Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities

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ISSN / EISSN : 2613-5639 / 2613-5647
Current Publisher: OU Scientific Route (10.21303)
Total articles ≅ 44
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Natalia Ponomarenko
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 49-51; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001301

Abstract:
The purpose of the research is to analyze the peculiarities of language and professional training of students of the specialty 061 Journalism in the Ukrainian College. In order to achieve this purpose such general scientific methods were used as: theoretical (analysis, comparison, systematization of theoretical and research materials), empirical (observations) and interrogation, generalization and systematization of the obtained results. The study analyzes the language and professional training of students of the specialty 061 Journalism in the colleges of Ukraine. On the basis of the normative sources the author systematizes the peculiarities of preparation of students of the specialty 061 Journalism in the colleges of Ukraine. The article summarizes the results of the interrogation on further education and employment of graduates of the specialty 061 Journalism (specialization «Publishing and Editing») of Machine Building College of Sumy State University. The author pays attention to the positive experience of preparing applicants for the specialty 061 Journalism in Ukrainian Colleges. The conducted research leads to the conclusion that today in the colleges of the specialty 061 Journalism students have the opportunity to acquire fundamental scientific, professional and practical training, as well as knowledge, skills that make the ground of their professional competence, allowing to work as a specialist of secondary education in a specific field and/or continue higher education. Valuable and fundamental cultural, professional training and social experience allow college graduates of this specialty to continue successfully study at undergraduate bachelor programs, if they choose a course of study, appropriate to their specialty. The level of their professional competence has a certain social value, corresponds to the needs and opportunities of the modern labor market, allows to be responsible for the decisions, made in professional activity and their own lives.
Liudmyla Fedorova
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 77-79; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001310

Abstract:
The reorientation of the modern school to the conditions of partnership, cooperation, interaction, equality and systematicity in the educational process leads to the development of key and subject competencies that become important and decisive values of the New Ukrainian School. Each child is a unique, independent, creative person, endowed with abilities and opportunities, the development of which should be supported and increased by both the family and the school. The famous Ukrainian teacher, academician O. Savchenko, in the pedagogy of partnership of the New Ukrainian School, determined the principles of social partnership. In her opinion, the constructive model of interaction between the family and the school, on the one hand, provides for productive and responsible models of behavior between family, children and teachers, combining respect, trust, dialogue, volunteerism, equality and responsibility, and on the other hand provides opportunities for improving the educational process, educational activities and systematic work on the study of subject competencies. A means of creating a new educational environment is the formation of the subject competencies of younger pupils in the process of studying the "Design and Technology" course. Four-year students of the Faculty of Psychology and Education, majoring in primary education, were actively involved in the system work, they actively prepared, organized, and conducted a lesson on the subject of “Making viburnum twigs using quilling technique”. The most effective and interesting forms for parents, children, and teachers turned out to be forms that demonstrated their attitude to their own children, expressed a desire to help, and provided a developing environment during the lesson. The experience of primary school teachers shows that the implementation of the partnership principle, as of now the problem is relevant and timely for primary education, the family and the New Ukrainian School as a whole.
Aldona Migała-Warchoł, Marek Sobolewski
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 28-31; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001296

Abstract:
The aim of the research is an analysis of the influence of the economic indicators on the socio-economic development of EU countries. The synthetic measure of socio-economic development is calculated by means of the following determinants: ‘Economy and Finance’, ‘Science and Technology’, ‘Health’, ‘Education’ and ‘Living Conditions’. This index of the socio-economic development of residents of the European Union countries has been created as an arithmetic mean of indicators, counted for particular determinants. The index, which has been created, is treated as a modified Human Development Index due to the fact that it is completed with the added information. The data has been collected from the Eurostat for the years 2006–2016. In the second part of the research there have been developed the models for the synthetic measure of socio-economic development in terms of particular economic indicator, used in the analysis, as well as the analysis of the relationship between the synthetic measure of socio-economic development in EU countries, and the selected economic measures: unemployment rate, GDP per capita, indicator of real expenditure per capita, and the percentage of people at risk of poverty. The results are obtained, using the Statistica 12 program.
Halyna Hirnyak
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 52-54; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001302

