TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration

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EISSN : 2621-0207
Total articles ≅ 24
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Priyono Prawito, Impetus Hasada Windu Sitorus, Zainal Muktamar, Bandi Hermawan, Welly Herman
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 53-59; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.53-59

Abstract:
Understanding the relation of agroecosystem types, ages, and soil properties are vital in maintaining good quality soil. This study aims to explore the variation of selected soil properties with agroecosystem types and ages. The research has been conducted in North Bengkulu, Indonesia. Soil properties on agroecosystems of 5-yr, 10-yr, 15-yr oil palm plantation, 5-yr, 10-yr, 15-yr rubber plantation, food cropland, and scrubland were evaluated. The study found that soil in oil palm and rubber plantations of any age have a similar texture, bulk density (BD), and actual soil moisture (ASM). All plantation agroecosystems and scrubland have higher clay and lower silt content than that in food cropland. In addition, the scrubland has the highest ASM content among the agroecosystems. On the other hand, both agroecosystems enhances soil chemical properties than food cropland and scrubland as indicated by the improvement of organic-C, total-N, available P, exchangeable K and CEC of Ultisols. Older plantation also provides higher soil chemical improvement than younger one. This finding is significant for management of sub optimal soil mainly Ultisols for oil palm and rubber plantation.
Welmi Samita, Edhi Turmud, Sigit Sudjatmiko, Widodo Widodo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 39-47; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.39-47

Abstract:
The research aimed to determine the optimal population ratio at each frequency of weeding for the growth and yield of maize. It was carried out from February to May 2020 in the field. There are 2 treatment factors tested arranged in a splite plot design, which was repeated 3 times using a completely randomized block design (CRBD). The first factor is the frequency of weeding as the main plot (Main Plot) consisting of no weeding, 1 x weeding (21 DAS), 2 x weeding (21 DAS and 42 DAS). The second factor is the ratio of the population as sub-plots, consisting of 100% corn + 0% peanuts, 80% corn + 20% peanuts, 60% corn + 40% peanuts, 40 % corn + 60% peanuts, 20% corn + 80% peanuts. The results showed that the growth and yield of maize in the intercropping system with peanuts gave the same response to the population ratio at all weeding frequencies. The planting density of 40% maize + 60% peanuts produced the highest response on the variables of stem diameter (24.675 mm), plant fresh weight (667.51 grams) and biomass weight (79.924 grams). While the highest response to weeding frequency was 2 times (21 DAS and 42 DAS) only on plant fresh weight (588.08 grams).
Luki Rianti, Hesti Pujiwati, Masdar Masdar, Hermansyah Hermansyah, Heru Widiyono
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 60-64; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.60-64

Abstract:
Soybean is a type of secondary crop that is widely cultivated and used as raw material for tofu, tempe, milk, and so on by the people of Indonesia. Soybean consumption is always increasing but soybean production has decreased. This study aims to obtain the optimum dose of Bokashi fertilizer on plant growth and yield in Ultisol. The study was carried out in Medan Baru, Kandang Limun Village, Muara Bangkahulu District, Bengkulu City from December 2018 to April 2019. This study used a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with one factor, namely the dose of Bokashi fertilizer with five levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 25 tons ha-1, 35 tons ha-1, 45 tons ha-1, and 55 tons ha-1. The results showed that the optimum dose of Bokashi fertilizer was not found in the growth component or yield component. The dose of Bokashi fertilizer had a significant effect (p<0.05) on the growth of Bokashi and the number of leaves.
Taufiq Al-Qodri, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Alnoopri Alnopri, Prasetyo Prasetyo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 34-38; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.34-38

Abstract:
This study aims to study the interaction between varieties and the correct dose of potassium fertilizer, determine the right dose of potassium fertilizer and the appropriate variety of sweet potato in Ultisol. In this study, the research design used was a completely randomized block design (RAKL) with two (2) factors with three replications. The first factor is three varieties of sweet potato, namely Cilembu, Atin 3, and Beta 1. The second factor is the dose of KCl fertilizer which consists of 4 levels of dosage, namely 0 kg ha-1, 150 kg ha-1, 300 kg ha-1, and 450 kg ha-1 KCl fertilizer. The results showed no significant interaction between the dose of KCl fertilizer and the three varieties of sweet potato. The Antin 3 variety produced the most extended tendril length compared to the other two varieties. The lowest number of branches was produced by Beta 1 variety. The Cilembu variety produced the most significant tuber weight per plot and estimated weight per plot. The Cilembu variety is proven to have the highest level of sweetness.
Irfan Nofriandi, Faiz Barchia, Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi, Bilman W. Simanihuruk, Entang Inoriah Sukarjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 48-52; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.48-52

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain the optimum dose of manure for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol, optimum K fertilizer dose for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol, and the interaction of manure and K fertilizer for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol. This research was conducted from August 2018 to November 2018 at the Horticulture Seed Center, Kepahiang Regency, Bengkulu Province. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of two factors with three replications. The first factor is cow manure, which is 0 g/polybag, 20 g/polybag, 40 g/ polybag, and 60 g/polybag. The second factor is K fertilizer, which is 0 g/polybag, 1.38 g/polybag, 2.76 g/polybag, and 5.52 g/polybag. The results showed that the application of cow manure with a dose of 60 g/polybag resulted in the best shoot growth time and shoot fresh weight
Siska Indriani, Dotti Suryati, Hesti Pujiwati, Prasetyo Prasetyo, Entang Inoriah Sukarjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.9-16

