Brazilian Dental Science

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ISSN / EISSN : 16782046 / 21786011
Total articles ≅ 959
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Sandra Maria Gavinha, Paulo Melo, Liliana Gavinha Costa, Patrícia Manarte Monteiro, Maria Conceição Manso
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1940

Abstract:
Objectives: the purpose of this study was to assess the dental tooth decay profile of an elderly population from Northern Portugal. Material and Methods: this is a descriptive, cross-sectional study where a questionnaire, intended to assess the institutionalized elders oral health condition, was applied with the purpose of quantifying certain oral conditions. Tooth decay was assessed using the DMFT Index for the crown’s tooth and the individual radicular caries index (RCIi) for the root’s condition assessment. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistical regressions were performed (p < 0.05) using the IBM© SPSS© Statistics vs.19.0. Results: three hundred and seventy-two elderly participants were assessed with an average age of 78.8 years, of which 260 were women (69.9%). Of the sample 30.4% had no literacy and 18.3% were dependent on their daily oral hygiene care, 30.9% (95%CI:26.2%-35.6%) were edentulous and 84.9% (95%CI:81.3%-88.5%) had less than 20 teeth. The average number of teeth was 8.9 (±8.7) and the DMFT was 25.6 (± 7.3). The RCIi for men was 44.3% (± 30.4%) and 39.4% (± 31.2%) for women. Using multivariate logistical regression model the outcome RCIi≥20% was shown to be significantly and positively associated with the use of removable partial dentures (metal partial dentures: OR=5.348 (95%CI:1.176-24,329; p = 0.030) as well as with daily tooth brushing (no toothbrushing: OR = 2.802 (95%CI:1.445-5.433); p = 0.002). Conclusion: the prevalence of tooth decay in this elder institutionalized population of Northern Portugal is high, mostly due to bad oral hygiene habits associated to the use of metal removable partial dentures. Institutionalized elderly need protocols tailored to their oral health needs and integrated efforts in the institutions are needed to effectively answer the demands related to the elderly cognitive and motor skills (ageing deterioration) decline of physiological functions.KEYWORDSElderly; Oral health; Prosthesis; Root caries.
Amr Mohsen Mohamed, Sameh Mahoud Nabih, Mohamed Ahmed Wakwak
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1902

Abstract:
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chitosan nanoparticles on microtensile bond strength of resin composite to dentin using self etch adhesive after aging. Material and Methods: A total number of 90 freshly extracted, sound human molar teeth. Flat tooth surface was gained after cut of the occlusal surface. Three main groups according to pretreatment of dentin before adhesive application; 0.2 % chitosan, 2.5 % chitosan and no treatment control group. Universal self etch adhesive were applied according to manufacture instruction and 4 mm of Feltik Z250 xt composite. Storage of specimens for 1 day, 3 months and 6 months in 37O C distilled water. After that, the tooth was sectioned to beams of 1 mm x8 mm sticks for microtensile bond strength test using universal testing machine. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to evalute the effect of chitosan nanoparticles on dentin and smear layer. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare between the three groups as well as the three aging periods. Dunn’s test was used for pair-wise comparisons. The significance level was set at P ≤ 0.05. Results: chitosan 0.2% is statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5% and control in one day group. Three months chitosan 0.2 % groups have statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5%. It was found in 6 months that control and chitosan 0.2 % have statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5%. There was statistically significant difference found between the three studied groups regarding bond strength at different storage times . Conclusion: Microtensile bond strength was influenced by different chitosan concentration. Different aging periods had no effect on the microtensile bond strength without application of chitosan and with application of 2.5% chitosan concentration.KEYWORDSChitosan nanoparticles; Microtensile bond strength; MMPs.
Lígia Moura Burci, Sandra Maria Warumby Zanin, Obdúlio Gomes Miguel, Astrid Wiens Souza, Josiane De Fátima Gaspari Dias, Marilis Dallarmi Miguel
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1878

