ISSN / EISSN : 2160-7540 / 2160-7559
Published by: Hans Publishers (10.12677)
Total articles ≅ 432
Latest articles in this journal
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 117-126; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.111014
具有较高教育水平的海外留学生通过到国外考察、交流学习，可以加强贸易双方的沟通，增进相互了解，降低贸易成本、降低对外贸易的风险和不确定性，并提高出口贸易的人才储备。选取2002~2015年中国对55个国家的出口数据，使用贸易引力模型探究了中国海外留学对中国出口贸易的影响。实证检验发现：中国海外留学总人数对中国总出口并没有显著影响，但不同经济发展程度国家以及不同规模留学人数中，海外留学对中国出口的影响不同。结合研究结论，为促进中国贸易持续发展，文章最后提出鼓励海外留学和国外学生来华留学。Overseas students with higher education level can strengthen the communication between trade parties, enhance mutual understanding, reduce trade costs, reduce risks and uncertainties of for-eign trade, and improve the talent reserve of export trade by visiting and studying abroad. Based on the export data of China to 55 countries from 2002 to 2015, this paper uses the trade gravity model to explore the impact of Chinese overseas study on China’s export trade. Empirical tests show that the total number of overseas students in China has no significant impact on China’s total exports, but the impact of overseas students on China’s exports is different in countries with dif-ferent economic development levels and different scales of overseas students. In order to promote the sustainable development of China’s trade, the article finally proposes to encourage overseas students and foreign students to study in China.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 142-148; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.111017
大量科学证据表明，地球已经进入被科学界称之为人类世时代的新的地质时代。在要素大加速、复杂性和互连性增加，不可逆过程增多为特征的人类世时代，涌现出系统性风险等新型风险。城市化是人类社会发展的高级阶段，但以化石能源为基础的城市建设和发展对地球生态环境也产生了巨大影响。全球气候变化影响与城市快速发展两者的叠加，使城市适应气候变化过程中所面临的灾害风险日趋复杂化、综合化和多样化。本文从介绍人类世时代概念和特征出发，指出城市作为人类社会发展的高级阶段。在全球人口持续增加、城市自身发展日趋复杂等不可逆过程驱动下，城市面临的灾害风险也将日趋复杂化、综合化和多样化。应用作者研究团队提出的ISEET系统分析框架，本文从综合风险防范角度，围绕城市系统的复杂性、信息通讯技术快速发展和气象信息服务产业发展等维度，指出城市适应气候变化行动必须既要考虑与城市防灾减灾结合，更应积极融入到城市长期可持续发展进程中。An abundance of scientific evidence shows that the Earth has entered a new geological epoch, known in the scientific world as the Anthropocene. There emerge new types of risks especially systematic risks in the Anthropocene where elements accelerate but with higher complexity and interconnection and more irreversible processes. Urbanization is taken as an advanced human society development stage, but the construction and development of cities based on fossil energy has also rendered a huge impact on the ecological environment of the Earth. Affected by global climate changes and rapid urban development, the disaster risks faced by cities in adapting to climate change become increasingly complicated, comprehensive and diversified. This paper firstly introduces the concepts and characteristics of the Anthropocene, pointing out that cities are the advanced stage of human social development. Driven by irreversible processes such as the ever-increasing global population and the increasing complexity of urban development, the disaster risks faced by cities will be more than ever complicated, comprehensive and diversified. Using the ISEET system analysis framework put forward by the author’s research team, this paper indicates that climate change adaptation shall not only go in step with urban disaster prevention and mitigation, but also be integrated actively into the long-term sustainable development of cities for comprehensive risk governance with efforts focusing on aspects of urban systems complexity, rapid development of information and communication technology and development of meteorological information service industries.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 102-110; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.111012
随着中国经济对外开放的程度不断扩大，大量FDI涌入中国，我国的开放政策在取得巨大成果的同时也面临着贸易格局多元化、交易规则不断演化的局面，“一带一路”倡议引导促进我国各省市向“一带一路”沿线国家实施对外开放政策及进行经济交流和贸易往来。本文基于2006年至2018年全国30个省份的面板数据，研究“一带一路”政策是否会影响外商直接投资区位选择的影响因素并分析“一带一路”政策涵盖的17个省份(除西藏)及未涵盖的13个省份(除香港、澳门、台湾)的影响外商直接投资的因素的差异。实证结果表明经济发展水平、基础设施水平、人力资本存量等因素对外商直接投资的影响为正，劳动力成本和城镇化率的影响为负；劳动力成本对沿线省份的负面影响要比未沿线省份的负面作用要大，公路运输效率较铁路运输效率对吸引外商直接投资的正面影响程度更大，研究为借助“一带一路”政策吸引高质量外资提供理论借鉴。 With the expansion of China’s economic opening to the outside world and the influx of FDI into China, China’s opening policy is facing the situation of diversification of trade pattern and the evolution of trade rules while making great achievements. Based on the panel data of 30 provinces from 2006 to 2018, this paper mainly studies whether the “Belt and Road” policy will affect the location choice of FDI, and analyzes the “Belt and Road” policy covers by comparing the differences in the factors affecting FDI in 17 provinces (except Tibet) and 13 provinces not covered (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan). The empirical results show that the influence of economic development level, infrastructure level and human capital stock, is positive, and the influence of labor cost and urbanization rate is negative. The negative impact of labor costs on provinces along the Belt and Road is greater than other provinces. The road transport efficiency has a greater positive impact on attracting foreign direct investment than railway transport efficiency. The research provides theoretical reference for attracting high-quality foreign capital with the help of Belt and Road policy.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 242-253; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.112028
