International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2252-8806 / 2252-8806
Total articles ≅ 561
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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Muhammad Syahrul Ramadhan, Rizma Adlia Syakurah
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20635

Abstract:
Indonesia government encouraging to new normal life with obeys the health protocol. In Malaysia, the new normal had a significant impact on mobility trends. This study aimed to analyze the community mobility trend (including six categories) and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) daily cases in Indonesia in new normal era. An observational analytic using cross-sectional design. The community mobility data, include mobility trends for six different location categories, were obtained from Google COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports from May 15-July 14, 2020. The Indonesian’s COVID-19 daily cases data were taken from (http://covid19.go.id//) from May 15-July 17, 2020. Time-lag correlation to analyzed community mobility of each location category and COVID-19 daily cases in Indonesia using Pearson Correlation with significance ≤0.05. Recreation, parks, and transit stations have positively strong to very strong, while the residential has negatively strong, and the grocery and pharmacy and workplaces were positively weak to moderate correlations. The community mobility was significantly correlated with the COVID-19 transmission in Indonesia during new normal era, especially in transit stations, retail and recreation. Indonesia government is expected to improve their effort to manage the COVID-19 transmission and consider new policy to curb the COVID-19 transmission.
Galih Cahya Wijayanti, Rizma Adlia Syakurah, Mariatul Fadilah
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20612

Abstract:
Effective communication skill applied by doctors in the doctor-patient consultation process becomes one of important factors that can improve the consultation outcomes such as patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment and recovery process. However, effective doctor-patient communication is rarely applied in practice. Limited consultation time, patient overload, doctor burnout, and poor communication skills are among the factors that cause ineffective doctor-patient communication process. This study aimed to develop a new effective communication guideline for doctor-patient communication in Indonesia by modifying the Calgary Cambridge medical interview guide. This study uses qualitative approach within four stages: expert panel, student panel and focus group discussion, expert review, and trials. Informants were chosen purposively. Three points of high category, 24 points of middle category and 44 points of low category are resulted from expert panel stage which consists of specialist representatives from 12 clinical divisions in Dr. Moehammad Hoesin central public hospital (RSMH), Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia. The high and middle category were discussed by two groups of internships doctors in RSMH in student panel and focus group discussion (FGD) session. The results were validated by a doctor-patient communication expert (expert reviewer) and then tested by the internship doctors through role play at the trial stage. The final result yields eight main points and eleven effective tips of the Calgary Cambridge Guide checklist modification with five to six minutes effective consultation time. This modified guideline is appropriately applicable for doctor-patient communication in daily consultation in Indonesian practical, social and cultural context.
Kholis Ernawati, Qatrunnada Nadhifah, Anis Muslikha, Muhammad Hidayat, Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo, Fathul Jannah, Dini Widianti, Yusnita Yusnita
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20665

Abstract:
Foodborne disease is still a public health problem in several countries. Food handler's knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) are factors that are risk factors for foodborne disease incidence. The research objective was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of food handlers in maintaining food hygiene using a systematic review approach. The research method used is the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analyses (PRISMA) protocol approach. The article search process was accessed on PLOS ONE, Pro-Quest, and Google Scholar. A descriptive analysis was carried out on each research variable. The results obtained eight papers (100% sociodemography, 100% knowledge, 62.5% attitude, and 87.5% behavior). The mean of significant articles on sociodemographic variables was 18.5%, experience 59.38%, attitudes 13.33%, and 23.81%. There are 37.5% of the articles showed significant relationship between knowledge and attitude with food handling practice.
Prasojo Pribadi, Lolita Lolita, Rayi Citra Ayu Pangestuti, Heni Lutfiyati, Silvia Mareti, Azis Ikhsanudin
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20819

Abstract:
The increasing of online coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) information-sharing in digital media can contribute to the emergence of misinformation in public. Much insufficient knowledge will confuse public understanding and affect their quality of life. The study purposed to assess the knowledge and its influence on Indonesian students' quality of life during the COVID-19 crisis. A cross-sectional study was conducted between October and December 2020 by distributing online questionnaires. The data analysis was run through the Spearman correlation method by using SPSS version 21.0. A total of 200 respondents aged over 17 years were recruited using a snowball sampling technique. Most study respondents had insufficient knowledge about COVID-19, 23% of them had moderate knowledge, and only 17.5% had high knowledge. They obtained primary sources of COVID-19 information from social media platforms. The results showed that health science students have a better understanding than social science students (ρ<0.001). The level of knowledge has a significant associated with psychological domain (ρ=0.020), environmental domain (ρ=0.046), and overall quality of life (ρ=0.047). Thus, the media control center is vital to encounter valid information in providing better knowledge and quality of life during a pandemic.
Suprapto Suprapto, Trimaya Cahya Mulat, Nur Syamsi Norma Lalla
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20711

Abstract:
Health development is a way of increasing awareness, willingness and ability to live healthy for everyone so that an optimal degree of public health can be achieved. The purpose of knowing how the relationship between nurse competence and community health care activities. This study employed quantitative approach and correlation analysis. The population was nurses who work at public health center in Makassar City, Indonesia, however there were 118 nurses who meet the criteria in their selection. There were relationships between attitudes, skills, and competencies with the level of implementation of community health services and that there is an interaction between competence and training. The results of the competency analysis obtained an OR value of 6.429, meaning that public health center nurses who have good competence have a chance of 6.429 times to carry out community health care activities optimally. Most dominant with the implementation of public health care is the interaction between competence and training. The competence of nurses need to be improved in order to optimize the implementation of community health services through training, coaching through assigned teams, and collaborating with peers and providing support in the form of policies for rewards and sanctions such as nurse career paths.
, Calvin K.W. Chang, Lyann Goo
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20839

