Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones

Journal Information
ISSN : 2448-573X
Published by: Centros de Integracion Juvenil, A.C. (10.28931)
Total articles ≅ 74
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DOAJ
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Mario Arturo Téllez Rojas, Nicolás Javier Vila Carranza, Fátima Alejandra Rojas Iturria, Roberto Jiménez Castillo
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 16-24; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.03

Abstract:
Introduction: attention is a basic process related to addictive behavior. In smokers, the stimuli associated with consumption are relevant because they are present at the beginning and in the consolidation of the smoking habit. Therefore, to contribute to the understanding of addictive behaviors with objective measures, a study through eye-tracking techniques is presented. This would support the clinical process of people seeking to quit smoking. Objective: to study the attentional bias with images related to tobacco consumption in smoking and non-smoking participants, using an eye-tracking technique. Method: eight university students participated, who were assigned to two groups based on their Fagerström Test score. The experimental task consisted of the random presentation of 15 images related to tobacco consumption and 15 neutral images. During the experiment, visual fixations, latency and time to each image were recorded using an eye tracker. Results: a statistical analysis showed significant differences between moderate smokers and non-smokers when images related to tobacco use were presented in the three measure. Likewise, a qualitative analysis of the results shows differences between the participants when they were presented with neutral images and images related to tobacco. Discussion and conclusions: it is suggested that in the smoking participants there is an attentional bias towards the images related to tobacco consumption.
Diana Mejía, Alejandro Rodrigo Gutierrez-Trejo, Laurent Avila-Chauvet, Lynette Bonin
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 25-32; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.04

Abstract:
Introduction: in response to the pandemic originated by COVID-19, governments placed in practice a series of safety guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Mexico, one of the decisive actions to prevent the disease's spread was social isolation or lockdown. These rigorous proceedings could increase stress experience or other mental health disorders. One of the coping mechanisms used to avoid stress includes drug use. Objective: the study's goal was to evaluate the relationship between drug use (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis) and adherence to safety guidelines. Method: the association between the variables was assessed with a series of surveys indicating adherence to safety guidelines and drug use, 475 Mexican participants (56.5% females and 43.4% males) completed the study. Results: the results suggest that most participants had low drug abuse levels before and during social isolation. There was a significant decrease in tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use in both females and males. Upon analyzing guideline adherence, low alcohol use correlated with the safety behavior scale, while tobacco and cannabis correlated with the preventive behavior scale. Discussion: the current Mexican sample had not used drugs to cope during social isolation.
Paola Lizeth Flores-Garza, Karla Selene López-García, Benito Israel Jiménez-Padilla, María Magdalena Alonso Castillo, Francisco Rafael Guzmán Facundo
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 33-42; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.05

Abstract:
Introduction: alcohol and marijuana are the most widely used drugs nowadays and their consumption occurs mainly during adolescence. In Mexico, different drug use prevention programs have been developed, one of them is the “Tú Decides” program, by Rodriguez et al. (2011). This program was carried out under the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991); it consists of five sessions of 50 minutes each and its objective is to reduce the experimental use of illicit drugs and the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. The program was applied to a vulnerable population in the center of the country, where it had a moderate effect on perceived behavioral control and drug use intention. Objective: to describe the stages of adaptation and extension of the theoretical basis of the intervention “Tú Decides”, focusing it on the prevention of alcohol and/or marijuana consumption in adolescents in northeastern Mexico.Method: to carry out this adaptation and modification process, the adaptation model of Barrera and Castro (2006) was taken as a basis. Results: the preliminary adaptation and modification were well accepted and successfully evaluated by the adolescents. Conclusions: the adapted intervention was named “Tú Decides +”. It is composed of four sessions from the original intervention, a self-efficacy session, and three emotional intelligence sessions, which give a total of 8 sessions of 45 minutes; it aims to reduce the intention to consume and the consumption of alcohol and/or marijuana. It is expected that by adapting and modifying to the needs of the specific population, more effective and lasting results will be obtained
José Luis Vázquez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 3-6; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.01

Roger Quintana-Lagunas, Nora Angélica Armendáriz-García, Luis Iván Mayor Silva
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 43-51; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.06

