Media Gizi Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-7228 / 2540-8410
Current Publisher: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 126
Latest articles in this journal
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 225-232; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.225-232
To improve the human capacity in West Nusa Tenggara (WNT) province, a community-based intervention called Generasi Emas NTB (GEN) has been implemented in 2014. One of the programs is to ensure children’s nutritional and developmental wellbeing. However, there remains limited information regarding the situation of nutritional and developmental status of the children living in the GEN villages. This study aimed to assess the nutritional and developmental situation of under-fi ve years old children living in Tanjung Karang district, WNT. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tanjung Karang district, one of the GEN villages in WNT, through integrated post service (posyandu). Children who met the sampling criteria were screened for their nutritional status using anthropometric measurement and developmental status using a prescreening developmental questionnaire (KPSP). A total of 638 children completed the demographic baseline assessment and were enrolled as participants. Most of the children were in the age group 7-12 months (19.1%) and 25-36 months (19.4%). The proportion of children who were underweight, stunting, and wasting were 19.4%, 32.2%, and 8.0%, respectively. The fi ndings for developmental screening showed that 12.2% children had dubious development and 3.1% (20/638) children were suspect of having a developmental delay. The proportion of under-fi ve years old children in Tanjung Karang district who were underweight, stunting, and wasting were still high but lower than the provincial average prevalence in 2017. Children who were found to have a doubtful result and suspect to have a developmental delay need to be evaluated further.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 173-183; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.173-183
The prevalence of chronic energy defi ciency in pregnant women was in poor conditions since 2016 to 2018. One of the solution to overcome chronic energy defi ciency in pregnant women is by providing supplementary food as snack, such as snack bar. Snack bar was made from sorghum and beans (red bean and black soybean) which are local food source of energy and protein. The objective of this study was to develop and analyze sorghum and beans-based snack bar with addition of red palm oil (RPO) as supplementary food for pregnant women with chronic energy defi ciency. This study used complete randomized design with the ratio of sorghum fl akes and beans chunks with the addition of RPO as treatment in three replications. Determination of selected formula were based on sensory analysis and protein content of product. The selected formula was F4 (ratio of sorghum fl akes:beans = 2:1, 2% RPO) which contained 8.59% moisture, 2.38% ash, 15.26% protein, 21.38% fat, 3.67% crude fi ber, 52.05% carbohydrates, 447 kcal energy, 10.98% dietary fi ber, 27,35 mg/kg β-carotene, 23.00 mg/kg iron, 13.21 mg/kg zink, 304.40 mg/kg calcium, 48.69% the limiting amino acid score, and 75.84% protein digestibility. F4 could be accepted by pregnant women with overall acceptability of 97%. F4 potentially be used as one of the alternative supplementary food for pregnant women with chronic energy defi ciency because of its acceptability, enable to fulfi ll supplementary food standard, and had higher protein and fi ber content than existing supplementary food for pregnant women with chronic energy defi ciency
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 194-198; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.194-198
School children in rural and urban areas need attention in terms of education and health. This study was aimed to analyze diff erences in visual acuity, nutritional status and motor function among school-age children in rural and urban areas. This was an analytic observational with cross-sectional design. As much as 57 students at SD Sokanegara and Kedungbanteng elementary school was recruited by purposive sampling method with inclusion criterias including fi rst grade of elementary school student in healthy condition. Visual acuity data was examined by using Snellen Chart, nutritional status data by anthropometric measurements of body weight and height was calculated using the BMI for age index, while motor function was obtained by Carpenter Motor Ability Test measurements. Data was analyze using the Mann Whitney test. The results showed there were diff erences in visual acuity (p= 0.001) and nutritional status (p= 0.027) in rural and urban school children, while motor function did not show any signifi cant diff erence (p= 0.783). It is recommended to increase outdoor activities as a protection against visual acuity
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 205-213; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.205-213
An increase in blood lipid profi le escalates risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is the leading cause of death in the world. This study was intended to analyze the relationship between fat intake, fi ber intake, smoking habits, Body Mass Index (BMI) and central obesity and lipid profi le among patients in cardiology clinic. This study used cross sectional design with 60 subjects aged >29 years who were outpatients in the Cardiaology Polyclinic at Gatot Soebroto Hospital. Central obesity was measured using metline by measurung waist circumference; BMI was converted from measurements of body weight and height; characteristics and smoking habits were taken using a questionnaire; and food intake was measured using Semi Quantitative FFQ. Lipid profi le data was collected through secondary data. Bivariate data analysis on categorical data used chi-square, Fisher-exact test or spearman ordinal correlation and stratifi cation analysis using ANOVA or kruskall-wallis. There were 78.3% subjects who had abnormal LDL, 76.7% had abnormal HDL, 80% had abnormal triglycerides and 78.3% had abnormal cholesterol. There were signifi ant relationship between fat intake, smoking habits, BMI and central obesity to the lipid profi le (LDL, HDL, triglycerides and cholesterol) (p
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 159-166; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.159-166
Rice is the staple food of Indonesian which has superior taste which made it rooted in the eating culture in Indonesia. Nowadays, there is still limited research comparing cooking methods in various rice varieties. This study aim to analyze the eff ect of various cooking methods and rice variety on sensory quality. There were two cooking methods tested, traditional method that combines boiling and steaming, and rice cooker steaming method. Sensory test (quality characteristic) and acceptance test were measured using hedonic scale on 30 semi-trained panelist to evaluate the eff ect of cooking method on four rice variety, that are white rice Berlian Sae, white rice Super Slyp, brown rice, and black rice. Statistical test used was ANOVA and continued with Duncan test. Results showed diff erences in ratio of water and cooking time of various types of rice with diff erent methods. White rice (Slyp Super) with conventional cooking methods was more acceptable to panelist with the characteristics of bright colors, smell, neutral taste, and delicate texture. There was a signifi cant diff erence in panelist acceptance based on type of rice (p0.05), but there was a tendency that traditional method has higher acceptability. Color indicator became main indicator for panelist determined overall acceptability, so that it can be considered in the development of rice cooking methods.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 219-224; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.219-224
