European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences

Journal Information
EISSN : 2149-1895
Published by: Veritas Publications LTD (10.21601)
Total articles ≅ 92
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, Janet T Asifat
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 38-45; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/11195

Abstract:
The prevalence of corona virus and the novel COVID-19 disease in the entire globe has exacerbated different impact on socioeconomic spectrum in the world, including water use pattern. Thus, a research was conducted to examine the comparative use of water during pre- and post-COVID-19 lockdown pattern among post-primary schools in Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria. A survey was conducted among fifteen schools which were randomly selected, but with eight public and seven private schools for the investigation. Both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in data analysis. The results revealed that the major source of water to the schools investigated is ground water which is obtained through hand-dug wells and boreholes. It was further discovered that there was increase in water use during post-COVID-19 lockdown era as a result of the directive by the government that clean water should be provided for hand-washing by all schools regardless of the owner to curtail the spread of COVID-19 disease in the country. One sample t-test also revealed that there was a significant difference in water use at (p<0.01) level. It is recommended that the government and other stakeholders in water sector to ensure that all-time and non-seasonal dependent source of water be provided rather than ground water source which is susceptible to variations in water yields from seasonal variations. This will enable continuous clean water supply, for all purposes, including COVID-19 protocols.
, Lawrence Mvula
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 30-37; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/11142

Abstract:
Objective: To determine the prescription pattern of anti-diabetics drugs in patients with type 2 diabetes at Levy Mwanawasa General and Chilenje Level 1 Hospitals. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by reviewing the diabetic patients’ prescriptions with diabetic drugs from outpatient department from January to December, 2016. Data generated from this study was analyzed using SPSS version 23. The P value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Descriptive statistics and one way analysis of variance (One way -ANOVA) statistical techniques were used to analyze data. Results: Of the total of 384 patients’ prescriptions, 63% were female and the majority of patients belonged to the age group 51-60 years indicating 28%. 51% of the prescriptions had 2 to 3 antidiabetic drugs written by generic name. Metformin/Daonil combination was highly prescribed with 57%, followed by Metformin as Monotherapy at 19%. Conclusion: This study reported that female patients were significantly more affected with diabetes associated with cardiovascular complications than male patients reviewing 37% for male and 67% female. Most of the patients were on combination therapy of Metformin /Glibenclamide in the frequency TDS/OD. The choice of drug based on demographic data, economic status, associated conditions and complications would give additional insights into prescribing patterns in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 27-29; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/11134

Abstract:
The objective of this work is to describe the emergence of the new variants on coronavirus in Algeria and the risk of a third wave of the COVID-19 disease.
, Amel Sayad
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 23-26; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/10820

Abstract:
During the first wave of COVID-19 where around 30 000 people died in just a few weeks in nearby countries notably in Italy. Researchers began to assess the mode of transmission of the virus in the air and in the microparticles suspended in the air, in wastewater, and on food packaging and in the food itself. As soon as food retailers learned that the virus could be found on their shelves, they decided to start testing COVID-19 on food products, on shelves and any other surface where the virus may have been found. But at the same rate as the demand for testing increased, it soon afterwards fell. After initially reporting that COVID-19 can survive on frozen food, said the likelihood of getting infected by touching food is very low. This paper is a specific descriptive study on the effect of food packaging during the COVID-19 pandemic and consumer expectations in terms of food safety.
, Nawal Adali
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 19-22; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/10819

Abstract:
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and covid-19 diffusion are an international public health emergency. Patients with a history of cancer have a higher incidence of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and higher risk of severe COVID-19–associated events. Glioblastoma is considered to be among the most aggressive cancers,in this direction the value of treatment must be balanced with risks of exposure to infection, inducing immunosuppression and survival benefit. the objective of this review is to present all international consensus recommendation for the management of patients with glioblastoma (GBM) to inform clinical practice. During this pandemic crisis, careful patient selection that balances the risks and benefits of treatment is paramount to optimize the care of patients with glioblastoma in this setting.
, Y.T. Nejo, O.J. Kehinde
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/9661

Abstract:
COVID-19 pandemic has impacted on the global socio-economic spectrum, including water accessibility especially in developing countries. The global achievement in water access subsector at the end of MDGS could be jeopardized with the unabated prevalence of a novel and contagious disease which knows no bound. With the pandemic and its spreading mode through close contact which brought about the total lockdown of the global community, accessibility to improved water could have been restricted. To assess the impact of the disease/lockdown on water access, a survey was conducted during the lockdown-free days across randomly selected inhabitants of Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria. Data analysis was descriptive. The results revealed that the disease/lockdown restricted the movement of the respondents to search for potable water. Respondents adopted various strategies to ensure water availability in their homes including night fetching (12.2%), rotation (16.2%), purchase (1.4%), surface sources (8.8%) among others. About 78.3% either agreed or strongly agreed that the pandemic had pronounced impacts on domestic water supply and subjected them to untold hardship searching for water while trying to avoid physical contact. This work, therefore recommends review of global target on water access to ensure each house is connected to safe and sustainable water sources.
, Amel Sayad, Ali Berbar
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 11, pp 3-7; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/9358

