International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2088-8708 / 2088-8708
Current Publisher: Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (10.11591)
Total articles ≅ 2,916
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Latest articles in this journal

Mohammed Y. Kamil
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 5235-5242; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp5235-5242

The most prominent reason for the death of women all over the world is breast cancer. Early detection of cancer helps to lower the death rate. Mammography scans determine breast tumors in the first stage. As the mammograms have slight contrast, thus, it is a blur to the radiologist to recognize micro growths. A computer-aided diagnostic system is a powerful tool for understanding mammograms. Also, the specialist helps determine the presence of the breast lesion and distinguish between the normal area and the mass. In this paper, the Gabor filter is presented as a key step in building a diagnostic system. It is considered a sufficient method to extract the features. That helps us to avoid tumor classification difficulties and false-positive reduction. The linear support vector machine technique is used in this system for results classification. To improve the results, adaptive histogram equalization pre-processing procedure is employed. Mini-MIAS database utilized to evaluate this method. The highest accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity achieved are 98.7%, 98%, 99%, respectively, at the region of interest (30×30). The results have demonstrated the efficacy and accuracy of the proposed method of helping the radiologist on diagnosing breast cancer.
Ikram Daanoune, Abdennaceur Baghdad, Abdelhakim Ballouk
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 5462-5469; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp5462-5469

Recent few years, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has been an increasingly important technology that has been applied in almost all domains, even in complex environments where human activity is impossible. In WSN, various factors are impacted energy consumption, such as communication protocols, packet data transmission, and limited battery. So, the lifespan of the WSNs is limited. In this context, energy efficiency is the factor most attracted by many researchers. In this paper, we proposed a new improved LEACH routing protocol. This proposed protocol based on the current energy to select cluster-heads, and it uses a root cluster-head with more current energy and low distance to the sink to gather all data, then sends it to the sink. The simulation results in MATLAB confirmed that the proposed algorithm performed better than the conventional LEACH protocol, and increased the network lifetime in WSN.
Kewalin Angkananon, Mike Wald, Piyabud Ploadaksorn
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4900-4909; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4900-4909

This paper deals with the important problem that there is no help with the accessibility evaluations of Thailand’s web by developing and evaluating a new method and tool online, WebThai2Access, with experts, developers, and users with disabilities. This tool was evaluated by 30 developers, 30 hearing impaired people, 30 visually impaired people, and 30 elderly people. The developers evaluated the websites whereas experimental tasks were given to each disabled group based on the problems they had accessing web information. The developers found WebThai2Access very usable and the 15 test criteria were reliable for evaluating websites. The lower and upper 95% limits for confidence ratings of developers were minus or plus 10% for YouTube and Pantip websites and minus or plus 3% with the blind association website. The 95% lower and upper limits of confidence were minus or plus 5% for hearing impaired users, minus or plus 2% for elderly users and minus or plus 0% for visually impaired users. The results therefore showed WebThai2Access was reliable and accessible for developers whose evaluations reasonably well predicted website accessibility for users with disabilities.
Mohd Syafiq Mispan, Ahmad Hafizzudin Mustafa, Hafez Sarkawi, Aiman Zakwan Jidin
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 5139-5146; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp5139-5146

Process automation is crucial to increase productivity, more efficient use of materials, better product quality, improved safety, etc. In small-medium enterprise (SME) businesses related to household retailing, one of the process automation needed is the measurement and cutting of the mat or sheet, made of rubber or polyvinyl chloride (PVC) materials. Most of the household retailers that selling the sheet, the process of measuring and cutting according to the customer’s requirements are manually performed using a measuring tape and scissors. These manual processes can cause inaccuracy in length, inefficient use of material, low productivity and reduce product quality. This paper presents a low cost and portable automatic sheet cutter using the Arduino development board, which is used to control the process of measuring and cutting the materials. The system uses a push-button where the user can set the required length and quantity of the sheet. Once the required information is set, the stepper motor rolls the sheet until the required length is satisfied. Subsequently, another stepper motor moves the cutter horizontally and cut the sheet. With the automatic sheet cutter, the material is cut with acceptable precision. The design of the automatic sheet cutter is low cost and portable which significantly suitable to be used by SME household retailers.
Bharathi Gururaj, G. N. Sadashivappa
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4655-4662; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4655-4662

Various encoding schemes have been introduced till date focusing on an effective image transmission scheme in presence of error-prone artifacts in wireless communication channel. Review of existing schemes of channel encoding systems infer that they are mostly inclined on compression scheme and less over problems of superior retention of signal retention as they lacks an essential consideration of network states. Therefore, the proposed manuscript introduces a cost effective lossless encoding scheme which ensures resilient transmission of different forms of images. Adopting an analytical research methodology, the modeling has been carried out to ensure that a novel series of encoding operation be performed over an image followed by an effective indexing mechanism. The study outcome confirms that proposed system outshines existing encoding schemes in every respect.
Chandru A. S., Seetharam K.
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4853-4862; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4853-4862

