Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia

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ISSN : 1411-0067
Total articles ≅ 77

Latest articles in this journal

Arum Saputri, Loekas Soesanto, Abu Umayah, Agus Sarjito
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 70-78; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.70-78

[EXPLORATION AND VIRULENT TEST OF MAIZE ENDOPHYTE Bacillus sp. AGAINST MAIZE SHEATH BLIGHT]. Capability of endophytic bacterial, effectivity, and its effect on R. solani. and on maize seedlings growth were investigated from April 2018 to January 2019. Exploration of endophytes bacteria in maize was taken from Banyumas Regency (Sumbang, Kembaran, Baturraden) and Purbalingga Regency (Padamara, Bojongsari, Pratin). Taking plant samples using Purposive Random Sampling and Diagonal Sampling methods. Completely randomized design was used in in vitro test with 16 treatments repeated twice. Completely randomized block design was used in in planta experiment with 5 treatments repeated 5 times. The treatment consisted of control, fungiside (mankozeb), and 2 isolates of endophytes bacteria performing the best in vitro result. Variables observed included characteristics of endophytic bacteria and pathogenic fungi, inhibition diameter, incubation period, disease intensity, incidence of disease, AUDPC, plant height, leaf number, root length, plant fresh weight, canopy fresh weight, and root fresh weight. Resultshowed that the exploration obtained 15 endophytic Bacillus sp. isolates. The PD A.4 and BK A.1 isolates werw able to inhibit the growth of pathogenic fungi in-vitro by 56.93 and 51.5%, respectively. The soaking treatment using BK A1 was able to reduce disease intensity by 59.377%, and AUDPC value 34.19%. Endophytic bacteria influence plant height, plant fresh weight, canopy fresh weight, and fresh weight of roots respectively as 89.17 cm, 126.06 g, 106.67 g and 19.4 g.
Angelita P L, Rini Hermanasari, Yullianida Yullianida, Aris Hairmansis
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 114-118; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.114-118

[VARIABILITY STUDIES OF UPLAND RICE LINES ON AN ACIDIC SOIL]. Suscessful upland rice breeding program to produce productive and adaptive to acid soil is dependent upon the extent of genetic variability of the breeding materials. Objectives of this study were to estimate the genetic variability, phenotypic and genotypic coeficient of variations, heritability, genetic advance, and correlation of five traits observed from dari 298 upland rice lines and five checks varieties. A field field experiment arranged in an augmented design was conducted at the Tamanbogo Experimental Station in Lampung 1 MT 2019.. The results of the analysis of variance showed that there was diversity among lines, resulting in differences in appearance on plant height, number of productive tillers, and yields. High heritability, genetic advancement, and high correlation on the number of productive tiller indicate that this character is a selection criteria so that selection can be done in an effort to improve these characters
Edhi Turmudi, Nurga Henni Safitri, Widodo Widodo
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 99-105; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.99-105

[GROWTH AND YIELD OF FOUR VARIETIES OF MUNG BEAN (Vigna radiata L.) IN INTERCROPPING SYSTEM WITH VARIOUS CORN PLANT SPACING]. Efforts to increase the productivity of mung beans (Vigna radiata L.) can be done by implementing an intercropping system and using superior varieties. Corn plants need high nitrogen and mung bean plants can fix nitrogen from the free air so that corn plants can take advantage of the excess nitrogen from mung beans. The purpose of this study was to determine the best mung bean varieties in the intercropping system with a various spacing of maize. The research was conducted in October-December 2018, in Pematang Gubernur village, Muara Bangkahulu, Bengkulu. The experiment in this study used a split-plot design with the main plot spacing of maize that was 60 cm x 30 cm, 90 cm x 30 cm, 120 cm x 30 cm, subplots were mung bean varieties (Vima-1, Vima- 2, Vima-3, and Kutilang) with 3 repetitions. Repeated 3 times, then 36 experimental units were obtained. The results showed that the four varieties of mung beans planted intercropping with a various spacing of maize showed different yield responses. Varieties of Vima-1 and Vima-3 gave the highest seed yields at a maize spacing of 60 cm x 30 cm. The Vima-2 variety was at a spacing of 90 cm x 30 cm, while the Kutilang variety was at 120 cm x 30 cm spacing. The four mung bean varieties were suitable for intercropping with maize with a yield/plot (NYi)> 0.5.
Santoso Santoso, Anggiani Nasution, Nani Yunani
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 119-128; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.119-128

[DIVERSITY AND THE SOURCE OF RESISTANCE GENE OF LOCAL RICE VARIETIES ON THE PATHOGENIC OF Pyricularia grisea CAUSE OF BLAST DISEASE]. Local rice varieties are known to have resistance or source of genes to pests even though their productivity yield is low. The pathogen of Pyricularia grisea is a cause of blast disease, which is one of the obstacles in rice production. The research aims to characterize the resistance of local rice varieties to the pathogen of P. grisea and to evaluate the virulence level of P. grisea pathogens against local rice varieties. A total of 100 local rice varieties and check varieties are susceptible and resistant namely Kencana Bali and Situ Patenggang tested their resistance to 4 dominant pathogenic of P. grisea i.e. races 033, 073, 133 and 173. Inoculation was carried out on stages 4-5 leaves or 18-21 days after seedling in a green house. The results showed a high genetic diversity of local rice varieties against pathogenic races 033, 073, 133 and 173. Based on the response of local rice varieties resistance i.e. moderately resistant (MR), resistant (R) and susceptible (S) to pathogenic races 033, 073 , 133 and 173 obtained 45 resistance response patterns. Cere Bereum varieties which are local rice varieties from West Java and Situ Patenggang resistant check varieties have a resistant response to 4 P. grisea pathogenic races used. A number of local rice varieties also show a resistant and moderately resistant response to the four pathogenic races used include Siam 11, Pare Siriendah, Menyan, Cere Manggu and Enud-Rawa Bogo. Local rice varieties Djedah and Padi Hitam (2) are local rice varieties that have a specific response of resistant or moderately resistant to race 173. Race 133 and 173 have higher virulence rates than those of races 033 and 073 on local rice varieties. The results of this study indicate that there is a great potential for the utilization of local rice varieties, as a source of resistance genes for blast disease for the assembly of rice varieties that are resistant to blast disease.
Robi Candra, Sumardi Sumardi, Hermansyah Hermansyah
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 136-143; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.136-143

[GROWTH AND YIELD OF FOUR VARIETIES OF MUNG BEAN (Vigna radiata L.) PLANT ON DOSING OF CHICKEN MANURE FERTILIZER IN ULTISOL]. Ultisols generally have less favorable physical, chemical, and biological properties. Chicken manure is believed to be able to improve soil structure, increase water holding capacity, increase soil pH, increase cation exchange capacity, increase soil biological activity, and facilitate root penetration. This study aims to determine the optimum dose of chicken manure in increasing the growth and yield of four mung bean varieties in Ultisol. This research was conducted using a split-plot design. The doses of chicken manure (0 tons/ha, 10 tons/ha, 20 tons/ha, and 30 tons/ha) were placed in the main plots and mung bean varieties (Vima-1, Vima-2, Kutilang, and Murai) as children. plots with experimental plot units measuring 1 m x 2 m. This study aims to obtain the optimum dose of chicken manure on four varieties of mung bean plants and to find the varieties that have the best growth and yield of green bean plants in Ultisol. The results showed that the highest weight of 100 seeds was obtained from the Kutilang variety which was given chicken manure of 21.34 tons/ha with a maximum weight of 100 seeds of 8.82 g. The highest yield of seed/plant weight was obtained from the application of chicken manure 19.61 tons/ha with a yield of 15.43 g. Kutilang variety is the best variety compared to other varieties, with yields of seed weight/plant of 12 g.
Yudhi Harini Bertham, Abimanyu Dipo Nusantara, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Zainal Arifin
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 79-84; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.79-84

[CHANGE IN SOIL CHARATERISTICS AND PERFORMANCE OF UPLAND RICE VARIETIES IN COASTAL AREA AS AMENDED WITH BIOFERTILIZER AND BIOCOMPOST]. Dryland in the coastal area has good potential for the cultivation of upland rice to reach food self-sufficiency and the development of future agriculture. Low fertility of the land the area can be overcome by using appropriate technology such as the use of superior varieties, bio-fertilizers, and bio compost. This study aimeds to (1) determine chemical and biological properties of coastal land to improve the growth of upland rice (2) find out the growth of upland rice in the coastal area using low input technology and (3) obtain upland rice varieties with high adaptability to a coastal area environment. The experimental design used was a split-plot design with the main plot of 3 upland rice varieties, namely Inpago 10, Serantan, and Local Variety, while the subplots are were fertilizer inputs namely [double inoculant P solubilized microbial p (pf) + K solubilized microbially + N fixation microbial N], [double inoculant P solubilized microbial (fma) + K solubilized microbially + N fixation micarobia], [biocompost at a dose of 10 tons/ha], and [inorganic fertilizer recommended by BPTP ie 200 kg Urea/ha, 100 kg SP36/ha, 100 kg KCl/ha]. The results showed that the coastal area has the potential for the development of upland rice cultivation. Also, the double inoculants of biological fertilizers were able to increase plant nutrient uptake, soil biological characteristics, and the growth of upland rice as compared to controls. Specifically, the best treatment is produced by application of [double inoculant microbial solvent p (pf) + microbial solvent K + microbial N fixation] combined with upland rice Inpago variety 10.
Bilman Wilman Simanihuruk, Yanti Oktavia Lumbantoruan, Herry Gusmara
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 85-92; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.85-92