城市经济发展伴随着工业排污的变化，探究二者之间的关系可以为未来的城市发展道路指明方向。以江苏省城市2008~2018年的经济发展与工业排污变化为研究对象，在经济–工业排污耦合分区的基础上选取四个城市拟合城市工业排污EKC曲线、分析脱钩状态并探讨工业污染物排放的驱动因素。结果表明：1) 苏州、南京环境指标EKC曲线呈倒U型，其余城市基本满足N型和倒N型，四个城市环境指标变化出现拐点时间均早于模型预测时间；不同耦合度城市的EKC曲线呈现不同的形态。2) 南京工业污染物常年脱钩状态明显，苏州、泰州和徐州自2012年开始脱钩状态上升，其中工业固废脱钩状态波动变化，不同时间差异较大；3) 技术进步是苏州市工业污染物排放变化的重要驱动因子｡ The development of urban economy is accompanied by the change of industrial emission and ex-ploring the relationship between them can point out the direction of future urban development. Taking the economic development and the change of industrial pollutant discharge in Jiangsu province from 2008 to 2018 as the research object, on the basis of the coupling zone of economic and industrial pollutant discharge, four cities were selected to fit the EKC curve of urban industrial pollutant discharge, analyze the decoupling state and discuss the driving factors of industrial pol-lutant discharge. The results show that: 1) the EKC curve of Suzhou and Nanjing shows an inverted U-shape, while the other cities basically meet the N-shape and inverted N-shape. The inflection point of the changes of environmental indicators in the four cities is earlier than the model pre-dicted time. The EKC curve of cities with different degree of coupling presents different forms. 2) The decoupling of industrial pollutants is obvious all the year round in Nanjing. The decoupling of Suzhou, Taizhou and Xuzhou has been on the rise since 2012, and the decoupling of industrial solid waste fluctuates greatly in different times. 3) Technological progress is an important driving factor for the change of industrial pollutant discharge in Suzhou.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 215-220; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.112024
贸易政策不确定性上升不可避免地对我国经济发展产生影响。本文基于2008~2019年中国上市公司的有关数据以及中国贸易政策不确定性的月度指数，实证检验了贸易政策不确定性对我国全要素生产率的影响。研究发现贸易政策不确定性提升了资源配置效率，实现企业的全要素生产率的提升。 The rising uncertainty of trade policy will inevitably have an impact on my country’s economic development. Based on the relevant data of China’s listed companies from 2008 to 2019 and the monthly index of China’s trade policy uncertainty, this article empirically tests the impact of trade policy uncertainty on my country’s total factor productivity. The study found that the uncertainty of trade policy has improved the efficiency of resource allocation and achieved an increase in the total factor productivity of enterprises.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 178-194; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.112021
基于2012年第十次中国私营企业调查的微观数据，本文从双元创新投入视角探究了企业社会责任对创新活动的影响。研究发现，企业社会责任战略导向对双元创新活动存在促进效应和选择效应，即企业社会责任促进了企业双元创新投入总水平，但这种促进作用主要体现在探索式技术创新而非利用式技术创新活动中，存在着对双元创新活动的选择机制。进一步研究发现，上述效应只在知识产权保护环境较好的地区发挥作用。研究结果表明，企业社会责任行为能在促进社会和谐带来社会福利的同时，加大创新投入水平，优化创新投入结构，存在对经济增长的正向溢出效应，且需要与良好的外部制度环境互动发挥效益最大化。因此，政府积极鼓励引导企业履行社会责任，营造良好的企业社会责任生态环境是推动社会和谐与经济增长兼容的重要非正式制度安排。 Based on the data of the 10th China Private Enterprise Survey in 2012, this article explores the impact of corporate social responsibility on ambidextrous innovation. The study found that the strategic orientation of corporate social responsibility has a promotion effect and a selection effect on ambidextrous innovation activities. Corporate social responsibility promotes the overall level of corporate ambidextrous innovation investment, while just for exploratory technological innovation rather than utilization in technological innovation activities. Further research found that the above-mentioned effects only work in areas with a better environment for intellectual property protection. The research results show that corporate social responsibility behavior can increase the level of innovation input and optimize the structure of innovation input while promoting social harmony and social welfare. There is a positive spillover effect on economic growth, and it needs to interact with a good external institutional environment. Therefore, the government actively encourages and guides enterprises to fulfill their social responsibilities, and creating a good corporate social responsibility ecological environment is an important informal institutional arrangement that promotes social harmony and compatibility with economic growth.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 389-397; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.113048
