EUREKA: Social and Humanities
ISSN / EISSN : 2504-5563 / 2504-5571
Current Publisher: OU Scientific Route (10.21303)
Total articles ≅ 216
Latest articles in this journal
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 9-16; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001442
The current research conducts the study of the enterprise financial policy in an aspect of formalising its types in an attempt to maximize its efficiency and practical sense as the latter are basically absent due to lacking proper scientific background. That is, subsystems of financial policy are perceived by domestic scholars as its types, which make it impossible to create a rational, functioning and effective managerial system. Arranging the enterprise financial policy to specific types allows easier achievement of a chosen strategy and formulated objectives as each such type is a set of methods, levers and tools for making and implementing management decisions, which provides optimisation to this process, thus achieving the maximum efficiency of financial management The analysis of domestic scientific achievements on the researched problems, or rather total lack of such, proved the necessity to substantiate the types of enterprise financial policy. Thus, the subsystems of financial policy: depreciation, tax, dividend and others are perceived by domestic scholars as its types, which lead to an erroneous understanding of its essence and process mechanism of its implementation, and hence – the controversial scientific and practical value of existing research. The given research proposes following types of the enterprise financial policy: stabilizing financial policy, proliferative financial policy, innovative financial policy and urgent financial policy, that are meant to be used in specific economic conditions and in accordance with current managerial objectives and maximize the effectiveness of financial management.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 26-31; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001438
The article reveals the essence of bullying as a social aggression or social situation that arises in a group; psychological features of bullies, their victims and observers; modern types of bullying (physical, verbal, social, cyberbullying); psychological peculiarities of interpersonal relations of students of higher education institutions with experience of school bullying. The authors have conducted an experimental research with future foreign language teachers using the method of interpersonal perception in a conflict situation (A. Tatishcheva in the modification of O. Misenko) to clarify students' understanding of such concepts as "bullying" and "conflict" and they have analyzed the results. It was found, that only one fifth of the respondents (20.64 %) clearly understood the essential features of the "conflict" concept, and have understood the mechanisms of perception of conflict situations (high level); half of the respondents (50.16 %) were partially able to characterize the phenomenon of the study (middle level), and a third (29.20 %) – completely did not understand the meaningful field of the concept of "conflict", and have experienced great difficulty in correlating this concept with others (low level). The obtained empirical data shows that the students did not get adequate knowledge in the course of their life on the identified problems, had no idea about conflict situations solving strategies. This has led to the need for focused work to clarify the nature of the «conflict» and other concepts related to it («bullying», «mobbing», «violence», etc.). The article offers modern forms and methods of teaching students’ prevention and overcoming school bullying, like: case study, webinars, individual conversations with students during pedagogical practice, announcements in the form of mini-lectures at parental meetings and more.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 39-42; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001440
The choice between modern nation-building and integration into supranational European and Euro-Atlantic structures remains a strategic challenge for the Balkan countries. Success in solving this problem of predominantly mono-ethnic Croatia and Slovenia has not yet become a model to follow. Serbian and Albanian national issues cannot be resolved. Serbia's defeat in the Balkan wars of 1991–1999 over the creation of a "Greater Serbia" led to the country's territorial fragmentation. Two Albanian national states emerged in the Balkans. Attempts to create a union of Kosovo and Albania could turn the region into a whirlpool of ultra-nationalist contradictions. The European Union has started accession negotiations with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Northern Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro. The success of these negotiations depends on the readiness of the EU and the ability of these Balkan states to adopt European norms and rules. The accession of all Balkan nation-states to the European Union must finally close the "Balkan window" of the vulnerability of the united Europe. Nation-building in the Balkans on the basis of ethnic nationalism sharply contradicts the purpose and current values of the European integration process. For more than three decades, the EU has been pursuing a policy of human rights, the rule of law, democracy and economic development in the Balkans. The region remains vulnerable to the influences of non-European geopolitical powers: the United States, Russia, Turkey, and China. The further scenario of the great Balkan geopolitical game mainly depends on the pro-European national consolidation of the Balkan peoples and the effectiveness of the European Union's strategy in the Balkans.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 43-49; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001439
