English Language and Literature Studies
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-4768 / 1925-4776
Published by: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 612
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 19 April 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p67
The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate EFL students’ perceptions about their experiences attending online classes at a Saudi higher education institute during the COVID-19 pandemic. Random sampling was used to obtain the subjects of the study, twelve undergraduate EFL students who attended online classes for the first time at Al-Baha University, Saudi Arabia. A SWOT analysis was used to process the collected data. The main strengths of using online classes in the EFL context were time/place flexibility, promoting a more active/interactive learning style, and the availability of recorded sessions, all of which helped the students when they were reviewing the asynchronously-delivered content. The weaknesses were all related to technical issues (access to an adequate internet connection and an appropriate device on which to access the internet). This study is expected to generate new insights into the process of implementing online classes or blended classes to teach the English language in the Saudi context, and to examine the potential strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to such an adoption at the target university during the shift to online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings may be beneficial for other higher education institutions with a similar context in Saudi Arabia and may benefit higher education policymakers in Saudi Arabia.
Published: 20 March 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p59
The theme of motherhood remains unconcluded to date. Opposing views are recurrent even within the feminist discourse. Minimal research exists on the postmodernist interpretation of Tillie Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing and others similar to it in regard to the concept of motherhood. The present study aims to enlighten on the multifaceted nature of the concept and encourage more scholars to engage in the discussion of the text and extend to others for rich revelations concerning the concept of motherhood. The study utilizes the textual analysis method to enable close reading of Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing to unravel the prescriptions of motherhood as advocated for in culture. Textual analysis facilitates an intimate engagement with the thoughts, arguments, and postulations present in Olsen’s authorship. The analysis has enabled the interrogation of the numerous positions that Olsen gives her readers. The study has introduced new insights to expand the scholarship on the concept of motherhood through the discussion of motherhood as a source of life and power. Olsen’s short story reflects the present predicaments women continue to face across the globe, especially in the third world nations. Women always find themselves at a crossroads where it appears they have to choose family or professional life. Motherhood is an important component in the creation of the female identity and hence has become increasingly inexorable to advance the concept. Choices and circumstances have empowered women to change the concept of motherhood. Unlike in the past, there is no explicit imposed definition. Subsequently, research on motherhood is far-reaching and fractured.
Published: 17 March 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p46
Recently Instapoetry, a form of minimalist poetry, has emerged as a result of using Instagram as a platform for expression. It has strived to gain validity since many of Instapoets have gained millions of followers who have approved this kind of writing which, most of the time, is accompanied by advertisements that symbolize the hidden economic agenda that controls who will get published. However, Instapoetry has been and is still being faced by a wave of disapproval. The paper’s argument is to verify the validity and investigate the reliability of Instapoetry, an emergent subgenre, by measuring it against the dominant literary canon which includes areas of the residual. The paper sheds light on how the Marxist economic approach to literature reproduction affects this newly-exercised type of poetry; to what extent Instapoetry can be considered a mirror of social values, and how it can be a form of propaganda. The researcher compares theories of poetry in Plato’s Republic, Aristotle’s Poetics, Sidney’s An Apology for Poetry and Shelley’s A Defence of Poetry in order to formulate measurements, a paradigm, against which this, and other future types, of poetry can be tested, putting in mind the economic factor that has changed the map of publishing houses in the UK and the USA in 2017 for example.
Published: 14 March 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p21
Online learning prospered in recent years, so did the research in this area. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it the default option of education. The design, implementation and evaluation of a completely online education model are of universal urgency. The learning purposes of Business English encompass the mastery of business knowledge and language abilities. This paper reviews the online teaching and learning of this course and tries to assess its effectiveness in equipping students with business related language competence. Students’ performances were measured in score comparisons; their levels of participation and activeness were captured in statistics across learning platforms; their perceptions on the advantages and disadvantages of this teaching model were collected in a survey and in-depth interviews. Research results show significant progresses have been achieved in students’ reading proficiency; language production in terms of speaking and writing was perceived to have been improved; the level of engagement was high. Challenges of this model have also been summarized and corresponding modifications would be proposed, to facilitate proficiency acquisition more efficiently.
