Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1411-6081 / 2460-9331
Published by: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta (10.23917)
Total articles ≅ 388
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DOAJ
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JEP:KMEP Editorial Team
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.16187

Abstract:
This is a corrigendum to Putri, E., & Wulansari, D. (2021). What Keeps Elderly Indonesians Working?. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, 22(1), 90-103. doi:https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i1.13807 The name of the second author changed to "Dyah Wulan Sari" from "Dyah Wulansari"
Kezya Agustina Hananya, Rossanto Dwi Handoyo
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 161-180; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.13752

Abstract:
This paper discusses the influence of institutional quality on FDI stock inflows towards eight developing countries in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Institution in this paper is classified in four forms, namely legal, bureaucratic, politics, and economic institutions. This paper utilizes the method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and panel data regression. After using PCA method to identify which variables hold the most importance, the authors then constructed an individual index for four institutions as defined before. These indices are then used for panel data regression. The result of this paper indicates that out of four forms of institutions, three institutions are found to be significant determinants. These three institutions are legal, bureaucratic, and economic institutions. Surprisingly, while bureaucratic institution has positive coefficients, the other two forms of institutions have negative coefficients, suggesting that FDI stock inflows towards developing countries in ASEAN are more likely to be motivated by weak legal and economic institutions.
Tamy Erissanti, Supadi Supadi, Suharno Suharno
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 242-250; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.12532

Abstract:
Lowland rice farming can still be found amidst the limited empty land in DKI Jakarta, especially the North Jakarta area. The alternative of increasing production that can be done in urban farming in limited land is increasing land efficiency. The novelty of this research is the analysis of the efficiency of farming carried out in the North Jakarta area because no one has discussed the research on efficiency in rice farming in North Jakarta. Thus, this research needs to determine the efficiency achieved by rice farmers and the factors that affect rice production in the North Jakarta area. The population in this study were all rice farmers producing in the North Jakarta area. This study’s sample was determined using the simple random sampling method with a total sample size of 80 respondents. The analytical method used in this research is the Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) method. Based on the analysis, the average value of technical efficiency is 0.85, the value of allocative efficiency is 3.47, and the amount of economic efficiency is 2.95. The variables used to indicate that the variables of land area and fertilizer have a significant and positive effect. The variables of labor and education have a significant negative effect on rice production in North Jakarta; meanwhile, the variable of ownership right does not significantly affect rice production in North Jakarta.
Yollit Permata Sari, Isra Yeni, Melti Roza Adry, Dewi Zaini Putri, Urmatul Uska Akbar
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 218-229; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.14253

Abstract:
This study uses two estimation models, logistic and linear regression. The logit model is used to see the probability of an individual being a tobacco user. The second method uses multiple linear regres- sion which aims to see the factors that influence the demand for tobacco consumption in West Suma- tra. This research was obtained from National Socio-Economic Survey in 2019. Comparing these two models, there was a slight difference. Income does not influence an individual’s decision to become a tobacco user, while this variable is significant in influencing the demand for tobacco. This study also reveal that social and economic factors are significant in influencing the demand for tobacco in West Sumatra. Economic factors show that tobacco is a normal good. Meanwhile, from social factors such as education level shows that the lower the level of education causes individuals to become tobacco users and also causes the demand for cigarettes in West Sumatra to increase. This result causes the standard of household living to be disrupted because education is a human capital investment. So that various policies from the government are expected to control tobacco consumption in West Sumatra.
Heffi Christya Rahayu, Purwantoro Purwantoro, Eni Setyowati
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 153-160; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.13631

Abstract:
The density of the poor occurs because rapid population growth that is not followed by fast economic growth, resulting in a density of poor people in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the effect of the Poverty gap index-P1, HDI, GRDP, Labor Force on the Density of the Poor in Indonesia in 2015-2020. This study uses the Poverty gap index-P1 to fill the gap of research. All data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) of the Republic of Indonesia. The data obtained are in the form of time series and cross-section data in 2015-2020. The analysis technique used is panel data regression. Result of the discussion the poverty gap index-P1 have positive impact to the poverty density indicated by the level of size and the depth of the poor population that increases, and the HDI have negative impact to poverty density. The suggestion from the study is poverty alleviation programs needs to be strengthened and expanding the access of health and employment facilities to the poor is of major importance.
Etty Soesilowati, Nana Kariada Tri Martuti, Dhita Prasisca Mutiatari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 192-199; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.15166

