Journal of Public Administration and Governance

Journal Information
EISSN : 2161-7104
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 646
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Olukemi Ajibike Aluko
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 246-257; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18733

Abstract:
Leadership and governance are intertwined as they have also been recognised as imperatives for the attainment of development in any polity. Discourses on leadership and national development cannot be over-emphasised particularly as it relates with governance. Given its place, its impact is felt in the delivery of the objectives and citizens’ expectations in any given society or organization. Be that as it may, given the several challenges bedevilling Nigeria, the quest for quality leadership and good governance are always burning issues. Thus, the need for further research on this topical issue. It is on the basis of this that this study further seeks to re- examine the place of leadership on governance in Nigeria, with particular emphasis on appraising the #EndSARS protest that took place late 2020 as an effect of absence of quality leadership and good governance over the years. In carrying out the research, we made use of literatures and secondary materials, particularly the mass media to unravel leadership lapses in the governance process over the years and how these occasioned several unrests and protests. The study discovered that the challenges faced by the citizens are products of lack of quality leadership and good governance and concluded that if this is consciously addressed, the Nigerian political and systems would be the better for it.
Matthew Funsho Bello, Kajo Aondohemba Emmanuel
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 24-57; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18517

Abstract:
This study centres on the Nigerian experience in leadership styles and strategies in the 21st century. This study covers 1999-2020. The population of the study is the entire staff of the 43 Federal Ministries in Abuja, Nigeria. The sample size was two hundred and thirty-six (236) respondents. The study adopted both primary and secondary sources of data, correlation and regression analysis were used to determine the existing relationship using SPSS Package. The findings revealed that a positive relationship exists between leadership styles and strategies and service delivery to citizens, but not significant in achieving service delivery with the standard error of 1.240, and a p-value of 0.387 which is greater than 0.05(5%) level of significance. The second finding also reveals that, there is a positive relationship between leadership styles and strategies and the economic wellbeing of citizens in Nigeria but not significant in achieving the economic wellbeing of citizens with the standard error of 2.312, and a p-value of 0.673 which is greater than 0.05(5%) level of significance. The study concluded that, the different leadership styles and strategies to be adopted are based on the prevailing situation the leader finds him or herself. The study recommended that government should from time to time organize leadership seminars and workshops for leaders at all levels both in the public and private sectors with a view to educating them on the need for quality leadership and the provision of service delivery for citizens’ wellbeing in the 21st century in Nigeria.
Temitope Francis Abiodun, Marcus Temitayo Akinlade, Olanrewaju Abdulwasii Oladejo
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 110-133; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18544

Abstract:
In the West African sub-region, the trend of trafficking in persons is widespread; and the phenomenon now attaining its peak unhindered, has actually portrayed Nigeria as a nation occupying a central position as an originating state, transit and destination for victims of trafficking. There is also evidence of internal trafficking from rural zones to cities. The menace of human trafficking in Nigerian state has taken an indescribable facet in the last two decades owing to the factors of; massive unemployment, poverty, recession in the economy, conflicts, globalization, existing weak legal system, and inadequate legislation, and political will. Trafficking in person is an organized crime and a modern form of slavery. The two methods used by traffickers to get their victims are deception and through force. Human trafficking has continued to strive in Nigeria because of shameful connivance among the Nigeria’s security agencies, Embassies, airline officials and human traffickers. The study adopts Marcus Felson and Lawrence Cohen’s Routine Activity and the Kevin Bales’ Modern Slavery theories (1979; 1999). 500 copies of questionnaire were administered to a set of purposively selected respondents with the In-Depth Interview Guide to elicit information on the subject. The study in its findings reveals that human trafficking has continued to strive in Nigeria because of connivance from the security, immigration, embassy, airline officials and traffickers while the menace has put Nigeria’s identity black in the global system. The study therefore recommended that the Nigerian government should swiftly endeavour to address the issue of massive unemployment and poverty in the state as well as create enabling environments for entrepreneurship for the citizenry; also the national laws, international conventions and protocols that have legal potencies to curb trafficking must be implemented or strengthened; and finally, fighting human trafficking in Nigeria requires more efforts to create public awareness of the crime, organize counseling, rehabilitation and re-integration program for the victims.
Varun Amatya, Pairote Pathranarakul
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 191-209; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18681

Abstract:
There is a growing trend for governments across the world, in order to improve the efficiency of their services to offer to their constituents to implement digital devices in the process of the governance process. The so-called ‘e-services’ include a number of essential measures for civil service institutions to create and manage information, technology, and communication.Current work discusses the effectiveness of e-services as well as challenges implementing said services and suggests ways to overcome the possibility of creating a digital divide via such services. The case study relied on content analysis and a survey approach to generate data.This study proposed that the omnipresent nature of the internet, as well as the dynamic use of digital devices, has the potential to mobilize the public service and aid digital beginners in its considerable capacity to access government services.The general conclusion of this study is that e-government services are crucial for managing future problems as well as appropriately reacting to present and past instances to be able to lessen the digital divide.With regard to the reduction of current and future inefficiencies, the cases of effectiveness, and the costs associated with potential outcomes fully support our findings.We propose that certain issues in relation to e-services can be regulatory, legal, technical as well as certain procedural measures. Another aspect is the civil service personnel's education in relation to said technology, as well as capacity building and continuous upgrading of the digital internet technology available to government officers and the general public.Additionally, civil service reform in Nepal with the possibility of the digitization of documents and capacity building is of great concern.
Kaihula P. Bishagazi
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 210-228; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.15695