[APPLICATION OF PALM OIL SLUDGE DOSE AND KCl FERTILIZER AGAINST GROWTH AND YIELD OF CORN (Zea mays L) ON ULTISOLS IN BENGKULU]. This study aims to determine the dose of palm oil sludge (POS) and the optimal dose of KCl fertilizer to the growth and yield of corn. The study was conducted from June to October 2018. The design used is Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) which is arranged in factorial with two treatment factors. The first factor is the POS consisting of 3 levels: 0 tons/ha, 10 tons/ha, and 20 tons/ha. The second factor is the dose of KCl fertilizer consisting of 3 levels: 0 kg/ha, 100 kg/ha, and 200 kg/ha. The results showed no real influence on the combination of POS and KCl fertilizer treatment on the growth and yield of corn. The 10 tons/ha POS dose delivers the best results on the entire observation variable. KCl fertilizer indicates a different effect is not noticeable on all observed variables.
Agus Kardinan, Molide Rizal, Paramita Maris
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 93-98; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.93-98

[THE INFLUENCE OF BOTANICAL INSECTICIDES BASED ON CROTON OIL AND DERRIS ROOT AGAINST BROWN PLANTHOPPER]. Brown planthopper (BPH) (Nilaparvata lugens Stall) is a serious pest in rice. Using synthetic insecticide to control BPH is harmful for human health and can caused environmental pollution. The objective of this research is to find out ecofriendly insecticide to control BPH. Research has been conducted at Entomological laboratory, Indonesian Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMECRI), Bogor. It was designed with CRD, 16 treatments and 3 replications. Treatments consisted of botanical insecticides based on Croton tiglium and Derris elliptica. Each material was extracted by water, methanol, and xylene, and then tested by individually and combination, so there were 15 formulas and 1 control treatment (water). Third nymph BPH and IR64 rice variety were used in this research. Research was done in two methods, i.e. contact application and residual application. The result shows that there are 11 formulas which are prospective to be further developed i.e aqueous extraction (6 formulas) and combination extraction (aqueous with xylene and methanol (5 formulas). The aqueous extraction maybe the most prospective formulation since the technique could easily be adopted by farmers. Botanical pesticide based on Croton tiglium and Derris elliptica are very promising, therefore the research should be continued to find out the best formula of botanical insecticides for controlling BPH).
David Khairullah Hadi, Reny Herawati, Widodo Widodo, Mukhtasar Mukhtasar, Helfi Eka Saputra, Eko Suprijono
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 106-113; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.106-113

[RESPONSE OF GROWTH AND YIELD OF FIVE RICE HYBRID GENOTYPE ON THE ORGANIC FERTILIZER OF PALM OIL BUNCHES ON ULTISOL]. Oil Palm Bunches (OPB) are solid waste potential as organic fertilizer to improve soil physical, biological and chemical properties, especially on ultisol soils for rice development. This research was conducted in August - November 2019 in Padang Harapan, Bengkulu City. The materials used were F1 rice seeds, OPB organic fertilizer. The experimental design was a factorial Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) with 2 factors. The first factor was 5 hybrid genotypes (F1), namely, Kuning x Inpago5, Kuning x Inpago9, Kuning x Inpago6, Arang x Inpago8, and Kuning x Salumpikit. The second factor was the dosage of OPB, namely 0 (control), 10 tonnes/ha, 15 tonnes/ha, and 20 tonnes/ha, the experiment was repeated 3 times. The variables observed were plant height, number of productive tillers, flowering age, harvest age, the total number of fill grains, number of filled grains, number of empty grains, 1000 grain weight, and grain weight/hill. The results showed that there was an interaction between genotype and OPB on the number of tillers. The interaction between the Kuning x Salumpikit genotypes and 10 tonnes/ha of organic fertilizer produced the largest number of tillers. Genotype G3(Kuning x Inpago6) produced the best rice growth and yield. In this study, the optimum point for OPB fertilization on growth and yield of the five genotypes tested had not been obtained.
Ayu Kurnia Illahi
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Volume 22, pp 129-135; doi:10.31186/jipi.22.2.129-135

[PHENOTYPIC VARIABILITY AND MORPHOLOGICAL SIMILARITY OF JOB’S TEARS (Coix lacryma-jobi L.) IN LIMA PULUH KOTA REGENCY]. Job’s tears (Coix lacryma-jobi L) Has been long known as alternatif food crop and spread over the West Sumatera Province. This study aims to determine the similarity of job’s tears based on morphological characters. This research was conducted in eight sub districts in Lima Puluh Kota regency. The accessions were observed on the basis of purposive sampling method. Data were collected for 29 morphological characteristics and subjected to the similarity analysis and cluster analysis using NtSys Ver 2.02i. From the analysis of similarity, job’s tears has a similarity coefficient ranging from 0.07 to 0.63 and shows a distant level of similarity to job’s tears even though they are located close to each other, so that the level of similarity of 74 accessions varies and spreads irregularly.
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