Abstract:
This article describes how Benefit Cost (B/C) ratio, Return on Investment (ROI), Internal Rate Ratio (IRR), and Payback Period (PP) for organic rice cultivation in Semarang, Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to calculate the feasibility of organic rice cultivation and support the country’s food security in providing healthy food. The study used a quantitative approach with a sample size of 20 organic rice farmers in Semarang. The variables studied include the amount of immersed investment, cash flow, total costs required and net income in one planting period. The data were collected through observation techniques, questionnaires, and interviews. The results showed that 10 farmers suffered losses so that the business was not feasible to continue because the ROI IRR were at the level of -15% to -80%, PP was more than 1 year with the assumption of a reference interest rate of 3.5%. Meanwhile, the other 10 farmers have a decent business to continue because they get a profit of 6% to 168% per harvest with a maximum PP of 10 months. The biggest cost lies in the means of production, maintenance and product certification. The implication of this research is that the government should provide incentives or compensation for farmers who are just starting to practice organic cultivation and develop an integrated organic farming demonstration plot model so that it is possible for many people to learn how good organic farming practices are. This incentive can be supported by APBD funds or from other sources of funds, either in the form of venture funds, subsidies, exemption from certification fees, or livestock assistance.
Christiana Dyah Ratnasari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 129-138; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.16094

Abstract:
The presence of the informal sector gives rise to more disadvantages in the economic development of a country, and individuals working in this sector are more vulnerable to poverty. However, technology plays an important role in decreasing the extent of informality and increasing work productivity. This study was conducted to examine the extent to which the use of the Internet in the job activity of entrepreneurs in the informal sector could increase their income. Using data from the Indonesian Labor Force Survey 2019–2020 and ordinary least square regression method, this study reveals that the use of the Internet significantly correlates with an increase in income by 11.8%. The effect was found to be 12% higher among entrepreneurs in the non-Java regions than in Java regions. Meanwhile, male entrepreneurs were noted enjoy a 14% greater benefit than female ones.
Dwi Rahmayani, Shanty Oktavilia, Phany Ineke Putri
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 117-128; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.13861

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the existence and effect of Covid-19 on inflation in Indonesia. Covid-19, an outbreak of respiratory syndrome, has been named Corona Novel Virus 2019 or 2019-nCoV. The research method used Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) with inflation as a dependent variable. The interest rate, exchange rate, money supply, stock market, global and exported commodity price, and pandemic as independent variables. The pandemic indicator is measured by new cases added of Covid-19 per day in Indonesia. Using OLS, the result showed that the interest rate, stock market, exchange rate, and palm oil price have significantly affected Indonesia’s inflation. On the contrary, both raw oil, i.e., Brent oil price and pandemic, significantly negatively affect Indonesia’s inflation. However, the estimation fails to reflect the significant effect of the money supply to drive inflation. This paper implies that given higher new cases, Covid-19 per day has been the source of decreased inflation in Indonesia. It means that a pandemic is an impact on the weakness of the purchasing power of a consumer.
Dina Yulianti, Mu'min Elmin, Eddy Prahasta
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 181-191; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.15394

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic has had a terrible impact on human security. On the one hand, human health is threatened by a mysterious disease that has not known the best way to cure it. On the other hand, efforts to prevent this disease’ spread pose another threat to human security, namely food security. Since the 1990’s, global food distribution is carried out under the global food regime’s governance, which results in many developing and low-income countries depending on imported food. The closure of borders and markets, the imposition of quarantines, and cut off transportation routes have disrupted the global food supply from producers to consumers. As a consequence, food supplies are also under threat, and global food prices are rising. Meanwhile, the economic downturn due to the pandemic has left many people unemployed, fall into poverty, and their ability to access food is reduced. Lack of access to food creates food insecurity conditions. However, it cannot be ignored that low domestic food production and global food insecurity are particular problems that have occurred long before the pandemic. Underlying this condition, this study aims to investigate the primary cause of food insecurity. This study finds the need for a radical paradigm shift of the government in viewing the concept of food security and then convert to food soverignty.
Malik Cahyadin, Vita Kartika Sari, Aulia Hapsari Juwita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, Volume 22, pp 251-262; https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v22i2.15794

Abstract:
New indexes of environment and institutions are constructed following principal component analysis (PCA), while non-linear panel regression is employed. This study attempts to estimate a non-linear impact of GDP per capita on the environment following the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis for 97 developing countries during 1991-2014. The study reveals that a traditional EKC shows a U-shaped relationship under static panels, with both quadratic and cubic regressions. Interestingly, the inverted U-shaped occurs when a traditional EKC is estimated by the dynamic panels, with both quadratic and cubic regressions. Moreover, the EKC model is inverted U-shaped following static and dynamic panels, with both quadratic and cubic regressions under institutions. Indeed, the institutions significantly contribute to express EKC in developing countries. Policymakers should formulate environmental policies following climate change mitigation in the environmental sustainability framework, improve the quality of institutions, and increase macroeconomic management to anticipate external shocks such as openness, globalization, and FDI inflows.
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