Media Gizi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-7228 / 2540-8410
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 177
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Deya Silviani, Sri Anna Marliyati, Lilik Kustiyah
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 33-42; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.33-42

Abstract:
Perubahan pola konsumsi ke pola yang kurang sehat seperti peningkatan konsumsi gula dan rendahnya konsumsi sayur dan buah, berkontribusi terhadap peningkatan prevalensi overweight dan obesitas di Indonesia. Overweight dan obesitas merupakan faktor resiko penyakit tidak menular. Pada penderita obesitas terjadi peningkatan stres metabolik, yang lebih lanjut dapat memicu penyakit tidak menular. Buah kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) memiliki potensi gizi dan antioksidan yang dapat dimanfaatkan pada pengembangan produk pangan. Pemanfaatan buah kersen dan substitusi gula pada biskuit dapat dilakukan sebagai upaya untuk membuat produk biskuit menjadi lebih bergizi, mengandung antioksidan dan rendah gula yang dapat berkontribusi pada pencegahan faktor resiko overweight dan obesitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pemanfaatan tepung buah kersen dan substitusi gula terhadap kandungan gizi, kandungan antioksidan, aktivitas antioksidan, karakteristik organoleptik serta karakteristik fisik biskuit. Rancangan Percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial dengan dua faktor, yaitu substitusi tepung buah kersen dan substitusi gula. Analisis yang dilakukan meliputi analisis kandungan gizi, kadar dan aktivitas antioksidan, dan kekerasan. Pengaruh perlakuan terhadap kandungan zat gizi dianalisis menggunakan sidik ragam (ANOVA), sedangkan terhadap sifat organoleptik menggunakan Kruskal Wallis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa substitusi tepung buah kersen dan gula memberikan pengaruh terhadap kadar abu serta kandungan dan aktivitas antioksidan biskuit (p<0,05), namun tidak berpengaruh pada karakteristik organoleptik biskuit. Peningkatan taraf substitusi tepung buah kersen meningkatkan aktivitas dan kadar antioksidan biskuit.
Ade Lia Ramadani, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Fatqiatul Wulandari, Ratna Kuatiningsari
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 82-94; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.82-94

Abstract:
Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia, and if it continues, the patients are at risk of having a macrovascular or microvascular complication. One of the most frequent microvascular complications is Diabetic Retinopathy, with a prevalence of 42.6%. Most of the blindness due to Diabetic Retinopathy is a permanent condition and cannot be treated, so prevention is vital in reducing this disease. This literature aimed at providing the recent information related to the effect of curcumin in preventing Diabetic Retinopathy from occurring in patients with Diabetes Mellitus and becoming a source of the latest product innovation in preventing this disease. The writing began by electronic database searching via Google Scholar, Science Direct, Medline, and Research Gate. Only articles in English were taken as a literature review with the following research variables, namely the decrease in ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species), the decline in inflammation, morphological changes in the retina, and reduction in levels of VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor)which is an angiogenic factor. Twelve studies showed the following measurement results, namely five studies showed a significant result for giving curcumin extract to decrease ROS; ten studies showed that curcumin extract could significantly improve the morphology of the retina; four studies showed that curcumin extract could significantly help the anti-inflammation process, and four studies showed a significant reduction in VEGF levels. Based on twelve articles reviewed, curcumin can act as a bioactive substance in preventing Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus.
Riska Mayang Saputri Ginting, Nila Reswari Haryani, Sri Sumarmi
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 95-105; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.95-105

Abstract:
Dietary diversity is one of the diet quality. Poor dietary diversity is associated with malnutrition, stunting, poor gut health, pregnancy complications, and cognitive impairment. Overcoming the underlying and basic causes of poor dietary diversity is imperative through policymaking. This current literature review discussed about intervention policies to improve dietary diversity at the individual and population levels. Literature search was carried out in some databases, i.e., Pubmed/Medline, Google Scholar, and Google with key word search such as dietary diversity, improvement, programs, interventions, and policies. The synthesized articles included observational studies, experimental studies, and grey literature on Dietary diversity programs and interventions. Articles on biodiversity and microbial diversity were not included. Dietary diversity can outgrow by knowing the policy on food-based interventions which are closely related to the food system and non-food-based interventions to improve socio-economic aspect and knowledge. Food-based interventions include food production, food prices, agricultural diversification, market development, and food-based dietary guidelines. Meanwhile, non-food-based interventions involve a country's development and economic growth, social behavior change, communication strategy, cash transfer, and mass media campaigns. Interventions to improve dietary diversity must be carried out in multi-sectors, for example, by improving family welfare, knowledge and behavior change, and stable food access.
Anisa Dewi Mentari, Budi Setiawan, Eny Palupi
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 11-20; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.11-20