Abstract:
Objective: The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP- 14) and the Geriatric/General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) have never been compared to a group of the same subjects in the Brazilian population. The aim of the study was to compare the OHIP-14 and GOHAI measures. Material and Methods: 129 independently living people over the age of 60 were included in the study. The GOHAI and OHIP-14 measures were used. Other variables were included: age, gender, education, number of missing teeth, annual household income and frequency of dentist visits. Results: The mean age of respondents was 65 years. The internal reliability (Cronbach’s alpha) showed a high internal consistency for both measures. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient between the GOHAI and OHIP-14 scores was 0.73. Using the additive method of creating scores, none of the respondents had the GOHAI score of zero, indicating no impact from oral conditions, while 9.3% of them had an OHIP-14 score of zero. Dental status, age, gendler and frequency of dental visit were significantly associated with the results ofthe GOHAI and the OHIP-14 (Kruskal–Wallis test, Mann–Whitney U test). Conclusions: There was a strong correlation between the GOHAI and the OHIP- 14. Both instruments demonstrated good discriminant properties and helped capture the respondents’ oral health problems.KEYWORDSBrazil; Older adult; GOHAI; Oral health-related quality of life.
Gabriela Durán, Angela M.C. Luzo, Wagner J. Fávaro, Nelson Durán
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1838

Abstract:
Objectives: Reviewing information available about platelet-rich plasma (PRP) applied to dental treatments, introducing the general concept of PRP, as well as analyzing actual data about, and challenges faced by, the dental field. Data & sources: The current study analyzed the most informative publications about PRP application available in this field and gathered the maximum information about it as possible. Conclusions: PRP use, either alone or in association with other biomaterials, can significantly favor different fields such as tissue engineering, since it is an innovative technique that attracts the interest of clinicians and basic scientists. However, it is necessary conducting better designed and controlled experiments to enable successful tissue healing based on PRP use. Clinical significance: The current review can be used by clinicians as source of information about the actual rules and protocols adopted in the herein addressed field, besides providing specific examples of such applications.KeywordsPlatelet-rich plasma; Dental treatment; Plateletgrowth factors; Nanotechnology; Bone regeneration; Surgery.
Alfredo Llerena-Icochea, Marilia Velo, Ana Flávia Soares, Rafael Mondelli, Adilson Furuse
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1817

Abstract:
Objective: multidisciplinary treatment has become increasingly common in dental offices and this treatment strategy is based on the achievement of a healthy, harmonious, and pleasant smile. In addition, the development of new ceramic systems and the possibility of making indirect restorations with a low thickness, such as laminates veneers, allowed combining highly satisfactory aesthetic properties, preserving the dental structure through minimal wear. Case report: this paper describes a multidisciplinary approach involving periodontics and restorative dentistry for the successful, functional, and aesthetic treatment in an adult patient. The digital smile design was performed as a guide to plan the clinical case considering factors such as tooth inclination and position, golden proportion, tooth size and shape. Discussion: based on these concepts, the present work reports, through a clinical case, the restoration of aesthetics and function with ceramic laminates veneers in lithium disilicate, in the case of anatomical correction and diastema closure. Conclusion: overall, the multidisciplinary treatment plan demonstrated to have greater advantages both for the aesthetics and function of the patient, as well as for the work team. During the 24-month follow-up, this case presented great functional and aesthetics results.KEYWORDSCeramic veneers; Aesthetic dentistry; Multidisciplinary treatment.
Silvana Alvarez
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.2118

Dina Kamal Abouelenien, Hany Halim Nasr, Hanaa Zaghloul
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1889

Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate and compare the wear behavior of three different ceramic systems; monolithic zirconia, lithium di-silicate and nano-fluorapatite glass ceramic with two finishing procedures polishing and glazing, and their effect on the wear of natural tooth antagonists. Material and Methods: Forty two ceramic disc specimens (10mm x3mm) and forty two natural tooth antagonists were used. Samples were divided according to ceramic materials into 3 groups (n = 14). Group I: nano-fluorapatite glass ceramic (FLU) (IPS e.max Ceram), Group II: lithium disilicate (LD) (IPS e.max CAD) and group III: monolithic zirconia (ZIR) (ZirkoZahn Prettau). Each group was further subdivided into two subgroups (n = 7), according to the surface finish: Polishing (P) and glazing (G). Specimens were subjected to a custom designed two-body wear simulator. Quantitative wear assessment was carried out using weight loss measurements. Scanning electron microscope was used for characterization of wear patterns. Kruscal Wallis and Dunn’s tests were used to compare between weight loss of the three ceramic materials. Whitney U test was used to compare the weight loss between the two surface finish protocols. Wilcoxon Signed rank test was used to compare the weight loss between ceramic specimens and antagonist teeth (p ≤ 0.05). Paired t-test was used to compare weight loss before and after wear test. Results: After wear, LD and FLU had the highest weight loss values compared to ZIR (p < 0.05). For teeth, there was no significant difference between the weight loss values with the three materials (p > 0.05). P and G specimens showed no significant difference in weight loss values. SEM images of the wear patterns verified the previous analysis. Conclusion: ZIR is more wear resistant than LD and FLU. However, the surface treatment had no impact on the wear behavior.KEYWORDSGlass-ceramics; Monolithic; Two-body wear simulation; Wear; Zirconia.
S. O. Parreiras, Michael Willian Favoreto, Gustavo Pereira Cruz, Anderson Gomes, Christiane Philippini Ferreira Borges, Ad Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1942

Abstract:
Objective: This study’s aim was to quantify the hydrogen peroxide (HP) penetration into the pulp chamber of teeth submitted to different protocols of bleaching. Material and Methods: Ninety premolars were randomly divided into nine groups according to the bleaching agent protocol (n = 10): control (no bleaching), carbamide peroxide 10% [10% CP], carbamide peroxide 16% [16% CP], carbamide peroxide 22% [22% CP], hydrogen peroxide 4% [4% HP], hydrogen peroxide 6% [6% HP], hydrogen peroxide 7.5% [7.5% HP], hydrogen peroxide 10% [10% HP] and hydrogen peroxide 35% [35% HP]. The penetration of HP was measured via spectrophotometric analysis of the acetate buffer solution from the pulp chamber. The absorbance of the resulting solution was determined in a spectrophotometer and converted into equivalent concentration of HP (μg/ mL). To analyze the concentration of HP, the titration of bleaching agents with potassium permanganate was used. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey’s test for pairwise comparison (α = 0.05). Results: Higher concentration of HP in the pulp chamber was found in the HP 35% group (p < 0.0001). No significant difference between at-home protocols were observed (p = 0.64). Titration values showed that the concentration of the products was similar to that claimed by the manufacturer. Conclusion: It follows that the amount of HP that reaches the pulp chamber is not proportional to the concentration of whitening gels, but depends on the application time recommended by the manufacturers.KEYWORDSAt-home bleaching; Dental enamel permeability; Inoffice bleaching; Tooth bleaching.
Nadia Pontes
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.2105

Kadir Demir, Yusuf Bayraktar
Brazilian Dental Science, Volume 23; doi:10.14295/bds.2020.v23i2.1948

Abstract:
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and microlekage scores of three different composite resins polymerized with a LED curing device in standard and extra-power mode. Material and Methods: One bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill – TECBF) and two conventional composite materials (Clearfil Majesty Posterior – CMP and Tetric EvoCeram – TEC) were evaluated. A total of 30 specimens were prepared for six groups (N = 5). These groups were polymerized with a LED curing device as follows: TECBF-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TECBF-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, CMP-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, CMP-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, TEC-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TEC - 20: 1000 mW/cm2 for 20 seconds. After 24 hours of water storage, DC was measured by Raman spectroscopy. Microleakage scores of the six groups were bonded to various adhesive systems (Clearfil SE Bond or Adhese Bond Universal) were also evaluated at Class II box cavities (N = 10). Results: While the highest DC was found at the top (TECBF-20= 79.92% and TECBF-6= 79.02%) and bottom surfaces (TECBF-20 = 68.94% and TECBF-6= 71.04%) for TECBF groups, TEC groups (TEC-20top = 59.06%, TEC-6top=49.66%, TEC-20bottom = 43.72% and TEC-6bottom= 40.68%) showed the lowest DC for the both surfaces (p < 0.05). Polymerization of materials in standard or extra-power mode was similar to DC (p > 0.05). Microleakage scores were found to be similar (p > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of the study, different power densities of LED curing light did not affect the DC of composite resins and microleakage values of restorations at small Class II cavities.KEYWORDSBulk-fill composite; degree of conversion; LED curing device; microleakage; Raman spectroscopy.
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