Investment Management and Financial Innovations
ISSN / EISSN : 18104967 / 18129358
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 463
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 12 November 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 37-45; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(4).2019.04
Abstract:This research aims to apply the value-added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) model to test the impact of intellectual capital (IC) on market value of the Jordanian industrial firms. The research increases the awareness of the need for firms of all sizes to communicate and value their business beyond capturing numbers alone. The sample for this study is 73 Jordanian manufacturing shareholders companies during the period 2005–2017. The sample employed consists of 648 firm-year observations. Market value is measured using the market capitalization over the total assets. Valuation approaches are a challenging area created to enable the stakeholders, or outside parties, to put an economic value on a firm.The IC and its components: capital employed (CEE), structural capital (SCE), and human capital (HCE) of industrial firms have been analyzed, and their impact on market value has been estimated using regression models. The results show that there is no relationship between IC and the market value; HCE is associated with the market value, and SCE and CEE are not associated with the market value. This could be explained by the increase in employees’ training, as a regular training program is an essential factor in managers’ and employees’ performance. Practically, investors have a positive view of a firm that has higher employee expenditure than its investment in physical capital. Future research should be made on the empirical analysis of other sectors to determine whether different results and explanations can be obtained.
Published: 28 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 28-36; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(4).2019.03
Abstract:Corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) are important subjects for corporate sustainability that affect firm value (FV). At the same time research results in several countries provide diverse empirical evidence. This study analyzes the impact of corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) on firm value (FV) through the cost of capital (CoC) in public companies of Indonesia. The research sample includes 27 companies that publish sustainability reports and corporate governance reports, with an observation period from 2010 till 2016. This study presents the analysis of three firm value proxies (Tobin’s q (TQ), Price Earnings Ratio (PER), and Price to Book Value (PBV)). Results of hypotheses testing using Partial Least Squares (PLS) show that CG and CSR have both direct and indirect effects on FV. These findings are consistent for all three firm value assessments. According to direct testing, CG has a negative effect on FV, while CSR has a positive effect. The CoC acts as a mediating variable in this relationship. The CG and CSR have a negative effect on CoC, while CoC has a negative effect on FV. The findings show that CG and CSR can improve the company performance and corporate image internally and externally, thereby increasing the investors` confidence, and companies have the opportunity to obtain inexpensive funding sources that can reduce CoC. A decrease in CoC can increase profitability and have an impact on FV increasing.
Published: 18 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 16-27; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(4).2019.02
Abstract:This research empirically looked at Enterprise Risk Management impact on accounting quality of selected listed firms in the Nigerian financial sector. The study engaged the use of content analysis of the selected listed firms’ annual financial reports and corporate websites in determining the ERM disclosure index and its impact on accounting quality for a period of five years (pre-ERM period) (2007–2011) and another five years period (post-ERM period) (2013–2017). In attaining the proposed objectives, the study employed the panel Generalized Method of Moments estimator to test the hypotheses and find out the relationship between the variables. The study observed from the findings that there is no significant association between enterprise risk management and accounting quality during the pre-ERM period. This study adds to the body of knowledge in the area of corporate reporting, risk disclosure, risk management and accounting quality in emerging economies especially the Sub-Saharan African countries.
Published: 16 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 1-15; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(4).2019.01
Abstract:Nowadays in Ukrainian realities decentralization, as a process of expanding and strengthening the rights and powers of administrative-territorial units, contributes to the development of financial innovations, the accessibility of public goods, and improvements in the quality of life of the population.The aim of the article goal is developing the recommendations for improving the financial support of the regions by introducing new tools of influence of communities and local self-governments on the economic growth of territories.Using the methods of factor analysis, regression analysis, and significant components, the article determines the impact of regional economic development on the revenues of local budgets. The empirical findings show the close correlation between budgetary decentralization and industrial capabilities of the regions. A cluster analysis was carried out to identify the asymmetries of regional development in terms of financial capacity. It enabled to distinguish homogeneous groups of areas according to the indicators of their economic development. On this basis the authors substantiated the necessity of entrepreneurial activity stimulating, increasing the number of companies, and promoting a continuous flow of goods (works, services) from the producer to the consumer in different regions of Ukraine.
Published: 9 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 353-364; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.31
Abstract:Nowadays, there is a constant need to build an appropriate system for assessing the company`s value for shareholders, which implies that the company chooses an adequate model based on drivers, which allow making decisions at all management levels associated with investment activity, ensuring an increase in value for owners. The purpose of the article is to improve the methodology for assessing the influence of drivers as a critical element of value-oriented management on the investment activity of companies. The analysis technique consists of two parts. In the first part, regression models of factors influence and cost drivers on the value multipliers and shareholder profits were built. Based on the interpretation of the coefficients obtained, it should be noted that the cost-effectiveness of assets has the most powerful impact on the market value of the company and shareholder`s profitability. Thus, the presence of sustainable competitive advantages, resulting simultaneously in higher company value and profitability, the variable profitability in its turn does not fully reflect the potential for generating cash flows in the future. In the second part of the analysis, the authors built the probit models of the factors influence and cost drivers on the probability that the value multipliers of the market average values and the total profitability of shareholders are above the market average. Based on the relative strength model of the influence factors and drivers of value on value-based management, the recommendations were formulated.
