP. Moreover, the results show that BMEET frequency is negatively associated with FP. Independent members do not provide additional efficiency leading to better FP. As for the BSIZE, the findings indicate that larger boards are associated with lower FP. Such findings offer insights into the effect of BSIZE on FP. The results are of interest to decision makers, policymakers and investors.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 111-122; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.7.010
Corporate tax compliance has been an interest of policymakers in many countries. Taxes contribute the most to the government’s revenues in Vietnam in general and in Hung Yen in particular. Therefore, tax compliance of enterprises, including SMEs, attracts special concern of the Government and many localities. The objective of this study is to evaluate factors affecting tax compliance by examining 310 managers, tax accountants and accountants at SMEs in Hung Yen province. The survey data is collected by the statistical software SPSS 20. The experimental research results confirm that factors (the possibility of tax inspection, tax rates, tax penalties, and the complexity of tax policy, social norms and tax knowledge) have different influences on tax compliance in SMEs in Hung Yen province, Vietnam.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 227-234; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.6.015
The current pandemic era has given uncertainty to the country's economic growth and resulted in many countries experiencing a drastic decline in share prices. This condition impacts investors' perceptions of the funds that have invested in the stock market. This study investigates the effect of essential information and disposition effect on shifting decision investment with the character investor's moderation as the moderator variable. A survey was conducted on 252 investors who have invested in the Indonesian stock exchange. The Data processing used the partial least square (PLS) technique. This study indicates that essential information for investors in the pandemic era can increase the disposition effect in deciding beneficial share ownership. The essential information obtained by investors in the covid era regarding stock market movements and its internal performance in the stock market list can increase investor shifting decisions. The disposition effect can have a significant effect on shifting decision investors. Essential information related to stock price movements and its internal performance affects investors' courage to take risks and provide optimism for shifting decisions. Then the investor type does not affect the disposition effect on shifting decisions. This study contributes to the theory of financial behavior in decision making by considering psychological factors when uncertainty exists in the stock market.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 123-138; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.7.009
This study examines whether capital structure determinations by Indonesian publicly listed firms (Tbks) are influenced by the behavioural biases of overconfidence and optimism, with the underlying rationality frameworks being framed by relevant financial information and impacted by decision-makers’ demographic attributes. Data were obtained from survey respondents and statistically analysed using partial least squares structural equation modelling to identify the indicators of causative dynamics within the hypothesised relationships. Sampled Tbks’ management (CEOs/CFOs) displayed the inherent behavioural traits of overconfidence and optimism in their capital structure determinations. However, such behavioural variables were not statistically proven to significantly influence capital structure decision-making and, hence, were not validated as capital structure determinants. The pecking order framework was revealed to have a significant framing effect on capital structure decision-making by sampled managers. Sampled managers’ demographic attributes and backgrounds were found to be capital structure determinants but did not have a mediating or moderating influence on the modelled relationship between behavioural variables and capital structure.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 209-216; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.6.018
Over the last two decades, the global financial landscape has changed dramatically, including the corporate and political climates, the creation of more market-based economies, and rapid technological advancements. Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) is one form of market-based economies created with the most significant business opportunities and very important socially and economically in developing countries for many reasons. However, MSMEs face significant difficulty related to financial reporting standards to evaluate the achievement of business activities. Most MSMEs use a simple form for financial reporting, such as by calculating the difference between inflow and outflow from their business activities. Also, numerous previous studies that focus on Financial Accounting Standards in Indonesia are still limited. Thus, the present study investigates the factors that influence the implementation of Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Aceh Province, Indonesia. This quantitative study uses cross-sectional data collected by distributing 200 questionnaires to MSMEs actors that spread North Aceh Regency, namely Lhokseumawe city and Bireuen regency. The data are analyzed using descriptive statistics (e.g., frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistic (multiple linear regression) analyses. The study indicated that Perception, Education, Socialization and Incentive factors had significant positive effects on implementing Financial Accounting Standards of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Aceh Province, Indonesia. In conclusion, this study has successfully investigated the factors that influence the implementation of Financial Accounting Standards of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Aceh Province.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 187-196; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.7.002
The existence of good corporate governance is expected to minimize the occurrence of earnings management practices when the company is in financial distress condition. This research aims to provide empirical evidence on the influence of financial distress on earnings management practices as well as the existence of good corporate governance projected by the proportion of independent commissioners and the proportion of audit committees in weakening the influence of financial distress on earnings management practices. The population of this study is property, real estate, and building construction sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2015-2019. Sampling techniques used are purposive sampling techniques and obtained samples as many as 185 samples. The earnings management tool used in this study was classification shifting. The data analysis techniques in this study used Eviews 10. The results of the analysis provide evidence that financial distress affects earnings management practices, while the proportion of independent commissioners is unable to moderate, and the audit committee strengthens the influence of financial distress on earnings management practices.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 81-90; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.6.003
In the scope of Behavioral Decision Theory, Accounting-based Earnings Management (AEM) may compromise the success of decision making of a firm’s stakeholders. Given that AEM constitutes a barrier to the decision-making process, we aim to identify the main motivations of the players of AEM. Besides, in this study we also intend to analyze the implementing and detecting of AEM practices in financial statements and to evaluate whether individual characteristics influence the ability to implement and detect creative accounting practices. To achieve the proposed objectives, a quantitative methodology approach was used. A survey was applied to Portuguese’s certified accountants. In the data analyses, we applied the univariate and multiple analysis. Based on 159 observations, we find that most certified accountants indicate the main motivations are related to the reduction of the cost of capital and tax burden, the strength of the “code law system”, and that the managers are the main players. Our evidence also shows that the AEM practices are easily implemented and detected in the financial statements. In addition, we find that age, professional experience, and academic qualifications of the certified accountant tend to have an impact on the ability to implement AEM in the financial statements, contrary to gender and training area. Furthermore, gender and academic financial statements. This research is important for the development of the literature, entities that operate in accounting standardization and for the users of accounting and financial information. This study contributes to a better understanding of AEM practice, and it originally combines individual characteristics of accounting professionals with AEM practice.
Accounting, Volume 8, pp 75-80; https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ac.2021.6.004
Managerial accounting tools are vital controlling techniques to businesses. Nevertheless, the acceptance of managerial accounting tools in business might challenge directors in Tra Vinh’s business environment. The current research employed multiple regression analyses to investigate the influence of the acceptance of managerial accounting tools in Tra Vinh’s enterprises. The empirical findings demonstrate the usefulness of managerial accounting tools, environmental uncertainty, the structure of corporate governance, organizational interdependence and organizational size have positive impacts on the acceptance of managerial accounting tools in business. The structure of corporate governance and the usefulness of managerial accounting tools are the two strongest factors determining the acceptance of managerial accounting tools in business. The current research will help directors in Tra Vinh’s enterprises establish efficient managerial accounting tools in business that are suitable to the usefulness of managerial accounting tools, environmental uncertainty, the structure of corporate governance, organizational interdependence, and organizational size, so that they can gain the best possible effectiveness.