Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones

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ISSN : 2448573X
Current Publisher: Centros de Integracion Juvenil, A.C. (10.28931)
Total articles ≅ 59
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Latest articles in this journal

Verónica Lozano Morales, Norberto Francisco Hernández-Llanes, Billy Raúl Millán Hernández, Rafael Antonio Serna-Arreguin, Leonor Villafranca Salgado, Juan Arturo Sabines Torres, Gady Zabicky Sirot
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 12-22; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.03

Introduction: in Mexico, tobacco and alcohol consumption represent a public health problem. Screening, brief intervention, and treatment models had shown effectiveness to reduce substances use, which is why they have been widely used in a variety of settings. The proximity of trained human resources with consumption problems and diverse situations is one of the most important opportunities they offer. Despite the extensive experience in developing these models, they have been poorly adapted for use by medical and health personnel at the first level of care. Objective: describe barriers and opportunities encountered during the operational implementation of a pilot project for screening, brief counseling and treatment aimed at medical personnel and related to the first level of health care in a Sanitary Jurisdiction of the State of Mexico. Method: two focus groups were carried out on a randomized sample of 15 of 64 certified health professionals who developed practical experience performing interventions with the population of their Health Establishment. Results: communication, personal and organizational barriers were found, however, opportunities that emerged from the implementation of this intervention model were also identified. Discussion and conclusions: the implementation of these interventions in the first level of care has various advantages for the personnel who apply them and the population that receives it, among which the increase in productivity of the screening and brief counseling actions reported in the System of Health Information as well as the opportunity to provide the user a personalized intervention specifically focused on their local population-based problems.
Pedro Moisés Noh-Moo, Jesica Guadalupe Ahumada-Cortez, Carolina Valdez-Montero, Mario Enrique Gámez-Medina, Manuel Antonio López-Cisneros
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 34-44; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.05

Introduction: child-to-Parent Violence (CPV) is alarmed in society due to its increase and frequency in recent years. This type of violence is one where the child acts intentionally and consciously, with the desire to cause harm, prejudice and / or suffering to their parents, repeatedly, over time and with the immediate purpose of obtaining power, control and dominance, this behavior could be related to substance use due to the aggressiveness and lack of control that the consumer presents when under the influence of the substance. Objective: analyze the available literature on the relationship between CPV and drugs consumption in adolescents. Method: a systematic search was carried out in the PUBMED, EBSCO, Elsevier, Lilacs and Google Scholar databases, to identify articles published between January 2010 and July 2019. Results: the studies showed that according to the CPV classification, physical violence is the most exerted by men, while women refer more psychological and verbal violence towards their parents, in addition it was found that CPV shows a relationship with the consumption of licit and illegal drugs. Discussion and conclusions: although the full extent of this form of violence in the Mexican population is unknown, it highlights the importance that the nursing professional design psycho-family interventions to prevent these risk behaviors.
Ricardo Sánchez-Huesca, Liliana Templos-Núñez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 1-2; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.01

Las nuevas sustancias psicoactivas (NSP) son sustancias de abuso en forma pura o preparada no incluidas en las Convenciones Internacionales que suponen una amenaza a la salud pública. Comprende sustancias utilizadas en medicina o veterinaria usadas como psicotrópicos.
Solveig E. Rodríguez-Kuri, Alma Delia Gutiérrez-López, Marco Antonio Rios-Salinas, Carmen Fernández-Cáceres
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 23-33; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.04

Introduction: opioids are the substance responsible for the highest number of deaths from drug use worldwide. According to the Survey on Drug, Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Mexico, 0.2% of the population (just over 145,000 people) have used heroin once in their lives. Objective: to analyze the trends in heroin use, including the estimation of the average annual growth rate, in patients treated at CIJ between 2013 and 2019 and to explore and compare their sociodemographic profile and pattern of use with that of users of other illicit drugs. Method: a study based on the analysis of trends and the estimation of the average annual growth rate from databases of a census registry of patients, as well as on comparative analysis, based on bivariate tests of two groups of drug users. Results: the proportion of heroin-consuming patients showed a gradual increase until the middle of the period 2013-2019, reaching its highest prevalence in 2016, to start falling from there, especially among men. The sociodemographic profile of heroin users shows a greater physical and psychosocial impact compared to those of other substances. Conclusions: there is a decrease in the demand for treatment, at least in CIJ, consistent with the prevalence observed in the general population, highlighting that this decrease does not occur among women, especially among younger women, even an increase in consumption is observed.
Mario Enrique Gámez-Medina, Francisco Rafael Guzmán-Facundo, María Magdalena Alonso-Castillo, Jesica Guadalupe Ahumada-Cortez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 3-11; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.02

Introduction: exponential and excessive use of social networks like Facebook could lead to greater exposure of alcohol-related content and influence adolescent drinking behavior. Objective: to determine the influence of the exposure of alcohol-related content on the pattern of alcohol consumption, in addition to knowing the differences in frequency and exposure of alcohol-related content on Facebook in consumers and non-consumers of alcohol. Method: a predictive correlational study was carried out, with 672 adolescents from technical high schools, a data card, the Facebook use questionnaire (CUF) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were used. Results: significant differences in exposure to alcohol-related content on Facebook were found, with higher means and medians among adolescents who reported alcohol consumption compared to those who did not (U = 40875.0, p =.001). In addition, regression analysis revealed that hours per day on Facebook and exposure to alcohol-related content on Facebook predict alcohol consumption in adolescents. Discussion and conclusions: alcohol consumers presented greater exposure to alcohol-related content, in addition it was found that the current alcohol consumption behavior was explained through the number of hours per day of Facebook use and exposure.
Elena Hedoux
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 6, pp 45-47; doi:10.28931/riiad.2020.1.06