Published: 9 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 341-352; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.30
Abstract:This research evaluates the differences in financial performance of enterprises before and after privatization aiming to find out the influence of privatization on the enterprises’ performance. The study is based on the audited financial statements of 105 Vietnamese privatized enterprises privatized in the period from 2005 to 2016. Applying the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, the obtained results prove that after privatization profitability and outputs of investigated firms are significantly higher than prior privatization. However, there is no significant change of leverage. Applying a regression model to evaluate the factors affecting financial performance of firms in the research model, it was found out that the proportion of state ownership, economic growth, operating period, enterprise`s size, and business risk have positive influence on the financial performance of research firms. However, the leverage of these firms has a negative impact on the financial performance. In accordance with the obtained results, this study suggests that the privatization process should be continued regardless of firm size or business type. The government should create fair competition environment, remove incentives and supports for State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), manage changes in privatized firms, and enforce the legal system.
Published: 8 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 332-340; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.29
Abstract:This paper presents an empirical evidence of a time-varying relationship between corporate governance and its impacts on stock returns in Thailand. The governance grades assessed by the Thai Institute of Directors are used as governance measurement for the analysis. The parameters estimated by Fama-Macbeth regression indicate that firms with higher governance ratings generate greater expected stock returns in a long run. However, on yearly basis, the positive relationship deteriorates and loses explanatory power in the most of the tested years. The coefficients of governance ratings estimated by fixed effect regression are examined for statistical difference, which confirms that effect of corporate governance on stock returns differs year by year. While there are some distinct years that governance ratings affect stock prices positively, higher governance ratings lead to lower returns in other particular years. The both positive and negative magnitudes of corporate governance’s impact on expected returns do not stay the same over time. Good governance practice at a firm does not always yield positive returns to investors.
Published: 7 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 307-318; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.27
Abstract:The risk of bankruptcy is affected by many different factors. Therefore, identifying the groups of factors affecting bankruptcy risks, especially financial performance factors, are important and necessary. The study focused on the impact of financial performance on the bankruptcy risk of real estate companies listed on Vietnam’s stock exchange. Research data were collected from 44 real estate companies listed on Vietnam’s stock exchange from 2011 to 2017 with 308 observations. The study was conducted by the quantitative method based on the logistic regression model with the help of SPSS 25 specialized software. The research results show that Return on Assets (ROA), Return on Equity (ROE) and Total Asset Turnover (TAT) have significant reverse effects on bankruptcy risk, while Operating Profit Margin (OPM) is not a relevant factor. The accuracy rate of the overall predictive model is 90.9%. This study extends the scope of literature on the impact of financial performance on the bankruptcy risk of real estate companies. Moreover, this study offers the model of bankruptcy risk prediction of the listed real estate companies in Vietnam and recommends effective solutions to improve business efficiency, limit and prevent financial risks for listed real estate companies in Vietnam.
Published: 7 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 319-331; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.28
Abstract:The assets of a business entity that is subject to bankruptcy proceedings form bankruptcy estate. The correct assessment of its value is a necessary pre-condition to save time and cost effective bankruptcy proceedings. The article presents the valuation methods applied in Poland for assets consisting of real estate and movables that collectively constitute the bankruptcy estate. The main objective of this study is to assess the reliability and efficiency of the appraisals of book, market and forced sale value in relation to the possibility of correct estimation of funds obtained from the sale of individual assets in the course of liquidation proceedings. The article presents the results of a study conducted in 15 intentionally selected enterprises in bankruptcy operating on the territory of Lubelskie Voivodeship in Poland. It offers the analysis of applied valuation methods and the description of specific conditions of sale of bankrupt entity’s assets in accordance with legal regulations and applied practices. In particular, it compares the differences in the value of the examined assets determined by different methods and identifies the reasons for these differences. The most important conclusion of the study is the fact that neither the market value nor the book value allow for reliable estimation of the revenues that could be obtained from the sale of the bankruptcy estate, which makes it impossible to determine the probable level of satisfaction of creditors’ claims. The specific nature of sale under bankruptcy justifies the use of the forced sale value despite difficulties connected with its estimation. The basic recommendation is the necessity to supplement the valuation report with the estimation of the forced sale value along with the comprehensive description of the algorithm of its calculation.
Published: 4 October 2019
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 292-306; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.26
Abstract:The sovereign credit rating provides information about the creditworthiness of a country and thereby serves as a tool for investors in order to make right decisions concerning financial assets worth investments. Thus, determination of a sovereign credit rating is a highly complex and challenging activity. Specialized agencies are involved in rating assessment. So, it’s essential to analyze the efficiency of their work and seek out easily accessible tools for generating assessments of such ratings. The objective of this article is to find out whether sovereign credit rating can be reliably estimated using trends of selected macroeconomic indicators, despite the fact that sovereign credit rating is most likely influenced by non-economic factors. This can be used for strategic considerations at national and multinational levels. The relationships between sovereign credit rating and the trends of macroeconomic indicators were examined using statistical methods, linear multiple regression analysis, cumulative correlation coefficient, and multicollinearity test. The data source used is comprised of selected World Bank indicators meeting the conditions of completeness and representativeness. The data set has shown a cumulative correlation coefficient value greater than 95%, however at 100% multicollinearity. This is followed by the gradual elimination of indicators, but even this did not allow achieving acceptable values. So, the conclusion is that rating levels are not explainable solely by the trends of economic indicators, but other influences, e.g. political. However, the fact that the statistical model yielded acceptable results for five and fewer indicators allowed a regression equation to be found that gives good estimates of a country’s rating. This allows, for example, predicting of ratings relatively easy by forecasting the development of selected macroeconomic indicators.