Journal of Health Science and Prevention

Journal Information
EISSN : 2549-919X
Published by: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi UINSA (10.29080)
Total articles ≅ 99
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DOAJ
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Rahma Listyandini, Fenti Dewi Pertiwi, Dian Puspa Riana, Widya Asih Lestari
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 40-48; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.421

Abstract:
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in workers is high. Its impact can lower health status and disrupt work productivity. This research aimed to identify the dominant factor of metabolic syndrome among workers in government agencies of the Tanjung Priok port, Jakarta. The research method used descriptive- analytic with a cross-sectional design. The study used secondary data from medical check-up records of 256 workers in Port of Tanjung Priok. The inclusion criteria was all employees who had a medical check-up. Exclusion criteria was pregnancy and individuals with too much missing or poorly recorded information. The chi-square test and binary logistic regression were applied for analysis. The study found that metabolic syndrome prevalence was quite high in workers (38.7%). The results of a multivariate analysis showed physical activity (p = 0,003, OR = 2,238), total energy (P = 0,038, OR = 1,960), and carbohydrate intake (p = 0,014, OR = 0,490), together became the risk factor of the metabolic syndrome among workers. The dominant factor of metabolic syndrome was physical activity. The worker was susceptible to low physical activity so that the risk of metabolic syndrome was quite high. The company should improve the health promotion program in the workplace with regular screening, improved physical activity and provide a healthy meal to prevent metabolic syndrome in workers.
Yura Witsqa Firmansyah, Mirza Fathan Fuadi, Farida Sugiester S, Wahyu Widyantoro, Muhammad Fadli Ramadhansyah
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 58-64; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.514

Abstract:
COVID-19 merupakan penyakit menular baru yang disebabkan oleh virus SARS-CoV-2. Ditetapkan sebagai pandemi pada 12 Maret 2020 karena memiliki sebaran kasus yang tinggi dan cepat dibeberapa negara. Pada 1 Februari 2021 total kasus COVID-19 mencapai 103 juta di dunia, sedangkan di indonesia mencaoai 1,09 juta. Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi terhadap penularan dan kematian COVID-19, seperti kondisi lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran kondisi lingkungan yang dapat menjadi faktor penularan dan kematian akibat COVID-19. Metode dalam penelitian ini adalah literature review, merupakan kajian pustaka dengan kajian data sekunder diperoleh melalui jurnal penelitian yang kemudihan disintesis sehingga didapatkan 23 jurnal sebagai acuan penyusunan kajian pustaka. Hasil kajian pustaka, COVID-19 dan degradasi lingkungan memiliki penurunan pencemaran udara, air, kebisingan, dan pencemaran laut akibat lockdown. Namun, terjadi peningkatan volumen limbah B3 dari pasien COVID-19. Kemudihan COVID-19 dan pencemaran udara didapatkan hasil, karbon monoksida (CO), NO2, dan materi partikulat berdiameter kecil atau sama dengan 10 ?m' (PM10) mengalami penurunan signifikan selama lockdown global. Sedangkan untuk COVID-19 dan Klimatologi-Meteorologi didapatkan hasil, Setiap kenaikan suhu 1oC dari suhu rata-rata dapat menurunkan kasus harian COVID-19 sebesar 36% dan 57% ketika rata-rata kelembaban pada 67% dan 85,5% (%). Demikian juga kelembaban, setiap kenaikan 1oC relatif menurunkan kasus harian COVID-19 sebesar 11% hingga 22% dengan rentang suhu 5,04oC hingga 8,2oC. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah, kondisi lingkungan pada saat pandemi COVID-19 memiliki polemik tersendiri. Kerusakan lingkungan seperti pencemaran udara, laut mulai berkurang dengan adanya kebijakan lockdown sebagai upaya pencegahan dan pengendalian COVID-19. Namun beberapa polutan seperti PM2,5 , PM10, CO, NO2 dan O3 memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan transmisi COVID-19. Selain itu, faktor klimatologi dan meteorologi seperti suhu dan kelembaban memiliki nilai asosiasi yang kuat terhadap kasus harian COVID-19COVID-19 is a new infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and was designated a pandemic on March 12, 2020, because it has spread cases in several countries. On February 1, 2021, the total number of COVID-19 cases reached 103 million in the world, and in Indonesia it reached 1.09 million. Many factors influence the transmission and death of COVID-19, for example environmental conditions. This study aims to provide an overview of environmental conditions that can be a factor for transmission and death due to COVID-19. The method in this research is literature review, which is a literature review with secondary data obtained through research journals which are then synthesized and obtained 23 articles as a reference for preparing literature reviews. COVID-19 and environmental degradation have decreased air, water, noise and marine pollution due to the lockdown, but there has been an increase in the volume of hazardous and toxic waste from COVID-19 patients. Then from air pollution, the results of decreases in CO, NO2, and PM10 during lockdown. Meanwhile, for climatology and meteorology, the result is that every 1oC increase in temperature from the average temperature can reduce daily cases of COVID-19 by 36% and 57% when the average humidity is at 67% and 85.5%. Likewis,e humidity each 1oC increase relatively reduces daily cases of COVID-19 by 11% to 22% with a temperature range of 5.04oC to 8.2oC. The conclusion of this research is that the environmental conditions at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic had their own polemic. However, several pollutants such as PM2,5, PM10, CO, NO2 and O3 have a significant relationship with the transmission of COVID-19. This literature review can provide recommendations regarding a holistic model policy for governments globally in efforts to prevent and control environmental pollution, and recycle medical waste.COVID-19 is a new infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and was designated as a pandemic since March 12, 2020, because there are a lot of case in several countries. On February 1, 2021, the total number of COVID-19 cases reached 103 million in the world, and in Indonesia it reached 1.09 million. Many factors influence the transmission and death of COVID-19, for example environmental conditions. This study aims to provide an overview of environmental conditions that can be a factor for transmission and death due to COVID-19. The method in this research is literature review, which is a literature review with secondary data obtained through research journals which are then synthesized and obtained 23 articles as a reference for preparing literature reviews. COVID-19 and environmental degradation have decreased air, water, noise and marine pollution due to the lockdown, but there has been an increase in the volume of hazardous and toxic waste from COVID-19 patients. Then from air pollution, the results of decreases in CO, NO2, and PM10 during lockdown. Meanwhile, for climatology and meteorology, the result is that every 1oC increase in temperature from the average temperature can reduce daily cases of COVID-19 by 36% and 57% when the average humidity is at 67% and 85.5%. Likewis,e humidity each 1oC increase relatively reduces daily cases of COVID-19 by 11% to 22% with a temperature range of 5.04oC to 8.2oC. The conclusion of this research is that the environmental conditions during a pandemic had their own polemic. However, several pollutants such as CO, NO2, O3, PM2,5, and PM10 is closely related to the spread of COVID-19. This literature review can provide recommendations for an overall global government demonstration policy in the prevention and control of environmental pollution and recycling of medical waste.
Estiningtyas, Anindhita Yudha Cahyaningtyas
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 49-57; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.464

