International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2252-8806 / 2252-8806
Total articles ≅ 746
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Syahira Yusoff, Kamarul Md Shah, Nor Shakirah Mohd Sakari, Nur Sufia Suhail Ahmad
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 1119-1124; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21553

Abstract:
Adolescent social problems involving juvenile delinquents concentrate around factor such as family functionality and parental behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of family functionality and parent behavior on adolescent delinquent behavior. This study included 196 female delinquent adolescent inmates from four Malaysian correctional and rehabilitation centers in Malaysia. Data was collected using a questionnaire set that included background characteristics, The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES) IV, The parental behavior inventory (PBI), and Inventory Delinquency Scale. The descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation were used to analyses the data. The result showed that family functionality has a significant association with delinquent behavior (r=-.255, p<001). Parental behavior also has a significant association with juvenile delinquent behavior (r=.411, p<.001).
I Made Moh Yanuar Saifudin, Uki Noviana, Fitri Haryanti
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 1092-1101; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21604

Abstract:
This study aimed to conduct a psychometric evaluation of the Indonesian version of the Communities Advancing Resilience Toolkit Assessment Survey (CART-AS) instrument with validity and reliability testing. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 280 respondents. The translation was done using the Beaton method. The psychometric test process was conducted by testing the construct validity and reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) values indicated that the model fits the previous model with the Chi-square/df=1.37 conformity indicator; comparative fit index (CFI)=0.99; goodness of fit index (GFI)=0.90; root mean square of approximation (RMSEA)=0.03; and standardized root mean square residual (SRMR)=0.03. In the CFA measurement, the convergent validity value or the loading factor value of each indicator was also found in the range of 0.55-0.99. The average variance extracted (AVE) values on the five constructs of the CART-AS instrument show values in the range of 0.55-0.98. The results of the reliability test showed the Cronbach alpha value of 0.94. The Indonesian version of the CART-AS instrument is a valid and reliable instrument to measure the resilience of disaster-affected communities in Indonesian culture.
Qing Erh Sow, , Ida Kusnawati Tjahjani
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 1082-1091; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21681

Abstract:
As one significant indicator of mental wellbeing, satisfaction with life plays important roles in the society and among individuals. Nevertheless, studies have stated that the formation of life satisfaction was different between before and during the pandemic. Among most people, the differences were caused by the implication of social distancing protocols, where people were not fully connected to one another without the help of electronic media; therefore, some of their social roles were altered or became less meaningful. Such changes affected the clarity of how individuals see themselves, as well as the balance of their negative and positive emotional experiences (affect balance). We hypothesized that self-concept clarity predicts life satisfaction through affect balance. We collected our data from 139 Malaysian adults aged between 18 to 60 years through various social media platforms to complete the self-concept clarity scale (SCCS), satisfaction with life scale (SWLS), and scale of positive and negative experience (SPANE). Results of the bootstrap analysis with a 95% confidence interval indicated that the affect balance partially mediated the relationship between self-concept clarity and life satisfaction.
Amritha Alice, Athira Sunil, Venkateswaramurthy Nallasamy,
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 935-941; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21256

Abstract:
Pharmaceutical disposal practices have become a global issue that has caught the concern of health authorities, pharmaceutical firms, healthcare practitioners, and the general public. The current study aimed to assess the disposal practices of unused and expired medications among the households Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India. The qualitative, cross-sectional study was conducted using a well-structured questionnaire form. A total of 400 responses were obtained from each member of the family. Participants under the age of 18 were excluded from the study. Respondents who refused to participate were not included in the study. More than 50% of the study population reported that they stored unused and expired medications at home. Most of the participants revealed that the unused medications they stored costs approximately ≤₹300. Majority of participants dispose unused/expired medications by means of trash can (53.1%). A significant population (71.2%) was unaware of novel disposal practices like drug take-back system. The study concluded that there is an inappropriate disposal practice among households which has to be rectified by providing awareness among the public. Further studies should be conducted for the development of well formalized protocol regarding proper disposal practices.
Nurvita Risdiana, , Wahyulianto Wahyulianto
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 1029-1036; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21174

Abstract:
A cigarette contains nicotine substance that can cause smokers to become dependent on nicotine. Smokers who are already addicted will experience withdrawal syndrome. The earlier age people smoke at, the higher level of dependence they have. The adverse effect of nicotine dependence is that smokers will find it difficult to stop smoking. This study aimed to investigate the experiences of adolescent smokers who are dependent on nicotine. This was a qualitative study conducted with a phenomenological approach. Data were collected through an in-depth interview with five informants who were selected through purposive sampling technique. Triangulation was employed to enhance the credibility of the study. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological approach. This study resulted in four main themes, namely: age to start smoking; the causes of smoking; perceptions of smoking; experience of smoking cessation. Conclusion that can be drawn for this study was smoking abstinence led to anxiety, decreased concentration and craving to cigarette. The smokers need to educate about the nicotine withdrawal symptoms that they can anticipate it when symptoms appeared.
Asep Rokhyadi Permana Saputra, Dani Iswara, Mohamed Nor Azhari Azman, Hafizah Hajimia
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 957-966; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21689

