Media Gizi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-7228 / 2540-8410
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 165
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Dinar Putri Rahmawati, Dono Indarto, Diffah Hanim
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 207-214; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.207-214

Abstract:
Nutritional problem that occurs in adolescents due to higher food intake and less physical activity leads to over- nutrition. Other nutritional problems occur among them is micronutrient deficiency including anemia, mostly in female adolescents. Higher consumption of energy-dense snacks, low physical activity and more pocket money have contributed to adolescent’s body weight. This study aims to determine the correlation of frequency of snacking, hemoglobin levels, physical activity, and pocket money with the nutritional status of female adolescents. This cross- sectional study was carried out in 117 female adolescents in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java Province. Data of snacking frequency was collected using the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and hemoglobin level were measured using a Hematology Analyzer. Physical activity data were collected using the IPAQ questionnaire (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and were converted to Metabolic Equivalent Tasks (METs). Normally distributed data then analyzed using Pearson test and Spearman test for not normally distributed data to determine correlation between independent with dependent variables and followed by the multiple linear regression test if the p-value < 0.25. Most female adolescents had normal nutritional status, but 6.8% and 17.9% female adolescents were overweight and obesity, respectively. The frequency of snacking (r = 0.207, p = 0.025), physical activity (r = -0.201, p = 0.030), pocket money (r = 0.283, p = 0.002) and hemoglobin level (r = 0.150, p = 0.107) were not correlated with nutritional status. In conclusion, frequency of snacks, physical activity, and pocket money were significantly correlated with nutritional status in female adolescents but no correlation with hemoglobin level.
Kamila Dwi Febrianti, Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 256-266; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.256-266

Abstract:
Obesity are defined as excessive fat accumulation caused of imbalance energy in and energy out. Consuming a cup of coffee can help prevent obesity through chlorogenic acid compound. Chlorogenic acid is one of biactive component that has an important role to our body. Chlorogenic acid has a potential role in body weight reduction and preventing obesity. Chlorogenic acid has an effect to inhibit the absorption of glucose in the intestine, block the conversion of glucose to fat in the adipose tissue and protect from weight gain. Chlorogenic acid that contain in coffee has a differences that depend on variety, type, roasting duration, temperature and coffee bean size. Based on several studies, giving chlorogenic acid as a form of supplementation or green coffee extract has demonstrated a consistent result. Those studies explain that chlorogenic acid in coffee can inhibit body fat accumulation and reducing body weight. The aim of this systematical review was to know the contain of chlorogenic acid in coffee and analyze the effect of giving chlorogenic acid to obesity. The experimental studies in human and animal subjects in the last 15 years as inclusion criteria and studies that is not represent the anthropometry result as exclusion criteria through electronic database were comprehensively reviewed. The result from five studies demonstrated that chlorogenic acid has an effect to reduce body weight, reduce body fat percentage, and reduce blood glucose concentration with the duration and chlorogenic acid dosage differently. Chlorogenic acid has many benefits in improving the obesity.
Sigit Yudhistira, Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa, Mohammad Fanani
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 287-295; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.287-295

Abstract:
High stress levels in adolescents can cause mental health disorders such as anxiety. Kangkong vegetables has nutrients superior in reducing anxiety, in 250 grams of kangkong vegetables contains carbohydrates (9,7 g), vitamin B1 (0,17 mg), vitamin C (42,5 mg), calcium (167,5 mg), zinc (1 mg), iron (5,7 mg), potassium (625,2 mg), sodium (162,5 mg), flavonoids, alkaloids and steroids for metabolism and increased hormone in the brain such as BDNF, GABA, serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine which reduce anxiety. Swimming has superior as a recreational effort in reducing anxiety, also keeps the body fit and relaxed for metabolism and increased hormones in the brain such as BDNF, GABA, serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine which reduce anxiety. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of kangkong vegetables and swimming in the intensity of anxiety in adolescent. The study uses a quasi-experimental study design pre-post test control group design, involving 61 male students, taken from 3 senior high schools and grouped into 3: control group by giving swimming 2 times / week for 2 weeks (pool depth 120 cm and swimming duration for 60 minutes / exercise) (P0) (n=22), group by giving 250 grams of kangkong vegetables / day for 14 days (divided into 2) (P1) (n=19) and group by giving combination of kangkong vegetables and swimming (P2) (n=20). The results of the study used the ANOVA, the decrease in anxiety intensity in all groups not much different from the value (p=0.593). The conclusion this study is the giving of kangkong vegetables, swimming can reduce the intensity of anxiety in adolescent male.
Devi Novia, Sugiarto Sugiarto, Yulia Lanti Dewi
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 267-272; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.267-272