在对浙江天台始丰溪国家湿地公园湿地资源进行详细调查的基础上，对其生态状况进行了评价，主要开展了湿地生态系统评价、湿地环境质量评价，分析了湿地公园存在的主要问题，提出了可持续发展策略。Based on field investigation of the wetland resources for the Shifengxi National Wetland Park in Tiantai, Zhejiang Province, the ecological conditions were evaluated. The evaluation of the wetland ecosystem and the environmental quality of wetland were made. The main problem of the national wetland park was analyzed. The strategies of sustainable development for the national wetland park were proposed.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 446-453; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.114055
从经济融合、社会融合、空间融合、生态融合四个维度构建云南省城乡融合发展评价指标体系，基于2015~2019年统计数据，运用熵值法综合评价云南城乡融合发展水平并分析时空演变特征。结果表明：1) 2015~2019年云南省城乡融合发展水平总体上呈上升趋势，但各州市城乡融合发展水平差异较大，昆明市、玉溪市、曲靖市位居前三位，城乡融合发展水平较高。2) 滇中地区城乡融合发展水平较高，滇东北和滇西南城乡融合发展水平较低。各州市应该强化政策引导作用，根据自身城乡融合发展情况分类制定政策促进城乡融合发展。 The evaluation index system of urban-rural integration development in Yunnan Province is con-structed from four dimensions: economic integration, social integration, spatial integration and ecological integration, and the entropy value method is applied to comprehensively evaluate the level of urban-rural integration development in Yunnan and analyze the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics based on the statistical data from 2015~2019. The results show that 1) the level of urban-rural integration development in Yunnan Province from 2015 to 2019 generally shows an upward trend, but the level of urban-rural integration development varies widely among states and cities, with Kunming, Yuxi and Qujing cities ranking in the top three, and the level of urban-rural integration development is high. 2) The level of urban-rural integration development is higher in Central Yunnan, and lower in Northeast Yunnan and Southwest Yunnan. The states and cities should strengthen the role of policy guidance and formulate policies to promote urban-rural integration development according to their own urban-rural integration development situation.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 17-25; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.111003
京津冀是我国环境问题最突出的地区之一，近年来环境治理的力度在不断加大。本文基于2006年~2018年的相关统计数据，就京津冀地区环境规制的强度及治理成效，进行比较分析。研究发现，京津冀三个地区的环境规制的强度和环境治理成效有所差异，但是总体上都在向保护环境、提升环境质量的方向发展。河北省在人力资本的利用上缺乏效率，环境质量尚有较大提升空间；北京市和天津市在环保资金的利用率上成效显著，但也存在着环境治理的短板。京津冀三地应本着持续协同治理的理念，改善区域整体环境质量。 The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region is one of the most prominent areas of my country’s environmental problems. In recent years, environmental governance has been continuously increasing. Based on relevant statistical data from 2006 to 2018, this article conducts a comparative analysis on the intensity of environmental regulations and governance effects in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The study found that the intensity of environmental regulations and the effectiveness of environ-mental governance in the three regions of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei are different, but they are generally developing in the direction of protecting the environment and improving environmental quality. Hebei Province lacks efficiency in the use of human capital, and there is still room for improvement in environmental quality; Beijing and Tianjin have achieved remarkable results in the utilization of environmental protection funds, but there are also shortcomings in environmental governance. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei should improve the overall environmental quality of the region based on the concept of continuous coordinated governance.
Sustainable Development, Volume 11, pp 26-32; doi:10.12677/sd.2021.111004
近年来，我国一直将乡村振兴作为国家整体发展的重点工作，田园综合体作为乡村振兴的关键措施之一，在带动产业发展、转变乡村发展模式、推动乡村治理等方面具有优势，可以助力中国实现乡村振兴战略，因此研究田园综合体有着重要现实意义。自田园综合体提出以来，各地方政府紧跟中央步伐，秉承中央精神，落实中央政策，田园综合体的建设取得了一定的成果，体现了田园综合体建设价值。但是在现实语境下，我国政府在建设田园综合体及持续完善的过程中还存在许多不足之处。因此，本文基于政府视角立足于我国政府田园综合体建设现状，分析当前面临的困境，探讨如何有效利用政府职能优势提升田园综合体建设整体水平。 In recent years, China has always regarded Rural Revitalization as the key work of national overall development. As one of the key measures of Rural Revitalization, Rural Complex has advantages in driving industrial development, changing rural development mode and promoting rural govern-ance, which can help China realize Rural Revitalization Strategy. Therefore, it is of great practical significance to study Rural Complex. Since the proposal of the Rural Complex, the local governments have followed the pace of the central government, adhering to the spirit of the central government and implementing the central policies. The construction of the Rural Complex has achieved certain results, reflecting the construction value of the rural complex. However, in the realistic context, there are still many deficiencies in the process of building Rural Complex and continuous improvement. Therefore, based on the government perspective, based on the current situation of the construction of government Rural Complex in China, this paper analyzes the current difficulties and discusses how to effectively use the advantages of government functions to improve the overall level of rural complex construction.