Abstract:
The growth rate of green tourism/ecotourism in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia decreased drastically because of the government's program in the community activity restriction program to reduce the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to analyze public perceptions of ecotourism conditions during the pandemic by implementing health protocols and maintaining environmental sustainability. The research employed descriptive and quantitative analysis. The research subject was 222 beach ecotourism tourists in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia during the pandemic period for a period of seven months (February-August 2021). They were recruited through incidental random sampling method. The analytical tools in testing the research instrument were convergent validity test with mean loading factors and square roots average variable extract, discriminant validity test with average variable extract (AVE), and reliability test with Cronbah's alpha and composite reliability (CR), structural equation modeling analysis (SEM) with Warp partial least square (PLS) 7.0. The results showed that ecotourism concern, ecotourism practices, were not significant on tourist satisfaction. Green promotion had an effect on ecotourism tourist satisfaction, and health protocols strengthened tourist satisfaction on tourists' interest in returning to ecotourism.
Wahyu Setyaningsih, Ika Yudianti, Herawati Mansur
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 884-892; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21576

Abstract:
Adolescents are confronted with many reproductive health problems because of unstable conduct. This research aimed to investigate reproductive health behavior in female teens through the usage of a health belief model. This cross-sectional study was conducted in September, 2020 at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Malang, Indonesia. Data have been collected by questionnaires from 152 female high school students who were selected by simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. The study found that there are relationships among perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, and cues to action with p<0.001, perceived severity (p 0.012), perceived benefits (p 0.001), and self-efficacy (p 0.008). The goodness of fit test showed that the data fit with the logistic regression model (p 0.917) and 79.7% of reproductive health behavior is associated with these six variables. Perceived susceptibility, barriers, and cues to action as a determinant aspect of reproductive health behavior. Adolescents should have the understanding and motivation to act in a healthy way associated with their reproductive health.
Mega Mutiara Sari, Michael Yosafaat, Annisa Kamilia Nastiti, , Reifaldy Tsany Betta Aryanto, Yesaya Emeraldy Priutama, , Sapta Suhardono
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 927-934; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21243

Abstract:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of masks is an obligation for everyone to maintain the transmission of the virus to fellow humans. Public places such as stations are one of the locations that may produce single-use masks as personal protective equipment waste. This study aimed to plan the most appropriate type of infectious waste container for disposable masks. Storage with the addition of ultraviolet lamp technology is one way to increase virus removal efficiency compared with no further processing. In this study, it was estimated that the most appropriate container volume is with a capacity of 50 L per station. The collection must be done every 24 hours; the estimated cost for one container can reach IDR 1,988,900. This planning can reduce the amount of mask waste used for the environment and reduce the burden applied to these places at the end.
Afiq Azri Mohd Ghani, Lim Seong Pek, Rita Wong Mee Mee, Rosli Ismail, Uzzairah Nabila Ahmad Tazli, Tengku Shahrom Tengku Shahdan, Fatin Syamilah Che Yob
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 800-807; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21405

Abstract:
Living in a world of unstable and fluctuating economy has put children’s development at risk particularly children from low-income families. Hence their development should be on alert. The concern regarding online learning is crucial towards children’s emotional development as it can positively or negatively affect them. In the volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity (VUCA), no other performance is relevant due to high-speed change. Children as young generations today have more disruptive behaviours causing adults to be fearful in dealing with their unruly behaviour. This study discovered the impact of the current environmental situation of uncertainty and parent-child relationship on children’s emotional development. In view of the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions and preventive measures, the study was conducted with parents’ consent using an online survey tool administered using Google Form. The quantitative survey comprised general population-CORE (GP-CORE) and perceived stress scale (PSS) questionnaires from 108 respondents studying in primary schools around urban areas in Selangor, Malaysia. The findings were analysed and described descriptively. Findings showed that children are greatly affected by parents’ job loss and low-income households’ instability, causing emotional stress when learning from home. Therefore, the study can be the mechanism to aid the educational system in emphasising emotional learning in school.
Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas, Agnessia Nanda Arimbi,
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), Volume 11, pp 903-910; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21331

Abstract:
This research was aimed to capture the practice of foodservice management and food acceptance for change unbalance dietary intake children in a fullday Elementary School. School meal food service management is a program for students to improve the nutrition intake An observation form, along with an in-depth interview was used to explore food production practice. Quantitative data on food satisfaction as well as food waste was also measured. Observation in food service management explained that low food acceptance was mainly found in vegetable products. The food quality, especially in taste and texture, became the determinant of the high vegetable food waste. Improving food service management production procedures, including menu planning and evaluation, procurement, preparation, and cooking, could be a promising strategy to increase food acceptance and to reduce food waste.
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