Journal of Health Science and Prevention

Journal Information
EISSN : 2549-919X
Published by: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi UINSA (10.29080)
Total articles ≅ 107
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Latest articles in this journal

Ummi Malikal Balqis, Asep Suryadin
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6;

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on health systems in many countries, including Indonesia. From this crisis, nurses as one of the front lines in COVID-19 health services have an important role in providing nursing services for self-isolated patients at home through family care's telenursing services. Teh Method of this study uses a case report design in 1 case of a family with an elderly confirmed positive for covid 19 that carried out through virtual monitoring with a telenursing approach. Observation and analysis of the case report of family care's telenursing based on the 5 Family Health Task (FHT) approach according to Maglaya's theory associated with NANDA-NOC-NIC International. The Results study shows that the family care's telenursing helps the elderly and families recognize the covid 19 problems, making decisions for appropriate treatment, caring for the elderly through telenursing, modifying a healthy environment for the elderly, and utilizing telenursing so that this program can effectively help families and the elderly achieve maximum health status during the self-quarantine period in Home. This study is expected to be a reference for related institutions to develop family care's telenursing in providing family nursing care for families with COVID-19 problems
Nursidah Nur, Jamaludin Sakung, Bima
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6;

Consuming moringa biscuits is one of the alternatives to overcome malnutrition in Indonesia. The results of modern scientific research show that moringa leaves can be a source of nutrition for all age groups.. This study aims to find out the difference in haemoglobin levels and mid-upper arm circumference in pregnant women by giving moringa leaf biscuits. This type of study is an analytic study with RCT design The study population of 70 pregnant women was divided into two groups of 35 respondents in a control group of 35 respondents in the intervention group. Sampling techniques use proportions of sampling. The Independent variables are the moringa biscuit giving, dependent variables haemoglobin levels and the size of mid-upper arm circumfrence (MUAC). Study results found an average increase in hb levels of the treatment group by 0.74 gr% with a p-value<0.05. The average increase in the MUAC size of the treatment group is 2.25 cm with a p-value of less than α = 0.05. The highest average increase in energy intake was found in the intervention group with an average increase of 174.51 kcal. Nutritional status in pregnant women such as anemia is relatively common during pregnancy because pregnant women experience hemodelusi (dilution) with a 30% to 40% increase in volume which peaks at 32 to 34 weeks of pregnancy. The provision of snacks in the form of moringa biscuits becomes an alternative to overcome nutritional problems in pregnant women is highly recommended
Fitra Pringgayuda, Faridah Hashim, Nahla Abduljaleel Yahya Alsaidi
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6;

Patient waiting times is an important factor that affecting hospital services quality. Waiting time will affect service satisfaction and repeat visits at the hospital, especially for outpatients. This study aims to determine the literature review of the patient waiting time at the hospital. Method: The literature review method with the PRISMA approach used in this literature review. Synthesis of data used the PICO method. The articles source was through Google Scholar, Pubmed NCBI and DOAJ. The inclusion criteria set were articles with the keywords "factor, waiting time, outpatients, hospitals", articles in Indonesian or English, published in 2012-2022, and accessible in full text. Results: In this literature, 10 articles were found that matched the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 4 articles were obtained after the Covid 19 pandemic and 6 articles before the covid 19 pandemic. Before the covid 19 pandemic, the average waiting time for 6 articles was 83.62 minutes with the fastest time of 65 minutes and the longest time of 149 minutes. After the COVID-19 pandemic, the average waiting time for 4 articles was 42.6 minutes with the fastest waiting time of 19.2 minutes and the longest waiting time of 93 minutes. This shows that the waiting time is faster during the pandemic than before the pandemic. In the results, the factors that influence the waiting time before the pandemic are human resources and medical records. One article states that the waiting time factor is the type of hospital and gender. After the pandemic, the influencing factors were found: arrival time, number of patients, registration time, medical records and medical records. Conclusion: the addition of hospital staff and an electronic-based medical record system can be an effort that can be made to shorten waiting times. However, if this is not possible, information on the order and time of service to patients can be an alternative to reduce waiting times
Nia Kurniasih, Laili Rahayuwati, Lilis Mamuroh, Kusman Ibrahim, Raden Nabilah Putri Fauziyyah
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6;

Cancer is one of the various non communicable diseases. Breast cancer often occurs at an advanced stage caused by a person's delay in early detection. Everyone has a different response in dealing with a disease. Grieving is an emotional reaction that a person feels towards loss. Several factors influencing the grieving response include age, stage, and duration of illness. This study aimed to identify the grieving response by age, stage of cancer, duration of illness, and determine the relationship between age, stage of cancer, duration of illness, and grieving response. The research method used descriptive correlational. The population in this study was 200 people with sampling technique using a total sampling of 200 respondents. Data analysis was univariate and bivariate using the Chi-Square correlation test. This research showed that almost all respondents were at the acceptance stage; nearly half were aged 45-54 years were in stage 3, and half had <1 year of illness. Correlation results showed a significant relationship between age and grieving response p-value 0.000 0.050. There is a relationship between age and grieving response. There is no relationship between cancer stage, duration of illness, and grieving response. This research can be used to develop information that age influences the grieving response in breast cancer patients.
Estiningtyas Estiningtyas, Anindhita Yudha Cahyaningtyas, Muhammad Akhsin Muflikhun
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6, pp 19-29;

Preterm infants have compromised immune systems where the maturity of the organs and body system is not optimum. The compromised immune system makes premature infants susceptible to micro-bacterial infections. Acute respiratory infection is the most common infection among them. This study aimed to investigate the significant difference in the length of acute respiratory infection before and after Earthing therapy. This research is a quasi-experimental study. The location is Sukoharjo District, Indonesia, from March to August 2021. The population in this study is preterm infants whose data is obtained from monthly reports on Central Java Statistic Agency. The number of samples of preterm infants was 192 infants. The sample size was 20 infants. Earthing duration is 1 hour every day for 30 days. The statistical analysis results in a P-value of 0,000 and t-count 8.065>t table 2.093, indicating a significant difference in the length of Acute Respiratory Infections among preterm infants before and after Earthing therapy. It is recommended that mothers of preterm infants continue to utilize Earthing devices longer to increase the immune system and prevent acute respiratory infection. Furthermore, using Earthing therapy is beneficial for improving the general immune system in preventing or accelerating the healing process of microbial infection with Earthing devices or straight to the ground.
Edian Fitriana, Dewi Gayatri, Muhammad Adam, Tuti Herawati
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 6;

Penyakit virus corona baru 2019 (Covid-19) dinyatakan sebagai pandemi oleh WHO. Penularan Covid-19 sangat kuat dan tingkat infeksinya cepat. Tinjauan sistematis ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan meninjau literatur yang diterbitkan saat ini terkait dengan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan status fungsional dan kesehatan mental pada pasien post Covid-19, kami mencari database yang relevan dan menilai artikel penelitian yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Setelah penyaringan awal dari artikel yang diidentifikasi melalui judul dan abstrak, 167 dipilih. Selanjutnya, 52 artikel teks lengkap dinilai dan ditinjau berdasarkan kriteria inklusi kami dan dengan demikian 16 artikel dianggap memenuhi syarat dan dianalisis dalam analisis ini. Semua studi termasuk populasi orang dewasa berusia antara 18 sampai 95 tahun. Median lama rawat inap pasien Covid-19 selama berkisar antara 12 hari hingga 21 hari. Gejala jangka panjang yang paling umum pada pasien Covid-19 antara lain termasuk: sesak napas, kelelahan, penurunan fungsi fisik, insomnia, gangguan fungsi kognitif, depresi, dan kecemasan. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya selain demografi juga termasuk lama rawat, tingkat keparahan penyakit, dan adanya penyakit penyerta atau komorbid. Oleh karena itu, adanya dukungan dan pengobatan yang tepat dengan strategi manajemen yang tepat dapat membantu mengembalikan dan meningkatkan kesehatan mereka setelah keluar dari rawat inap
Triana Indrayani Indrayani, Tommy J F Wowor, Ni Luh Widani, Willhelmus Hary Soesilo
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 119-123;

There are conditions that increase an individual's risk of having a poor prognosis if infected with the COVID-19 virus, including heart disease. This condition can cause anxiety in heart failure patients and reduce the body's resistance. This study aims to identify the effect of guided imagery and health education on the anxiety of heart failure patients during the COVID 19 pandemic. The study used a Quasi Experiment. The number of samples was 62 respondents, given guided imagery relaxation and health education through booklets for 14 days. Statistical tests used Wilcoxon test and Ordinal Logistic Regression. The results showed that the level of anxiety before the intervention 61.3% moderate anxiety level and after the intervention 83.9% were not anxious. There was a significant effect between guided imagery and health education with anxiety levels (0.000). In conclusion, guided imagery relaxation and health education have an effect on decreasing the anxiety level of heart failure patients. This study recommends the need for further research on other therapies as nurse interventions in heart failure nursing care. Key words: Anxiety; COVID-19; health education; heart failure; guided imagery
Vena Agustin Pravitasari, Riska Ratnawati
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 114-118;

Coronavirus is a disease that can cause respiratory tract infections. The addition of cases that are increasing every day makes people more worried about their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between knowledge and the level of anxiety about the spread of Covid-19 cases in Patihan Village, Madiun City. The researcher used quantitative research with observational survey method with cross sectional approach. In analyzing the data, the researcher used univariate analysis as a frequency measurement tool and bivariate analysis used Kendall's tau-b test statistics. The population in the study was 1373 families, the sample was 32 families. The method used is purposive sampling. The results of the bivariate test showed that there was a significant relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable, which obtained a value (Sig. = 0.034). The level of knowledge is sufficient to have a moderate level of anxiety as many as 5 respondents (55.5%), the level of knowledge is sufficient with a level of severe anxiety as many as 4 respondents (44.5%), while the level of knowledge is good with a moderate level of anxiety as many as 4 respondents (17.4% ), and the level of knowledge is good with the level of severe anxiety as many as 19 respondents (82.6%). There is a significant relationship between knowledge and the level of anxiety about the spread of Covid-19 cases in the community in Patihan Village, Madiun City. Suggestions for further researchers can conduct qualitative research methods with a case control approach on respondents who have comorbidities.
Aryo Saloko, Asfi Manzilati
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 106-113;

Drug abuse has become severe not just in the world but also in Indonesia. To address this problem, public policies and researcher try to understand the drug use pattern. One of the famous concept in drug use pattern is gatheway hypothesis. The gateway hypothesis refers to the pattern of substance use initiate softer drug lead to the harder drug. However, many literature shows drug use pattern is not just gateway pattern, there is reversal pattern and using both gateway and reversal pattern. Many studies have discussed the relationship between drug use and individual characteristics. However, few of them are relatively link between individual characteristics and the sequential order in drug use. The purpose of this study is to evaluate how individual characteristics are associated with the gateway pattern and other pattern for different types of drugs. We use a secondary dataset of individual drug user patients from the Rehabilitation Center of National Narcotics Board aged 14–67 years assessed using the Addiction Severity Index (ASI), employing probit and multinominal logit model. Duration are associated with initial soft drug user with gateway pattern. While alcohol use and have high education level related with initial hard drug user with reversal pattern. Interestingly, duration and alcohol use correlated with initial intermediate drug user with all kind of pattern. Prevention and intervention efforts should be targeting high-risk characteristics of people at an initial stage of drug use and progression to the next stage.
Chaterine Rahel, Retno Adriyani, Hernanda Arie Nurfitria
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 88-99;

Natural hot spring is one of the recreational water. The public used it for recreation, relaxation, and therapy. The water quality should meet standards, such as free from microorganisms to prevent the onset of health complaints. This paper aimed to identify the pathogenic microorganisms and recreational water illness in natural hot spring users from worldwide studies. Method: This systematic review analysis use PRISMA Protocol as a guide to provide this article and PEO Framework to specified the criteria. Various database used to find those article is NCBI, Google Scholar, and Science Direct. In total of 10 eligible articles to analyse from 2010 -2020. Discussion: The result showed that hot spring users experienced health complaints after using hot springs contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. The microorganisms identified were Naegleria spp, Naegleria fowleri, Legionella pneumophila, Vittaforma corneae, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Complex (MAC), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Mycobacterium phocaicum. Recreation water illnesses identified were Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM), Legionella pneumonia, Pseudomonas foliculitis, Pseudomonas mastitis, Microsporidial keratitis, Hot tub lung (HTL), and P. aeruginosa pneumonia. Besides the water quality, age, comorbid, and frequency of visiting hot springs were risk factors of recreational water illness. Conclusion: The onset of recreational water illness in users of hot springs was influenced by the quality of water microbiology and age.
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