Media Gizi Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-7228 / 2540-8410
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 151
Latest articles in this journal
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 86-95; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.86-95
Bogor District is one of the priority districts for stunting interventions. The stunting rate in Bogor District was 28.29%. The district government should implement stunting reduction policies that referring to the national movement of nutrition improvement acceleration and the stunting programs convergence. Regional autonomy gives authority to the regions to regulate and implement policies. This study aimed to analyze the internal and external factors of the Bogor District Government that aff ecting the implementation of stunting reduction programs It was a qualitative study in Bogor District. Primary data were collected using interview guidelines to nine offi cials of the Bogor District Government agency related to the stunting program in Bogor District. Secondary data were collected using desk review. Data were analyzed using Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) and External Factor Evaluation (EFE) analysis. The results showed that total score of IFE is 2.96 and EFE scores is 2.94. Bogor District Government can optimally use its strengths and cut its weaknesses in the internal program. Likewise, Bogor District Government have taken advantage of external opportunities and avoided threats.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 96-105; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.96-105
Stunting is one of nutritional problem in children which the manifestation started since preconception period. Sensitive intervention is a program outside the health sector that can accelerate the improvement of nutrition, especially stunting. The purpose of this study was to increase the knowledge and attitudes of the preconception period of women regarding the fi rst 1000 days of life in order to prevent stunting. This research was a quasi-experimental study with two intervention groups. The sample was registered women, consisted of 60 women who were given education on 1000 days of life using leafl et media and 60 women using pocket book. Education was carried out by offi cers at 6 Religious Aff airs Offi ce. Women knowledge in leafl et group showed no signifi cant diff erences before and after education, especially in topics of chronic energy defi ciency (p = 0.791), anemia (p = 0.503), early breastfeeding initiation (p = 0.581), exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.832), complementary feeding (p = 1.000), and stunting in children (p = 0.327). Among pocket book group, the increament of knowledge was better compared to leafl et group, especially in the topic of anemia (p <0.001), early breastfeeding initiation (p = 0.002), exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.021), and stunting in children (p = 0.05). Meanwhile, the increase in attitude for all educational materials using pocket books increased with p value <0.05. Conclusion of this study was the increase in knowledge and attitudes of preconception is better in the pocket book group.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 111-118; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.111-118
Millions of children and adolescents in Indonesia today still show a high number of premature death in children who are moderately malnourished and severely malnourished. The research objective was to calculate the estimated economic losses potential due to underweight among toddlers in Indonesia. This was a descriptive research by analyzing secondary data of nutritional status and socio-economic indicators in 2013 from the Indonesian Ministry of Health and Central Statistical Agency. The formula to calculate potential economic loss is based on Konig’s formula (1995) and the correction factor from research by Horton (1999). The results showed that the average economic loss in 32 provinces in Indonesia is approximately IDR 93 billion – IDR 417 billion, which seen from the GRDP percentage, the economic loss due to a decrease in productivity amounted to 2% and 9% or about 0.1–0.7% of the average GRDP of the provinces in Indonesia. Nationally, economic losses due to low productivity in underweight toddlers reach IDR 3,054 billion – IDR 13,746 billion (0.04–0.2%) of Indonesia’s total GDP. The results of this study are expected to show that the importance of this issue was handled and can assist the government in planning for health and nutrition programs targeted to human resources in Indonesia qualifi ed and productive.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 106-110; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.106-110
The occurrence of low birth weight (LBW) can be reduced by optimizing gestational weight gain. However, the gestational weight cannot be monitored properly as there are a lot of mothers who receive Antenatal Care (ANC) less than four times as recommended by WHO. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether early third trimester gestational weight could predict the incidence of LBW among newborns. A cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data from Anny Rahardjo Maternity Clinic’s registry. A total of 278 eligible data of pregnant mothers who visited the clinic in 2017–2018 was chosen as study subjects. The mean for weight of birth was 3112.77 ± 384.40 g and early third trimester was 63.52 ± 11.07 kg. The prevalence of LBW was 3.2%. Early third trimester weight was found as the dominant factor of LBW after controlling the length of gestation. Early third trimester weight is signifi cantly correlated with LBW (p < 0.001). The optimum cutoff point was 59.8 kg with AUC = 0.68 (CI 95% = 0.52 – 0.83), sensitivity 67%, specifi city 63%, positive predictive value 5.66%, and negative predictive value 98.2%. The early third trimester weight is able to predict LBW with optimal cutoff value 59.8 kg.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 182-193; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.182-193
Nutrient intake in cancer patients is diff erent from other disease due to side eff ects of chemotherapy, like nausea, vomit, and appetite loss, which in the long run it have an impact on the nutritional status of patients. The study used systematic reviews to determine side eff ects of chemotherapy on macro nutrient intake and nutritional status of cancer patients in 15 literature. Those literatures were taken from articles published from 2005 to 2019 in PubMed, NCBI, and Google Scholar and all of them were using observational research design. The results of 15 literature showed, there was a decrement in macro nutrient intake including energy, carbohydrates, protein, and fat as a result of chemotherapy side eff ects such as nausea, vomit, and appetite loss. Ten of 15 literature showed the patient nutritional status was underweight, and 5 literature showed overweight and obesity due to the use of corticosteroids as supporting treatment. The future research opportunities that can be carried out a deeper analysis of the relationship of nutritional intake and changes in nutritional status of patients with longer duration for the research, measurement methods by using gold standards which are weighing food record, as well as diff erent types of cancer.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 175-181; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.175-181
