MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2087-2305 / 2615-2282
Current Publisher: Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semerang (10.31942)
Total articles ≅ 59
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Sukarman Sukarman
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3940

Abstract:
Abstrak Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya pergeseran paradigma pembelajaran berbasis luring pada pembelajaran berbasis daring di masa pandemic Covid-19. Hal tersebut merupakan dampak dari adanya upaya pencegahan dan memutus rantai penyebaran wabah Covid-19 dengan melakukan pembatasan sosial yang berdampak pada banyak aspek kehidupan termasuk pendidikan. Tujuan dari penelitian penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa bagaimana problematika, kelebihan, kekurangan, dan kendala dari pelaksanaan pembelajaran berbasis daring di masa pandemic Covid-19 di MI Miftahul Huda Jepara. Temuan dari penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran berbasis daring sangat membantu proses belajar mengajar di masa pandemic Covid-19. Namun pembelajaran berbasis daring juga memunculkan persoalan baru yang kompleks bagi guru, orang tua, dan peserta didik. Kata kunci: pembelajaran daring, pusat pendidikan, Covid-19 Abstract Background of this paper is changes on paradigm offline-based learning to online-based learning during pandemic Covid-19. This is the impact of efforts to prevent and cut off the chain of Covid-19 spread by carrying social distancing that have an impact on many aspects in life including education. The purpose of this research study is to analyze how the problems, strengths, weaknesses, and constraints of implementing online-based learning during pandemic Covid-19 at MI Miftahul Huda Jepara. The findings of this study are that online-based learning has greatly helped the teaching and learning process during pandemic Covid-19. However, online-based learning also raises new, complex problems for teachers, parents, and students. Keywords: online learning, education center, Covid-19
NiMas Puspitasari
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3943

Abstract:
Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) dengan melihat faktor-faktor pendukung serta faktor-faktor penghambat dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring di masa pandemi COVID-19 pada guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian metode kualitatif deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah proses pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) dapat dilaksanakan oleh semua guru di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. Adanya factor pendukung yang menunjang proses pembelajaran yaitu tersedianya fasilitas HP/ Laptop bagi siswa serta mendapatkan bantuan internet dari pemerintah, namun pembelajaran daring pada masa pandemic COVID-19 belum dapat dikatakan efektif karena pembelajaran daring yang dilakukan dalam jangka waktu panjang menimbulkan dampak pada siswa menjadi jenuh karena tidak ada interaksi dengan teman, mereka bosan dengan pemberian tugas setiap harinya. Siswa juga menjadi malas dalam mengerjakan tugas, tidak semua materi dapat dipahami dengan baik. Hal tersebut menjadikan pengumpulan tugas menjadi sangat terlambat sehingga menjadikan guru sulit melakukan penilaian. Faktor hambatan yang dialami guru dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran daring adalah tidak semua siswa meiliki HP pribadi, kuota internet yang belum mencukupi untuk kebutuhan pembelajaran daring serta kurangnya pendampingan orangtua dalam proses belajar dirumah, Orang tua menjadi seseorang yang sangat penting dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran daring, karena orangtua secara yang secara langsung terlibat dalam membimbing dan mengawasi siswa dalam pembelajaran. Pemberian motivasi menjadi sangat berarti bagi siswa, hal tersebut dilakukan agar siswa kembali semangat meskipun belajar dari rumah. Kata kunci: faktor pendukung, faktor penghambat, pembelajaran dalam jaringan Abstract This study aims to analyze the online learning process by looking at supporting factors as well as inhibiting factors in implementing online learning during pandemic COVID-19 for teachers at SD Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. This research uses descriptive qualitative research. The data collection techniques used in this research were observation, interview and documentation. The result of this research is online learning process can be carried out by all teachers at SD Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. There are supporting factors that support online learning process, such as the availability of cellphones/laptops for students and getting internet assistance from the government, but online learning at pandemic COVID-19 cannot be said effective because online learning that is carried out in long term has an impact for students who become bored because there is no interaction with their friends, they are bored with given assignments everyday. Students also become lazy in doing their assignments, not all material can be understood properly. This makes the assignment submission too late, making difficult the teachers to make assessments. The obstacle factor experienced by the teacher in implementing online learning is that not all students have personal cellphones, internet quota that is not sufficient for online learning needs and the lack of parental assistance in learning process at home, parents become someone who is very important in implementing online learning, because parents are who are directly involved in guiding and supervising students in learning. Giving motivation is meaningful for students, this is done so students enthusiasm even though learning from home. Keywords: supporting factors, inhibiting factors, online learning
Roudlotul Jannah
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3942