Recently, Ukrainian higher education institutions (UHEI) have undergone major changes in revising and implementing new policies, concerning the outcome-oriented reform in the national higher education standards (NHES). This paper describes research, conducted in Ukraine to collect the data on how new NHES in Electronics and program-based outcomes are perceived by undergraduate engineering students’ in terms of achieving their learning outcomes. The results of the study suggest that while the importance of implementing outcome-oriented initiative is highly supported and documented by the UHEI, students do not see the clear relation of program-based outcomes to the acquired knowledge and skills. Regardless of their apparent unawareness of program-based outcomes, students claim to be able to demonstrate their acquired knowledge and skills in practice, which is supported by self-assessment of their progress as well as the data on students’ average grades. Additionally, the study shows that program-based outcomes are rarely used to assess students’ performance as the outcomes do not align with the assessment criteria. The study indicates that students’ awareness of higher education learning outcomes, based on NHES in Electronics Engineering (EE) programmes, is generally underestimated both by students and course developers. The results unveil the need to introduce a professional development program in order to train EE course developers to adequately implement NHES outcomes in designing EE courses as well as make existing assessment criteria outcome-oriented.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 17-25; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001428
The paper defines the essence of the notion “land relations” and outlines their main peculiarities, based on the analysis of scientific works of classics of the world economic thought, study of the historical experience and consideration of practical aspects of lands resource use in economy. Negative results of the influence of the neoliberalism theory on the formation of land relations in Ukraine and the former USSR countries after getting independence are substantiated. Attention is accented on a necessity of taking into account national interests at reforming land relations. The aim of the paper is to study peculiarities of land relations through the prism of economic theories, taking into account their development evolution, and formation of the complex approach to defining the essence of the notion “land relations” as an object of financial-economic regulation. The methods of empirical and retrospective analysis of the world and native economic thought was used in the paper for separating fundamental bases of land relations; the methods of generalization and comparison of scientific approaches as to defining the essence of land relations and their elements; system approach for substantiating the economic base of land relations, determination of their elements and principles. Key peculiarities of land relations, complexly discovering their essence, taking into account a necessity to create an effective economic-legal mechanism of their regulation within the conflict of the neoliberal economic ideology and national interests have been formulated. There has been offered a wide approach to understanding an object of land relations that is land resources; it has been proved, that realization of all legal actions with land resources results from a necessity to observe the factor of lands suverenization; the economic base of land relations has been substantiated; principles of land relations, resulting from a necessity of the rational land use, observance of national interests and guaranteeing of food safety of the state, have been outlined.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 3-8; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001425
The article is devoted to the study of the general state of television in the field of music performance. The most popular musical television programs and vocal shows are considered. The purpose of the work is to identify the features of music TV projects, comparing with world models and highlighting the typical features of the musical television space. The research methodology consists in applying the general principles of scientific knowledge that correspond to modern cultural discourse. The formation of musical and television projects in the context of changes in the social mentality of the consumer of mass culture is considered. Television is interpreted as a means of approaching the global process closer to a person, that is, a consumer communicates with world-wide examples of popular art, music television projects, vocal show projects and etc. It creates the preconditions for imitation of the best world models of music TV projects in Ukraine. The article first analyzes the interconnection of Ukrainian music television projects as analogues to such worldwide shows as "The Voice", "The X factor", "American Idol". Vocal talent shows are considered as combining the elements of a “game show” and a “perfection / transformation show”, promoting the development of the educational component, namely, the formation of educational activity through comments and advice of judges, classes with participants between performances, determination of the most successful performances, concert practice and etc. It was determined, that the vocal repertoire consists of the most popular world and national hits, which reflects the demand of the audience. It was noted, that the viewer influences the selection of participants in a music television project and functions as an additional judge. So, the article focuses on the structure and content of musical television projects, defines the values of such projects as the communication space of culture between the audience, the artistic and performing component, and the national and world music culture as a whole. Music television projects are part of the general educational context for the development of media art and have a scientific, artistic and educational potential for study.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 32-38; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001411
