World Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 24131032 / 24146404
Current Publisher: RS Global Sp. z O.O. (10.31435)
Total articles ≅ 522
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Tetiana Motsak, Lizogub V. G., Kupchynska O. G., Bugaytsev O. O.
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 2, pp 20-26; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7108

Abstract:
The aim of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of cilostazol in patients with generalized atherosclerosis (GAS).A comprehensive examination of 65 male patients with proved GAS was performed (lesions of the lower extremities, carotid, mesenteric, coronary, cerebral arteries) and 28 healthy males (comparison group - CG) aged over 60 years. Patients with GAS consisted of 2 groups: GAS1 - patients in addition to basic therapy received cilostazol (C; 100 mg 2 times per day); GAS2 - placebo. Patients with GAS showed a significant deterioration in blood flow (decrease in its volumetric blood flow - FV, increase in peak systolic velocity - PSV) in all studied arteries, episodes of myocardial ischemia according to daily ECG monitoring, decreased cognitive function (CF). In patients with GAS1 on the background of taking C observed improvement (p
Iryna Lavrentieva, Olena Khomych, Tetyana Vorontsova
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 3, pp 4-10; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7115

Abstract:
У статті розглядається проблема насильства у середовищі сучасної учнівської молоді. Наводяться визначення понять «насильство», «булінг» та «насильство серед учнівської молоді», розглядаються психологічні портрети основних учасників насильства (кривдник, жертва, спостерігач). Описано види насильства (фізичне, психологічне, сексуальне) та найпоширеніші форми їх проявів серед учнівської молоді. Визначено основні фактори виникнення насильства в учнівському середовищі. Акцентується увага на тому, що проблема насильства має вирішуватися за умови співпраці представників державних органів, місцевої громади, закладів освіти та родин учнів. На підставі аналізу успішних превентивних практик, сформовано перелік ознак, які мають поєднувати успішні профілактичні програми із практиками протидії насиллю. Зокрема, орієнтування таких програм і практик на формування та розвиток життєвих навичок, які спонукають до позитивних поведінкових зрушень. У статті визначено перелік життєвих навичок, які сприяють протидії та попередженню насильства.
Aurelia Glavan
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 3, pp 41-45; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7120

Abstract:
Stroke is the most representative pathology generating long-term disability, negatively influencing personal, social and professional life. Even if the vast majority of people acquire the autonomy of movement and self-service after stroke, the number of those who can be socio-professionally reintegrated remains very low. While for healthy people, work offers the satisfaction of material achievements, for a person with disabilities, work is a way of social inclusion. For these reasons, a study was conducted to monitor the process of socio-professional inclusion of post-stroke individuals.
Ulyana Abrahamovych, Orest Abrahamovych, Roman Dutka, Marta Farmaha, Olha Romaniuk
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 2, pp 13-19; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7107

Abstract:
Introduction. The respiratory system lesions in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have not been properly addressed by both clinicians and scientists yet, since the progression of these lesions is often asymptomatic. Objective. To identify and determine the nature and prevalence of respiratory system lesions in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus; to distinguish syntropic comorbid lesions, to determine their prevalence and their relationship with the age of patients, disease duration, and the severity of respiratory failure. Materials and methods. 370 patients (331 women and 39 men) with SLE were enrolled. They underwent comprehensive examinations and were stratified by age, duration, and the activity of SLE. The obtained data were processed in Microsoft Excel by means of descriptive statistics, χ2 test, and z-test for comparisons of two proportions; the relationships were considered to be statistically significant when p < 0.05. Results. 67.57% of patients with SLE had respiratory system lesions. Pneumosclerosis, pulmonary hypertension, pneumonitis, and pulmonary fibrosis were found to be syntropic comorbid lesions, i.e. pathogenetically associated with SLE. The prevalence of syntropic comorbid respiratory system lesions in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus depends on the age of patients, duration of the disease, and the severity of respiratory failure. Pneumosclerosis is more prevalent in elderly patients and patients with the SLE duration of more than 6 years. It was the cause of respiratory failure in 43.02% of patients; the condition was of the first degree of severity. Pulmonary hypertension is more prevalent in elderly patients and patients with the SLE duration of less than one year. It led to respiratory failure in 16.13% of patients; the respiratory failure was predominantly mild. Pneumonitis is more prevalent in young patients and patients with SLE duration of more than 10 years. It led to respiratory failure in 52.00% of patients, while 64.10% out of them had degree I respiratory failure. Pulmonary fibrosis is more prevalent in elderly patients and patients with the SLE duration of 1-5 years. It led to respiratory failure in 62.50% of patients, while 80.00% out of them had the first degree of this condition).
Aurelia Glavan
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 3, pp 46-49; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7121

Abstract:
An optimal cognitive functionality ensures the efficiency of day-to-day activities and a person's integration into the socio-economic environment. Cognition is not a unitary concept, it incorporates several domains: attention, memory, executive functions, perception and praxis, language. Cognitive functions are affected as a result of a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), manifested by a prevalence of 20% to 80% after a stroke. We have proposed an experimental investigation - the use of the Reuven Feuerstein theory in the cognitive rehabilitation of post-stroke individuals, thus overcoming the social disadvantage and contributing to improving their quality of life, through social inclusion. The principle of mediated learning has proven to be effective in improving the cognitive abilities of post-stroke individuals in addition to medical treatment, representing an alternative service offered by the specialists in cognitive therapy, thus being a quick and cost-effective way of recovering.
Mariia Matvieienko, Nadiia Baranova, Olena Volodymyrivna Boiko, Arora Sukesh
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 2, pp 38-44; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7111