Abstract:
Soybeans are the third most important commodity after rice and corn. Soybeans are also a commodity rich in protein. Soy serves as a very important source of vegetable protein to improve people's nutrition because in addition to being safe for health is also relatively cheap compared to animal protein sources. Ultisol has a wide distribution but has constraints to be used as a medium of cultivation plants. The addition of some types of ameliorating or soil reformers such as chicken manure, cow manure, and composting oil palm bunches (OPB) is expected to overcome ultisol fertility. The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of varieties on the growth and component of soybean crop yields in Ultisol, compare the influence of ameliorating type on the growth and component of soybean crop yields in Ultisol, and get the interaction between the type of varieties with the type of amelioration to the growth and components of soybean crop yields in Ultisol. The research was conducted from February to May 2019 in the experimental garden of Integrated Agricultural Zone of the Faculty of Agriculture UNIB Medan Baru, Bengkulu City. This study used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) that was compiled factorially with 3 times. The first factor is the variety type Anjasmoro and Gepak Kuning, the second factor of amelioration type is control (without amelioration), chicken manure 15 tons ha-1, cow manure 15 tons ha-1, husks burn 15 tons ha-1, and compost oil palm bunches (OPB) 15 tons ha-1. The results showed that the Gepak Kuning variety showed better growth than the Anjasmoro variety while the Anjasmoro variety showed better results than the Gepak Kuning variety. Chicken manure is the best type of amelioration compared to cow manure, rice husks, and compost OPB against the growth and component of soybean yields in Ultisol, and there is interaction in the Gepak Kuning variety with chicken manure amelioration and compost OPB.
Lisa Septiani, Rr Yudhy Harini Bertham, Hesti Pujiwati, Bilman Wilman Simanihuruk
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.1-8

Abstract:
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merill) is the third most important food crop after rice and corn which contains protein and other nutrients essential for the body. Ultisol soil is a less fertile soil that has many limitations on its physical, chemical, and biological properties. Efforts that can be made include the use of liquid organic fertilizer (LOF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). This research was conducted from February to May 2020, in Beringin Raya, Muara Bangka Hulu District, Bengkulu City with an altitude of + 10 m above sea level. The purpose of this study was to explain the growth and yield of soybeans due to the application of liquid organic fertilizers and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Ultisols. The research design used was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 2 factors with three replications. The first factor is the LOF dose which consists of four levels, namely: 0, 20, 40, and 60 mL L-1. The second factor is the AMF dose with three levels, namely; 0, 5, and 10 g plant-1. The results showed that there was no interaction between LOF and AMF. Giving a LOF concentration of 60 mL L-1 gave the highest yield on the growth and yield of soybeans, as well as the optimum concentration for seed/plant weight, which was 28.114 mL L-1, and the number of seeds was 37.589 mL L-1. AMF dosage of 10 g plant-1 gave the best growth and yield of soybean plants.
Tulus Roy Rasdian Purba, R. Teguh Adi Prasetyo, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Abimanyu Dipo Nusantara, Eko Suprijono
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.23-28

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain N levels and N absorption as well as the growth and yield of mustard plants in ultisol soilapplied vermicompost cattle or goats. This research has been conducted from April 2020 – May 2020. Implementation of research on UNIB garden and Soil Science Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu. This study used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with a single factor consisting of 7 treatments, namely control, vermicompost cow dung with a dose of 10 tons ha-1 , 20 tons ha-1 , and 30 tons ha-1 , and vermicompost goat manure with a dose of 10 tons ha-1 , 20 tons ha-1 , and 30 tons ha-1 . The results showed that the administration of vermicompost cow dung at a dose of 30 tons ha-1 gave the best results for N tissue levels, N absorption, and mustard results in Ultisol. The same result was obtained from the administration of vermicompost goat manure at a dose of 20 tons ha-1 .
Efian Aprizal, Hasanudin Hasanudin, Rr Yudhy Harini Bertham, Herry Gusmara, Edhi Turmudi
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 29-33; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.29-33

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the optimum dossage of vermicompost to soil P levels, tissue P levels as well as corn growth and yield in Entisols. This research was conducted at Kandang Mas village, Bengkulu City from August 2019 until November 2019. The design used in this study is Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) one factor is the application of vermicompost dose with three replications. The dossage of vermicompost consists of seven levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 5 tons ha-1, 10 tons ha-1, 15 tons ha-1, 20 tons ha-1, 25 tons ha-1, and 30 tons ha-1. The results showed that there was no optimum dossage of vermicompost to soil P levels, tissue P levels, and corn yield in Entisols.
Albert Carles, Kanang Setyo Hindarto, Heru Widiyono, Mukhtasar Mukhtasar, Hermansyah Hermansyah
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.17-22

Abstract:
This study aims to identify the physical, chemical characteristics of the soil and determine the suitability of rice fields for new openings in Mukomuko. This research was conducted from September to October 2019, which consisted of fieldwork and laboratory analysis. This research uses a survey method, soil sampling is carried out by a composite method consisting of 5 soil samples. Composite soil sampling technique based on land unit work maps produced from the map of soil types Mukomuko district scale of 1: 100.000. The results showed that all samples had the same dominant limiting factors namely P2O5, K2O, and Base Saturation. Land suitability for lowland rice plants in Mukomuko District Af.1.2.1 (S3nr) land area with an area of 42.68 ha, Af.1.2.2 (S3nr) land area with an area of 56.65 ha, land unit Tf.2.1 (S3nr) with an area of 60.15 ha, and land unit Tf.3.1 (S3nr) with an area of 89.30 ha.
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