Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 25488740 / 25030795
Current Publisher: Jurnal Komuniksi ISKI (10.25008)
Total articles ≅ 64
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Nur Kholisoh, Elly Yuliawati, Nurfa Rachma Suci, Tri Suharman
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 128-139; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.333

Abstract:Today many political parties use new media, the internet, as their political communication channel. For young people, the internet serves as a dominant public space. Since young voters as millennial generation have great potential to increase votes, many political parties convey their political messages through new media used by millennial generation. This research is intended to see and study the influence of political messages in new media on political awareness and its impact on political participants of millennial generation. This research uses Stimulus Organism Response (S-O-R) theory as main theory, McQuail’s mass communication theory, and theory or concept of political awareness, political participation and new media as well as millennial generation. This research uses quantitative approaches with a survey and questionnaire method as a means of collecting data. The millennial generation referred to in this research is younger generation aged between 17 and 37 years and lives in the Special Capital Province of Jakarta (DKI Jakarta). Based on the recapitulation of final voter lists for the 2018 general election, the number of voters aged between 17 and 37 years reaches about 2,885,000. The technique of determining the sample size uses Slovin’s formula, with the margin of error reaching 5% so that the number of samples is 400. Meanwhile, the technique of sampling uses proportional sampling and data analysis technique uses path analysis. The results of the research show that political messages in new media have direct and indirect influences on the political participation of millennial generation.
Puji Lestari, Devi Wening Astari, Aqmarina Laili Asyrafi
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 116-127; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.332

Abstract:This study aims to carry out a disaster communication audit of Kabar Petang (Evening News) Program on the TVOne in the May-June 2019 period. This study uses the SMCR theory and the concept of disaster communication, the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of Disaster Communication, and the Guide to Broadcasting Behavior and Standards of Broadcasting Programs issued by the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI). This study uses a descriptive qualitative method with data collection techniques including content analysis, observation, a document study, and validity test through an interview with KPI as a source. The results of this study constitute the findings of disaster communication audit of disaster broadcast on TVOne, part of which has followed the Guide to Broadcasting Behavior and the Standards of Broadcasting Program issued by the KPI, SMCR theory, and has used disaster communication dimensions, and SOP for Disaster Communication. There are some findings that are not yet suitable, namely: (1) the repetition of a video clip showing the sufferings of victims; (2) the absence of competent resource persons in the field of disaster; and (3) the broadcast of affected people’s panic. This research provides recommendations to broadcasting institution TVOne, the government, and media workers to convey educational broadcast messages based on competent sources in the field of disaster so that the community is ready to survive the natural disaster.
Endah Murwani
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 96-103; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.330

Abstract:This research is motivated by the phenomenon of cyberbullying in adolescents. Cyberbullying has the potential to harm victims such as loss of self-confidence, depression and decreased performance. Therefore, this study aims to determine the behavior patterns of cyberbullying perpetrators and victims of adolescents in Jakarta. Cyberbullying behavior patterns in this study refers to the concept of Willard which classifies seven behaviors: flaming, online harassment, denigration, impersonation, outing and trickery, exclusion, and cyberstalking. This research has been conducted with descriptive research, by taking high school students in DKI Jakarta as sample. A total of 400 students have been chosen by using multistage random sampling. Data was collected through a questionnaire and measured using the Student Assessment Survey (SAS). The results showed the involvement of students as perpetrators and victims of cyberbullying. Behavior that tends to be used by students as cyberbullying is denigration (77.2%), harassment (74%), and flaming (70%). While students who are victims of cyberbullying, the treatment that tends to be experienced is denigration (79.2%), flaming (78.7%) and harassment (75.2). The results of this study suggest the need for strategies to prevent cyberbullying behavior by literacy using social media effectively.
Gilang Desti Parahita
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 104-115; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.331

Abstract:Some studies have discussed digital activism and politics in Indonesia. However, studies investigating the phenomenon of Indonesian feminist activism on social media have yet to be conducted. On the other hand, Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, and also other online platforms have become a fertile site for the public to aspire their views and mobilize people for some causes, including social media accounts voicing feminist perspectives in Indonesian online sphere. This study uncovers the actors behind and goals of feminism activists who create accounts on social media such as Facebook, Instagram and YouTube. The method of the study is snow-ball interviews, content analyses of Instagram posts, and close observation on public activities of the important figures within the movement on their social media account, as well as their writings. This study found that Indonesian digital feminism activists have started with the agencies of the young women of Indonesia in the circle of senior feminists in Jakarta, as well as feminist emerging from the GusDurian network. Basic literacy and digital literacy have facilitated the activists with capability to articulate and share their ideas. Eventually, the activists initiate the movement on social media which functions as a means of creating digital safe place, sharing personal stories, providing online discussion forum, promoting marches and offline discussion events, responding to criticisms and oppositional standpoints, as well as conducting and publishing research.
Manik Sunuantari, Nurul Haniza, Arry Rahayunianto
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 87-95; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.329

