Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones

Journal Information
ISSN : 2448-573X
Current Publisher: Centros de Integracion Juvenil, A.C. (10.28931)
Total articles ≅ 67
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Latest articles in this journal

Gady Zabicky Sirot
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 3-5; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.01

Paulina Beverido Sustaeta, Betzaida Salas-García, Xóchitl De San Jorge-Cárdenas, María Del Carmen Gogeascoechea-Trejo, Patricia Pavón-León, María Leticia Sobeida Blázquez-Morales, Alma De Los Ángeles Cruz Juárez, María Cristina Ortiz-León
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 25-34; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.04

Introduction: the emergence of the pandemic caused by the SARS-Cov-2 virus has generated lifestyles changes for humanity. Strategies to prevent exponential contagion and the collapse of health systems such as social-distancing and quarantine have affected people in different ways according to their vulnerability, including marijuana consumers. Objective: to learn if the regular consumers of marijuana who remained in physical and social isolation due to COVID-19 altered or modified their consumption, in their disposition and in their method of supply. Method: a cross-sectional, non-probabilistic and analytical study that used the snowball technique, aimed at regular marijuana consumers in Mexico, of legal age, who have access to the Internet and/or WhatsApp. Results: 50 men and 25 women participated, most from the state of Veracruz; the only mood related variable that was statistically significant was the relief provided by marijuana use and level of marijuana use during quarantine, as well there were changes in consumption, in the method of supply and in the relationship established with the people with whom they live. Conclusions: this work addresses an emerging problem of which little is still known, especially regarding its correlation with mental health and disorders resulting from the use of psychoactive substances. Thus, contributing a building basis for understanding the impact of quarantine and for the attention of marijuana consumers.
Angel López Ortiz, Marisela Gutiérrez Vega
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 6-10; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.02

Introduction: many studies have concluded that self-efficacy is an essential variable within the area of drug addictions and a key to maintaining abstinence and preventing relapses. The Situational Confidence Questionnaire by Annis et al. (1987), is one of the most used instruments to measure self-efficacy and has had various modifications. The Brief Situational Confidence Questionnaire (CBCS), is the shortest version with only 8 items. Objective: to obtain the factor validity and reliability of the CBCS with a clinical sample in residential modality. Method: the study was carried out with a sample of 41 volunteers patients, adolescents, and adults interned in a residential rehabilitation center. The evaluation met the standards for the development and review of instrumental studies. Results: after carrying out the exploratory factor analysis, the eight original items were left within a single factor which explains 71.39% of the variance, with a factor load between the ranges of .76 and .91, and with an internal consistency of .941. Discussion and conclusions: the Brief Situational Confidence Questionnaire presents an internal consistency with high reliability and acceptable factor loads, such as was found in other studies. Therefore, its use in Mexico is suggested as an evaluation tool in a clinical setting, with patients who are interned in a rehabilitation center. It is recommended to carry out replications with more representative and randomly selected samples. Furthermore, it is suggested to include confirmatory factor analysis to obtain greater certainty in the results.
Juan Manuel Quijada Gaytán, Marcela Martinelli Herrera, Norberto Hernández Llanes
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 61-63; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.07

Silvia Morales Chainé, Alejandra López Montoya, Alejandro Bosch Maldonado, Ana Beristain Aguirre, Rebeca Robles García, Fuensanta López Rosales, Carmen Fernández-Cáceres
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 11-24; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.03

Introduction: the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic promote mental health risks. Objective: the goal of the study was to assess the risk of developing mental health conditions as a result of COVID-19 situations: containment, symptoms or COVID-19 suspected, death of near people, use of alcohol, and violence. Method: it participated 8,348 Mexican, with a mean of 25 years old (SD =11.24), 50% single (4,133), 69% women (5,720), 47% in quarantine (3,948), 50% partially in quarantine (4,193), and 3% that they were not in quarantine (207). The kind proposed was a predictive correlational study using the WebApp application of the Questionnaire of Mental Health Screening in COVID-19 (Alpha= 0.96; 64 of explained variance) programed by Linux®, PHP ®, HTML®, CSS ®, and JavaScript®). Latent variables derivate of 124 iterations with 103 parameters (t[496] = 201,464, p=.000), a CFI = 0.921, a TLI = 0.908, a RMSEA = 0.067 (0.066 – 0.068), and a SRMR = 0.051. Results: results showed that avoidance predicted acute stress, this predicted anxiety related to health; anxiety related to health predicted generalized anxiety/sadness and somatization; and generalized anxiety/sadness predicted, disengagement/anger in people. Discussion and conclusions: containment, symptoms, or suspected COVID-19, explosive use of alcohol or reporting of emotional or physical violence, were associated with the risk of mental health conditions. Next studies should assess the impact of distance psychological interventions over the risk of developing acute and posttraumatic stress.
David Bruno Díaz-Negrete, Solveig E. Rodríguez-Kuri, Cristina De J. Cruz-Cortés, Alma Delia Gutiérrez-López, Juan David González-Sánchez, Carmen Fernández-Cáceres
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 45-60; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.06

