Investment Management and Financial Innovations

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18104967 / 18129358
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 447
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DOAJ
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Ola Honningdal Grytten, Viktoriia Koilo
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 167-181; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.16

Abstract:This paper sheds light on the financial crisis of 2008–2010 in eleven emerging Eastern European economies (EE11): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Romania, Tajikistan and Ukraine. The aim is twofold. In the first place it seeks to find out if the financial instability hypothesis, as put forward by Minsky and Kindleberger, is a valid explanatory factor for the crisis. Secondly, it tries to map if general institutional frameworks of these countries were developed in order to stand against the factors leading into the financial crisis.To answer these research problems the paper maps cycles of three parameters representing the real economy, i.e. gross domestic product, manufacturing output and unemployment and four parameters representing the financial markets, i.e. money supply, credit volumes, inflation and government debt. The cycle approach is carried out with the help of a structural time series analysis to isolate cycles in time series. The paper concludes that there were substantial positive financial cycles previous to the financial crisis mirrored by similar cycles in the real economy. Similarly, the results show negative cycles in the same parameters during the years of crisis. It seems that an uncontrolled increase in money and credit caused the economy to overheat and thereafter contract into financial and real economy crises.Also, the paper compiles twelve different indices of institutional development. These are standardized and presented in an institutional development matrix, showing that the general institutional framework for the eleven economies was weak previous to and under the meltdown of the economies. The construction of an integrated institutional development index on the basis of the same twelve parameters confirms institutional shortcomings, which may have made the economies less able to guard themselves from a crisis initiated by both domestically and internationally financial instability.
Bikramaditya Ghosh, Emira Kozarević
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 182-193; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.17

Abstract:This study delves into the herding and bubble detection in the volatility domain of a capital market underlying. Furthermore, it focuses on creating heuristics, so that common investors find it relatively easy to understand the state of the market volatility. Hence, it can be termed that this study is focused on the specific financial innovation regarding bubble and herding detection coupled with investor awareness. The traces of possible volatility bubble emerge when it is positioned against its own lags (both lag1 and lag2). The volatility trigger indicated clear traces of herding and an embedded parabola function. Continuous and repetitive parabola function hinted at a subtle presence of “fractals”. Firstly, the detrended fluctuation analysis has been used with its multifractal variant. Secondly, the regularized form of Hurst calculation and analysis have been used. Both tests reveal the traces of nascent bubble formation owing to prominent herding in CNX Nifty HFT environment. They also indicate a clear link with Hausdorff topological patterns. These patterns would help to create heuristics, enabling investors to be aware of possible bubble and herd situations.
Funso Abiodun Okunlola, Godswill Osagie Osuma, Ehimare Alexander Omankhanlen
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 157-166; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.15

Abstract:This study examined if the Nigerian agricultural output has spurred economic growth and the best fit agricultural financing gap model for growing the economy. The study explored the dynamics of different technicality approach that stepwise regression has to offer. From the seven baskets of predictors – agricultural guaranteed finance to oil palm, cocoa, groundnuts, fishery, poultry, cattle, roots and tubers – the step fitted three predictors: roots and tubers, cocoa and poultry based on “a b” parameter with the highest “t-stats” and significant p-value and subsequently executed the model using stepwise regression analysis with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. The dataset covers a thirty-six year period from 1981 to 2017. The source of the data is from the Central Bank of Nigeria 2018 statistical bulletin. The findings showed that individually, root and tubers has the most contributory impact on economic growth with 81 percent. Jointly followed is cocoa at 87 percent and poultry at 90 percent. The study thus recommends a comparative cost advantage to financing agriculture with the most impactful contribution to economic growth based on the model.
Shantha Gowri B., Vedantam Seetha Ram
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 142-156; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.14

Abstract:The impact of news on individual investor decision is explicit as investors need to update, adapt and forecast returns with constraints of time, uncertainty and resources to be successful. The aim is to understand and review the influence of news on individual investor’s decision making in stock markets and identify the impact of different type of news on individual investor’s decision making in stock markets, assess the behavioral reaction and investment decisions made by investors before and after there is news item, identify the linking effect on behavioral theories and biases, develop a generalized decision making conceptual model to understand the impact of news on investor’s reaction, decision and its linkages along with the behavioral bias. Theoretical basis/methodology for processing of news by investors is assumed to be based on Broadbent’s filter theory (1958) and due to cognitive informational inefficiency of investors it assesses the attention and the investor’s reaction of overreaction and underreaction, which do not comply with efficient market hypothesis theory. The reasons for its noncompliance are found by relating it with behavioral theories. The results explain how investor screens with filters and give attention to news only when it affects their portfolio or investment objective and strategies. It is concluded that investor’s decision making depends on degree of information penetration, information content, information influence, specific internal factors and generic external and on investors prevailing at that given circumstances. This gives us the solution to comprehend the investor’s reaction, decision and unresolved reversals, short- and long-term overreaction.
Udo Braendle
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 131-141; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.13