Published: 14 March 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p32
This study investigates Kuwaiti learners’ use of English Word Associations. The issue of how second language (L2) learners structure their lexical knowledge has been of interest to L2 researchers for decades. However, the role of language proficiency in determining qualitative and quantitative features of lexical knowledge is unexplored. This study replicates Zareva (2007); therefore, the word association test used is the same. For this purpose, 40 Kuwait University students were distributed into two clusters according to their language aptitude levels. In addition, another set of five native speakers of English was tested to compare the organisation of word association of the Kuwaiti speakers to the organisation of word association of the native speakers of English. The method involved a written vocabulary test consisting of 76 different word items where subjects were asked to select the suitable answer out of 4 possible answers related to the given word’s meaning and think of three possible words to associate with the given word. Results showed consistency with Zareva’s findings and suggest that variations in lexical knowledge organisation involving native speakers and L2 learners are quantitative instead of qualitative.
Published: 28 February 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n1p107
Reviewer Acknowledgements for English Language and Literature Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2022.
Published: 22 February 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p14
A Streetcar Named Desire exhibits dynamic spatial movement, featured by Stella’s repetitive return of “going out” and “coming back.” The movement reveals her desire to escape the undesirable parts of her marriage, e.g., vulgarity, poverty, and violence. Yet her inevitable “coming back” is because she depends on Stanley for survival. In terms of space, Stella and Stanley run out on the street, which privatizes the street and publicizes the home. Blanche’s physical intrusion causes crises to the marriage, and she tries to point out the undesirable truth of it. So the Kowalskis respond with different actions, which ultimately bring Blanche to her destruction. This choice traps the Kowalskis in the eternal loop of “going out” and “coming back,” and they continue to live in an illusion of progression, as they are caught in the same state.
Published: 22 February 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n2p1
This article, through close textual analysis, compares the oral and literary dynamics of two narrative pieces: Johann Peter Hebel’s Unexpected Meeting (1811) and E.T.A. Hoffmann’s The Mines of Falun (1819). Against a background of their almost coterminous birth and death dates, respectively 1766-1826 and 1776-1822, and the close publication dates of these narratives, the line of argument explores the individual approaches of Hebel and Hoffmann as they flesh out the same story in completely different ways. It argues that both authors follow their own aesthetic principles, the former influenced by Enlightenment values and the latter mediating the preoccupations of German Romanticism.
Published: 17 February 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n1p95
This research taps into the identity construction in “Taoci” email, a discursive practice popular among Chinese study-abroad applicants. Following a qualitative approach, we focus on one Chinese student’s emails to the same American professor. English Taoci emails and interviews have been collected as research data. Detailed linguistic analysis has been proceeded with the distinctive linguistic features of pronoun usage, “pronoun+predicate” pattern, evaluative vocabulary, discourse content and speech acts. Three relational identities have been found: I(maxium) identity, I(to you) identity, and I(and you) identity based on the linguistic features. The interview transcripts are used to scaffold the dynamic discursive building in the emails. It is hoped that this study would contribute to discussion on discourse identity and shed light on intercultural student-faculty email communication in the e-world.
Published: 20 January 2022
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v12n1p85
Appraisal meanings, as a crucial feature of classical Chinese poetry, are often conveyed implicitly. Such resources can be misinterpreted due to translators’ subjectivity, and thus mistranslation occurred, which deserves greater attention. “Qiang Jin Jiu”, a classical Chinese poem written by Li Bai, covers rich appraisal resources reflected in multiple images and themes. This study attempts to apply the attitude and engagement systems of the Appraisal Framework developed by Martin and White to analyze the classical Chinese poem “Qiang Jin Jiu” and its three English versions. It aims to investigate the reasons for their appraisal differences and explore their translation quality, hoping to further enrich studies on the translation of classical Chinese poetry.