European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0954-3007 / 1476-5640
Current Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1038)
Former Publisher:
Total articles ≅ 5,727
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Latest articles in this journal

, Bo-Huei Huang, Matthew N. Ahmadi, Nathan Johnson, Emad M. El-Omar, Emmanuel Stamatakis
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00923-4

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, M. Kyla Shea, Suzanne E. Judd, Mary E. D’Alton,
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-5; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00941-2

Nurun Nahar Naila, Mustafa Mahfuz, Muttaquina Hossain, , Judd L. Walson, Baitun Nahar, Tahmeed Ahmed
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-9; doi:10.1038/s41430-020-00843-9

Background/objectives Stunted children often have poor appetite, which may limit their response to nutritional interventions. We investigated the effect of a nutritional intervention on the appetite status of stunted children. Methods A longitudinal prospective intervention study was conducted with 50 stunted (length for age; LAZ < −2) (age and sex matched) aged 12–18 months and their mothers in Bauniabadh slum of Dhaka city. The stunted children received the following intervention package: one boiled egg and 150 ml milk daily 6 days a week for 3 months; psychosocial stimulation including structured play activities and parental counseling for 6 months; routine clinical care. Appetite status was measured using an interview-based tool “Early Childhood Appetite and Satiety Tool.” Results Over the period of nutritional intervention, the mean appetite score increased from 49 to 60 in the stunted children and was associated with increased food consumption. Over the intervention period, both egg and milk consumption increased (40.3–49.6 g and 83.8–138.5 ml, respectively). Conclusions Assessment of appetite status using EACST appears to be a useful tool for monitoring a nutritional intervention in stunted children. This tool may be useful for programs in managing child stunting in low-income countries and an important way to assess the efficacy of a nutritional intervention in these children.
, Bruna Lúcia De Mendonça Soares, Jacqueline Elineuza da Silva, Renata Reis De Lima E Silva
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-7; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00937-y

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, Saifuddin Ahmed, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Yaqoot Fatima, , Abdullah A. Mamun
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-11; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00945-y

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Marie C. Conway, Shona Cawley, , Niamh M. Walsh, Eileen C. O’Brien,
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-8; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00935-0

Background/objectives Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are advised to adapt a low glycaemic index (GI) diet, which may impact consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS). LCS are increasingly popular as they add sweetness without contributing calories. This study aims to investigate the reported intakes of LCS-containing foods in women during pregnancy. Subjects/methods Pregnant women recruited for the ROLO study were included in this analysis (n = 571). Women were randomised to receive either an intervention of low-GI dietary advice or usual antenatal care. Women completed a 3-day food diary in each trimester. Nine LCS-containing food groups were identified, and the quantity (g/day) consumed was calculated. Results One-third of all pregnant women consumed LCS across each trimester of pregnancy. Of those in the intervention group who were LCS consumers in trimester 1, 71.6% were consumers in trimester 2, and 54.1% remained consumers in trimester 3. In the control group, less women remained consumers in trimester 2 and 3 at 58.1% and 41.9%, respectively. In trimester 2, following the dietary intervention, the proportion of LCS consumers in the intervention group was significantly higher than the proportion of consumers who were in the control group (p < 0.001). The most commonly consumed food groups were low-calorie fruit drinks, diet-cola drinks, and low-calorie yoghurts. Conclusions One-third of pregnant women consumed LCS. The proportion of LCS consumers increased in the intervention group compared to the control group. Further research is needed to determine exposure levels to individual LCS, and the effect of prenatal exposure to LCS on maternal and child health outcomes.
, Jun Seob Song, Zachary W. Bell, Vickie Wong, Robert W. Spitz, Yujiro Yamada, Jeremy P. Loenneke
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-12; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00942-1

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Samantha Kennedy, Brooke Smith, Sima Sobhiyeh, Marcelline E. Dechenaud, Michael Wong, Nisa Kelly, John Shepherd,
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-10; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00938-x

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Yangfan Gao, , Ian A. Macdonald, Sally M. Cordon,
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-9; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00909-2

Background/objectives Intermittent energy restriction (IER) may overcome poor long-term adherence with continuous energy restriction (CER), for weight reduction. We compared the effects of IER with CER for fasting and postprandial metabolism and appetite in metabolically healthy participants, in whom excess weight would not confound intrinsic metabolic differences. Subjects/methods In a 2-week randomised, parallel trial, 16 young, healthy-weight participants were assigned to either CER (20% below estimated energy requirements (EER)) or 5:2 IER (70% below EER on 2 non-consecutive days; 5 days at EER, per week). Metabolic and appetite regulation markers were assessed before and for 3 h after a liquid breakfast; followed by an ad libitum lunch; pre- and post-intervention. Results Weight loss was similar in both groups: −2.5 (95% CI, −3.4, −1.6) kg for 5:2 IER vs. −2.3 (−2.9, −1.7) kg for CER. There were no differences between groups for postprandial incremental area under the curve for serum insulin, blood glucose or subjective appetite ratings. Compared with CER, 5:2 IER led to a reduction in fasting blood glucose concentrations (treatment-by-time interaction, P = 0.018, η 2 p = 0.14). Similarly, compared with CER, there were beneficial changes in fasting composite appetite scores after 5:2 IER (treatment-by-time interaction, P = 0.0003, η 2 p = 0.35). Conclusions There were no significant differences in postprandial insulinaemic, glycaemic or appetite responses between treatments. However, 5:2 IER resulted in greater improvements in fasting blood glucose, and beneficial changes in fasting subjective appetite ratings.
Marialaura Bonaccio, Licia Iacoviello, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition pp 1-5; doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00924-3

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