Abstract:This article analyzes the correlation between compliance to the Austrian Code of Corporate Governance and financial success of Austrian stock listed companies. It uses a sample of 52 Austrian companies that are listed on the Vienna Stock Exchange and corporate data collected from company publications such as annual reports, financial reports, corporate governance reports and company websites. Three accounting measures – return on assets, return on equity and net profit margin – were chosen in order to proxy the financial performance of a company. The period under review ranges from 2008 to 2016, whereas particular attention is given to the years 2010 to 2016. A corporate governance compliance score has been established on the comply or explain basis and recommendation rules of the Austrian Code of Corporate Governance in order to measure a company’s ability of implementing ‘good’ corporate governance practices. In line with research for other countries, this study finds no statistical evidence that a correlation exists between high compliance to the Austrian Code of Corporate Governance and financial success of companies listed on the Austrian Stock Exchange. The paper highlights the uniqueness of the Austrian Corporate Governance system when compared to other systems and gives arguments why companies comply with corporate governance recommendations.
Eseosa Obadiaru, Alex Omankhanlen, Barnabas Obasaju, Henry Inegbedion
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 120-130; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.12

Abstract:Stock markets over the world have become more interconnected due to activities of foreign investors in search for alternative financial assets and markets to invest in order to diversify their portfolio. Stock market indices and index returns have been known to reflect linkages between different markets. This study assesses the extent of correlation of stock market index returns in West Africa and those of the United States of America (US) and United Kingdom (UK) from 2008 to 2016. The correlation between the index returns for the entire sample period and yearly samples were considered for Nigeria, Ghana, the BRVM, the USA and the UK. The indices selected for the five countries considered are the Nigerian All-Share Index, Ghanaian Composite Index, the BRVM Composite Index, the Financial Times 100 Index and the Standards and Poor’s 500 Index. Daily index returns data were used for the study and analyzed using correlation and multiple regression analysis. Findings revealed that the returns of the pairs of the United States of America (US) and the United Kingdom (UK) exhibited stronger positive correlation with each other than the other market pairs in the study both in the entire sample period and the yearly sub-period analysis. The correlations between the other market pairs were either positively or negatively weak or very weak indicating more diversification opportunities.
Talal Al-Kassar
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 106-119; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.11

Abstract:The study goal is to investigate the effect of cash specific accounting information on the capital investment decisions. To this end, the researcher used a prepared questionnaire to selected companies in Jordan. The main result of the study has shown that there is a significant effect of three kinds of accounting information, which are related to expected cash flows: 1) data on scrapped assets at the end of investment, 2) information on money coming in and out, and 3) information on cash saving by tax (outflows). Capital investment decisions show an increased consciousness by companies and have an importance of accounting information effect. This will significantly extend in the progress of capital investment decisions in companies. The main recommendation was to use the information on accounting, such as cash flows obtained from the asset at the end of their life. Also, information on cash coming in and out of companies, and information on cash saving by outflows (tax) have a significant effect on decisions related to capital investment.
Elok Sri Utami, Tatang Ary Gumanti
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 97-105; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.10

Abstract:Dividend policy has been puzzling for researchers for decades. The level of dividend varies not only across industries, but also across countries. This research analyzes the dividend policy of Indonesian public companies, in particular it examines the partial effect of cash ratio, debt ratio, company size, profitability, and asset growth on cash dividend policy in Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2008 to 2015. A total of 102 companies was used as a sample. The samples are divided into four groups: (1) a group of companies paying changeable dividends (Change group), (2) a group of companies paying continuous dividends, but then stop paying dividend (Omission group), (3) a group of companies that initially do not pay the dividends, but then continuously paying dividend (Initiation group); and (4) a group of companies paying constant dividends (Constant group). Results of hypotheses testing using multiple regression analysis show that profitability and asset growth affect dividend policy in all company groups. Company size affects dividend policy in the Change, Initiation, and Constant groups. Debt ratio influences dividend policy only in the Change group.
Xuan Quynh Le, Ngoc Tien Nguyen, Thy Ha Van Le
Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Volume 16, pp 87-96; doi:10.21511/imfi.16(3).2019.09

Abstract:A number of studies in environmental disclosure have suggested that corporates accountable for environmental responsibility practice have lower cost of capital. However, this relationship has not yet been discovered in Vietnam. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between environmental disclosure and the equity cost of 115 non-financial companies listed on Vietnamese stock market from 2014 to 2017 with 460 observations. This study uses the panel data regression model (the fixed effects model (FEM) and the random effects model (REM)) to assess the impact of environmental disclosure on the equity cost of listed companies in Vietnam. Content analysis method according to GRI guidelines is used to measure the level of the environmental responsibility practice and Easton’s model (2004) is used to estimate firms’ ex ante cost of equity. The research results show that the level of environmental information disclosure of listed companies in Vietnam is not high and there is a negative relationship with statistical significance between the environmental disclosure and cost of equity of listed companies in Vietnam. The findings suggest that environmental practice can be profitable and beneficial to Vietnamese listed companies. Therefore, companies in Vietnam need to change their awareness of social and environmental responsibility practices. This study also shows that the suitable model for listed companies in Vietnam is the FEM.