The adoption of various technological advancement has been already adopted in the area of healthcare sector. This adoption facilitates involuntary generation of medical data that can be autonomously programmed to be forwarded to a destined hub in the form of cloud storage units. However, owing to such technologies there is massive formation of complex medical data that significantly acts as an overhead towards performing analytical operation as well as unwanted storage utilization. Therefore, the proposed system implements a novel transformation technique that is capable of using a template based stucture over cloud for generating structured data from highly unstructured data in a non-conventional manner. The contribution of the propsoed methodology is that it offers faster processing and storage optimization. The study outcome also proves this fact to show propsoed scheme excels better in performance in contrast to existing data transformation scheme.
Jaber Ibrahim Naser, Ahmed Jawad Kadhim
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4447-4457; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4447-4457

The energy limitation and frequent movement of the mobile Ad hoc network (MANET) nodes (i.e., devices) make the routing process very difficult. The multicast routing problem is one of the NP-complete problems. Therefore, the need for a new power-aware approach to select an optimum multicast path with minimum power consumption that can enhance the performance and increase the lifetime of MANET has become urgent. Software defined network (SDN) is a new technique that can solve many problems of the traditional networks by dividing the architecture into data part and control part. This paper presents three power-aware multicast routing strategies for MANET. First one called a Reactive Multicast routing strategy for cluster based MANET by using SDN (RMCMS), second one called proactive multicast routing strategy for cluster based MANET by using SDN (PMCMS) and third one represents modification of PMCMS called M-PMCMS. Moreover, it produces a new mathematical model to build a multicast tree with minimum power consumption and takes into account the remaining power in each node. All proposed multicast strategies operate based on this mathematical model and aim to maximize the MANET lifetime by exploiting the advantages of SDN and clustering concepts. They consider the multicast tree with minimum power consumption as an optimal one. The simulation results illustrated that RMCMS is better than PMCMS, M-PMCMS, and MAODV in terms of power consumption and network overhead while M-PMCMS is the best one in terms of dropped packets ratio (DPR) and average end to end (E2E) delay.
V. Lavanya, N. Senthil Kumar
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4490-4506; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4490-4506

Design of control strategies for Distributed generation systems is very important to achieve smoother transition between the grid connected and islanding modes of operation. The transition between these two modes of operation should be seamless, without any severe transients during the changeover. In this paper, two different control strategies namely inverter output current control and indirect grid current control for the seamless transfer between the modes of operation has been explored for the suitability. The design and analysis of the cascaded control loops based on Proportional Integral (PI) controller has been dealt in detail for both inverter output current control and indirect grid current control strategy. Control parameters are designed using the control system toolbox in MATLAB. A 10kW grid connected microgrid system has been designed and simulated in MATLAB/Simulink and the results are presented under grid connected operation, islanding operation and the transition between the modes considering fault condition in the grid side. The simulation studies are carried out using both the control strategies and the results are presented to validate the design methodology.
Hussain Attia, Saad Balhassan
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4639-4644; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4639-4644

Black power represents the main difficulty faced by the oil flow in pipelines. The negative effect of this powder reaches to stop the oil flow due to clogging the pipelines, in addition to the damaging of the crude oil pumps. Many solutions have been proposed in literature based on chemical or physical processes. On the other side, applying the fixed magnetic field has been presented in separation and extraction process of metal impurities in water pipelines applications. From these facts, this paper proposes an alternative solution (idea, design, and methodology for future implementation) for the black power removing from oil pipelines. The proposed system works on firstly sensing the resistivity parameter in the crude oil as an indication about the oil status with respect to the quantity of the black powder particles, then works on monitoring and controlling the level, location, and polarity of the required magnetic field that to work on cracking particles cracking function that in order to facilitate the crude oil motion in the pipelines. In addition, the proposed solution presents a new design of electrical resistivity sensor as an important indication in terms of evaluating the proposed system performance
Moh'd Rasoul Al-Hadidi, Bayan Alsaaidah, Mohammed Al-Gawagzeh
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Volume 10, pp 4738-4744; doi:10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp4738-4744

Brain tumour segmentation can improve diagnostics efficiency, rise the prediction rate and treatment planning. This will help the doctors and experts in their work. Where many types of brain tumour may be classified easily, the gliomas tumour is challenging to be segmented because of the diffusion between the tumour and the surrounding edema. Another important challenge with this type of brain tumour is that the tumour may grow anywhere in the brain with different shape and size. Brain cancer presents one of the most famous diseases over the world, which encourage the researchers to find a high-throughput system for tumour detection and classification. Several approaches have been proposed to design automatic detection and classification systems. This paper presents an integrated framework to segment the gliomas brain tumour automatically using pixel clustering for the MRI images foreground and background and classify its type based on deep learning mechanism, which is the convolutional neural network. In this work, a novel segmentation and classification system is proposed to detect the tumour cells and classify the brain image if it is healthy or not. After collecting data for healthy and non-healthy brain images, satisfactory results are found and registered using computer vision approaches. This approach can be used as a part of a bigger diagnosis system for breast tumour detection and manipulation.
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