Abstract:
Introduction: alcohol consumption during pregnancy causes physical, cognitive and behavioral problems in the mother and the unborn baby. The literature recommends abstinence from this substance during pregnancy. However, the presence of factors in adolescents could be related to the initiation or continuation of alcohol consumption while pregnant. Objective: twas to identify the prevalence and factors that are related to alcohol consumption in pregnant adolescents (AE). Method: a systematic review of articles in English and Spanish published between 2009 and 2019 in the adolescent population was carried out. The databases were PubMed, Web of Science: Social Sciences Citation Index, Science Citation Index, and Scopus. The search terms included the words “pregnancy,” “pregnant,” “adolescent,” “adolescence,” and “alcohol.” Data extraction was performed independently by one author using the study quality indicators. Results: CADE prevalence’s in AE were determined. Also, personal, psychological and spiritual factors related to CADE. Alcohol consumption prior to pregnancy and exposure to the presence of previous pregnancies were the most mentioned as personal factors. Likewise, relationships of psychological factors such as depression and anxiety were identified. In addition, social factors were identified such as having a single parent, having friends who smoke or drink, as well as not having a partner. Finally, some spiritual factors were found, among which the importance given to religion stands out. Conclusions: alcohol consumption during pregnancy is multifactorial, however, there are personal, psychological, social and spiritual factors that increase the risk of consuming alcohol up to four times more.
Ricardo Sánchez Huesca, Liliana Berenice Templos Núñez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 52-56; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.07

Sarahí Alanís Navarro, Shoshana Berenzon Gorn, Francisco Lorenzo Juárez García
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 7, pp 7-15; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.02

Abstract:
Introduction: the impact of programs to prevent alcohol consumption in adolescents can be increased by incorporating an environmental component. This paper explores the usefulness of behavioral economics to analyze the preference for the substance as a function of environmental variables. Objective: to evaluate the level of alcohol consumption in a group of Mexican adolescents, as a function of sex, age, access to consumption and reinforcement derived from substance-free activities. Method: a total of 7,569 high school students participated: 51% were male and 49% female. A multiple linear regression model was used to evaluate how the selected variables are related to the level of alcohol consumption. Results: the regression model was adjusted (F = 202.423, p < 0.01) and explained 33.6% of the variance (R2 = 0.336). Gender (being male), age, and access to consumption in social contexts were positively associated with the level of alcohol consumption. Academic, prosocial and cultural activities were negatively related to alcohol consumption; while the use of electronic media, social, physical and recreational activities had a positive relationship. Discussion and conclusions: tit is necessary to reduce access to alcohol consumption, both commercially, and in social and family contexts. Preventive interventions should promote the involvement of adolescents in activities incompatible with consumption and incorporate a social component to increase their level of reinforcement.
Gady Zabicky Sirot
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 3-5; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.01

Angel López Ortiz, Marisela Gutiérrez Vega
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 6-10; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.02

Abstract:
Introduction: many studies have concluded that self-efficacy is an essential variable within the area of drug addictions and a key to maintaining abstinence and preventing relapses. The Situational Confidence Questionnaire by Annis et al. (1987), is one of the most used instruments to measure self-efficacy and has had various modifications. The Brief Situational Confidence Questionnaire (CBCS), is the shortest version with only 8 items. Objective: to obtain the factor validity and reliability of the CBCS with a clinical sample in residential modality. Method: the study was carried out with a sample of 41 volunteers patients, adolescents, and adults interned in a residential rehabilitation center. The evaluation met the standards for the development and review of instrumental studies. Results: after carrying out the exploratory factor analysis, the eight original items were left within a single factor which explains 71.39% of the variance, with a factor load between the ranges of .76 and .91, and with an internal consistency of .941. Discussion and conclusions: the Brief Situational Confidence Questionnaire presents an internal consistency with high reliability and acceptable factor loads, such as was found in other studies. Therefore, its use in Mexico is suggested as an evaluation tool in a clinical setting, with patients who are interned in a rehabilitation center. It is recommended to carry out replications with more representative and randomly selected samples. Furthermore, it is suggested to include confirmatory factor analysis to obtain greater certainty in the results.
Juan Manuel Quijada Gaytán, Marcela Martinelli Herrera, Norberto Hernández Llanes
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 61-63; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.07

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