Abstract:
Malnutrisi akut pada kelompok usia balita masih menjadi masalah gizi serius di Indonesia. Sebanyak 10,4% balita di Indonesia mengalami malnutrisi akut dengan 3,5% diantaranya tergolong malnutrisi akut berat. RUTF (Ready to Use Theurapetic Food) merupakan makanan pemulihan yang sudah terbukti efektif menanggulangi masalah malnutrisi akut berat. Pemberian RUTF di Indonesia belum menyeluruh dan masih diperoleh secara import, sehingga perlu adanya inovasi dalam mengembangkan RUTF dengan memanfaatkan pangan lokal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan dan menganalisis zat gizi produk pasta RUTF berbasis pangan lokal yang terdiri dari beras, jagung, kedelai dan tempe untuk menanggulangi masalah status gizi balita yang mengalami malnutrisi akut berat. Desain dari penelitian ini adalah eksperimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial dengan dua kali ulangan. Terdapat dua faktor perlakuan, yaitu jenis serealia dan jenis kacang. Masing-masing faktor terdiri dari dua taraf, yaitu beras dan jagung (Faktor A) serta kedelai dan tempe (Faktor B). Penelitian ini terdiri dari empat formula, yaitu A1B1 (beras-kedelai), A2B1 (jagung-kedelai), A1B2 (beras-tempe), A2B2 (jagung-tempe). Formula dengan perpaduan beras dan kedelai (A1B1) dipilih sebagai formula terbaik berdasarkan hasil organoleptik, kandungan protein dan daya cerna protein in vitro. Hasil analisis kimia pasta RUTF terpilih mengandung kadar air 1,87%, abu 2,80%, protein 14,35%, lemak 32,50%, karbohidrat 45,29%, energi 531 kkal, serat pangan 3,19%, Fe 13,99 mg/100 g, Ca 395,73 mg/100 g dan daya cerna protein in vitro 95,47%. Secara keseluruhan, nilai zat gizi formula terpilih telah memenuhi persyaratan yang direkomendasikan oleh WHO, sehingga produk ini dapat menjadi alternatif untuk mengatasi masalah manutrisi akut berat pada balita.
Ngena Ria, Ginta Siahaan, Zuraidah Nasution, Hanna Sriyanti Saragih
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 76-81; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.76-81

Abstract:
Snakehead fish has high content of zinc and albumin, it can be given to people with immune disorder. Snakehead fish can be made into various kind of food product that are high in nutrients, have aestetic value, and taste like nugget. The effectiveness of zinc and albumin function can work optimally when the consumption is combined with food ingredient that are high in bioactive substances such as lycopene, anthocyanin, flavonoid, karetonoid, bromelain, papain and quercetin. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectof snakehead nugget administration and colored fruit juices simultaneously on clinical manifestation, BMI, TLC, albumin and CD4 value in PLHIV at HIV/AIDS Rehabilitation Center in Medan. The design of research was quasy experimental with pre and post test design. The subjects was 40 people who lived at HIV/AIDS Rehabilitation Center in Medan and given snackhead fish nugget and colored fruit juice for 24 days. The data analysis used dependent T-test, after data normality test had previously been carried out. There was effect before and after administration of snakehead fish nuggets and colored fruit juice on clinical manifestation, BMI, TLC and CD4 levels with p value <0.05. It is necessary to provide treatment in longer term as preventive measure for the emergence of various clinical manifestations as well as to increase BMI, TLC, albumin and CD4 in PLHIV at HIV/AIDS Rehabilitation Center in Medan.
Indah Ratnasari, Iskari Ngadiarti, Lilik Fauziyah Ahmad
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 43-50; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.43-50

Abstract:
Education through self-management and support plays an important role in providing knowledge and instilling an awareness of the importance of healthy living. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support on eating habits, body weight, nutritional status, and glycemic control. The design of this study was quasi-experimental with the experimental design of the Pre Test Post Test without a control group. The number of samples was 60 patients who were taken by purposive sampling with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Interventions were conducted 2 times a month for 6 months. From this study, it is known that for 6 months there was an increase in the consumption of vegetables, fruit, and milk (p<0,05), a significant decrease in the consumption of tubers and starches (p 0, 05). Besides, there was a significant decrease in glycemic control (p 0.05). The application of Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support for 6 months can influence glycemic control and change eating habits.
Reni Novia, Budi Setiawan, Sri Anna Marliyati
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 21-32; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.21-32