Abstract:
Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a severe complication of labour result in an adverse effect on maternal and neonatal health. Nevertheless, the factors associated with postpartum depression are very rarely examined during postpartum care. This study aimed to discover the determinants of postpartum depression among mothers in a rural area, Central Java, Indonesia. The design of the study was observational analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The setting of the study was in Sukoharjo Regency. Participants of the study were 160 mothers, ages 20-35 years old, during 0-8 weeks of postpartum that were taken using a purposive sampling technique. The participants were given two questionnaires: (1) questionnaire on the socio-demographic; and (2) the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire. The questionnaires were distributed to mothers’ at their houses by the interviewers. The result findings shows that the determinants of postpartum depression are occupations (p=0.012), husband support (p=0.010), family support (p=0.027), social support (p=0.025), pregnancy planning (p=0.025), monthly income (p=0.021). PPD is not associated with age (p=0.417), parity (p=0.977), and level of education (p=0.892). Key conclusion: maternal mental health services need to be addressed in the management of the risk factors to prevent the occurrence of postpartum depression. Keywords: husband support, family support, social support, postpartum depression symptoms
Rizki Nurmalya Kardina, Kartika Yuliani, Farah Nuriannisa
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 33-39; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.455

Abstract:
Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are two genera of gram-positive bacteria that are widely used as probiotic products to improve the composition of the intestinal microbiota but until now the difference in the number of these bacteria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and healthy people in Asia remains unclear. This study conducted a systematic review to analyze the differences in the number of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria in patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy people in Asia. The results showed that the number of Lactobacillus bacteria was higher in patients with type 2 diabetics than in healthy people. The number of Bifidobacterium bacteria in patients with type 2 diabetes tended to be lower than in healthy people, although there was some literature stating that there was no difference in the number of Bifidobacterium bacteria in patients with type 2 diabetes and in healthy people. Further research on the profile of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria per type (species) specifically in people with type 2 diabetes and healthy people of various ethnicities in Indonesia is needed to identify dysbiosis in people with type 2 diabetes and determine specific microbiota therapy for people with type 2 diabetes.
Safira Anis Rahmawati, Inge Dhamanti
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 23-32; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.396

