Media Gizi Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-7228 / 2540-8410
Current Publisher: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 137
Latest articles in this journal
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 38-47; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.38-47
Academic stress is one of the sources of stress factor among adolescent. Stress condition will trigger cortisol reaction process which associated with unhealthy eating behavior. Emotional eating is an eating behavior in response to stimulation of negative emotion. This study aims to analyze the association between academic stress with emotional eating behavior among adolescent at SMAN 6 Surabaya. This study used a cross sectional design. Samples were obtained using Cluster Random Sampling techniques with total sample of 133 people. Data were collected using the Educational Stress Scale for Adolescent (ESSA), Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Kolmogorov-Smirnov was used to determine the normality of data obtained. Association between variables was analyzed using Spearman correlation. The results showed that 47,4% students experienced moderate academic stress and 51,1% of students experienced emotional eating. There was signifi cant association between academic stress with emotional eating behavior (p=0.003). Emotional eating behavior was positively correlated with consumption of fast food or canned food, sweet food or cakes, dairy products and sweet beverages.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 33-37; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.33-37
Shorter sleep duration is a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome. Previous studies conducted on diff erent races showed inconsistent results. The purpose of this study was to analyze the diff erences in sleep duration in obese adolescents who suff er from metabolic syndrome compared with obese adolescents who do not suff er from metabolic syndrome. A cross sectional study was carried out on 59 obese adolescents who visited the Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolic Disease Clinic in Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya. Subjects were selected using total sampling techniques who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria in August-November 2018. Anthropometry (weight, height and waist circumference), blood pressure, and blood tests (HDL cholesterol levels, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose levels) were held to determine obesity according to CDC 2000 and metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation. The diff erence in sleep duration in obese adolescents suff ering from metabolic syndrome and without metabolic syndrome analyzed using Chi square test. A total of 27 subjects (45.8%) suff ered from metabolic syndrome. Most obese adolescents (57,6%) have suffi cient sleep duration (≥ 8 hours/day). There was no sleep duration diff erences in obese adolescents suff ering and not suff ering from metabolic syndrome (p> 0.05).
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 72-78; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.72-78
Increasing number of elderly population due to infl uence of increased life expectancy, has an impact on increasing various health problems that occur due to aging process, one of which is dementia. Dementia is infl uenced by various factors, one of which is the level of nutrient consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between level of energy consumption, carbohydrate, fat and protein with dementia in elderly. The population was elderly (> 60 y.o) in Tulungagung Regency. This study was cross sectional study with sampling techniques were used cluster random sampling. Samples in this study was 165 person. Variable analysed used chi square test. There were relationship between age, energy and protein consumption level with dementia in elderly (p
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 26-32; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.26-32
Teenage phase is a critical period of psychosocial development. Adolescent eating patterns are formed in this phase. Household food security is among factors which may infl uence eating pattern. Adolescent who are exposed to food insecure condition tend to experience stress, which one of the coping mechanisms is overeating and may develop binge eating disorder. The purpose of this study is to analyze association between household food security status and binge eating disorder in adolescent. This case control study involved 74 adolescents aged 16-18 years and their parents in Semampir District, Surabaya, Indonesia who were selected randomly using simple random sampling. Household food security was assessed by using the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and binge eating disorder is assessed by using Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (EDDS). The association between household food security and binge eating disorder was analyzed by Spearman’s correlation test. There was an association between food security status (p = 0,001) and binge eating disorder. Further analysis showed that adolescents at risk of food insecurity were 5,625 times more likely to experience a binge eating disorder. This study recommends to increase food security through economic empowerment of housewives and socialization about coping strategy for both parent and adolescent.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 10-16; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.10-16
Adolescent often skip breakfast, so snacks are usually used as substitute for breakfast at school. Some snacks have unbalanced nutrient content. An imbalance in nutrient intake can affect nutritional status of adolescents. The purpose of this study was to analyze correlation between breakfast habits and nutrition adequacy level of snack with nutritional status of adolescents. The study design used in this study was cross sectional. The sampling technique was proportional random sampling with total sample of 77 students. Data on breakfast habits were obtained through questionnaires, while data on the adequacy level of snacks intake was obtained through 2x24 hours food recall. The correlation test used was spearman correlation. The results showed that there were correlation between breakfast habits, the adequacy level energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrate of snacks with nutritional status. Adolescent with poor breakfast habits and high adequacy of nutritional levels of snacks tend to have more obesity nutritional status.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 17-25; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.17-25
