English Language and Literature Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-4768 / 1925-4776
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 552
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Latest articles in this journal

Yuanlin Liu
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/ells.v11n1p31

In the mock apocalypse of The Possessed, Fyodor Dostoevsky references biblical imagery to advocate for a conscientious monarchy as the ideal government to lead the Russian masses from deception. While Varvara Petrovna Stavrogin’s oppression of Stepan Trofimovich Verhovensky is similar to the Babylonian kings’ exploitation of the Jews in Daniel, the love between them and Dostoevsky’s eventual glorification of Stepan Trofimovich as the Russian prophet suggest the longevity of a conscientious monarchy, one in which the monarch takes responsibility for the welfare of its subjects and enforces Christian morality. Additionally, Dostoevsky’s description of the young anarchist revolutionaries, Nikolay Vsyevolodovitch Stavrogin and Pyotr Stepanovich Verhovensky, echos imagery of the beast and harlot in Revelation. Through the parent-child relationship between the monarchists and revolutionaries, Dostoevsky argues that the revolutionaries take root in the traditional social hierarchy yet betray it. This paper analyzes how Dostoevsky uses the biblical parallelisms in The Possessed to foreshadow the end to nihilism and defend traditional morality and the tsar as Russia’s God-ordained ruler.
Nahla Nadeem
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/ells.v11n1p9

The present study examines the rhetorical devices used by Brené Brown in a 99U conference Talk (2013) in order to engage and persuade the audience that vulnerability is the seed of creativity and therefore, should be embraced as a stepping-stone to success. The study mainly explores the role conceptual blending theory plays in the exploitation of multimodal rhetorical devices, which include an inspirational quote, analogies and metaphors (both verbal and visual) and how they form a ‘mega-blend’ and a complex network of conceptual integration. The study also applies the conceptual blending model and the discursive process of framing in the analysis as crucial for the meaning construal of these multimodal rhetorical blends. The blending-framing analysis showed that these diverse rhetorical devices often require a complex multi-frame analysis and a larger mental space network of mappings to derive the intended message and achieve the intended rhetorical effect on the audience. The analysis also showed that the blending-framing model provided a unified theoretical framework that could examine the discursive function and multimodal representations of diverse rhetorical devices in edutainment events.
Ya Fen Huang
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/ells.v11n1p1

In many literary works, a character’s physical disease or illness also metaphorically references various universal characteristics of the human condition—death, religion, politics and relationships—as they are interworked amidst healthy and unhealthy bodies. In the case of Albert Camus’ The Plague, the epidemic of bubonic plague in the Algerian port city of Oran is considered an allegory for the German occupation of France from 1940 to 1944. The highly infectious disease disrupts citizens’ lives in real time, with consequences that further manifest throughout the world to varying degrees and in varying timeframes thereafter. This paper attempts to explore Camus’s metaphoric connotations of “the plague” within these social, cultural and historical narratives. This interdisciplinary study will also bring together analyses of literary and non-literary texts about the disease narrative, while also addressing literary theories related to medical science in order to better understand the allegorical definitions of illness, death, disability and exile in The Plague.
Alice Ding
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p88

Reviewer Acknowledgements for English Language and Literature Studies, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2020.
Muhammad Asif, Radzuwan Ab. Rashid, Hanita Hanim Ismail, Omar Ali Al-Smadi, Baderaddin Yassin
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p78

Sisterhood corresponds to a bond of love, cooperation and solidarity among women to fight against their individual or collective oppression at the hands of patriarchy. It initiates and shapes the struggle of women against their sexism. On the other hand, envy and non-cooperation act as enemies of women, making them as easy prey for the patriarchal forces. This study provides a textual analysis of Afghan American novelist Khaled Hosseini’s novels A Thousand Splendid Suns and And the Mountains Echoed. The theoretical foundations of the research are laid down on the theories proposed by bell hooks. The study shows that the solidarity of female characters in the novels freed them from the oppression of patriarchy. However, their envy and non-cooperation led them to the domination of men. This study is a unique addition to the topic as it brings together the ideals of sisterhood and envy on the selected novels of Khaled Hosseini.
Chunxia Lu, Rosukhon Swatevacharkul
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p70

In English as a foreign language context, to cultivate language learners’ critical thinking skills has become a part of the education goal. In China, great efforts have been made in order to increase Chinese college students’ critical thinking skills, but their critical thinking skills are not satisfying. As to the reasons, lack of sufficient and comprehensive understanding of critical thinking skills is supposed to be one of the reasons. Thus, this paper proposed to analyze critical thinking skills from the philosophical, reflective, cognitive, cultural perspectives hopefully to enhance understanding of critical thinking skills in Chinese EFL context.
Cuiping Han, Li Wang
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p58

This paper mainly uses the methods of questionnaire and qualitative analysis. A questionnaire survey was conducted among the last and current English majors. Mainly to understand their translation practice in school, including their attitude towards translation practice, the teaching mode of translation course, the time spent in translation practice after class and the main fields involved, and whether the school has provided translation practice platform and its practicability. The survey of 240 English majors reflects the present situation of English Majors in translation practice: 1) Strong willingness to translate; 2) Lack of practice in class; 3) Lack of extracurricular practice; 4) Lack of translation practice platform. To solve the problems in the translation practice of English majors analyzed by the survey results, this paper puts forward some countermeasures: including establishing a translation practice platform within the University, encouraging translation volunteer activities and building a cooperative translation mechanism between the University and the enterprise.
Yuxuan Zhang
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p47

The silence around female genitalia and sexuality is a prevalent phenomenon with grave implications. Eve Ensler, an American playwright, wrote the famous Vagina Monologues to combat such issues and aim to end violence against women. While Ensler’s play is popular on a global scale, the localized versions inspired by Ensler are also emerging in various regions. A Chinese feminist organization, The Vagina Project, has created their own script and organized several localized performances in the past few years. A close analysis of one of the scripts written by the Vagina Project demonstrates that the localized versions of The Vagina Monologues, though less paid attention to, are effective in creating connections with the audience. Being attuned to the regional feminist differences allows the play to be more powerful and thoughtful when presented to the audience.
Nazanin Maghami, Bahloul Salmani
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p7

The term “gender” is a load concept in translation studies. The present study focuses on stories written by Simin Daneshvar (1921-2012), a contemporary Iranian female translator and novelist, in order to explore how the visibility of women in the Iranian culture and community after a long patriarchal era has changed the community’s thoughts about women. The method used for this study was qualitative with the interpretive approach. The corpus consisted of five Persian stories, Wandering Island, Wandering Cameleer, The Quenched Fire, Ask from Birds of Passenger and Suvashun by Daneshvar, who has contributed to the promotion of Iranian women’s sociocultural status during the contemporary era. The results proved that women translators and novelists had endured the hardships of sociocultural changes and made it possible for the modern Iranian women to make themselves visible in their social context.
Xian Wu
English Language and Literature Studies, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/ells.v10n4p34

Beloved written by Toni Morrison is brimming with profound sense and tension which have been focused on by an increasing large number of scholars at home and abroad. The word “Tension” means the balance between at least two inconsistent literary factors which cannot be dispelled by their opposed relationships. Based on the sense of tension and previous studies, this thesis is about further exploring its tension in themes, characters, and aesthetics. The author employs many kinds of rhetoric, such as symbol, simile, personification and poetization, representing a new method of rhetoric and contributing to a unique “black” poetic impression, which makes the story not only have the charm of form, but the tension of its idea and spirit of nationality.
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