Ecology of Food and Nutrition

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0367-0244 / 1543-5237
Published by: Informa UK Limited (10.1080)
Total articles ≅ 2,081
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Latest articles in this journal

, L.J. Weaver, , T. Kalk, F. Tesema, C. Hadley
Published: 1 September 2021
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-20;

Anthropologists have long emphasized the social significance of foods and the contexts in which they are consumed. Expanding on this idea, we define the context of consumption as the non-eating behaviors that surround eating, such as the manner of food preparation, food sharing, and dietary patterns. In this study, we used cultural consensus analysis to assess whether there exist consistently shared, normative ideas about preferable context of food consumption in three diverse research sites: urban Ethiopia, rural Brazil, and rural Haiti. Our analysis demonstrates that in all three communities, there are distinct sets of behaviors that people identified as non-preferable because they reliably associate them with poverty and food insecurity, and behaviors that people identify as preferable because they reliably associate them with wealth and food security. Across the settings, there was little variation in agreement about behaviors across household composition, age, gender, and food security status. These findings suggest that people do indeed share culturally specific ideas about the context in which foods should be prepared and consumed, beyond the actual content of one’s diet. Exploring these cultural models elucidates the social consequences of food insecurity, enabling researchers to better examine the relationship between food insecurity, social context, and well-being.
, , Esra Koseler Beyaz, Mendane Saka, Cihat Burak Sayin
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-14;

Chronic renal failure (CRF) makes significant changes in the life of patients and their families. A good family support has a positive effect on successful patients’ adaptation to the treatment and compliance with dietary regimen. This study aimed to examine the effects of nutritional knowledge of informal caregivers on depression and metabolic outcomes of hemodialysis patients. This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Baskent University Hemodialysis Center with 116 hemodialysis patients and their informal caregivers. Findings revealed that the caregivers who were the couple of the patients had the highest nutritional knowledge level than the other caregivers (p < .05). The postgraduate caregivers were more likely to have high nutritional knowledge level than the others (p < .05). The inflammation marker of the patients was significantly lower in the group of caregivers with higher level (T3 group) of nutritional knowledge than the others (p < .05). The mean CES-D scores were also more likely to be low in T3 group than in the others (p < .05). These findings highlight that the nutritional knowledge of caregivers of hemodialysis patients may have an additional benefit on patients’ nutritional management and metabolic outcomes.
, Şule Kocabas, , Bulent Celik
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-20;

In total, 1224 Turkish adults (27.5 ± 9.6 years; 80.6% female) answered sociodemographic questions, and three instruments: Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ), Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2), and COVID-19 Perception and Attitude Scale. Women’s perceptions and attitudes toward COVID-19 indicated higher concerns than men (p < .001). It was found that IES-2 scores of all subjects increased as body mass index (BMI) decreased and education level increased (p < .001; p = .033, respectively). During the social isolation of COVID-19, the MEQ scores of married couples and those who did not eat take-out foods were higher (p = .027; p = .006, respectively). Interestingly, it was found that as the BMI of the subjects increased, their MEQ scores increased (p < .001). The COVID-19 pandemic, which has social and economic consequences, has a great impact on human health and causes sudden lifestyle changes through social distance and isolation at home. Although social isolation during the epidemic is a necessary precaution to protect public health, the results of this study support that it causes changes in intuitive eating, and mindful eating behaviors.
, Anuradha Dutta, Rita Singh Raghuvanshi, , Navin Chandra Shahi, C. S. Chopra
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-18;

This study was undertaken to analyze the dietary pattern and nutritional status of preschool children and to check the association between diet and socio-demographic factors. Dietary Pattern of 390 preschool children from Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand state of India was assessed. 24-Hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used for collecting information regarding dietary intake for three consecutive days. Nutritional indices (weight for age, height for age, weight for height, and BMI for age Z score) were studied using WHO Anthro software. Results indicated that the nutrient intake was inadequate, with major children consuming less than 60% of the recommended intake. Family income, community, type of family, birth order (ordinal position), and the number of siblings were associated with dietary insufficiency (p < 0.05). Stunting and wasting were commonly prevalent in more number of girls as compared to boys, on the contrary; more boys were underweight as compared to girls. A higher proportion of girls 18% (95% C.I. 10.8, 25.3) were thin as compared to boys 15% (95% C.I. 8.4, 21.6).
, Noemí López-Ejeda, María Sánchez Alvarez, Cristina Herrero-Jaúregui, Belén Acosta Gallo, María Dolores Marrodán
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-16;