Stunting is a condition in which a child’s height is shorter than other children of the same age. Exclusive breastfeeding is a factor that can aff ect the stunting prevalence in Indonesia. In addition, specifi c nutritional intervention through multi-micronutrient supplementation called Taburia is given to prevent stunting. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding practice and taburia supplementation in children aged 24-60 months in the working area of Sidotopo Wetan Health Center, Surabaya City. This study used secondary data obtained from a child monitoring survey database from the Surabaya City Health Offi ce in the working area of Sidotopo Wetan Health Center. The samples size was 141 children aged 24–60 month, and the statistical analysis employed was the chi-square test. The results showed that the stunting proportion was 54.60%. There was a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding practice and the stunting incidence (p = 0.047). Children who did not provide exclusive breastfeeding had a higher risk 1.97 times of stunting. Taburia supplementation also had a signifi cant relationship with stunting incidence (p = 0.016). Children with non taburia had a higher risk 2.35 times of stunting. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the prevention of stunting can be overcome by maximizing exclusive breastfeeding practice and complementary foods, also the allocation of taburia
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 119-123; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.119-123
Emotional eating is the propensity to eat in response of negative emotions such as stress, anxiety and depression. Adolescents with overweight may experience an increase in leptin levels as well as disruption of serotonin resulting in disruption of sensitivity in regulating appetite and emotions, thereby causing emotional eating. Emotional eating can be aff ected by several factors including gender and fulfi llment of nutrients such as tryptophan and vitamin B3 as substances that help the production of serotonin in the body. This study aimed to examine the relationship between gender, tryptophan and vitamin B3 consumption patterns with emotional eating in overweight adolescents. This was cross sectional study in adolescents ranges 15–18 years with overweight or obesity status in Surakarta. In total 122 adolescents taken by purposive sampling method. Emotional eating data were obtained from the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress (EADES) questionnaire while the consumption patterns data were obtained using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). This study that there was a relationship between tryptophan consumption pattern with emotional eating in overweight adolescents, but there was no relationship between gender and vitamin B3 consumption pattern with emotional eating in overweight adolescents. It can be concluded that there was a relationship between Tryptophan consumption pattern with emotional eating in overweight adolescents and there was no relationship between gender and vitamin B3 consumption pattern with emotional eating in overweight adolescents.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 124-129; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.124-129
Unhealthy eating habits among Indonesian occur not only in adults, but also in adolescents. Adolescence is a transitional period and most easily aff ected by the surrounding environment. Environmental infl uences such as peer infl uence and family eating habits are dominant factors for food they choose to consume. This study aimed at analyzing the relationship of peer infl uence and family eating habits on healthy food choices in overweight adolescents in Surakarta. It used observational study with cross sectional approach. Random sampling was used to determine its samples, consisting of 96 respondents. The data of peer infl uence, family eating habits, and healthy food choices were collected through structured questionnaires. They were analyzed by using the Pearson Product Moment statistical test. The results indicated that there is a relationship between peer infl uence and healthy food choices in overweight adolescents in Surakarta (p = 0.014; r = -0.250); and there is a signifi cant relationship between family eating habits and healthy food choices in overweight adolescents in Surakarta (p = 0.011; r = 0.258).
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 130-138; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.130-138
Healthy snacks are snacks that are clean, safe, healthy, and nutritious. The food safety of snacks sold in school environment cannot be guaranteed, so it can cause food poisoning among children. The importance of food safety knowledge can be used to prevent food poisoning from contamination such as biological, chemical, or physical contamination. Based on several studies, healthy snacks education can improve children’s knowledge and attitudes that related to the selection of healthy snacks by using various media. The purpose of this literature review is to determine the eff ect of nutrition education on knowledge and attitudes of elementary students in the selection of healthy snacks. This literature study included the articles which used experimental study with pre-test and post-test in elementary students as the subject. There are ten selected articles that were included in the review. The results indicated that nutrition education about healthy snacks could improve knowledge of students in selecting healthy snacks. Moreover, there were 6 articles showed that nutrition education could improve the attitudes of students in the selection of healthy snacks as well. Nutrition education can infl uence the knowledge and attitudes of elementary students in the selection of healthy snacks.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 194-199; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i2.194-199
Hypertension cases in Indonesia have been increasing. Hypertension can be caused by controllable factors such as consumption patterns and nutritional status. This study was aimed to analyze the risk of fast food and instant noodle consumption patterns, as well as the risk of nutritional status on the incidence of hypertension in Indonesian migrant communities. This study used a cross-sectional design with 6,928 respondents. This study involved secondary data from the 5th batch of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS). The results showed that the majority of respondents were female (51.24%), adult age category (58.63%), frequent fast food consumption patterns (89.42%), frequent instant noodle consumption patterns (56.63%), and normal nutritional status (72.42%). The subjects with frequent consumption of fast food (OR = 1.49; CI = 1.041–2.130) and instant noodle (OR = 1.25; CI = 1.030–1.520) as well as overweight (OR = 3.90; CI = 3.154–4,838) and obesity (OR = 6.75; CI = 5,110–8,935) have higher risk to experience hypertension. Based on these results, it is recommended to migrants to maintain their consumption patterns by limiting their fast food and instant noodles intake and also to maintain the nutritional status to prevent hypertension