Journal of Public Administration and Governance

Journal Information
EISSN : 2161-7104
Current Publisher: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 632
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Latest articles in this journal

Phillip Y. Freiberg, Kasemsarn Chotchakornpant
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 1-23; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18516

In the modern social sciences, the concept of confidence or trust is considered an essential element of the socio-cultural potential of each given society. Trust in the institutions of the socio-political system is the basis and condition for its effectiveness and is the central element of its [the system] legitimation. Many researchers view trust in the media from the point of view of public confidence in the authorities, which is formed by providing the media with this or that information.Trust is based on a cognitive process that discriminates among persons and institutions that are trustworthy, distrusted, and unknown. Therefore, the concept of trustworthiness is central to understanding and predicting trust levels.In this work, we viewed trust as a manifestation of social capital. At the same time, trust antecedents are trustworthiness and propensity to trust.Proceeding from the resource approach, the credibility (trustworthiness) of the media is a set of ideas and attitudes of the audience: reflecting the public’s expectations that the media will implement some of the practices that allow the audience to increase or maintain their social resources.The goal of this work was to establish a causational relationship between the level of trustworthiness (social capital) of the political power (via its administration and mass media) and the level of trust in its messages by youth as they are transmitted via MSM; while the rise of information through the Internet is rising in Russia and the overall propensity to trust is falling.
Jr. David V. Tolliver, , G. David Gearhart
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 58-70; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18311

Higher education has made progress in the enrollment of under-represented minorities, yet very notably, African American men continue to enroll in college at very low rates. The current study explores the factors that lead to the college enrollment of African American men, using the lived experiences of 8 undergraduates at mid-western universities. The study findings are consistent with the emerging theory of Community Expectancy, suggesting that many informal factors play important roles in encouraging the academic performance and ultimately the college enrollment of African American men.
Etebom John Monday
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18355

Nigeria gained her independence in October 1960 after almost six decades of British colonial rule. The country’s journey into nationhood was herald by high hopes and prospects for national unity, peace and development. This was because of its vast human and material resources, and land mass. Nigeria is dominantly made of three prominent regions: the North (Hausa Fulani), the West (Yorubas) and the East (Igbos) with minorities in other regions.The military took over the leadership of the country barely six years into her independence as a nation. The military held sway for twenty nine years out of the ininitial forty years of the country’s post independence history before her return to civil rule in 1999.The county is still been confronted with challenges on all fronts ranging from insecurity and insurgency, economy, political uncertainty, electoral malpractices, high rate of unemployment, poor infrastructure amongst others. Literature have been skewed toward military intervention in politics as the root cause of the challenges bedeviling the country more than two decades after her return to civil rule.The study employed both quantitative and qualitative data. The study analysed the history of military rule in Nigeria and interrogated the crux of the military institution. It further analysed the peculiarities of each of the military regimes. The study also examined the post-military era in the country and concluded with recommendations.
Matthew Funsho Bello, Kajo Aondohemba Emmanuel
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 24-57; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i2.18517

This study centres on the Nigerian experience in leadership styles and strategies in the 21st century. This study covers 1999-2020. The population of the study is the entire staff of the 43 Federal Ministries in Abuja, Nigeria. The sample size was two hundred and thirty-six (236) respondents. The study adopted both primary and secondary sources of data, correlation and regression analysis were used to determine the existing relationship using SPSS Package. The findings revealed that a positive relationship exists between leadership styles and strategies and service delivery to citizens, but not significant in achieving service delivery with the standard error of 1.240, and a p-value of 0.387 which is greater than 0.05(5%) level of significance. The second finding also reveals that, there is a positive relationship between leadership styles and strategies and the economic wellbeing of citizens in Nigeria but not significant in achieving the economic wellbeing of citizens with the standard error of 2.312, and a p-value of 0.673 which is greater than 0.05(5%) level of significance. The study concluded that, the different leadership styles and strategies to be adopted are based on the prevailing situation the leader finds him or herself. The study recommended that government should from time to time organize leadership seminars and workshops for leaders at all levels both in the public and private sectors with a view to educating them on the need for quality leadership and the provision of service delivery for citizens’ wellbeing in the 21st century in Nigeria.
Vidar Stevens, Rens Cremers
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 316-329; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18299

Social branding is a new governance strategy in the field of sport. National governments and sport associations, for instance, use branding to reach out to fans and alter their perceptions of racism in sport. But how do fans, as a target group, actually value this governance strategy? This article zooms in on the purpose of social branding, as perceived by fans as a target group in a social branding campaign on racism in soccer in the Netherlands. The Q-sort methodology was used to study the subjective viewpoints of 29 soccer fans of different professional sport clubs. The analysis reveals that soccer fans prefer a transparent branding process in which they are recognized as coproducers of the brand and can add their story to the brand message that is conveyed to target audiences.
Tom Mark Brown
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 110-127; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18095