Abstract:
Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) atau infeksi nosokomial masih menjadi masalah yang paling sering terjadi pada pelayanan kesehatan. Rumah sakit perlu melaksanakan pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi (PPI) sebagai standar mutu pelayanan rumah sakit serta untuk melindungi pasien, petugas kesehatan dan pengunjung dari kejadian infeksi yang tidak diharapkan. Pada kenyataannya, pelaksanaan program pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi di berbagai rumah sakit belum terlaksana dengan baik. Penelitian ini menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi pelaksanaan program pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi di rumah sakit. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode literature review dengan menggunakan 11 artikel yang berasal dari berbagai data sources. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang memengaruhi pelaksanaan program pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi di rumah sakit yaitu faktor fungsi manajemen, peran dan fungsi kepala ruangan, ketersediaan sarana dan prasarana, serta faktor budaya organisasi.
Sirajudin, Adji Prayitno Setiadi, Yosi Irawati Wibowo, Eko Setiawan
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.390

Abstract:
Banyaknya jumlah obat-obatan di rumah sakit seringkali meningkatkan risiko ketidaktepatan dalam manajemen persediaan farmasi, oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan studi pengelolaan dan penggunaannya. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengkaji efektivitas pengelolaan dan penggunaan obat di Bima, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Adapun metode penelitian ini bersifat observasional retrospektif. Analisa data dilakukan secara deskriptif. Evaluasi pengelolaan dilakukan pada tahap perencanaan, pengadaan, penyimpanan dan pendistribusian, sedangkan evaluasi penggunaan dilakukan dengan menghitung DDD/100 patient-days untuk antibiotika yang paling banyak digunakan. Hasil penelitian pada evaluasi perencanaan, diperoleh tiga jenis obat pada matrik AV yaitu Ringer Lactat, Fentanil dan Tetagam; satu jenis obat vital pada Matrik BV, yaitu anti bisa ular; dan sembilan jenis obat pada matrik CV yaitu Aminophylline inj 24mg, Serum anti tetanus 1.500IU, Fenobarbital inj, Levosol inj, Magnesium sulfat inj 20%, Norepinefrin inj, Otsu D40, Otsu MgSO4 40, Pethidine 50mg/ml. Kesesuaian dana pengadaan obat 107,3% dan rerata ketepatan pengadaan 275%; terdapat 2 jenis obat rusak pada penyimpanan (0,476 %). Analisa DDD/100 patient-days untuk 12 injeksi antibiotika diperoleh total 45,44 DDD/100 patient-days. Kesimpulan: Hasil temuan pada penelitian ini memberikan gambaran informasi awal yang dapat digunakan untuk menyempurnakan praktek pengelolaan obat yang lebih efektif dan efisien di rumah sakit-rumah sakit khususnya di RSUD Bima di masa mendatang.The large number of medications circulating in hospitals may increase the risks of mismanagement of pharmaceutical inventory; hence studies on the management and use of medication are needed. This present study aims to analyse medication management and use in Bima Regional Public Hospital. This is a retrospective observational study, using descriptive data analysis. The analysis of medication management was conducted for the planning, procurement, storage and distribution stages; while the evaluation of medication use was done on antibiotic injections commonly prescribed using DDD/100 patient-days. The results showed that in the planning stage, three medications were in the AV category (i.e. Lactated Ringer’s Infusion, Fentanyl and Tetagam Inj.); one vital medication was in the BV category (i.e. anti-snake venom serum); and nine medications were in the CV category (i.e. Aminophylline Inj. 24mg, Anti-Tetanus Serum 1500 IU, Phenobarbital Inj., Levosol Inj., Magnesium Sulphate Inj. 20%, Norepinephrine Inj., OTSU D40 Infusion, OTSU MgSO4-40 Inj., Pethidine Inj. 50 mg/ml). The conformity of procurement funding was 107.3%, while the accuracy of procurement process (medication purchased/prescribed) was 275%; and there were two damaged products during storage (0.476 %). The evaluation of medication use for 12 antibiotic injections found a total 45.44 DDD/100 patient-days. The findings in this study provides a baseline data in optimising future practices of medication management and use in hospitals, especially in Bima Regional Public Hospital.
Andi Sastria Ahmad, Abdul Azis, Fadli
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 10-14; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.415