The aim of the study. Finding out the attitude of the respondents to HIV-infected / AIDS patients, their awareness of the ways of HIV infection. Methods. A survey of teachers and students of Kyiv City Medical College was conducted (educational institution of 1–2 levels of accreditation). The total number of students, who participated in the study, was 150 people aged 17 to 25 years. The survey involved 62 teachers aged 30 to 65 years. In order to find out the level of stigmatization of people living with HIV, a questionnaire has been developed that contains questions, related to various aspects of HIV infection and the lives of HIV-infected people. Results. The study showed a high willingness to stigmatize and discriminate against people living with HIV / AIDS by teachers and medical school workers. The problem of reasonable stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV is the low level of knowledge about the epidemic. This is especially true for work. A tolerant attitude towards HIV-infected people from work and lectures at medical college is directly related to the awareness of these problems. The high level of stigma and discrimination against HIV-infected students and teachers in medical schools is reflected in the willingness to refuse medical care to people living with HIV. The state's information policy in the field of combating stigma and discrimination against HIV-infected people is imperfect and insufficient. Сonclusions. The study shows the imperfection of the existing system of medical education in the field of upbringing of tolerant attitude to vulnerable groups, in particular to HIV-infected. In this area, the existing system of medical education needs to be improved and modernized. The aggravation of the problem of stigmatization and discrimination of HIV-infected people, the ineffectiveness of outdated methods requires the search for new approaches to its solution.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities; doi:10.21303/2504-5571
EUREKA: Social and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 3-9; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001369
The article provides an overview of programs, plans, tools of scientific and technological, innovation and industrial policy aimed at creating and producing new drugs in China; it is substantiated that the Chinese government uses an integrated approach in the implementation of mechanisms to protect and strengthen the pharmaceutical industry. It is demonstrated that the Chinese government provides business support in the form of subsidies, tax incentives, the creation of special zones for the development of high-tech industries, and helps to attract foreign direct investment in contract manufacturing and research and development, accompanied by technology transfer; through the public procurement system, a program for the development of endogenous innovations is implemented through the provision of price preferences, and advanced foreign technologies are involved. State support contributed to an increase in the level of localization of production and an increase in the number of jobs, an increase in the added value of production and the competitiveness of the pharmaceutical industry, the formation of scientific and technical competencies and the development of technologies, the creation of objects of intellectual property rights. The Chinese model of investment and innovative development, relying on the use of external technological, production, human resources, has made it possible to form a high-tech pharmaceutical sector capable of producing endogenous innovations. Given the objectives of the policy documents, Chinese enterprises are encouraged to invest in other countries in the interests of the development of Chinese pharmaceuticals.
EUREKA: Social and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 10-14; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001368
Investment is a macroeconomic variable and its well-known as the engine of economy that boosts economic growth, economic development and sustainable development. Investment plays an important role in the livelihood welfare of citizens. All economies require different types of investments particularly Foreign Direct Investment/ FDI in different sectors. Based on empirical researches, mostly FDI has positive impacts on the sustainable economic growth of the host economies. On one hand, FDI transfers technologies, skills, innovations, experiences, techniques and knowledge to the host economies. On the other hand, it provides host economies with stable financial resources for long period of time. Thus, it is the responsibility of governments to open their borders toward FDI inflows in order to attract this valuable financial resource. Despite the fact that countries require FDI but corruption is one of the main obstacles against it. Theoretically, there is a negative correlation between corruption and FDI inflows. In other words, corruption negatively impacts the FDI inflows and decreases FDI volume. Because, corruption increases costs and decreases benefits of FDI, corruption deteriorates the competitive trade environment; corruption discourages foreign investors through protecting domestic investors and corruption negatively effects the productivity of foreign investors. In practice, although most of the empirical researches showed that corruption negatively impacts the FDI flows. But some empirical researches also confirmed that there is a positive correlation between corruption and FDI flows. Hence, countries are responsible in fighting against corruption to attract more FDI and in return benefits their sustainable economic growth.