Abstract:
Abstrak Masa ke masa pendidikan di Indonesia mengalami perkembangan. Hal tersebut dapat ditinjau dari kurikulumnya yang selalu berubah demi perbaikan. Pengembangan kurikulum antara lain mengacu pada dampak era globalisasi dan pesatnya perkembangan teknologi informasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi penerapan kurikulum dan problematikanya di MI Tarbiyatul Athfal Bojonegoro. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa MI Tarbiyatul Athfal menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 secara bertahap sejak tahun ajaran 2017/2018. Penerapan didukung dengan langkah-langkah strategis seperti keikutsertaan guru dalam pelatihan, pengayaan literatur, dan pengadaan sarana dan prasarana. Sejumlah problem yang ditemukan selama penerapan Kurikulum 2013 yakni pengalokasian waktu yang belum maksimal dalam menyampaikan materi disebabkan pembelajaran yang bersistem tematik yakni menggabungkan beberapa mata pelajaran menjadi satu tema. Penilaian pun dirasakan membutuhkan kejelian guru karena penyampaian materi dilakukan secara terintegrasi dari beberapa mata pelajaran namun pada penilaian guru harus memilah kembali pencapaian siswa per mata pelajaran. Kata kunci: penerapan kurikulum, problematika, strategi Abstract Time by time, education in Indonesia has developed. This can be seen by curriculum changing for improvement. Curriculum development refers to impact of globalization era and rapid development of information and technology. This study aims to identify the implementation of curriculum and its problems at MI Tarbiyatul Athfal Bojonegoro. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach. Data obtained through interviews and documentation. The results show that MI Tarbiyatul Athfal has implemented 2013 Curriculum since 2017/2018. Implementation is supported by strategic steps such as teacher participation in training, literature enrichment, and provision of facilities and infrastructure. A number of problems were found during the implementation of 2013 Curriculum, such as inadequate allocation of time in delivering material due to thematic learning system, which combines several subjects into one theme. The assessment is also require carefulness by the teacher because the delivery of material is carried out in an integrated manner from several subjects, but in the assessment the teacher must sort out the achievement of students by subject. Keywords: curriculum implementation, problematics, strategy
Yustiorini Yustiorini, Ma’As Shobirin, Ersila Devy Rinjani
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3944

Abstract:
Abstrak Pengembangan bahan ajar pada mata pelajaran bahasa Indonesia ini menjadi salah satu upaya dalam meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di sekolah. Basis cerita bergambar/komik pada bahan ajar yang dikembangkan menjadi salah satu pilihan yang sesuai bagi peserta didik dan pengajar untuk lebih mendalami materi dengan motivasi yang tinggi karena bentuknya yang berbeda dari yang sudah ada. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Research and Development ( R&D) dengan menggunakan model yang dikembangkan oleh Borg and Gall. Hasil skor keefektifan diperoleh dari hasil belajar. Hasil skor keefektifan bahan ajar komik menunjukkan 89,81 %. Hasil perhitungan diperoleh pada α = 5 % dengan dk=22-1 = 21 diperoleh ttabel = 2,119. Didapat thitung = 11,054 ≥ ttabel = 2,119 karena thitung ≥ ttabel maka hipotesis (Ha) diterima. Proses pembelajaran dapat disimpulkan ada peningkatan hasil belajar sesudah siswa menggunakan bahan ajar komik dan karena hal tersebut bahan ajar dikatakan efektif. Kata kunci: Pengembangan, bahan ajar komik, bahasa Indonesia Abstract The development of teaching materials in Bahasa Indonesia lesson is one of efforts to improve education quality in schools. Basic of illustrated story/comic on teaching materials is developed become an appropriate choice for students and teachers to explore more material with high motivation because of its different form from the existing ones. The research method used in this study is Research and Development (R&D) using a model developed by Borg and Gall. The results of the effectiveness score were obtained from learning outcomes. The score for the effectiveness of comic teaching materials was 89.81%. The calculation results obtained at α=5% with dk=22-1=21 obtained t table= 2.119. Obtained t count=11,054 ≥ t table=2.119 because t count ≥ t table then the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted. The learning process can be concluded that there is an increase in learning outcomes after students use comic teaching materials and because of this the teaching materials are said effective. Keywords: Development, comic as teaching materials, Bahasa Indonesia
Nursaptini Nursaptini, Arif Widodo
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3939

Abstract:
Abstrak Anak tuna laras identik dengan perilaku yang buruk. Stigma anak tuna laras sebagi anak nakal telah melekat. Anak tuna laras memiliki masalah yang serius dengan karakter. Permasalahan semacam ini juga terjadi di salah satu madrasah inklusi di Lombok Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode pembentukan karakter terhadap anak tuna laras di madrasah inklusi. Penelitian in ididesain dalam bentuk penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Subjek dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari lima anak tuna laras. Permasalahan utama dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pengaruh penggunaan metode dakwah bil hikmah terhadap perubahan karakter anak tuna laras? Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpukan bahwa pembentukan karakter anak tuna laras di madrasah inklusi dengan menggunakan pendekatan komunikasi persuasif dari metode dakwah bil hikmah telah berhasil. Guru memperlakukan anak tuna laras dengan kasih sayang, mau mendengar keluh kesah dan melakukan komunikasi persuasif. Penggunaan pendekatan ini dapat merubah perilaku anak tuna laras, emosi menjadi lebih stabil, hubungan sosial membaik dan partisipasi belajar meningkat. Kata Kunci: komunikasi persuasif, dakwah bil hikmah, tuna laras, pembentukan karakter Abstract Children with emotionally handicapped identic with bad behavior. The stigma as a naughty children has lingered. Children with emotionally handicapped have serious character problems. This kind of problem also occurs in one of inclusion madrasas in West Lombok. This study aims to determine the effect of character building methods on children with emotionally handicapped in inclusion madrasah. This research was designed in qualitative research with a case study approach. The subjects in this study consist of five children with emotionally handicapped. The main problem in this research is how is the effect of using da'wah bil hikmah method on changes in children with emotionally handicapped character. Based on results of the study, it can be concluded that character building on children with emotionally handicapped in inclusion madrasah using persuasive communication approach da'wah bil hikmah method has been successful. The teachers treat the children with emotionally handicapped with love, willing to listen their complaints and makes persuasive communication. The use of this approach can change children with emotionally handicapped behaviour, their emotions become more stable, improve in social relations and increase in learning participation. Keywords: persuasive communication, da'wah bil hikmah, children with emotionally handicapped, character building
Anis Fuadah Z, Nidha Yulianti
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3941

Abstract:
Abstrak Permainan tradisional banyak yang mengandung nilai- nilai karakter, namun pada saat ini permainan tradisional tersebut semakin tergantikan oleh permainan digital seperti game online, playstation atau permainan yang terdapat di Handphone sehingga mempengaruhi karakter anak. Akibatnya mereka tidak memperdulikan kehidupan disekelilingnya, seperti memiliki dunia sendiri dengan gadged-nya. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini ditulis bertujuan untuk menggali dan mendeskripsikan nilai- nilai karakter dari permainan tradisional, yang salah satunya ialah Lojo /Palejo. Sehingga pada akhirnya dapat melestarikan permainan tradisional yang bermanfaat untuk menumbuhkan karakter anak. Fokus dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis nilai- nilai karakter yang terdapat didalam Lejo/Palejo khususnya pada siswa sekolah dasar. Hal ini dilatar belakangi pada usia ini merupakan usia bermain, maka kita perlu memberikan bimbingan tentang permainan yang baik untuk perkembangannya. Disamping itu, usia siswa sekolah dasar merupakan usia pembentukan kepribadian, sehingga penting sekali dilakukan penanaman karakter. Penelitian ini ditulis berdasar pada analisis studi pustaka. Hasilnya menunjukan bahwa permainan Lojo/Palejo dapat menanamkan dan membentuk nilai- nilai budaya dan membangun karakter anak seperti disiplin, jujur, mandiri, tanggungjawab, kerja keras, semangat, bersahabat, cinta damai dan musyawarah. Kata Kunci : permainan tradisional, anak MI/ SD, Lojo (palejo), nilai karakter. Abstract Many traditional games contain character values. These traditional games are increasingly being replaced by digital games such as online games, playstations or games on mobile phones that affect children's characters. As a result they do not care about life around them, like having their own world with its gadged. Therefore, this study aims to explore and describe character values of traditional games, one of which is Lojo/Palejo. The end goal is to preserve traditional games that are useful for fostering children's character. The focus in this study is analysis of character values in Lejo/Palejo, especially for elementary school students. This is because children at that age need to provide guidance on appropriate game for their development. In addition, age of elementary school students is age of personality formation, so it is very important to implement character. This research is a literature study. The results show that Lojo/Palejo game can apply and shape cultural values also build children's character such as discipline, honesty, independence, responsibility, hard work, enthusiasm, friendship, love of peace and deliberation. Keywords: traditional games, MI/SD children, Lojo (palejo), character values.
Siti Rosidah
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3945

Abstract:
Abstrak Penelitian tindakan kelas ini menerapkan metode drill dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar peserta didik kelas III semester genap di SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang tahun ajaran 2018/2019 pada materi bacaan dan gerakan salat. Permasalahan yang ingin dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah: (1) Apakah penerapan metode drill dalam pembelajaran PAI semester 2 materi gerakan dan bacaan salat di SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang, (2) Bagaimana efektifitas pelaksanaan pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam menggunakan metode drill materi gerakan dan bacaan salat di SD Negeri Sekaran 02. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (action research) sebanyak dua siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri atas empat tahap yaitu: rancangan, kegiatan dan pengamatan, refleksi, dan revisi. Sasaran penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas III SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Kecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang tahun pelajaran 2018/2019. Data yang diperoleh berupa hasil tes formatif dan lembar observasi kegiatan belajar mengajar. Hasil analisis didapatkan bahwa prestasi belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan dari siklus I sampai siklus II yaitu, siklus I 60%, siklus II 80%. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa metode drill dapat berpengaruh positif terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas III semester II pada kompetensi dasar menghafal bacaan salat dan menampilkan keserasian gerakan salat sangat efektif. Kata kunci: metode drill, pembelajaran PAI, gerakan dan bacaan salat. Abstract This classroom action research applies drill method to increase activity and learning outcomes for third graders in semester 2 at SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang year 2018/2019 on material salat movement and reading. Problems studied in this research are: (1) Is the application of drill method in Islamic Education (PAI) lesson semester 2 on material salat movement and reading at SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang, (2) How is the effectiveness of implementation Islamic Education lesson using drill method on material salat movement and reading at SD Negeri Sekaran 02. This study used action research in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages, they are: design, activities and observations, reflection, and revision. The target of this research is third graders at SD Negeri Sekaran 02, Gunungpati, Semarang, year 2018/2019. The data obtained are in formative test results, observation sheets of teaching learning activities. From analysis result, the writer found that student learning achievement had increased from cycle I to cycle II, in cycle I is 60% and cycle II is 80%. The results of this study reveal that drill method give positive effect on learning outcomes of third graders semester 2 on basic competence of memorizing salat reading and practicing salat movements in harmony effectively. Keywords: drill method, Islamic education lesson, salat movements and reading.
Siti Sholehah, Sukati Kati
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 22-36; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3466

Abstract:
This reseach is started by researcher interest to MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul as one of madrasah which apply curriculum based on national education system which integrated pesantren based–curriculum. This reseach aims to know about planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating those curriculums in MI Nurul Ulum. The type of this research is qualitative research. Subject of this research is the headmaster and some teachers. The technique of data analysis is using descriptive-analysis. Techniques and instrument of data collection is using observation, interview and documentation technique. To test the data validity, the researcher use triangulation technique. The finding of this research show that managements of pesantren based-curriculum in MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul are as presented : 1. The planning of management pesantren based-curriculum already well running such as teaching preparation and other school programs, the preparation is carried out in early year school involving the headmaster and teacher, the foundation’s president, and commitees. 2. The implementation of curriculum management in MI Nurul Ulum is divided into 2 levels of studies : in school level is under headmaster leadership and class level is under teacher leadership. 3. The monitoring of curriculum management is conducted during the implementation of curriculum activities using observation and deliberation in class. 4. Evalution of curriculum management is conducted not only once in a year, but also every time when the obstacles occured, so the existing constraints do not accumulate.
Siti Sholehah, Sukati Sukati
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3458

Abstract:
This reseach is started by researcher interest to MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul as one of madrasah which apply curriculum based on national education system which integrated pesantren based–curriculum. This reseach aims to know about planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating those curriculums in MI Nurul Ulum. The type of this research is qualitative research. Subject of this research is the headmaster and some teachers. The technique of data analysis is using descriptive-analysis. Techniques and instrument of data collection is using observation, interview and documentation technique. To test the data validity, the researcher use triangulation technique. The finding of this research show that managements of pesantren based-curriculum in MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul are as presented : 1. The planning of management pesantren based-curriculum already well running such as teaching preparation and other school programs, the preparation is carried out in early year school involving the headmaster and teacher, the foundation’s president, and commitees. 2. The implementation of curriculum management in MI Nurul Ulum is divided into 2 levels of studies : in school level is under headmaster leadership and class level is under teacher leadership. 3. The monitoring of curriculum management is conducted during the implementation of curriculum activities using observation and deliberation in class. 4. Evalution of curriculum management is conducted not only once in a year, but also every time when the obstacles occured, so the existing constraints do not accumulate.
Fidafatul Hidayati, Ma’As Shobirin, Fitria Martanti
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 68-92; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3462

Abstract:
This research study about implementation of literation movement program of reading habbit steps for 4th grader in SDN Sampangan, study about impact and teacher’s role in conducting literation program. This research is field research with use qualitative approach. Technique of data collection is conducted by documentation, observation and interview. Technique of data analysis is done by data reduction, data presentation, and making conclusion while to check data validity is done by observation, triangulation technique and triangulation sources. The result show that The Implementation of Literation Movement Program on Reading Habituation Step for 4th Grader in SDN Sampangan 02 through six steps. First, giving time 10-15 minutes for reading. It can be conducted in class or out of class. Summerize what they are read from the textbook. Retelling what they are read in front of the class. Giving appreciate for student who are already retelling in front of the class and making a note for book which are already read and borrowed by the student in reading card. Positive impact of this activity is there are daily reading habbit which make students become keen on reading and improving their reading references. The role of 4th grader teacher are as assistant and facilitator.
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