Abstract:
The widespread use of antibiotics in dairy cattle management may result in the presence of antibiotic residue in milk. Consumption of milk with such antibiotic residue levels by humans predisposes them to serious health effects. This study is part of a global project carried out with the aim of evaluating the presence of antibiotic residues in the raw milk of cows reared in cattle farms in Bejaïa. This study involved 270 milk samples were collected in the Wilaya of Bejaia. A screening of the samples was carried out by the acidification test followed by a confirmation agar diffusion test. The results showed residues in 02,96 % of the milk tested. The study revealed the presence of antibiotic residues in raw cow’s milk from farms in varying proportions. Penicillin residues and / or tetracyclines were originally of the contamination of 75 % milk samples positive while residues macrolide and / or aminoglycoside were only detected in 25 % of samples tested positive. The use of antibiotics should be done by veterinarians or under their responsibility by animal health professionals.
, Zoubir Benmaamar, Ali Berbar
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 10, pp 43-46; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/9314

Abstract:
The presence of residues of veterinary drugs such as antibiotics used for the treatment of animals can be dangerous for the consumer. Indeed, residues of these drugs can end up in the form of undesirable traces in animal productions, in particular milk when there is an inappropriate use such as failure to comply with the waiting times between the administration of antibiotics to the animal and meat collection. This study is part of a global project carried out with the aim of evaluating the presence of antibiotic residues in the raw milk of cows reared in cattle farms in Blida. This study involved 200 milk samples were collected in the Wilaya of Blida. A screening of the samples was carried out by the acidification test followed by a confirmation agar diffusion test. The results showed residues in 20,51 % of the milk tested. The study revealed the presence of antibiotic residues in raw cow’s milk from farms in varying proportions. Penicillin residues and / or tetracyclines were originally of the contamination of 93,62 % milk samples positive while residues macrolide and / or aminoglycoside were only detected in 6,38 % of samples tested positive. The use of antibiotics should be done by veterinarians or under their responsibility by animal health professionals.
, Sara Emamgholipour Sefiddashti, Mohammad Arab, Majid Meshkini
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 10, pp 33-42; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/9315

Abstract:
Introduction: Student support systems try to provide access to higher education for students from all socio-economic backgrounds, which is itself one of the main pillars of sustainable development. This study aims to identify the types of material and spiritual support of students in the world and to study the support institutions of students in the country while devising practical indicators for granting facilities to students and prioritizing these types of indicators using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) method to choose a model to provide this type of support as efficiently and effectively as possible and be able to establish justice in this type of support. Research Method: The present study is descriptive-analytical in terms of purpose, practical in terms of results, library and survey research in terms of data collection method with a cross-sectional time horizon that includes qualitative and quantitative phases. First, by studying 18 developed countries due to access to information on official websites and relevant valid articles and booklets, as well as studying student support organizations in the country, basic information and complete knowledge of the issues of different groups of students and methods of addressing or meeting these needs were acquired. Then, in a working group discussion consisting of student facilities experts of the Student Welfare Fund, the extracted indicators were divided into two categories with the pillars of need (with 10 sub-criteria) and competence (with 7 sub-criteria) each in two subgroups according to the nature of each indicator. Then, using fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making techniques, a decision-making hierarchy was created. The criteria in pairs in the form of a pairwise-comparison-survey were asked from 10 expert decision-makers in the fund. Finally, each criterion was weighted itself. Findings: The results showed that in the countries studied, various criteria are considered according to the support policies of countries in granting the desired student facilities, but in a general and comprehensive view, these criteria can be categorized into two groups of need and competence. In Iran, according to the criteria devised in the Student Welfare Fund, the indicators of need are preferable in general comparisons with the indicators of competence, and in the sub-criteria of need in the order of special events that are subjected to the students. The student’s health condition, the presence of dependents of students, were three indicators of importance. Conclusion: Given the living condition of students and the importance of this segment of society in the sustainable development of the country, traditional methods of credit allocation based on the previous years do not have the necessary effectiveness and efficiency to provide scientific growth and increase in the level of student welfare that results in the scientific growth and development of the country. Therefore, the fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making method and the use of the indicators of need and competence devised in the research provides great coordination and flexibility in student-oriented credit allocation in terms of management and leads to improved justice in granting facilities.
European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Volume 10, pp 11-26; https://doi.org/10.21601/ejbms/9251

Abstract:
Background: The world is facing a major health crisis. COVID-19 is a serious disease that has and continues to spread, ravaging lives in every country and causing mental health consequences and sequelae. Methods: A systematic review was conducted by the recommendations of the
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