Abstract:
Stunting may have occurred since prenatal phases until the baby was 2 years old because of malnutrition. Children having stunting have a problem in growth and cognitive impairments. This study aims to analyze the risk factors of stunting among children under five in Empagae, Sidrap Regency. This correlational research study the correlation between posyandu visits, health workers' roles, and parenting on stunting. Technique sampling used was consecutive sampling with 52 respondents. The results showed that there was a moderate correlation between the health workers roles and stunting (p-value = 0.018; r = 0.33), strong correlation between parenting styles and stunting (p. -value = 0.000; r = 0.82), and moderate correlation between posyandu visits stunting (p-value = 0.002; r = 0.43). This research implies that mothers must fulfill nutrition to prevent stunting and be more active in posyandu activities to have nutrition monitoring. It is hoped that health workers have to control and monitor the nutritional status of toddlers, pregnant women, and mothers who have babies to prevent stunting.
Fransisca Putri Intan Damalia, Atik Choirul Hidajah, Agus Ardiyansyah
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 5, pp 15-22; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v5i1.425

Abstract:
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira sp. and carried by rats as the main source of transmission through its urine. Risk factors for the sufferer are the condition and activity of daily individuals. Probolinggo Regency became one of the regencies/cities in East Java that had been infected by Leptospirosis and as of 20 January 2020 the case amounted to 4 and 2 of which died. This research aims to illustrate the characteristics, behaviors, and environmental conditions of the Leptospirosis in Probolinggo Regency. The research was conducted by describing four cases of Leptospirosis found in Probolinggo Regency from 1 – 20 January 2020. The cases found are depicted according to characteristic variables, behaviors, and environmental conditions. Data analysis is done in a descriptive, namely describing the distribution and presentation of each variable. Data is presented in a table or narrative form. The results showed that 75% of the patients of Leptospirosis are male-gender with an age range of 45-59 years old. Work of some sufferer (50%) is a risky job, namely farmers and builders. No sufferers use gloves during contact with puddle, the use of footwear to the yard and the habit of washing hands and feet after the activity is only done by some sufferers (50%). Almost all sufferers (75%) using well water as a source of clean water. 50% of sufferers do not have sewers. Most sufferers (75%) have pets or livestock and be aware of the presence of rats in the house. Bins owned by most sufferers (75%) is a type of open trash can. Half of the number of sufferers residing in flood prone areas. Therefore, it takes a disciplined attitude in the implementation of clean and healthy life during activities to prevent the occurrence of Leptospirosis.
Tika Noor Prastia, Rahma Listyandini
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 4, pp 99-104; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v4i2.408

Abstract:
Stunting merupakan bentuk kekurangan gizi kronis yang dapat terjadi intergenerasi. Ibu hamil yang mengalami malnutrisi berisiko lebih besar menghasilkan anak stunting. Kondisi ini berkontribusi terhadap penurunan kualitas sumber daya manusia dan peningkatan morbiditas dan mortalitas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui adanya perbedaan kadar hemoglobin dan lingkar lengan atas ibu hamil antara baduta yang mengalami stunting dan normal di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Cibungbulang Kabupaten Bogor. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 115 responden yang didapatkan dengan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada terdapat perbedaan kadar hemoglobin (p-value=0,835) dan lingkar lengan atas (p-value=0,114) ibu hamil antara baduta stunting dan normal. Stunting perlu difokuskan tidak hanya pada masa pra konsepsi tetapi perbaikan gizi selama periode 1000 hari pertama kehidupan karena masa tersebut merupakan masa kejar tumbuh dan menentukan kualitas individu pada fase kehidupan selanjutnya.
Mahesa Arya Muharram
Journal of Health Science and Prevention, Volume 4, pp 111-124; https://doi.org/10.29080/jhsp.v4i2.410

Abstract:
Mengurangi risiko bagi pekerja dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai cara salah satunya dengan upaya pencegahan kecelakaan kerja yang dilakukan sesuai dengan hirarki pengendalian yang terdiri dari pengendalian teknik, pengendalian administratif, dan alat pelindung diri (APD). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara dukungan sosial dan efikasi diri dengan perilaku penggunaan APD (Alat Pelindung Diri) pada pekerja fungsi RSD (receiving, storage, distribution) PT. Pertamina (Persero) DPPU Juanda Sidoarjo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan kuantitatif, dengan jumlah 71 sampel. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah tabulasi silang dan regresi logistik ganda. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan, dukungan emosional, dukungan informasional, dukungan instrumental, efikasi tingakatan, efikasi keluasaan berhubungan dengan perilaku penggunaan APD. Sedangkan pengetahuan dan dukungan informasi menjadi variable independen yang mempengaruhi perilaku penggunaan APD dengan nilai Exp(B) sebesar 8,664 dan 18,682. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah factor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku penggunaan APD adalah pengetahuan, dukungan emosional, instrumental, informative, efikasi tingkatan, efikasi keluasaan. Sedanglan pegetahuan dan dukungan informative menjadi variabel yang mempengaruhi perilaku penggunaan APD.
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