Journal of Public Administration and Governance

Journal Information
EISSN : 2161-7104
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 674
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John Mylonakis
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 106-122; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19561

Abstract:
The Services sector has been the backbone of the global economy and the most dynamic player in international trade. Trade in Services helps to develop countries' economies, increases competition, and promotes the personal skills of employees. The European Single Market is a cornerstone of the European Union, being the single space within which economic growth factors move freely and unhindered. The scope of this paper is to connect these social and economic factors and to show on the one hand the expected benefits from a single market and on the other the chaotic difficulties emerging from its implementation in many member countries. The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted weaknesses in the functioning of the European Single Market. It is worth mentioning the fact that the Services Directive is the most important step towards achieving a Single Market as it ensures that both service providers and recipients of services can more easily benefit from fundamental freedoms of the European Union, such as freedom of establishment and freedom to provide services to cross-border level.
Adji Suradji Muhammad, Anastasia Wiwik Swastiwi, Eka Suswaini
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 179-189; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19514

Abstract:
Charcoal kitchens in Kuala Sempang Village, Seri Kuala Lobam District, Bintan Regency serve as media for charcoal production. Historically, charcoal was used to fuel cooking, ironing, and other household tasks. Mangrove trees are used as a raw material in the manufacture of charcoal. Mangrove trees are the primary source of charcoal because of their high density, which makes them more durable than other trees. Economically, charcoal production can boost the economy and human welfare. On the other hand, the production of charcoal affects environmental degradation. Several locations where charcoal is produced are called “charcoal kitchens.” Charcoal kitchens in several locations are no longer manufactured, rendering them obsolete. The charcoal kitchen is unique in its shape and even represents a technological advance for its time. Therefore, it is regrettable if the structure that bears witness to past technological advancement is abandoned and fails to benefit current and future generations. This study employs a descriptive-qualitative method with a rationalistic approach. This method is based on a holistic approach, which examines a general concept through the lens of a specific object and then incorporates the findings into the general concept. According to this study, a concept for utilizing the remaining charcoal kitchen structures and protecting mangrove forests through culture and nature-based tourism villages is required. The government’s development of facilities, as well as intensive promotion, are required. Additionally, community empowerment is essential to sustainably manage the remaining charcoal kitchen structures and mangrove forests.
Mohamad Basri Jamal, Muhammad Ridhwan Sarifin
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 190-204; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19755

Abstract:
Many disasters concerning the environment, health, poverty, war and terrorism have hit the whole world. Such disasters have caused disruptions to daily life. A country can have a good disaster management through the promotion of self-esteem. This is because there is a social solidarity to revive life. The purpose of this article is to see the nationhood aspect of a country and explain the elements that exist in dealing with a crisis especially COVID-19 disaster. Nationhood aspect can be seen in terms of self-esteem, patriotism and the element of social collaboration to face crisis. A qualitative research through document analysis was adopted to be analysed. Writings that are relevant to nationhood aspect became the focus of analysis. The outcome of document analysis found that in overcoming a disaster crisis, the nationhood aspect is crucial to create a harmonized and calm surrounding in the time of disaster so that it is not worsened. This self-esteem aspect is highly important as a country could exert control over its citizens and can quickly fix the situation. The implication of this article has proven that despite the latest technology used to detect and assist in handling crisis, humanity aspect involving nationhood element is equally important to preserve lives.
Atik Maritasari, Widodo Widodo
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 168-178; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19563

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the influence of Islamic Leadership Style on human resource performance, Islamic Leadership Style on affective commitment, and Affective Commitment on human resource performance. The research method uses descriptive statistical analysis method, with a sample of 150 respondents. The results of the study indicate that an increase in Islamic Leadership Style can improve HR performance, which is supported by empirical data. Likewise with Islamic Leadership Style and its effect on increasing Affective Commitment which is supported by empirical data, as well as Affective Commitment which is able to improve HR performance which is supported by empirical data. The conclusion in this study is that there is a relationship between the variables that affect innovative performance, consisting of 2 variables that are proposed and supported empirically, namely: Islamic Leadership Style and Affective Commitment. Managerial implications related to the Islamic leadership style, leaders are considered to need to develop an attitude to attract the attention of employees who have been felt weak by employees. With regard to affective commitment, systematic indicators for improving employee performance are through perceptions of organizational support, paying attention to employee complaints, organizational pride, and organizational concern, and increasing appreciation for the extra efforts of employees. In relation to the performance of human resources, there is a need for appreciation and a relationship with good management.
Abdullahi Abiodun Oyekanmi, Azeez Oyindamola Agboola
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 153-167; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19671

Abstract:
Comparative Public Administration and Public Administration are identified as branches of Political Science. While public administration is more attached to the action part of government policies and Implementation, comparative public administration dwells more on research endeavors as a practical field of assessing regular patterns and differences of cross-cultural administrative structures among countries. The paper is a descriptive and comparative analysis of Nigeria and Britain Public Administration to develop critical institutions for better performances. Thus, selected institutions in Britain were made the flagship of comparison with Nigeria, to discover the pattern of similarities and differences that can help to retool Nigeria’s public institution for better effective service delivery. It was discovered that good governance and public service delivery would be unimpressive due to the weakness of Nigeria's institutions that have been perverted by corruption, selfish idiosyncrasies of leadership, ethno linguistic sentiments, and lawlessness among other challenges which are not entrenched in Britain. In solutions, concerted efforts towards building strong institutions, advocacy for due process in policy formulation and implementation, the entrenchment of patriotism in public service, and encouragement of research in Comparative Administration are recommended
Ismet Sulila
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 142-152; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19493