This paper investigates the governance practices embedded within governance structures at the disposal of students at a public tertiary education institution, and student unrest as a mechanism to sway decision-making and reform policy at the case study institution of higher learning. In particular, the study is guided by a qualitative research paradigm using a structured interview tool to gather primary data using the University of the Western Cape (UWC) situated in Cape Town, South Africa, as a bounded case study, against the backdrop of the 2015-2016 #FeesMustFall (FMF) protests. It is suggested in this paper that student unrest is not the main reason, but rather a symptom of the broader inadequacies of the current participatory mechanisms available in university governance structures in general, and at the UWC. Employing a Path Dependency Theoretical (PDT) Approach. The article concludes by analyzing the findings of the empirical research, by identifying several themes and sub-themes.
Marco Henseler
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 273-284; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18282

The regulation of track access charges within the European Union is based on the economic principles of first and second best pricing. In order to obtain an allocative efficiency it is crucial to determine the marginal costs of operating the train services – the so-called direct costs. Even though the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/909 specifies the modalities for the calculation of direct costs, a broad range of different values for direct costs can be observed across Member States. However, the discussion of the level of direct costs is driven in particular by econometric, engineering and cost accounting aspects – an economic analysis is missing despite the welfare-economic concept of track access charges. For that reason, this paper discusses the welfare economic effects of different suitable values for direct costs.It will be shown that both a welfare maximising first best track access charging and, in most cases, also a second best charging will result in boundary solutions for direct costs. However, it also becomes obvious that from a welfare-economic perspective there is no general recommendation for adopting the lowest suitable direct costs. Any allocatively efficientregulation of track access charges must consequently consider the specific situation of each market segment separately.
Tariq T. Jarrar, Hazril Izwar Ibrahim
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 164-176; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18197

The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between organizational ethical climate and organizational trust in Palestinian public ministries by applying the Victor and Cullen’s (1988) framework. For this purpose, the study utilizes a sample of 178 respondents of executive-level employees in which primary data collection is conducted using survey instrument and PLS-SEM for data analysis. The study proposes that a positive relationship between ethical climate types (Caring, Independence, Rules, Law and Codes) and organizational trust, and negative relationship between (Instrumental climate) and organizational trust are all highly important for Palestinian ministries to provide trust and create positive outcome in the workplace.
Assana / /
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 177-200; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18017

This study concerns the Mbororo of Ngaoui Sub-division (Cameroon). And for some good reasons: unlike those of Chad, Central African Republic (CAR) or certain regions of Cameroon such as the West, the Far North, the North and the East, where they constitute a vulnerable, dominated and marginalized group, the Mbororo of Ngaoui have succeeded in establishing themselves as a dominant group. This is due to their sedentarization caused by the boom in the cattle market, and accelerated by cross-border crimes in the 1970s. This sedentarization takes place through the diversification of their economic activities, openness to Christianity and access to health and educational infrastructures on one hand, and the relative possession of traditional power and above all, their central position in local politics on the other hand. By relying on the theory of the coloniality of power and empirical data collected in the localities where the Mbororos are highly established and their herds which are Djohong and Ngaoui. This contribution aims at analysing the singular socio-political trajectory of this Fulani fraction which does not respond to the definitional and identifying criteria enshrined in the international and Cameroonian conceptions, which makes them, indigenous, marginal and vulnerable populations respectively.
Jason Freedline Baba, Dayang Haszelinna Binti Abang Ali
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 11, pp 251-272; doi:10.5296/jpag.v11i1.17794

The problem of unemployment has become a worrisome issue over the past few years as it is growing at an alarming state in many countries throughout the world particularly in developing countries such as Malaysia. There are numerous factors that cause this phenomenon. Therefore, the aim of this study is to empirically investigate the determinants of unemployment in Malaysia as well as the relationship between unemployment and the chosen fundamental macroeconomic factors such as gross domestic product, foreign direct investment, inflation, and population. This study utilized the annual time series data of 31 year period starting from the year 1985 to the year 2015. The methodology of econometric analysis have been applied in this study such as unit root tests, co-integration test, vector error correction model, variance decompositions, and impulse response functions analysis. The findings showed that there are presences of short run causality among the variables and also a presence of long run only when population act as the dependent variable in the model. Besides, the findings indicate that GDP has a significant negative impact whereas FDI has a significant positive impact on unemployment in Malaysia. Overall, the conclusion of this study suggests that demand side policies and supply side policies are the most excellent and suitable approach in overcoming the problem of unemployment in Malaysia.
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