Anemia is a condition with abnormalities in the red blood cells where lack of iron intake was postulated to be the main factor causing anemia. Research on iron intake, therefore, in adolescent girls is essential, specifi cally in high anemia prevalence area. This study aimed to examine the eff ect of family socio-economic factors, anemia comprehension, and ten-highest iron foods consumed on iron intake. Observational study with cross sectional design was performed, applying iron consumption as dependent variable and parents’ education, employment, income and expenditure, along with ten-highest high-iron foods consumed and knowledge about anemia as independent variables. Iron intake was collected using 3 x 24-hours food recall, and ten-highest iron-rich foods consumed was obtained with 2 x food frequency questionnaire. Family socio-economic factors (education, employment, income and expenditure) and knowledge on anemia were assessed using standard questionnaire with closed-ended interview question. The study highlighted that the average iron intake was 8.11 ± 2.94 mg/day (ranging from 3.01 to 20.43 mg/day). Obtained data showed that the occupation of father played a role in the iron intake diff erence (6.20 ± 1.72 vs 8.40 ± 2.99 mg/day for formal and informal, p 0.05). Moreover, this study in adolescent girls found that there was a negative correlation between knowledge about anemia and iron intake (r= -0.259, p
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 53-61; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.53-61
Futsal is one of the sport that begin to be popular in Indonesia. Physical condition in futsal is an important aspect because it directly aff ects athlete performance especially for speed and cardiorespiratory. One of the factor that aff ect physical condition is percentage of body fat. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between percent body fat with physical condition of futsal athletes in Surabaya. This study was an observational analytic study with cross sectional design. The population were sixty-eight peoples from members of Buana Mas FC, Garuda Emas FC, Nisrina FC and Surabaya Porprov team 2019. Fifty-four peoples were selected as subject of this study by proportional random sampling method. Data collection included questionnaires for respondent characteristics namely age, occupation, education, smoking history and sports activity, and then, measurement of subcutaneous fat thickness using skinfold calliper, and measuring speed and cardiorespiratory endurance using sprint 20m and yoyo test. Data analyze used Spearman correlation test. The result of this study showed most of respondent have normal percentage of body fat (59.3%). Respondents speed mostly classifi ed as lacking (50.0%) and cardiorespiratory endurance respondents mostly classifi ed as suffi cient (59.3%). The results showed an positive correlation (p = 0.001; R=0.732) between percent body fat with speed, it was mean that the higher percentage of body fat, the slower sprint time. And there was negative correlation (p = 0.001; R=-0.639) between percentage of body fat and cardiorespiratory endurance, so the higher percentage of body fat, the lower cardiorespiratory endurance. This contradictory conclusion is due to increasing sprint time, the respondent speed will decrease while V02Max increase so the cardiorespiratory endurance will increase.
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 48-52; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.48-52
Diets are often associated with nutritional status of a person. Good nutritional status always accompany a good diet, if the intake of food is good, then it will give a good nutritional status as well. If energy intake exceeds output energy along with low physical activity, so it can lead to a build up of fat and increase the risk of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between macronutrient intake with visceral fat on foreign students Universitas Airlangga in Surabaya. This study is observational, cross-sectional research design. The research sample was 65 students, where subjects was determined by purposive with inclusion criteria that had stayed at least 6 months in Indonesia, healthy, and not on a diet. The independent variable is the level of macro nutrient adequacy. The dependent variable is the visceral fat. Data were analyzed using chi-square test with a signifi cance level of
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 62-71; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.62-71
Providing supplementary food or drink for pregnant women with chronic energy defi ciency (CED) is one form of specifi c interventions to increase the nutritional intake of pregnant women which is quite eff ective. Supplementary drink made from local food are very appropriate to be developed by considering its nutritional and sensory aspects. This study aimed to develop and to analyze instant powder drink made from yellow sweet potato and red kidney bean as an alternative supplementary drink for pregnant women with chronic energy defi ciency (CED). This study used a completely randomized factorial design with two factors and two replications. The ratio between yellow sweet potato and red kidney beans as the fi rst factor and the addition of maltodextrin as the second factor. Results showed that from 6 formulas, formula with ratio 3:1 of yellow sweet potato and red bean also the addition of 5% maltodextrin (F5) was chosen as the best formula. Based on acceptance test results, instant drink was accepted by pregnant women with percentage of acceptance 89.5% of overall sensory characteristics. Nutrient content analysis showed that instant drink contained 423 kcal of energy, 3.75% of water, 1.52% of ash, 14.28% of protein, 9.92% of fat, 70.53% of carbohydrates, 7.27% of dietary fi ber, 14.4 mg of β-carotene, and 74.22% of protein digestibility. This product can be suggested as an alternative supplementary drink for CED pregnant women because it was acceptable by sensory and the nutrient content had fulfi lled nutritional content requirements of supplementary food for CED pregnant women
Media Gizi Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 79-85; doi:10.20473/mgi.v16i1.79-85
Vegan are group of people who have high risk of megaloblastic anaemia because of vitamin B12 and folic acid defi ciency. Purple sweet potato (Ipomoea Batatas L.) and nutritional yeast are rich vitamin B12 and folic acid, therefore can be formulated into healthy food, such as snack bar for vegan. The purpose of this study is to determine the eff ect of purple sweet potato substitution and nutritional yeast addition on acceptability and availability of vitamin B12 and folic acid of snack bar. The type of research of formulation was true experimental design (Complete Randomize Design) with 1 formula control and 2 modifi ed formula. This research was carried out for 3 months (December 2018-March 2019) in Nutrition Laboratory Universitas Airlangga. The panelists are 38 people who affi liated with vegan community Yayasan Buddha Maitreya Surabaya. Statistical analysis used Kruskall Wallis test and Mann Whitney test with 5% signifi cance level. The results of organoleptic test showed that the most preferred formula by panelists was F2 with an average value of 3,6. There are diff erences in terms of smell characteristic (p=0.017) and taste characterictic (p=0.021). F2 have the highest content of vitamin B12 and folic acid, which are 1.58 mcg and 1,62 mcg, respectively, for 50 gram snack bar. The study showed that the best optimization (acceptability and nutrient content) in formula is F2 (substitution of 20% of purple sweet potato and addition 9 g of nutritional yeast). Therefore, snack bar with purple sweet potato substitution and nutritional yeast enrichment is feasible as an alternative healthy snack for vegan.