Hypertension is one of non-communicable diseases which prevalence is high in Indonesia, not only among adult and elderly but also among adolescent. Hypertension can be caused by various factors including fat intake, fi ber intake and nutritional status. The purpose of this study was analyze the correlation of fat intake, fi ber intake, and obesity with hypertension among female students at Vocational high school, Bekasi, Indonesia. This was a cross sectional study among 255 female students who were selected by purposive sampling technique. Hypertension was measured using sphygmomanometer with 95 percentile cut-off based on sex, age, and body height (cut-off hypertension was > 104-115 mmHg systolic and > 62-68 mmHg diastolic blood pressure). Fat and fi ber intake were assessed using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ), and obesity was measured using digital weighing scales and microtoise. Data were analyzed by chi square test. The results showed that prevalence of female students with low f fat intake was 58,8%; low fi ber intake was 82,0%; obesity was 25,1%; and hypertension was 16,5%. There was a positive correlation between fat intake (p=0,011) and obesity (p
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 184-193; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.184-193
The prevalence of obesity has increased signifi cantly and it has become a public health problem globally. Many strategies were done to overcome obesity. One of them is dietary approach. The popular and widely used weight loss diet is the ketogenic diet. This literature review aimed to discuss the mechanism of ketogenic diet in weight lost as well as its long and short term eff ects on health. Ketogenic diet is a very low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet. This diet restricts the carbohydrate intake up to 50 gram per day. The diet eff ective for losing weight in short term (
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 152-158; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.152-158
Hypertension is one of major health problem that aff ect many people. Driver is one of the jobs that could cause hypertension due to the surrounding environment which support unhealthy lifestyles such as consuming excessive fat, smoking habit and susceptible to stress. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between fat consumption, smoking habit, and stress with hypertension among drivers. This research was an observational study using cross sectional design. The samples were 74 male drivers taken by accidental sampling. The respondent was chosen around Juanda Airport Sidoarjo. The data were collected by measuring blood pressure using digital sphygmomanometer and interview using questionnaire, Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, and The Workplace Stress Scale. The data then analyzed using Pearson and Spearman Correlation test. The results of this research showed that stress (P=0,000; r=0,830) had strongest correlation with hypertension among drivers compared to two other variables, fat consumption (P=0,000 ; r=0,689) and smoking habits (P=0,004 ; r=0,331). This study concludes that excessive fat consumption, smoking habit 11-20 cigarettes/day, moderate and severe stress levels can increase the risk of hypertension among drivers. Drivers should adjust to reduce consumption of fried foods, smoking habit, and stress with suffi cient rest ± 7-8 hours/day to prevent the occurrence of hypertension among drivers.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.214-218
Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLE) is one of the compositions of the parenteral nutrition (PN) that recommended in children who cannot meet their caloric requirements especially after small intestinal surgery and diff erentiated by their infl ammatory eff ects. The fi rst generation IVLE is proinfl ammatory, the second and the third are infl ammatory neutral, while the fourth (fi sh-oil-enriched) is anti-infl ammatory. The objective of this study is to investigate the eff ect of fi shoil enriched IVLE on systemic infl ammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in children after small intestinal surgery. A retrospective study using medical record was undertaken in children after small intestinal surgery admitted Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya in 2016-2017. Children with duodenal and jejunoileal atresia who had PN for at least three days were included. The types of IVLE used are FOLE and non-FOLE. Defi nition of SIRS was based on International Pediatric Sepsis Consensus Conference in 2005. A total of 25 children were included in this study. There were 44% children received FOLE and 48% received non-FOLE while 8% children received no IVLE. Median duration and dose of IVLE was 8 (5-15,5) days and 1,8 (1,25-2) g/kg/day. SIRS was signifi cantly more common in girls (OR 9 95%CI 1,3-63,0; p=0,036) and in the non-FOLE children (OR 8,0 95% CI 1,24 – 51,50; p=0,022).
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 167-172; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i3.167-172
Cholesterol-lowering herbal treatment made from natural ingredients are believed to be able to replace modern medicine even though it has not been scientifi cally proven. Purpose of this study was to test perceptions of customers and eff ects of mixed herbal drink on lipid profi le of consumers with hypercholesterolemia. Study was conducted using cross sectional study design consisted of three stages, that is survey, questionnaire data collection, and medical record data collection. The research subjects were selected by stratifi ed random sampling, which subjects were consumers of mixed herbal drink in total of 55 people, both men and women. Data was collected through interviews of questionnaires covering subject characteristics, subject perceptions of mixed herbal drink, and their medical record data before and after consumption of mixed herbal drinks. Paired T-test were used to observe the diff erences in subject lipid profi le before and after consumption of mixed herbal drink. Consumer perceptions toward health aspects showed that 83.7% of subjects experienced a decrease in cholesterol after consuming mixed herbal drink. Consumer emotional perception showed that 90.9% of subjects feel healthier and fi lter after consuming mixed herbal drink. Results of subject medical records on lipid profi le showed a decrease in total cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides (p