Media Gizi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 16937228 / 25408410
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 115
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Latest articles in this journal

Abdul Salam, Dodik Briawan, Drajat Martianto, Abdul Razak Thaha
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 127-134; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.127-134

Adequate intake of vitamin A during lactation is very crucial due to its eff ect on retinol levels in breast milk. This study was aimed to analyze the changes in food consumption and vitamin A intake of lactating mothers in moment and three months after giving birth. This study used a cohort design for 3 months involving 295 breastfeeding mothers. Subjects were selected according to inclusion criteria including mother with normal labour and full term month normally and term, have a baby with normal birth weight, and maximum of a third parity. A 2x24 hour food recall questionnaire was used to determine nutrient intake and a food frequency questionnaire to determine the consumption habits of sources of vitamin A. The Wilcoxon test and paired t test were used in this study. The results of study showed that the most frequently consumed vegetables both shortly and three months after childbirth were tomatoes, 65% and 73.9% respectively. Most frequently consumed fruits were mangoes, 18.3% and 13.6%. While the most frequently consumed animal source foods were eggs, 68.1% and 79.7%, respectively. Among the consumption of vitamin A sources foods, only the consumption of tomatoes, milk, and cooking oil were found increase signifi cantly in three months after delivery (p 0.05). It is necessary to increase the consumption of vitamin A food sources, especially during lactation to increase the content of vitamin A in breast milk to meet the needs of newborns and prevent vitamin A defi ciency both in mother and baby
Alifatuz Zahrah, Lailatul Muniroh
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 66-72; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.66-72

Nutrition college students as a representatives in society is required to have ideal and healthy body. Besides aff ected by those demands, body image is also aff ected by nutritional status and energy intake. A good knowledge of nutrition is not always followed by appropriate practices as well as normal nutritional status and average energy intake. This research was aimed to analyze the relationship of energy intake and nutritional status with body image of nutrition college students of Universitas Airlangga. This research was an observational analytic study using cross sectional design. The sample size were 71 nutrition college student, taken by proportional random sampling. The observed variables were body image, energy intake, and nutritional status. Datas were analyzed used the Pearson correlation test, Spearman correlation test, and Chi Square. The results showed that 54.9% of nutrition college students had negative body image perception, normal energy intake (52.1%), and normal nutritional status (67.6%). There was correlation between body image with energy intake (p = 0.007) and nutritional status (p = 0.001). It is concluded that high intake of energy and overweight may leads to negative body image. Nutrition college students should make the right eff ort in achieving their desired ideal body weight through manage their food intake and doing weight monitoring routinely
Ikanov Safitri, R. Bambang Wirjatmadi
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 73-78; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.73-78

Physical fi tness is the ability of each individual to carry out various daily activities without feeling fatigue. Physical fi tness is useful as a supporting capacity for the physical activity of children therefore it is expected to improve their health and achievement. Factors that infl uence physical fi tness include genetics, age, gender, physical activity, nutritional status, food intake, haemoglobin level, resting time and smoking habits. The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors of physical fi tness among female students in Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo High School. This case control study included 50 female students and divided into 25 cases and 25 controls. Chi-Square test was used to analyze the relationships between variables. The results showed that there was an association between protein adequacy (p=0.023) OR = 11.3 and haemoglobin levels (p=0.049) OR = 9.3 with physical fi tness. While the adequacy of iron (p=0.345) did not associated with physical fi tness. Student with low protein adequacy and haemoglobin level have respectively 11.3 and 9.3 times higher risk of having low physical fi tness than student with good protein adequacy and haemoglobin level.
Alfat Hidayat, Luh Eka Purwani, Nunuk Nugrohowati
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 110-118; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.110-118

Breast cancer is the highest cause of death in women around the world. Common problems that arise in breast cancer patients is nutritional problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between chemotherapy, energy intake and nutritional status of stage II and III breast cancer patients at Fatmawati General Hospital in 2018-2019. The type of study was observational analytic with cross-sectional design on 34 breast cancer patients at Fatmawati General Hospital. The sample used purposive sampling technique by choosing patients who accomplish inclusion criterias including patients with compos mentis state, stage II and III, aged between 25–64 years old, have been taken chemotherapy without complication, outpatient, and agreed to be participant in this study. The exclusion criteria were patients with undernutrition before chemotherapy, received radiation and hormonal therapy, patients with severe infectious diseases (TBC and HIV/AIDS) and chronic diseases. The taken datas including nutritional status measured by Body Mass Index (BMI); chemotherapy status gained from medical record; and energy intake assessed by 3×24 hours food recall. The Chi-Square test showed there was no relationship between chemotherapy and nutritional status of breast cancer patients (p=1.000). However, there was a relationship between energy intake and nutritional status of breast cancer patients (p
Deandra Ardya Sutoyo, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Lisandra Maria G. B. Sidabutar
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 94-109; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.94-109