Abstract:
Pemberian produk RUTF (Ready to Use Therapeutic Food) merupakan salah satu solusi untuk mengatasi malnutrisi akut berat pada balita. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan dan menganalisis produk RUTF berbentuk bar dari kacang hijau, serealia, dan minyak nabati untuk balita malnutrisi akut berat. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial dengan dua faktor dan dua ulangan. Faktor tersebut terdiri dari faktor A (kombinasi penggunaan tepung kacang hijau dengan jenis serealia yaitu tepung beras atau tepung jagung), dan faktor B (minyak nabati yaitu minyak kelapa atau minyak kelapa sawit). Penentuan formula terpilih didasarkan pada uji organoleptik (uji hedonik) dan kandungan gizi produk (energi dan protein). Hasil analisis uji hedonik menunjukkan bahwa atribut warna, aroma, rasa tekstur dan keseluruhan produk tidak berbeda nyata antar formula dan semua formula cenderung disukai panelis. Perlakuan kombinasi penggunaan tepung kacang hijau dengan serealia berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kandungan protein sedangkan perlakuan penggunaan minyak nabati berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kandungan energi produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa formula yang dipilih adalah formula A1B1 (kombinasi penggunaan tepung kacang hijau dengan tepung beras dan minyak kelapa) yang mengandung energi 522 kkal, 3.42% kadar air, 2.32% kadar abu, 13.57% protein, 28,89% lemak, 51,81% karbohidrat, serat pangan 4.66%, zat besi 13.82 mg /100g, kalsium 348.24 mg/100g, daya cerna protein 94.93%, dan aktivitas air 0.21. Formula A1B1 memenuhi persyaratan standar produk RUTF untuk semua kandungan gizi dan aktivitas air kecuali kandungan air berdasarkan WHO (2007).
Christine Florens, Nur Aisiyah Widjaja, Roedi Irawan, Meta Herdiana Hanindita
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 62-69; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.62-69

Abstract:
Carbohydrates and fats are macronutrients that have been the most influential factors to obesity. The excess of consumed carbohydrates or fats will be stored as triglycerides in adipocytes. This study aims to analyze the proportion of carbohydrates and fats consumption among obese adolescents from Surabaya and Sidoarjo. This study also revealed the relationship between the proportion with the total calories consumption and body mass index (BMI). This cross-sectional study involved obese adolescents aged 13-18 years old from several junior and senior high schools, conducted during May-September 2020. The subject was selected using a total population sampling method that met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anthropometries (weight and height) were measured to calculate BMI and determine obesity according to CDC 2000 criteria. A 24-hour-food-recall for the last two days was used to get the dietary information. This study divided carbohydrates consumption into three groups (high (HC), moderate (MC), low(LC)) and fats consumption into two groups (high fats (HF) and non-high fats (Non-HF)). There were 240 obese adolescents participating in this study; 40.4% of them consuming high carbohydrates and 17.5% of them consuming HF on their diets. Although there were several distinctions in carbohydrates and fats composition on diet, the total calorie and the mean BMI were not considerably different based on macronutrients consumption. In conclusion, there were two types of imbalance proportion of macronutrients consumption among our participants, high–carbohydrates-low-fats diet and low-carbohydrates-high-fats-diet.
Izka Sofiyya Wahyurin, Ajeng Dian Purnamasari, Hiya Alfi Rahmah
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 70-75; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.70-75

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic is causing social restrictions that leads to school form home. Long period of online learning system will likely make excessive food intakes and adolescent would try popular diet, got high stress due to staying at home for a long period of time, and decreased of food purchasing access. This study aimed to describe the food intakes, food purchasing access, and stress level among college students of Jenderal Soedirman University during pandemic period. This study was crossectional design study with data collection using purposive sampling. Total samples were 361 students from Jenderal Soedirman University Students. Descriptive Analytical data was shown using percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Food intake data was collected using 24 hours food recall and food purchasing access was determined by the online questionnaire with question about how the respondents get the access to buy food during pandemic Energy intakes, macro nutrients, vitamins C and vitamins A of Jenderal Soedirman University Students during pandemic era were inadequate compared to their nutritional needs. Most of the students feel stressed during pandemic because they were worried they might get infected by COVID-19 either themselves or their family.
Meilya Suzan Triyastuti, Nadiem Anwar
Published: 30 January 2022
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v17i1.1-10

Abstract:
Multistage Countercurrent Extraction (MCE) is a new extraction technique used to extract bioactive compounds (anthocyanin, quercetin, antioxidants) from purple roselle calyxes (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). This study of purple roselle calyxes extract with three-stage MCE was carried out at a comparison of roselle calyxes and distillation water solvent 1:10, extraction temperatures of 50°C, 60°C, 70°C and extraction time of 15, 30, 45 minutes. Purple roselle calyxes using the MCE method contained the highest anthocyanin content of 2815,43 mg/L, quercetin content 59,25 mg/L, and antioxidant capacity 197,6 ppm. The results showed that the content of bioactive compounds increased by increasing the extraction temperature and extraction time. MCE is an efficient technique for extracting bioactive compounds from roselle calyxes. Roselle calyxes that are rich in antioxidants have the potential as a good food colorant andnatural antioxidants.
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