Abstract:
Based on theoretical-methodological principles of cognition, the categorical-notion analysis of main terms (“stress”, “distress”, “stress stability”) that form the subject area of the considered problem is carried out in the paper. The study systematically generalizes main types of stress (informational, emotional, communicative) and its deployment phases (anxiety, resistance, exhaustion) and also outlines stress stability signs and its age formation peculiarities in adolescence. Stress stability is considered as a complicated integral feature of a person, mutually connected with a system of intellectual, cognitive, emotional, personal (motivational, character and other) features, providing his/her possibility to endure essential intellectual, physical, willing and emotional loads, keeping functioning efficiency at that. A level of stress stability is in the first turn conditioned by such factors as emotional stability, stress-resistance, frustration tolerance and so on. The study argues an idea that most effective ways of overcoming the destructive influence of stress of a person are: 1) objective elimination or lowering of the influence intensity of a cause/factor that conditioned the stress status; 2) internal adaptation to a stressor by transforming just an attitude to it in the subjective reality of a person (change of subjective interpretation frames); 3) acceptance of a problem as a given fact and conciliation with its irreversible results; 4) complex way as a combinatorics of the three previous variants with observance of their most optimal balance-proportion according to the psychosocial specificity of each concrete case and individual-typological features of a client. It has been empirically established, that the psychological profile of stress-stable persons is characterized by the high level of steadiness, emotional-willing self-control, self-confidence and low level of stress-sensitivity, personal and situation anxiety. It has been also explained in the research, that the most effective formation of stress stability takes place through the psychological mechanism of self-regulation that provides the synthesis of its structural components (personal, social and behavioral) and provides an adequate reaction on stress-generating factors.
Eglantina Hysa, Egla Mansi
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 61-64; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001305

Abstract:
Development economics is a field of study, trying to explore the reason of economic success and failures of different countries or regions in the world. It deals with important issues and gaps of 21st Century, such as poverty, inequality, education, health, demographic changes, migration, trade and globalization. Moreover, the basic issues of development economics have been in focus since 1776 within the famous book of Adam Smith “An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations”. Development economics, it can be argued, has to be concerned not only with protecting its "own" territory, but also with keeping alive the foundational motivation of the subject of economics in general. All the above-mentioned aspects on development economics are the main motivation of this paper. Furthermore, this study tries to analyze, synthesize and recapitulate the integration of teaching and learning in graduate studies. It is the case of an actual course, termed “Development and Growth”, offered in the economics department of the Master of Science program. The study will cover two main analyses: the first analysis, dealing with the specifics of course organization and management and the second one, exploring the students’ projects and their integration with the course.
Hrabrin Bachev
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 32-36; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001297

Abstract:
The goal of this paper is to access the state, specify trends, and identify intervention needs of Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System (AKIS) in Bulgaria, and assist policy formation for the next programing period. Modern scientific approaches of SWOT, Strategic Orientation, Gap Analysis, Comparative Institutional Analysis, etc. are used to identify actors and relations, trends in development, assess Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats, formulate an adequate strategy, and specify overall and public intervention needs of AKIS in the country. Bulgarian AKIS demonstrates low resource endowment and efficiency, domination of outdated public institutions and undeveloped private sector, insufficient sharing of knowledge and innovations, slow and uneven application of modern technologies, varieties, production and management methods, digitalization, etc. in different types of farms, subsectors of agriculture and regions of the country. The list of specified AKIS needs is provided to the government for taking a political decision about appropriate measures for public intervention. This study demonstrates that preparation of country’s RDP is (has to be) based on the comprehensive scientific approach while the research community proves that it can contribute to solving an important academic and practical problem.
Zoltán Szira, Hani Alghamdi
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 13-15; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001293

Abstract:
The world faces old and new problems that are more complicated than our currently capable multilateral and national institutions. To face these challenges, international cooperation is becoming ever more important. An international environmental agreement is a kind of treaty that is binding in international law, allowing them to accomplish an environmental goal. Bilateral environmental agreement is defined as an agreement between two countries. If the agreement is signed between three or more nations it is called a Multilateral Environmental Agreement. These agreements, mainly drawn up by the United Nations, include issues, such as environmental policies, freshwater policies, hazardous waste and material policies, aquatic environment, wildlife conservation policies, noise pollution and nuclear safety. International agreements set a number of objectives: Informal agreements may formulate action plans for sovereign states or international institutions; they may establish or alter international organizations or bodies; and legally binding agreements may demand that sovereign states change their actions. Least developed countries face significant challenges in terms of mitigation and adaptation, which must be resolved by successful agreements. A state government may wish to abide by an agreement but lacks the power to do so. Some climate agreements build in frameworks for promoting implementation and enforcement through technology transfer, funding and technical support. Agreements can facilitate the process of forging a common vocabulary and a mutual knowledge of an issue. States have often taken steps within their own jurisdictions which foreshadow what they are prepared to agree internationally. The balance of power is increasingly shifting, giving rise to questions about the successful functioning of foreign regimes. This current multi-polarity also deepens cleavages over the nature of agreements. The financial crisis spurred consensus on institutional reform; adapting international architecture to better represent the dynamics of contemporary power. The emerging and developing economies have concluded agreements in the environmental problem field to promote mitigation and adaptation assistance to the least developed countries. This present paper analyzes the development, function and the problems of these agreements.
Mohamed Bechir Chenguel, Abdelkader Derbali
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 37-41; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001298

Abstract:
From the appearance of an unknown virus in China to a "black Monday" which has seen markets fall like never since the end of 2008: in two months, the Covid-19 epidemic has brought the world economy to its knees. The current coronavirus epidemic that has started in China is a real tragedy for individuals and communities not only in China, but around the world. The results for the Chinese are already terrible and are likely to worsen. To date, more than 80,000 infections have been reported, including thousands of fatal cases. In response to the spread of the virus, the world health organization declared an international health emergency on January 30. All global production chains are affected, and even blocked for certain sectors. A quasi-monopoly, China is not only the factory of the world, but also the supplier of components for all the other factories or industries on the planet. Hundreds of companies have therefore suffered the full force of this crisis and are struggling to preserve activities, on which millions of consumers and employees depend, directly impacted by their operation or by their disruption. The epidemic is infecting several Asian countries and little by little other continents, with more than 115,000 cases of infection to date, including more than 4,000 dead.
Rasa Viederyte
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 16-21; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001294

Abstract:
This theoretical paper discusses knowledge management in an open innovation systems context on a basis of university – industry collaboration. Knowledge management is necessary to ensure the inbound and outbound flows of knowledge that define open innovation, and to ensure that the knowledge, provided by the open innovation process ,can be used for successful collaboration between universities and industry. The importance of knowledge is emphasized in the literature on open innovation, but most modern literature takes only a narrow point of view on the problem and is not related to knowledge management through inter-institutional collaboration. The paper discusses the General framework conditions for efficient university-industry collaboration and in this context, it outlines the Systematic procedure of open innovation implementation. The main outlined knowledge flows in networking shows a combination of a positive and neutral effect on the effectiveness of innovation at the level of business units, which means that open innovation within the network is generally beneficial for a multidisciplinary organization as well as Incoming innovations across organizational boundaries are beneficial for the innovation activity of a business unit, in contrast to outgoing innovations that have a neutral effect on it. The ability of organization to recognize the value of new external information, absorb and apply it for commercial purposes is crucial for its innovative potential. The creation of knowledge and the ability to master can be created without a special R&D unit in university - joint research and development can be fruitful, and trade areas can provide the opportunity for training and joint acquisition of new knowledge.
Sergii Petrukha, Mykola Korolenko
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 10-12; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2020.001292

Abstract:
The study systematizes mutual influences and connections of the economic safety of bank sector functioning as a whole, bank activity (state and commercial) at the fund market and financial support of sustainable nature management, taking into account bank strategies “threading” by Sustainable development aims of UNO till 2030 of both own activity (concrete examples are given) and one of market agents of the nature-resource sector of the national economy, for which a financial-credit institution acts as a specific financial provider in the world of sustainable nature management and comprehensive development, taking into account the global ecologic initiative. There are given parallels in aim setting of supranational and national regulators in two opposite and at the same time complementary conceptions: “green economy” and “financial globalism”, expecting dynamism of unpredictability and inertia of global financial stability absence on the ecologically influenced stability of the economic dynamics. There are constructed correspondent econometric dependence models of a triad “financial safety of the bank sector – financial support stability – nature management sustainability” on variables – corporative equity and bond issue, using special methods and program environment Eviews and Statistica. It has been revealed, that the market of bonds and the one of equities differently react on changes of the economic dynamics – the equity issue volume, as opposite to corporative bond issue, doesn’t depend on nature management sustainability indices, and its financial support stability is not in the sphere of financial-economic parametrization, but in the political conjuncture, socio-psychological and mental transformation in the direction of economic subjects’ readiness to conducting ecologically and at the same time socially responsible business that needs modernization of the purpose orientation of safe bank strategies, taking correspondent anti-crisis arrangements by them for providing safety of their activity at the fund market under conditions of intensification of the COVID-19 pandemic influence. Obtained modeling results may be used by the National bank of Ukraine for actualizing the macroprudential policy, directed on elimination of system risks for preventing crises or diminution of losses from them by the system of financial stimulation of rational nature management.
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