Obesity is caused by several factors. Gut microbiota composition is known to be one of the factors to play a role in modulating the obesity process. Nutrient factors and bioactive compounds from food can infl uence and help in modifying the gut microbiota composition, especially Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes. The purpose of this article is to discuss how signifi cant the role of nutrients and other bioactive compounds on Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes ratio in solving the obesity problem. This article was compiled based on the literature search in the last ten years, related to nutrients and bioactive compounds infl uence Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in obesity. The results from several literature searches provided evidence that alteration in gut microbiota composition was linked to the increase of body weight through metabolic pathways, which was characterized by the increasing number of Firmicutes, the decreased number of Bacteroidetes, and an increase in Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio. The increasing number of Firmicutes could induce short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production and lead to more energy harvesting. Several dietary factors from fi ber and amino acid, as well as bioactive compounds from an organic acid and polyphenol compounds, could infl uence the gut microbiota composition by reducing the Firmicutes level and increasing Bacteroidetes. The gut microbiota composition, especially Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes, could be induced by modifying diet enriched with fi ber, polyphenol compounds, and other specifi ed nutrients
Shirley Priscilla Gunawan, Merryana Adriana
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 119-126; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.119-126

Globalization era has led to higher demands and expectancy for life, causing higher stress level followed by higher prevalence of obesity and hypertension. Obesity and stress has became risk factors of hypertension and heart disease. This study purposed for analyzing the correlation between obesity and stress level with hypertension among church community in Indonesian Christian Church (GKI) Manyar Surabaya. This study was an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. Subject of this study were chosen using simple random sampling method. Data were collected by interviewing subjects, calculating subjects’ Body Mass Index (BMI) based on their height and body weight measurement, measuring blood pressure and fi lling DASS-42 questionnaire. All data were analyzed with Spearman test using SPSS v25.0. 76 subjects aged 18-45 year were participated in this study. This study showed 21.1% subjects were overweight and 42.1% were obese. 65.8% subjects experienced stress with a DASS score above 14. Twenty seven subjects experienced prehypertension and 12 others experienced hypertension stage 1. Based on statistical calculation, obesity (r=0.577; p
Ikeu Ekayanti, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Dewi Kusumawati
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 79-87; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.79-87

Adolescent girls are vulnerable group to anemia. Students who live in dormitories tend to have less intake that can cause iron defi ciency. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of anemia among female students in the Darusalam Islamic Boarding School Bogor. This was an observational study with a cross sectional design. Subjects were 84 female students who selected purposively by inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anemic status was determined by measuring hemoglobin levels with HemoCue 301. Data on subjects characteristics, health status, menstrual status, skipping meal behavior collected by questionnaire. Level knowledge, attitudes and nutrition practices related to anemia assessed by of fi ve questions for each indicators. Nutritional status is assessed based on BMI/A indicator. The intake data was obtained by the 2×24 hour food record method collected by questionnaires. Statistical analysis using chi-square test and logistic regression. Students with mild anemia were 38.1%, while 20.2% had moderate anemia. Intake of energy, protein, iron, vitamin C were inadequate. The results of bivariate analysis showed that skipping meals were signifi cantly associated with anemia status (p=0.007; OR 4.0; 95% CI 1.4-11.4). Nutritional attitudes also had a signifi cant relationship with anemia status (p=0.048; OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.0-6.6). The results of the logistic regression test showed that the variables associated with anemia were skipping meals (p=0.024; OR 3.5; 95% CI 1.0-11.8). Islamic boarding schools are expected to provide balanced healthy and nutritious food and provide nutrition education so it can support the improvement of student’s health status.
Brilliant Anjar Saputro, Annis Catur Adi
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 143-151; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.143-151

