Sustainable Development

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2160-7540 / 2160-7559
Published by: Hans Publishers (10.12677)
Total articles ≅ 500
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婷吴 玉
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 145-154; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121018

Abstract:
# 全球生态环境问题与人类经济社会发展之间的矛盾日益凸显,人类不加节制开发消耗资源,不惜以环境污染为代价来发展经济,这已经严重威胁到了人类经济社会的可持续发展。近年来,随着各类环境问题的出现,人们的环保意识逐渐加强,我国正处在贸易方式转型期间,环境规制不仅给中国出口贸易带来了新的机遇,同时也带来了巨大的挑战。本文主要研究环境规制对我国出口贸易的影响,并对我国出口贸易发展提出有针对性的政策建议。 The contradiction between global eco-environmental problems and human economic and social development has become increasingly prominent. Mankind has not restrained the development of consumptive resources, and he has not hesitated to develop the economy at the cost of environmental pollution. This has seriously threatened the sustainable development of human economy and society. In recent years, with the appearance of various environmental problems, people’s environmental protection awareness has been gradually strengthened. During the transition of China’s trade pattern, environmental regulation not only brought new opportunities to China’s export trade, but also brought huge challenges. This article mainly studies the impact of regulation on China’s export trade, and puts forward targeted policy recommendations for the development of China’s export trade.
江谢 镇
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 179-191; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121021

Abstract:
# 互联网在人类社会生活中的作用已经超越了一般的生产工具,其不断发展正深刻影响和改变着人类生活方式,那么其对居民代际收入流动性又会产生怎样的影响?本文基于CFPS家庭微观调查数据,以代际收入百分位排序关联系数衡量代际收入流动性,探究了互联网使用对代际收入流动的影响及其作用机制。研究发现,互联网使用可以显著促进代际收入流动,使用工具变量消除内生性,并换用代际收入弹性以及滞后互联网使用数据进行稳健性检验后,结论依然成立。异质性分析表明,互联网使用对代际收入流动的促进效应存在个体差异、城乡差异和区域差异。进一步的研究表明,互联网使用对代际收入流动的促进效应主要通过信息搜寻和社交促进机制实现。 The role of the Internet in human social life has gone beyond the general production tools. Its continuous development is profoundly affecting and changing the way of life of people. Then what impact will it have on the intergenerational income mobility of residents? Based on CFPS household micro-survey data, this paper measures intergenerational income mobility by the correlation coefficient of percentile rank of intergenerational income, and explores the impact of Internet use on intergenerational income mobility and its mechanism. It is found that Internet use can significantly promote intergenerational income mobility. Instrumental variables are used to eliminate endogeneity, and the conclusions are still valid after the robustness test of intergenerational income elasticity and lagging Internet use data. Heterogeneity analysis shows that there are individual differences, urban and rural differences and regional differences in the promotion effect of Internet use on intergenerational income mobility. Further research shows that the promotion effect of Internet use on intergenerational income mobility is mainly realized through information search and social facilitation mechanism.
茜覃 晓
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 103-109; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121014

Abstract:
# 种植业面源污染成为我国农村地区环境污染的主要来源,有效控制种植业面源污染,是保护土壤与水资源,促进种植业可持续发展的必然要求。本文针对我国种植业面源污染特点,主要介绍了我国种植业面源污染防治的主要技术研究进展并对农业可持续性发展进行了展望。 Non-point source pollution of planting industry has become the main source of environmental pollution in rural areas in China. Effective control of non-point source pollution of planting industry is an inevitable requirement for the protection of soil and water resources and promotion of the sustainable development of planting industry. Based on the characteristics of non-point source pollution in China’s planting industry, this article mainly introduces the main research progress of non-point source pollution prevention and control technologies in China’s planting industry, and provides prospects for the sustainable development of agriculture.
欣魏 可
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 26-29; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121004

Abstract:
# 近些年来,淄博市积极制定了一系列强有力的人才引进政策,取得了明显成效。本文剖析了淄博市人才政策的亮点及成效,并就其对周边地市的带动作用进行了阐述。In recent years, Zibo City has actively promulgated series of strong talent introducing policies, and achieved remarkable results. This paper analyzes the highlights and effects of Zibo talent policies, and expansively elaborates the pioneering example for the surrounding cities.
珍王 清
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121001

Abstract:
# 针对如何适应河南农业产业结构升级、发展和保护地理标志品牌及市场占有率,进行了河南省地理标志品牌的现状与对策研究。基于数据、理论及调研结果,进行可视化分析。分析了河南省地理标志产品的数量和三部门的注册情况,地理标志产品产值的分布和类别的产值,河南省前十最具综合价值的地理标志品牌产品的影响因素和分布特点。得出地理标志产品品牌建设所面临的困境并给出相应的解决对策。 Aiming at how to adapt to the upgrading of agricultural industrial structure, develop and protect the geographical indication brand products and market share in Henan Province, this paper studies the current situation and countermeasures of geographical indication brand in Henan Province. Visual analysis is based on data, theory and research results. This paper analyzes the quantity of geographical indication products and the registration of three departments in Henan Province, the distribution of output value and category output value of geographical indication products, and the influencing factors and distribution characteristics of the top ten geographical indication brand products with the most comprehensive value in Henan Province, getting the difficulties faced by the brand construction of geographical indication products, and giving the corresponding countermeasures.
鑫程 杨
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 20-25; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121003

Abstract:
# 2020年,我国实现全面脱贫,进入小康社会,全国各族人民开启社会主义现代化建设新征程。脱贫不是终点,如何巩固脱贫攻坚成果和实施乡村振兴有效衔接是当前及今后一个时期面临的重要课题。民族地区应继续推进乡村振兴战略,发挥基层党委政府的作用,激发农民主体性和实现要素市场化配置,努力缩小城乡差距,同步现代化。在此过程中,必须齐心协力铸牢中华民族共同体意识,做到民心所向、民利相连、民情相容,为实现中华民族伟大复兴凝聚民族力量。 In 2020, our country will achieve a complete eradication of poverty and enter a well-off society, and the people of all ethnic groups across the country will embark on a new journey of socialist modernization. Poverty alleviation is not the end point. How to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and implement the effective connection of rural revitalization is an important issue facing in current and future periods. Minority areas should continue to promote the strategy of rural revitalization, give play to the role of the grassroots party committee and government, stimulate farmers’ subjectivity and realize the market-oriented allocation of factors, strive to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, and synchronize modernization. In this process, we must work together to forge the sense of community of the Chinese nation, achieve what the people want, the interests of the people, and the people’s feelings are compatible, so as to gather national strength for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
松胡 郁
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 47-58; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121007

Abstract:
# 南北经济差异逐渐形成区域经济不平衡发展的新格局。本文以新兴古典经济学框架,对南北经济差异形成的机制进行分析,论述了南北区域交易效率逐年提高,但南方经济效率高于北方,导致南方较之于北方先形成区域内分工,最终造成南方经济发展速度高于北方。文中用2017年237个国内地级市数据对交易效率推动区域市场分工演化,进而影响地区经济发展这一机制进行验证,兼论“双循环”大背景下,区域间分工协作对区域经济发展的重要意义。 The economic differences between North and South have gradually formed a new pattern of un-balanced regional economic development. Based on the framework of neo-classical economics, this paper analyzes the mechanism of the formation of economic differences between the North and the South. It discusses that the transaction efficiency of the North and the South is increasing year by year, but the economic efficiency of the South is higher than that of the North. The speed of economic development is higher than that of the north. In this paper, the data of 237 domestic prefecture-level cities in 2017 is used to verify the mechanism of transaction efficiency that pro-motes the evolution of the regional market division of labor, which in turn affects the regional economic development, concurrently discussing the importance of the division of labor between regions to regional economic development under the background of “double cycle”.
何 雄
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 30-36; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121005

Abstract:
# 本文基于武汉市计划生育特扶制度与农村最低生活保障制度实施以来历年具体实施标准的动态变化实际,综合对比计划生育特扶制度与农村社会保障制度的调整力度与变化方向。研究发现:自2008年计生特扶制度实施以来,农村最低生活保障标准一直远远高于计生家庭特扶标准;同时,农村计生家庭特扶资格条件高,申领程序复杂。为了健全计划生育政策制定与实施协调机制,加强公共政策之间的协调与衔接,相关政府部门需要增强计划生育特扶制度扶助力度,简化申领程序。 This paper analyzes the standards of the rural minimum living security policy and the family planning special assistance policy in Wuhan during the past years. By comprehensive comparison of the adjustment and change direction between those two policies, we found that the standards of rural minimum living security policy were always in excess of another one. Further on, the family planning special assistance system set up higher qualifications and more difficult application pro-grams. In order to improve the family planning policy system and strengthen the connection be-tween public policies, the government departments should strengthen the family planning special assistance system, and simplify application process.
徐 岩
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 89-95; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121012

Abstract:
# 截止2019年底我国已经建立比较完善的农村供水体系,但其供水执行水价长期整体低于成本,合理的供水定价模式尚未形成。本文以国内外的大城市居民生活用水定价模式为基础,从水价构成要素、定价方法两个方面分析英国、日本这两个国家和我国城市供水定价模式,并结合农村供水发展现状和特点,分析农村供水定价存在的问题,进而提出了健全农村供水合理定价的对策措施。 By the end of 2019, China has established a relatively complete rural water supply system, but its water supply price has been lower than the cost for a long time, and a reasonable water supply pricing model has not yet been formed. This article is based on domestic and foreign water pricing models for residents of large cities, and analyzes the urban water supply pricing models of the UK, Japan and China from two aspects of water price components and pricing methods. It also analyzes the current situation and characteristics of rural water development, and the problem of its pricing, in order to establish the reasonable pricing of rural water supply.
琦晁 文
Published: 1 January 2022
Sustainable Development, Volume 12, pp 201-214; https://doi.org/10.12677/sd.2022.121023

Abstract:
# 人民幸福是中国梦的最终落脚点,基于各省宏观数据,利用熵值法构建居民幸福指数体系评价标准,运用相关性检验和PMG估计研究贸易开放是否在短期与长期内都能提高城市、农村居民的幸福指数。结果表明:我国各省城市和农村居民幸福指数都与贸易开放有强烈相关性,短期内,贸易开放能显著提高居民幸福指数,对城市居民幸福指数的促进作用更强;长期内,贸易开放对居民幸福指数存在抑制作用,且对农村地区削弱作用更强;分区域看贸易开放短期对中西部城市居民幸福指数促进作用强于东部地区,而长期对中西部农村居民幸福指数负向作用较强;此外,居民幸福指数构成的五个维度受贸易开放的短期与长期影响不一致,存在较大差异。 People’s happiness is the ultimate destination of the Chinese Dream. Based on the macro data of each province, the evaluation standard of residents’ happiness index system is constructed by using entropy method, and the correlation test and PMG estimation are used to study whether trade opening can improve the happiness index of urban and rural residents in the short and long term. The results show that there is a strong correlation between the happiness index of urban and rural residents and the trade opening. In the short term, the trade opening can significantly improve the happiness index of residents, and has a stronger promotion effect on the happiness index of urban residents. In the long run, trade opening has an inhibitory effect on residents’ happiness index, and the weakening effect is stronger in rural areas. By region, trade opening has a stronger short-term promoting effect on the happiness index of urban residents in the central and western regions than that in the eastern regions, while it has a stronger long-term negative effect on the happiness index of rural residents in the central and western regions. In addition, the five dimensions of residents’ happiness index are not consistent with the short-term and long-term effects of trade opening, and there are great differences.
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