Introduction: in the context of the health contingency by COVID-19 pandemic and by an agreement of the Mexican Ministry of Health, Centros de Integración Juvenil has collaborated in Línea de la Vida telephone service conducted by the National Comission on Addictions in the care of people with mental health dissorders. Objective: to describe some aspects of the psychological and social problems associated with the epidemic, identifying intervening variables. Method: cross-sectional, comparative study, with a sample of 2,403 consultants from Línea de la Vida service, referred to CIJ between May and August 2020. Data included symptoms and risk conditions of COVID-19, mental health problems and daily circumstances during the epidemic. Comparative analysis were carried out by sex, age and date of consultation. Results: a third of the consultants reported symptoms of COVID-19, belonging to a vulnerable group or having contact with someone with the disease. The main mental health problems identified were anxiety/stress (67.6%) and depression (15.2%); 31.5% reported facing financial problems; 15.5% the loss of close people and around 10% having problems in the care of children, adolescents or other relatives; 5.6% reported domestic violence. Conclusions: the health, social, interpersonal and mental health problems associated with the COVID-19 pandemic reflect differences attributable to the social construction of gender, the life cycle of people and the development of the epidemic itself.
Nancy Araceli Méndez Romero, Martha Patricia Romero Mendoza, Addis Abeba Salinas Urbina
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 35-44; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.05

Introduction: women have increased the consumption of alcohol, affecting their well-being, to this is added the situation of lag they face in receiving specialized treatment, treating their ailments in mutual-help groups, this scenario affects social and gender inequalities. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates these conditions, affecting specific life situations of women and their health. Objective: to understand the experience of women who receive support for their recovery due to problems due to alcohol consumption in groups of Alcoholics Anonymous in the context of COVID-19. Method: qualitative study. Sampling by opportunity defined the participation of four women from “AA”. During May 2020, telephone interviews were conducted under informed consent. A thematic analysis was developed and Atlas.ti was used. The perspective on collective health and gender guided the analysis. Results: when analyzing the information, three categories were identified. The first contextualizes the recovery experiences of women. The following categories reveal the situations experienced in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic and physical distancing. The findings were: gender roles and stereotypes are reaffirmed by expressing harassment and discrediting; family burdens and worries increase; participation in its recovery decreased. Discussion and conclusions: in the context of COVID-19, the participation of AA women in their recovery decreased, putting their well-being at risk, despite the fact that international organizations recommended continuing the care of people with mental health problems and incorporating community actions.
Charles Da Silva Rodrigues
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 64-65; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.2.08

Mario Enrique Gámez-Medina, Francisco Rafael Guzmán-Facundo, María Magdalena Alonso-Castillo, Jesica Guadalupe Ahumada-Cortez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 3-11; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.02

Introduction: exponential and excessive use of social networks like Facebook could lead to greater exposure of alcohol-related content and influence adolescent drinking behavior. Objective: to determine the influence of the exposure of alcohol-related content on the pattern of alcohol consumption, in addition to knowing the differences in frequency and exposure of alcohol-related content on Facebook in consumers and non-consumers of alcohol. Method: a predictive correlational study was carried out, with 672 adolescents from technical high schools, a data card, the Facebook use questionnaire (CUF) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were used. Results: significant differences in exposure to alcohol-related content on Facebook were found, with higher means and medians among adolescents who reported alcohol consumption compared to those who did not (U = 40875.0, p =.001). In addition, regression analysis revealed that hours per day on Facebook and exposure to alcohol-related content on Facebook predict alcohol consumption in adolescents. Discussion and conclusions: alcohol consumers presented greater exposure to alcohol-related content, in addition it was found that the current alcohol consumption behavior was explained through the number of hours per day of Facebook use and exposure.
Elena Hedoux
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 45-47; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.06

En los últimos años ha habido un aumento sin precedentes en el número, tipo y disponibilidad de nuevas sustancias psicoactivas (NPS, por sus siglas en inglés) en diversas regiones del mundo. El crecimiento en este mercado también es responsable del aumento de daños graves reportados recientemente. Los desafíos clave giran en torno a la velocidad a la que aparecen las NPS, su proliferación rápida y abierta, y la información limitada o nula sobre sus efectos y daños.
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