Abstract:
The universities’ high and low competitiveness in Indonesia is inseparable from the low quality of services and the management or governance in universities. As a public institution, a university or higher education has an obligation to carry out public services in the fields of education, research, and community service. To achieve superiority and good competitiveness, the university governance in Indonesia can be observable from the Key Performance Indicator. Besides, the implementation of the three pillars of higher education through the achievement of the key performance indicator results in the performance of good university governance. To achieve good governance performance, thus; transparency, accountability, responsibility, independency, and fairness are required. This present study aimed to reveal the effect of transparency, accountability, responsiveness, independency, and fairness on the governance performance of universities in Indonesia. At the same time, this study relied on the ex post facto research method. The findings based on partial and simultaneous testing depicted that the factors of transparency, accountability, responsibility, independency, and fairness positively and significantly affect the governance performance of state universities at Universitas Negeri Gorontalo.
Aula Ahmad Hafidh Saiful Fikri, Sharifah Faigah Syed Alwi, Fuadah Johari, Maimun Sholeh, Eko Suprayitno, Ngadiyono -
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 60-77; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19217

Abstract:
The study of zakat and taxes is still a highly regarded topic, especially in relation to the public’s perception of zakat as a tax reduction. The aim of this study is to examine the influencing factors towards the perception of Muslims on the zakat policy as a form of tax reduction based on an adopted research model. To assess the quality of the models and hypothesis, the Partial Least Square (PLS) - Structure Equations Model (SEM) is used in this study. There is a total of 152 respondents involved in this study whereby the respondents are almost evenly divided between Malaysians and Indonesians. The Malaysian citizens are a total of 77 people (50.7%) and the remaining 75 people (49.3%) are Indonesian residents. Based on the SEM results of the formation factors in the test produced by the method of Exploratory Factor Analysis, it can be said that only the knowledge about tax, religiosity and satisfaction variables have a significant and positive influence or impact on the perception towards tax through zakat system. The results of this study can reduce the gap in perception and understanding among the Muslim community regarding the perception of Muslims towards tax breaks through the zakat system and will surely play an important role for countries, policy makers and zakat or tax institutions both in Malaysia and Indonesia as well as around the world in utilizing practices which can be considered highly and positively beneficial to the Muslim society.
Septiningtyas Pramesthi Widyasari,
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 15-31; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19374

Abstract:
Employee performance is an important factor for a company to achieve objectives, gain competitive advantage and finally winning the competition. Even for a company which has been established for more than 20 years, employee performance still becomes challenge. A good relationship between leader and member is one of the key factors to improve employee performance. A company needs to ensure that employees give their best performance and meet the expectation. The purpose of this study is to develop model to improve employee performance with high quality of Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and Perceived Organizational Support (POS) which mediates by work engagement. Data were collected from 100 respondents of permanent employees in a teak furniture manufacturing company in Semarang, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The method used to analyze the hypotheses was Partial Least Square (PLS). This study concludes that positive workplace which contains Leader-Member Exchange (LMX), Perceived Organizational Support (POS), and Work Engagement, have a positive and significant influences on Employee Performance. Work Engagement also found has influence effect on mediating between LMX and POS with Employee Performance.
Ali Mustafa Magablih
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 32-59; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19549

Abstract:
The study aim to identify the modified impact of the characteristics of the CEO on the relationship between the quality of internal auditing and the performance of the Jordanian corporations. The study population consisted of Jordanian corporations listed on Amman stock exchange. In order to achieve the objective of the study they adopted the descriptive analytical approach, by developing the questionnaire that was distributed. The study populations consist of all Jordanian corporations and 250 questioners was distributed in the study sample consisting of financial manager, internal auditor and heads of accounting department 206 questionnaire were received of which 183 were valid for analysis. Used the SPSS program in analysis the study tool in addition to some descriptive statistical methods (arithmetic, means and standard deviation).The study reached a number of results , most important of which are there is statistically significance level the quality of internal audit and positively effect the performance of Jordanian corporations, in addition the characteristic of the CEO passively effect the reaction ship between the quality of internal auditing and the performance of the Jordanian corporations. The study also came out with a number of recommendations, the most important of which were the need to strength and improving the internal audit function in Jordanian companies, increasing its quality, and focusing more on the characteristics and attributes of the CEO. As well as the need for companies to keep abreast of developments and techniques related to internal auditing and use them in internal audit operations in Jordanian corporations.
Niaz Makhdum, Maruf Hasan Rumi, Naznin Islam
Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Volume 12, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v12i1.19279

Abstract:
Public participation in local government is considered very crucial for ensuring good governance and quality service at the local level. This study aims to measure the level of public participation in the local government of Bangladesh. For this purpose, Arnstein’s citizen participation theory is used in this study. A cross-sectional quantitative approach has been followed in this study. To fulfill the research objectives, 400 samples were collected using the survey method from two divisions of Bangladesh namely Dhaka and Rangpur. A semi-structured questionnaire was used in this study for conducting the survey. Major findings of this study revealed that existing mechanisms for citizens’ participation in the local government of Bangladesh is merely for eye-washing rather than for ensuring actual citizen’s participation. People cannot influence local government decisions through these existing mechanisms. In terms of Arnstein’s citizen’s participation theory, the level of public participation in the local government of Bangladesh is at the therapy level. It indicates that the existing mechanisms are only for making people cured by showing that the people have the opportunity to participate rather than using these mechanisms for ensuring actual citizens’ participation. However, the government and other respective authorities need to take necessary measures for ensuring public participation in the local government of Bangladesh.
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