In 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in six communities of Tecoluca, Bajo Lempa (El Salvador). Weight, height, sitting-height, skinfolds thickness and head, arm, and waist circumferences were measured in a sample of 334 schoolchildren. Nutritional status, body composition, and Extended Composite Index for Anthropometric Failure (ECIAF) were estimated. The Food Security Perception Survey (Spanish acronym: EPSA) was applied to 143 households. Anthropometric failure was observed in 37.5% of the schoolchildren. Association between stunting and underweight in boys and stunting and weight excess in girls was observed. About 58.7% of the households suffered from food insecurity.
, Rachana Manandhar Shrestha, Bishal Gole, Dhruba Raj Bhattarai, Puspa Lal Ghimire, Bhishma P. Subedi, , , ,
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-21;

Food systems in many countries are experiencing a shift from traditional foods toward processed foods high in sugar, fat and salt, but low in dietary fiber and micronutrients. There is an urgent need to better understand drivers of changing food behavior, particularly for lower-income countries. This study analyzes drivers of food choice among children and parents in rural Nepal. It uses qualitative data collected through key informant interviews and focus group discussions with school children, parents and teachers. The study reveals substantial changes in food behavior during the past decade with increased consumption of rice, meat, and highly processed snack foods while an increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is not evident. It identifies cash availability is the main driver of increased rice, meat and snack food consumption. The second driver is the 2015 Nepal earthquake, which accelerated the transition from homegrown food to purchased food as people got habituated to eating more meat and snack foods while reconstruction tripled local wages and changed the food environment. This shows how humanitarian assistance in the wake of extreme shocks can unintentionally contribute to unhealthy eating habits. An integrated school and home garden intervention appears to contribute to healthier diets.
, Amanda C. Trofholz, , , , Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Erin C. Westfall, Andrea Westby,
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-9;

This study examined kitchen adequacy in a racially/ethnically diverse low-income sample and associations with child diet quality. Families with children age five to seven years old (n = 150) from non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, Native American, Hmong, and Somali families were recruited through primary care clinics. More than 85% of families had 15 of the 20 kitchen items queried, indicating that the sample had adequate kitchen facilities. Only one item (a kitchen table) was associated with higher overall diet quality of children. In contrast, children living in households with can openers and measuring spoons consumed more sodium and added sugars, respectively.
, Jennifer Bernal, Krystal K. Rampalli, Elizabeth Massey, Elizabeth J. Adams, Tiara N. Rosemond, Christine E. Blake
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-17;

Shame experienced with food insecurity and participating in food assistance may affect adolescents. We investigated adolescents’ experiences of shame related to food insecurity and situations for these experiences in an ethnically diverse sample of 40 adolescents aged 9–15 years from South Carolina and Oregon. In-depth interviews were recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed. Participants described feelings of sadness, anger, and internalized shame with food insecurity. Salient situations were participating in food assistance, seeking food assistance from others or community services, and social encounters at school among peers. Adolescents felt shame knowing that peers were aware of their food insecurity and about them participating in food assistance through school.
S W McLaren
Ecology of Food and Nutrition pp 1-8;

The nutritional double burden of disease refers to the phenomenon of undernutrition, wasting, stunting, micronutrient deficiency coinciding with overweight, obesity, and diet-related non-communicable diseases, within individuals, households and populations throughout the lifecycle. This study aimed to determine whether there were differences in hemoglobin levels between anthropometric categories and socio-economic factors among women aged 15 to 49 years old in South Africa. Data were obtained from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) South Africa survey 2016. There were 2690 women between 15 and 49 years old included in the sample. Variables selected for analysis included height and weight, hemoglobin (adjusted for altitude), wealth index, access to improved water and sanitation. Variables were tested for normality using Q-Q plots. Missing data was removed. Frequencies and percentages were reported for categorical data. Non-parametric continuous variables were reported as medians and interquartile ranges. As data were not normally distributed, analysis was conducted using the Kruskall-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. The type I error rate was set to p < .05. Where it was found that a significant difference exists, post hoc Dunn tests were performed to determine the location of the differences. Anemia was prevalent among 28.9% of the sample and 63.5% were either overweight or obese. Hemoglobin levels were significantly different between normal weight women and women with a body mass index in the obese class I and obese class II respectively (Kruskall-Wallis = 27.014; df = 5; p = .000; n = 2690). There were significant differences in hemoglobin levels between women with access to improved sanitation and those without access (Mann-Whitney U test p = .017), but hemoglobin levels were similar between women with access to improved water and those without (Mann-Whitney U test p = .175). Poorer women had significantly different hemoglobin levels to the wealthiest women in the sample (Kruskall-Wallis = 29.568; df = 4; p = .000). The nutritional double burden of disease is prevalent in South Africa among women of childbearing age. A wealth disparity exists among South African women in terms of hemoglobin levels.
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