Abstract:
Nowadays the epidemiological burden of diabetes increases with long life-threatening symptoms and the effects of antidiabetic drugs. Lack of insulin activity is one of the signs of a drop in diabetes mellitus. The mechanisms in antidiabetic include stimulating β-Langerhans cells which secrete insulin and inhibit enzyme activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of giving tamarind leaf extract on levels of homa-β in type 2 diabetes mellitus rats. This study used 30 male Wistar rats aged 8-12 weeks with a bodyweight of 150-200 grams and separated into 5 groups. The first group is KN group (DMT2 mice + standard diet), group 2 is KP (DMT2 + Acarbose mice), group 3 is P1 (DMT2 mice + tamarind leaf extract 28 mg / 200gr / day), group 4 is P2 (rat DMT2 + tamarind leaf extract 56 mg/200gr/day), and group 5 is P3 (DMT2 rat + tamarind leaf extract 112 mg / 200gr / day). The measurement method for Homa-β is to use a standardized formula and use the results of blood tests for fasting blood glucose and insulin levels. The results of the inter-variable study using one-way Anova found a significant difference between the levels of homa-β and the administration of tamarind leaves extract in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus model (p <0.05). There were significant differences in the 5 treatment groups. On the 7th day, there was an increase in homa-β levels in the KP, P1, P2, and P3 groups while in the KN group decreased in homa-β levels. The P3 group was seen to have the highest increase in homa-β levels in the 14th day, but on the 14th day there was no significant difference between the acarbose drug group (99.57 ± 6.41) and the P3 group (15.09 ± 1, 71). The conclusion was the administration of tamarind extract at a dose of 28.56, and 112 mg/kgBW/day significantly increased levels of HOMA-β for 7 and 14 days in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Taufik Maryusman, Christine Diane Dien, Santi Herlina Mail
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 296-305; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.296-305

Abstract:
Metabolic Syndrome is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and dyslipidemia which can be repaired through synbiotics. This study is to analyzed the effects of banana (Musa balbisiana) flour kefir synbiotic on blood glucose level and lipid profile level of Metabolic Syndrome rats. This is true experimental study with pre-posttest with control goup design of 24 male Sprague Dawley rats which were divided into 4 groups randomly. Negative control goup (K-) given standard food only, positive control group (K +) given standard food with High Fat Fructose Diet (HFFD), intervention group I (PI) and intervention group II (PII) were given standard food with HFFD and banana (Musa balbisiana) flour kefir synbiotic 1,8 ml/200 g weight/day (PI) and 3,6 ml/200 g weight/day (PII) for three weeks. Blood glucose level was analyzed using glucose oxidase-peroxidase amino antipyrine method, cholesterol level was analyzed using cholesterol oxidase-peroxidase amino antipyrine, and triglyceride level was analyze using glycerol 3 phosphate oxidase phenol amino phenazone method. Result of Analysis of Varian test shows significant differences in mean between group (p=0,000) followed by PostHoc Bonferroni test or Post Hoc Games-Howel test which showed a mean difference in the PI and PII groups. Banana (Musa balbisiana) flour kefir synbiotic can reduce blood glucose level and improve lipid profile level.
Roni Nurdianto, Diffah Hanim, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 280-286; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.280-286

Abstract:
The quality of life of the elderly is determined by physical, emotional, intellectual, social, vocational, and spiritual. The importance of maintaining quality of life is always implemented by healthy living behaviors, eating safe and nutritious food balanced with physical activity to minimize the risk of degenerative diseases. Non-communicable diseases such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus often occur in the elderly. This is caused by so often eating high-fat foods, and lack of physical activity, which can decrease the quality of life in elderly. This study aims to analyze correlation between the level of fat intake and physical activity with quality of life of elderly. Method used was a cross sectional design with 200 respondents. Data on fat intake was obtained by interview using 2x24 hour food recall questionnaire, while physical activity and Quality of Life used the Social Disengagement Index and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Spearman test (α = 0.05). This study shows that majority of respondents have a good quality of life at a moderate level of fat deficit intake and moderate activity. Results of statistical analysis, level of fat intake with quality of elderly life has a non-significant positive correlation (p> 0.05) with value of correlation is 0.086 or very weak, whereas physical activity has a significant positive correlation with quality of elderly life (p <0.05) with value of correlation is 0.216 or weak. This study concluded that it is important to keep doing physical activities to maintain physical fitness in elderly life.
Naisya Azalia Samsuddin, Emyr Reisha Isaura, Sri Sumarmi
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 248-255; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.248-255

Abstract:
Stunting defines as an abnormal linear growth of children less than -2 standard deviations (SD) of the height measurements according to age. According to WHO (2013), the quality and quantity of nutrient intake and the presence of infectious diseases are directly associated with stunting, while hygiene and sanitation are indirectly associated with stunting. This study aimed to determine whether there is a relationship between disease history and sanitation with the incidence of stunting in children aged 1-5 years in the working area of Sidotopo Wetan Health Center (Puskesmas), Surabaya City. This cross- sectional study was used secondary data from the survey of Puskesmas Sidotopo Wetan children under five - supervising program 2020 which included 166 children aged ≤ 5 years. The dependent variable was stunting, and the independent variables are the history of diarrheal disease and sanitation facilities. The results found that 77 children under five were stunting (46.40%), history of frequent diarrhea was 19.26%, history of the last one month of having diarrhea was 20.47%, permanent healthy toilet ownership 89%, and qualified trash bin were 46.97%. The results of the chi-square statistical test on the research variables further showed a positive relationship with a history of frequent diarrhea (p = 0.023) and diarrhea during the past month (p = <0.001) with the incidence of stunting. There was also a negative relationship between the toilet (p = <0.001) and trash bin ownership with the incidence of stunting (p = 0.023). Thus, this study concludes that the history of diarrhea and environmental sanitation factors of toilet and trash bin ownership have a relationship with the incidence of stunting in children under five years old. The stunting prevention program shall more consider the awareness of the parents and their kids about nutrient intake, practice of hygiene and sanitation in the house.
Rivan Virlando Suryadinata, Merryana Adriani, Stefani Cornelia Sardjono
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 233-237; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.233-237

Abstract:
The increasing number of tobacco users will directly impact to an increase in the number of passive smokers. Various harmful substances that enter the respiratory tract can cause health problems. The airway will recognize these substances as pathogen and activate immune response accordingly. Inflammatory response becomes one of the effects of body compensation due to an increased pathogen. This effect is indicated by the elevation of C-Reactive Protein as one systemic inflammatory response parameters in the body. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of red mulberry juice to reduce levels of C-Reactive Protein in Wistar rats because exposure to cigarette smoke. This is an experimental study with a post-test control group design. Animals were divided into negative control group, positive control group, and 3 treatment groups with different red mulberry doses. The positive control group showed the highest increase in C-Reactive Protein levels compared with the red mulberry intake group (p<0,001). In conclusion, the administration of red mulberry juice can reduce inflammatory response in rats because of exposure to cigarette smoke.
Yesi Herawati, Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Dida Akhmad Gurnida
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 238-247; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.238-247

Abstract:
Vitamin D has an important role in calcium homeostasis and bone minerals during rapid growth periods. Several studies have shown that deficiency of vitamin D occurs in thalassemia patient. The study used literature review to determine relation of dietary intake and sun exposure with vitamin D concentration in thalassemia patiens in 29 literatures. Those literatures were taken from books and articles published from 2010 to 2019 with the keywords “thalassemia”, “dietary intake”, “sun exposure” and “vitamin D” using database in Pubmed, Google Scholar and Medline. The results of 29 literatures showed that vitamin D deficiency is caused by reduced dietary intake and impaired vitamin D hydroxylation in the liver due to hemochromatosis resulting in high serum ferritin. Source of vitamin D comes from endogenous synthesis with sunlight exposure and little dietary source of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. Another food intake can also affect serum vitamin D concentration, mainly fat and protein intake. Vitamin D is fat soluble vitamin, it can be stored in the fat for later metabolized in the liver. Protein is required to transport vitamin D to blood circulation, enzyme formation and vitamin D receptor (VDR). Thalassemia patients need to increase of macro and micronutrients requirement. Low Hb concentration causes fatigue, tired easily and decreased appetite. A lot of research on thalassemia children found that intake of energy and protein were lower than recommended and lack of sun exposure. These conditions will affect to vitamin D concentration. A comprehensive understanding in the relationship of dietary intake and sun exposure to vitamin D concentration in thalassemia patients is explained in this mini review. Maintaining normal vitamin D concentration through adequate dietary intake and sun exposure are very important to optimize growth in thalassemia patients.
Ali Iqbal Tawakal, Annis Catur Adi, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka
Published: 30 September 2021
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 200-206; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.200-206

Abstract:
Rice bran and red beans are one of food items that contain high dietary fiber and can be processed into traditional snacks such as baked getuk (cassava cake). Elderly needs enough fiber to support their metabolism. This study aims to analyze the effect of rice bran and red bean substitution of getuk toward its acceptance and dietary fiber contents. This study was an experimental study with a completely randomized design. There were four treatments of rice bran and red beans substitution (F0 = 0% rice bran, 0% red beans); (F1 = 10% rice bran, 13% red beans); (F2 = 13% rice bran, 10% red beans), (F3 = 17% rice bran, 7% red beans). This study further involved 30 untrained elderly and pre- elderly panelists (45–80 years). Acceptance was measured using a hedonic questionnaire on a scale of 1 to 6. Statistical analysis of acceptability differences was completed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test with α ≤ 0.05. In results, there were significant differences between F1, F2, F3, and F0 on all characteristics (color, aroma, texture, taste) with p = 0.001, and the acceptance rating from highest to lowest was F3, F2, F1, respectively. The organoleptic test results further showed that the panelists mostly preferred the F3 formula (17% rice bran and 7% red beans). There was no significant difference in dietary fiber content between each formula, F1 contains 9.250 grams of dietary fiber (30.8% RDA), F2 contains 9.242 grams of dietary fiber (30.8% RDA), and F3 contains 9.235 grams of dietary fiber (30.7% RDA). This study proved that rice bran and red red beans substitution to getuk improves its fiber content and also having good acceptability.
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