Degradation of sport performance in Indonesian athletes was recorded in Sea Games 2017 and FIFA rank in 2015. Some of athletes’ main problem are lack of stamina and endurance. These problem are caused by insuffi cient carbohydrate and energy intake. In addition, selection of tofu curd waste and banana are purposed to provide adequate potasium intake. This study was aimed to reveal the eff ect of bean curd waste and the addition of Ambonese bananas to the acceptability, nutritional value and economic value of the formulated snack bars.The used design was true experiment with completely randomized design. This study employed untrained panelists including athletes with weight restrictions (gymnastics and sports combat with weight classes) as many as 30 people.The percentage of bean curd waste substitution was P1: 12%; P2: 16%; P3: 25%, and 10% added banana. Statistical test results Friedman confi rmed a signifi cant diff erence in the level of preference on the texture and taste aspects between control and other formula. The results of the acceptability, nutritional value and economic value ranking obtained the optimum value in formula two (P2).Nutritional value for 100 grams of snack bar P2 (cohydrate: 41.6 g; fi ber: 8.7 g; potassium: 514 mg) has been able to contribute at least 10% of the daily energy needs of athletes. Laboratory test results for fi ber and potassium can meet 16.7% and 10.9% of the daily needs of athletes. Hence, formulated snack bar can be claimed to be high in fi ber and potassium products. The most aff ordable price of the formulated product was 7,000 IDR per 125 g which is more economical than the commercial soybean-based snack bar. Therefore, the formulated snack bar can be recommended as a complementary meal of athlete with weight restrictions.
Nur Aisiyah Widjaja, Rendi Aji Prihaningtyas, Meta Herdiana Hanindita, Roedi Irawan
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 88-93; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.88-93

Obesity causes low-grade chronic infl ammation. Adiponectin is an anti-infl ammatory cytokine. Increased waist circumference in obesity infl uences pro-infl ammatory and anti-infl ammatory cytokine levels which increase the risk of metabolic complications. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Clinic of Children's Hospital Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya. Subjects were chosen consecutively as many as 59 obese adolescents with inclusion criteria: obesity, aged 13-16 years, and having parents / guardians who were willing to follow the research and exclusion criteria: taking drugs, such as dyslipidemia, getting hormone therapy, suff ering from secondary obesity , suff ers from endocrine abnormalities, and has an infection or infl ammatory disease. Anthropometric examination was performed on subjects, including body weight, height, and waist circumference. Body Mass Index (BMI) is measured by weight calculation (kg) divided by height squared (meters) and plotted into the CDC 2000 curve. Obesity is established if a Body Mass Index/Age (BMI/A) >P95 is obtained according to age and sex on the CDC 2000 curve. Adiponectin levels are examined using venous serum with ELISA. The relationship between waist circumference and adiponectin levels was analyzed by Pearson correlation. 59 subjects were included in this study. The mean of waist circumference and adiponectin were 100.18 ± 10.63 cm and 7,84 ± 3,81 μg / ml. Statistic test showed that there is no correlation between waist circumference and adiponectin levels in obese adolescents (p>0,05). There is no correlation between waist circumference and adiponectin levels in obese adolescents. Factors that aff ect the correlation between waist circumference and adiponectin include race, diet and physical activity
Arizta Primadiyanti, Novilla Anindya Permata, Andina Devi Arvita, Rosidah Inayati, Dian Handayani
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 15, pp 135-142; doi:10.20473/mgi.v15i2.135-142

The provision of nutrition care process (NCP) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients is very important in determining the patient's diet to control blood glucose and to prevent complications. This study aimed to determine the diff erences in levels of intake and blood glucose levels before and after the implementation of NCP for type 2 DM (T2DM) inpatients of RSUD Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang. The design of this study was cross sectional, using secondary data sources from 32 patient medical records consisting of data on age, gender, nutritional status, complications of disease, nutritional diagnosis, nutritional intervention, energy intake, and blood glucose level. The analysis test used was the T-test dependent test on the normal data distribution and the Wilxocon test on the abnormal data distribution. The results of this study indicate a diff erence in the level of after and before intake (p = 0.020) with an increase in the average intake of 65.75 ± 18.23% to 75.50 ± 17.69% of the total energy needs. The analysis of blood glucose before and after showed p = 0.023, which means that there were diff erences in blood glucose before and after the NCP implementation. Blood glucose results showed an average decrease of 205 ± 93.85 mg/dl to 155.9 ± 50.53 mg/dl. The results of this study showed that there were diff erences in levels of energy intake and blood glucose levels before and after the provision of NCP by dietitians/nutritionists.
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