En los últimos años ha habido un aumento sin precedentes en el número, tipo y disponibilidad de nuevas sustancias psicoactivas (NPS, por sus siglas en inglés) en diversas regiones del mundo. El crecimiento en este mercado también es responsable del aumento de daños graves reportados recientemente. Los desafíos clave giran en torno a la velocidad a la que aparecen las NPS, su proliferación rápida y abierta, y la información limitada o nula sobre sus efectos y daños.
Martha Leticia Salazar Garza, Ma. De Los Ángeles Vacio Muro, Juan José Macías Rodríguez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 5, pp 30-37; doi:10.28931/riiad.2019.2.04

Introduction: self-efficacy for the control of alcohol consumption is a relevant variable in addiction intervention programs. The Brief Situational Confidence Questionnaire (CBCS) was developed for adult problem drinkers in Canada and subsequently included in intervention programs for adults and adolescents in Mexico. Although, the only data reported in our country has been its internal consistency index. Therefore, it was proposed to evaluate whether the questionnaire had similar psychometric characteristics, as previously reported with Canadian adults, with Mexican college students. Objective: obtain the validity and reliability of the CBCS with Mexican students. Method: 1,175 university volunteers, alcohol consumers in the last year and who reported two or more indicators for DSM 5 alcohol use disorder. The evaluation followed the standards for the development and review of instrumental studies. Results: the confirmatory factor analysis yielded a final model of a single dimension of four reagents: testing control over consumption, physical need, conflicts with others and pleasant moments with others, with an internal consistency index of .78. Discussion and conclusions: unlike what was found with adult problem drinkers, in this work a questionnaire composed of a single dimension was obtained, possibly due to the characteristics of the population, with an acceptable level of reliability. The questionnaire can be used in intervention programs or in studies that measure the situational self-efficacy for alcohol consumption in Mexican university students.
Marco Tulio Suárez Maldonado, Guillermina Natera-Rey, Claudia Elena Castillo Lozada
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 5, pp 1-7; doi:10.28931/riiad.2019.2.01

Introduction: substance use is a problem that requires prevention strategies since childhood. It has been noticed that certain personality traits can play an important role in substance use in adolescence and early adulthood. It is essential to study the factors associated with substance use in order to develop and implement preventive interventions. Objective: to evaluate if hopelessness, sensation seeking, impulsivity and anxiety sensibility traits increase the risk of substance use (tobacco, alcohol, marihuana and inhalants) in a group of children enrolled in four primary schools in Mexico City. Methodology: cross sectional exploratory ex post facto survey in which substance use and a personality profile was assessed in a non-randomized sample of 182 children of age 10 to 13. Results: the lifetime prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs (marihuana and inhalants) use was of 4.4%, 28.6% y 5.5%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the hopelessness trait significantly increases the risk for use of tobacco (OR = 15.883) and other drugs (OR = 15.090), while the sensation seeking increases the risk of tobacco (OR = 20.856), alcohol (OR = 4.453) and other drugs (OR = 17.139). Discussion: substance use was greater than the estimation in the 2014 Nacional Survey of Drug Use in Students. Hopelessness and sensation seeking play an important role in substance use since late infancy. These results have implications that can help prevention.
Charles Ysaacc Da Silva Rodrigues, Jorge Luís Olivares Peña, Paula Alexandra Carvalho De Figueiredo
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 5, pp 38-47; doi:10.28931/riiad.2019.2.05

Introduction: the evidence mentions that the abuse of inhalants can cause alterations in the reuptake of dopamine, fundamentally in the mesolimbic system, the responsible structure of reward system and consequently of the addiction. Objective: the objective of the research was to investigate the relationship between the consumption of inhalants and suicide, through a retrospective post-mortem analysis. Method: the method used was a case study, with a qualitative approach of descriptive design, evaluated through the use of psychological autopsy and an in-depth interview, of the particular case of a suicide victim by hanging, of a 20-year-old male, consumer of inhalants. Results: thus, neuroanatomical alterations in the prefrontal cortex (ventromedial and orbitolateral), anterior cingulate cortex, basolateral nucleus of the amygdala, subthalamic nucleus and nucleus accumbens were verified, which, probably, could have had some influence on their suicidal behavior. Discussion and conclusion: altered structures directly and indirectly affect the mesolimbic system, and are related to low tolerance to failure, persistence in actions aimed at minimizing the results of social behaviors, ideation and magical thoughts in relation to their religious beliefs, and verbal disinhibition, which, probably, may have influenced on his suicidal behavior.
Silvia Morales-Chainé, Violeta Felix-Romero, Germán Palafox Palafox, José Luis Vázquez Martínez
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, Volume 5, pp 8-20; doi:10.28931/riiad.2019.2.02

Introduction: the continuous training and certification of primary healthcare professionals support the implementation of brief interventions to address drug use. Objective: our objective was to validate the training materials of the “Universal Treatment Curriculum for Health Professionals” by assessing the knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Method: we worked with 823 health professionals (137 from Argentina, 59 from Colombia, 86 from El Salvador, 398 from Mexico and 143 from Uruguay), regarding the utilization of brief intervention, according to the training modality in which they participated (272 face-to-face, 125 mixed, and 426 online). We applied a written knowledge evaluation, behavioral assessment of skills - attitudes, and a Satisfaction Questionnaire. A post-quasi-experimental design was used, with comparison groups to assess knowledge, skills, attitudes (through direct observation) and satisfaction of health professionals. Results: the results of the written evaluation and direct observation indicate that both, the training materials and the pedagogical strategy, increased knowledge, skills, and attitudes for the implementation of brief interventions. Conclusions: in this way, a successful dissemination tool was obtained, based on the contents recommended by international organizations and validated in the field of clinical application of the basic principles of behavior.
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