Abstract:
Остается открытым и актуальным вопрос изменений маркеров метаболизма эритроцитов исходя из патогенетических особенностей течения травматической болезни при политравме. Целью данного исследования явилось изучение функционального состояния эритроцитов в условиях развития гипоксии смешанного генеза у больных травматической болезнью. Для этого было проведено проспективное рандомизированное контролируемое клиническое исследование 120 пациентов на базе отделения политравмы. В крови определяли основные маркеры функционального состояния эритроцитов – лактат, пируват, 2,3-ДФГ, АТФ спектрофотометрическим. Выявлено то, что течение острого и раннего периодов травматической болезни сопровождается изменениями функционального состояния эритроцитов, о чем свидетельствуют снижение уровня АТФ и увеличение уровней лактата, 2,3-ДФГ, индекса лактат/пируват в остром периоде. Установлена связь между маркерами функционального состояния эритроцитов в момент поступления и развитием инфекционно-воспалительных осложнений, постгеморрагической анемии, посттравматической нефропатии.
Bondar Volodymyr Nalkovych
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 1, pp 43-50; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7104

Abstract:
The article analyzes the structure of the land fund, the distribution of Ukraine's forest area by predominant tree species, and states that the division of land by categories is a dynamic process, whenever in the course of economic activity on land there may be a need to change its purpose. Determining and changing the ownership of a land plot to a certain category of land is the prerogative of public authorities - state and local self-government, which are endowed with such powers. The analysis of forest cover in Ukraine in terms of natural zones and structure of land for forestry purposes in Ukraine, where from the total area of forestry lands and forests on other categories of lands is 10.8 million hectares, of which 9.7 million hectares are covered with forest vegetation. The analysis of the given data testifies to an uneven arrangement of the specified category of lands of the territory of Ukraine. In particular, they are concentrated mainly in Polissya and the Ukrainian Carpathians.The stages of legal regulation and use of forest lands are proposed. Regarding the solution of these two problems lies in the plane of decision-making on land use, establishing a socially optimal purpose of land, compliance with land legislation, promoting reforestation and afforestation; stimulating the preservation and increase of forest land productivity, which requires the use of levers of influence on land and forest users; irrational use of forest lands, which leads to loss of potential benefits of the landowner.
Sergii Frank, Michael Frank, George Frank
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 2, pp 54-61; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7113

Abstract:
Люмбалізація є однією з найбільш загальних вроджених аномалій попереково-крижового відділу хребта при якій перший сегмент крижів не зливається з другим сегментом і стає частиною поперекових хребців, у поперековому відділі виявляється шостий перехідний сегмент, а в крижовому, хребці якого зростаються між собою, залишається лише чотири сегменти. Попереково-крижовий відділ хребта несе в організмі людини значне навантаження, він не лише захищає спинний мозок і спинні нерви, але й підтримує та передає вагу тіла до нижніх кінцівок і відіграє важливу роль у поставі та рухомості. То ж така вроджена аномалія як люмбалізація порушує нормальне функціонування хребта і несе загрозу виникнення патологічних змін в організмі людини в цілому.Люмбалізація хребта часто призводить до певних клінічних симптомів, які можуть обмежувати рух пацієнта та викликати біль і не тільки в хребті . Зазвичай у пацієнтів з люмбалізацією можуть виникати больові відчуття під час руху. Це може спричинити великі труднощі при виконанні повсякденної діяльності. Люмбалізація, як вроджена анатомічна аномалія, жодним чином не може бути виправлена, але патологічні стани, які її супроводжують можна успішно лікувати методами мануальної терапії.
Manuchar Chiqovani, Manoni Gabelashvili, Marisabel Zarqua, Nana Megrelishvili
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 1, pp 27-31; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7101

Abstract:
Hydrochemical and sanitary microbiological research of the Elena Hill spring waters in the Nakhunao community of Martvili Municipality was done for the first time.The content of Mg2+, Ca2+, Fe3+, HCO3-, Cl-, I- ions was determined. Relatively simple and quick chemical and physico-chemical methods of good repeatability were selected for determination. Biogenic substances were determined by photometric method.Carbon dioxide, oxygen BOD5 and dry remains were also identified. Sanitary-microbiological studies were performed using the following methods: mesophilic aerobes and facultative anaerobes: МУК, 2.1.4 1184-03, common coliform bacteria − МУК 4.2. 1018-01 and Escherichia coli − 18963-73. Based on the experimental data, it was found that the spring water that being researched is low-mineralized, which is why their reaction is almost neutral. The above-mentioned ionic content in the studied spring waters is within the norm, and in some samples (mesophilic aerobes and facultative anaerobes, common coliform bacteria) are established that microbiological, such a marginal concentration of pollution that is harmless for human health and its use in drinking and agricultural terms is within the norm.
Moskovko Serhiy Petrovych, Fiks Dmytro Oleksandrovych, Shayuk Alla Volodymyrivna, Cherkasova Lyubov Anatoliyivna
Published: 30 June 2020
World Science, Volume 2, pp 32-37; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_ws/30062020/7110

Abstract:
Currently, one of the most important tasks is to improve the quality of medical services, which becomes possible in retrospective register analysis of medical and organizational technologies, which include algorithms for providing medical care, continuity of medical institutions, protocols for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The stroke register was created on the basis of medical documentation of hospitals, which are the most typical for the Podillia region of Ukraine. Statistical processing of the results was performed using the licensed statistical package "Statistica 5.5" using parametric evaluation methods. Significant differences in the organization of the medical-diagnostic process and approaches to treatment have been established between the two medical institutions of Vinnytsia in the dynamics of time. There was a positive trend in the time of stroke treatment, the use of drugs with a high degree of evidence and the coverage of patients with specialized, multidisciplinary care in a stroke
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