Abstract:
Studies in pre-pandemic era had established that millennial workers tend to leave their job due to low organizational commitment or strong entrepreneurial orientation; however, the pandemic had brought down economy due to lockdowns, work stress and mental health instability, limitation of business hours, working from home policy, downsizing of companies, and many other changes. This situation might contribute to a novel situation among millennial employees and their turnover intention might be developed differently. Because mattering has protective feature against work stress and depression, we hypothesized that their it will negatively contribute to their turnover intention, and this contribution is mediated by the organizational commitment. Furthermore, we also hypothesized that this phenomenon would only occur in the condition of lower levels of entrepreneurial orientation. Data was collected from 354 purposively recruited millennial employees who responded to the scales of mattering, organizational commitment, entrepreneurial orientation and turnover intention through online surveys Analyses were conducted with Bootstrap Method in PROCESS Macro Model 10. The findings indicated that the moderated mediation occurred; organizational commitment fully mediated the link between mattering and turnover intention among participants with moderate and high levels of entrepreneurial orientation.
Ika Rizki Anggraini, Kuswantoro Rusca Putra, Setyoadi Setyoadi
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20584

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the influence of communication skill, collaboration, and decision-making upon self-efficacy upon Indonesia nurse’s self-efficacy in performing neonatal resuscitation. The research employed analytical descriptive design with cross-sectional study approach. The data were collected using questionnaire. Moreover, the research was carried out in Malang City area with the total of 75 nurses employed at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) room and perinatology unit. Meanwhile, for data analysis, product moment correlation and linear regression were employed. The presence of influence of communication skill, collaboration, and decision-making upon nurse’s self-efficacy in performing neonatal resuscitation can be an inestimable reference for the need of objective evaluation on nurse’s capability and reflection on skills they have acquired. Communication skills p=0.000 (<0.05), collaboration p=0.000 (<0.05), preparation of results p=0.000 (<0.05) with the effectiveness of nurses in the management of neonatal resuscitation. In addition, multiple linear regression showed communication skills p=0.000, B=0.253 was the most dominant factor influencing nurses' self- efficacy when handling neonatal resuscitation in hospitals in Malang City of Indonesia. This study found an association related to communication skill, collaboration, and nurse decision making. Communication skills are the dominant factor influencing the efficacy of nurses in performing neonatal resuscitation care.
, Ryza Jazid Baharuddin Nur, Sayekti Yuliyanti, Dion Zein Nuridzin, Neng Tine Kartinah
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20751

Abstract:
The healthy Indonesia program with a family approach (PIS-PK) has not been implemented optimally. There are several obstacles and challenges in this program’s implementation, e.g., human resources. A community-based health information system (CBHIS) is a strategic approach to obtain data and information at the population level by directly involving cadres and the community. A project with the CBHIS approach was implemented in Kasemen Village, Serang, Banten Province, Indonesia to support the PIS-PK program. The study aimed to determine the population’s health status according to the healthy family index through the CBHIS approach. The data of healthy family indicators in the village were collected by cadres using a mHealth application. Overall, 1316 households consisting of 5312 residents were registered. The analysis results of the healthy family index showed that most families in the Kasemen subdistrict were pre-healthy (64.2%), almost one third were unhealthy (27.8%) and only a small proportion were healthy (8%). Assessing the healthy family index through the CBHIS approach can support decision-making at the community level, thereby determining the magnitude of family health problems and providing appropriate interventions to improve community health status. Well-trained cadres equipped with better electronic data collection tools may be an alternative to community-based data collection.
Fatwa Tentama, Nina Zulida Situmorang, Fitrianur Fitrianur
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20615

Abstract:
The goal of this research was to understand the subjective well-being of mothers who work in the streets. This qualitative phenomenological study collected data using a semi-structured interview. Data were collected from six street mothers aged 18-40 years living in the dense residence of Kali Code, Karanganyar, Brontokusuman, Mergangsan, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The content analysis was used in this research, and the results showed that street mothers were satisfied with their current lives. Some of the reasons for their satisfaction include having a place to stay, gathering with their family every day, having a job, having independent earning, supporting children's education, and meeting their family's needs. This study also found that life satisfaction was associated with feeling satisfied with the self, family life, health, job, and community environment. Furthermore, participants expressed positive affect in the form of happiness when their job and earnings were good when gathering with the family or neighbors when the family is in harmony. The children are obedient when they can meet the needs of the children when they receive unexpected rewards. In contrast, the participants experienced negative affect in the form of guilt when they were unable to make the family happy, and disappointed when daily earnings were small. They were sad when children were not obedient, angry, and disappointed about living conditions and worried, anxious, and afraid about the workplace conditions.
Sharmin Akhtar, Rubel Ahmed, Arnaba Saha Chaity, Mutasim Billah
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20642

Abstract:
Novel coronavirus (nCoV) has created a new challenging situation all over the world. In Bangladesh, people are facing some difficulties to response the emergencies. There are so many people who are lacking of proper quarantine information and knowledge about prevention practices towards coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 has created an experience of mental disorder like depression, anxiety, and stress. Although social media, newspaper, news, television has focused on this issue, still there is to be needed to identify the psychological effects like negative impact on our mind and behavioral changes during lockdown. An online survey of 248 respondents was conducted between April, 15 2020 and May, 15 2020. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between higher knowledge of public regarding safety measures and depression among the adult population of Bangladesh during lockdown. This study focused on correlation between knowledge level and mental health condition like depression. About 50% respondents were felt high depression after the first announcement of lockdown in Bangladesh. Approximately 50% respondents stated that people of their locality were panicked, not panicked were 26.21% and the probability of getting panic were 23.79% due to COVID-19 during lockdown in Bangladesh. The respondents who had gathered a higher knowledge about precautions were associated with depression.
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