Abstract:
The failure of macro-economic policies to deliver meaningful reductions in poverty and achieve basic needs in Tanzania has provoked a deep questioning of the relevance of economic growth center policies in Local Economic Development (LED). The government and development partners are increasingly shifting from the traditional top down approaches to the all-inclusive bottom up approaches for effective local development. The concept of sustainable Local Economic Development is thus examined in the context of economic activities and challenges using a case study of Shinyanga region in Tanzania.
Ktut Silvanita Mangani, Adolf Bastian Heatubun, Martua Eliakim Tambunan
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 317-330; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18816

Abstract:
Branchless Banking is one of the programs of Indonesia's financial inclusion strategy. The programs' name is "Financial Service Without Office in the Framework of Inclusive Financial" which called “Laku Pandai.” This study aims to portrait the implementation of the Branchless Banking program concerning the obstacles that occurred to achieve program objectives. The research conducted using qualitative methods. The existence of Branchless Banking agents close to the community has fulfilled the program objective, to make an easy way for society to do financial transactions without having to go to the bank office. Therefore, the implementation of the Branchless Banking program met the criteria for eliminating non-price barriers in financial services in remote areas. However, delegation authority to the agent as an extension of the bank to provide limited financial services has encouraged agents to engage in moral hazard behaviors by charging the tariff that greater than the official rate set by the managing bank. It showed that the agent has taken the consumer surplus provided by the Branchless Banking technology. Although accepted by society since considerably cheaper than the fee to go to the nearest bank office, that condition becomes a price barrier for the future development of Branchless Banking.
Mansur Muhammad Bello, Bilyaminu Tukur
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 258-276; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.15866

Abstract:
This paper investigates the contributions of community stakeholders in the co-production of female child education in Zamfara State, Nigeria. Female child education in Nigeria is associated with some complex issues, like cultural barriers, religious misinterpretations and poverty among rural dwellers, which pose serious challenge for policy makers and public managers. The idea of engaging citizens to make contributions in the design, management and implementation of public polices is called co-production. Studies have revealed that the co-production of public services helped in addressing complex policy problems that cannot be addressed through top-down approach. This paper therefore, adopts co-production as an approach for addressing complexities associated with female child education in Zamfara State, Nigeria. It examines the contributions of community stakeholders in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of universal basic education geared towards improving female child education. The paper purposively selected 100 respondents from some selected local communities. The study similarly adopts a mixed research methods to address research questions. The findings of the study reveal that through social networks, time, will power and personal agency community stakeholders can create awareness, provide learning materials, develop and manage infrastructures to improve female child education. The study concludes that community engagement in the co-production of female child education can improve enrolment, retention of female children in the formal schools. Thus, to enhance female child education, government at all levels should actively engage community stakeholders in all cycles of public policy and public services provision.
Jihane Aayale, Meriem Seffar
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 331-356; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18598

Abstract:
The digital revolution has fundamentally transformed everyone’s daily lives, and that includes the public administration, that finds itself in an interesting predicament, either to take advantage of these changes and therefore be committed to modernise its processes and services, or see itself become out of touch with the public, its main customer. With that, many studies enumerate the prowess of industrialised developed countries when it comes to the digitalisation of public services; but developing countries have entered the digital race as well, and a significant increase in digital public services’ use demonstrates the efforts made by public authorities in developing nations to meet citizens’ expectations, and to capitalise on the digital experience for the digital, social and financial inclusion. Taking Morocco as an example, the structural, organisational, managerial, digital and ethical reform of the public administration is at the heart of Morocco's societal project. With the aim of analysing the digitised public services scenery in Morocco and the impact of their implementation, a qualitative study was conducted in two of the most important public administrations of the kingdom, the General Tax Management Agency (DGI) and the National Agency for Land Conservation, Cadastre and Cartography (ANCFCC). The results show that transition to the digital age allows for improvements and that its impacts can already be observed, and that important implications of social and financial inclusion are to keep in mind, especially during a global pandemic.
Hayan Park, Muhammad Firdaus Samijadi
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 357-381; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18677

Abstract:
The implementation of technological developments in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have been carried out by many countries to help make government service delivery to their citizens better. E-government initiatives are developed to try and attain a higher level of efficacy in government service provision by utilizing the latest developments in ICTs to innovate and promote the interactions with citizens. E-government initiatives should not only be about putting forms, websites and services online, but should also provide a framework of options on how the government continues to improve their services and how to bring adjustments based on the users' demand. A citizen-centric study of how citizens perceive e-government services should help governments and future researchers adjust their initiatives accordingly. This study explores the citizens' perception of e-government in Korea by utilizing an Importance-Performance Analysis method and also seeks to identify which attributes of e-government can influence citizens' satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The result of the IPA indicates that technical support/feedback and real-time service provision are the main areas where e-government should focus on. Overall, the IPA model indicates other factors that can influence satisfaction and behavioral intention, and a well-structured e-government plan based on the findings may as well enhance the specific aspect of e-government.
Edet Joshua Tom, Harrison Otuekong Ataide
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 229-245; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18682

Abstract:
Revenue allocation among the three tiers of government in Nigeria has been a subject of hot debate because of the political nature of the exercise. Several attempts made by various administrations to evolve an acceptable and all embracing revenue allocation formulae for the country are yet to create the desired rapprochement among contentious groups. This paper examined the issue field of revenue allocation and identified major challenges which are embedded in it as well as outlining prospects for it in Nigeria. It employed both descriptive and historical methods to comprehend the subject under discussion. It is the position of the paper that in a bid to resolve the controversial issues surrounding the contentious revenue allocation in Nigeria, a high level of fiscal decentralization is required to replace the unfair revenue sharing formula currently on operation. Besides recommending a substantial review of the fiscal system, the paper concluded that revenue formulae for revenue sharing in Nigeria should be guided by national interest which should super cede individual or primordial interest and sentiments.
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