Abstract:One of the ways to increase the country's foreign exchange earnings is encouraging tourism. As one of the countries that is rich in culinary taste of the archipelago, Indonesia has the potential to develop cultural gastronomy as one of the determining factors for tourists to choose tourist destinations. This study aims to determine the symbolic meaning of gastronomy in the culture of ethnic Chinese in Indonesia. The theory used in this study is the symbolic interactionism theory and cultural gastronomy. This study employs a case study method by selecting the Kota Tua (Old Town) area as the research site. Data were collected by means of observation and interviews with informants related to the purpose of the research. The conclusion shows that the Chinese gastronomic culture in Indonesia is the assimilation and acculturation of Chinese and Indonesian gastronomic culture. Thus, it presents culinary tastes that are different from the original, namely Ethno Gastronomy of Ethnic Chinese in Indonesia.
Prasakti Ramadhana Fahadi
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 77-86; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.328

Abstract:It has been argued that the media ownership is an influential factor determining the content production and performance of the media. However, knowledge about the characteristics of the media ownership and its impacts on the coverage of general election by the media has been less researched. Judging by such developments, this work raises the following question: how did the oligarchic ownership of the Indonesian news television channels determine the ways in which they covered two candidates who ran for president in 2014? By selecting TV One and Metro TV as a case study, this work extracts reports on the ways in which these news TV channels have produced news content related to the 2014 general election using qualitative and thematic content analyses. The findings are as follows: In the 2014 Indonesian presidential election, both TV One and Metro TV failed to comply with the ideal journalistic principles of covering both sides, objective and balanced reporting, as required by the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission, while broadcasting news about the two presidential candidates. Instead, the television stations preferred to broadcast the polarized news coverage of the presidential candidates. TV One appeared to show more support for the Prabowo-Hatta Rajasa presidential candidate pair, while Metro TV favoured the Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla presidential candidate pair. This suggests that oligarchic media ownership strongly influenced the content production and performance of these news TV channels. They were used by oligarchs who have the media company to convey their personal political agendas in the hope that it will influence, or even set, the public’s agenda.
Nurul Hasfi, Turnomo Rahardjo
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 65-76; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i2.327

Abstract:Many researches view the internet as a virtual public sphere or forum potential that provides a space for minority groups to voice their opinions. This article identifies the role of social media in creating political public sphere for voters with disabilities in Indonesia during Presidential Election in 2019. By applying the normative values provided by Public Sphere Theory and Sphere Public Subaltern Theory, this article determines various potentials as well as stumbling blocks of the internet as a virtual public sphere for internet users. Virtual ethnography method is used to determine the identity of virtual communities of disabled people on three most active social media platforms in Indonesia, namely Instagram, Facebook and Twitter. Virtual Ethnography enables researchers to conduct an online observation on virtual communities three months prior to the 2019 Presidential Election. The data findings help the researchers draw conclusion that social media has technically advocated the endeavor of the disabled people’s political rights equality, proven by the existence of disabled people’s virtual communities and the narratives of struggle for their political rights equality. However, the data has shown an inadequacy of disabled people’s virtual community to create dynamic inter-activities between its members as this community has not been able to reflect a public sphere that is able to build public opinion which effectively influences public policy.
T Widiastuti
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 55-64; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i1.235

Abstract:In this study the authors want to provide an overview of the local small business brands that use brand strategy element in developing its business. This research has a focus of research on Kapuyuak brand which is a local brand originating from Bukittinggi West Sumatra. The thing studied is the attribute used by the Kapuyuak brand so that the public has a perception and become loyal to the brand. This study uses qualitative methods to obtain more in-depth information about the strategies used from Kapuyuak and its customers. The results show that Kapuyuak has the power to identify the value of the brand based on the insight of consumers and market insight. In communicating its brand Kapuyuak uses internet and social media in distributing its value.
Angga Ariestya
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i1.263

Abstract:Indonesian people oftenly consume online news that present figures on survey result, not only political news but also other news, for instance, news headline stated 63 percent of the people in average agreed to cabinet reshuffle. It was not stated 37 percent of the people in average did not agree to a cabinet reshuffle which has the same meaning. An attractive online news frame will potentially get clicks from its audience. In theories, news framing effects in general has a cognitive effect on the audience, including the frame of the survey results. However, a different view says that new media presence, especially the internet and Web 2.0 technology, has changed the fundamental of mass communication, which makes the minimum effect of new media framing and difficulty to measure because the emergence of preference-based effects as a nature of the online media environment. This interesting research tries to examine the effects of framing in the realm of psychology, which is still quite rarely done in framing effects studies by using experimental quantitative methods that test individual heuristic assessments. Framing with the results of the survey turned out to have an effect on the individual heuristic who read it. The study will prove that the framing effects remain exist even in new media platforms. The findings presented in this article are expected to contribute to the development of framing theories and media effects.
Mufti Nurlatifah
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 4; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v4i1.227

Abstract:Informasi yang tidak tepat atau hoaks berkaitan dengan isu politik, ekonomi, agama, budaya, bahkan kesehatan menyebabkan kegelisahan banyak pihak. Massifnya informasi hoaks di ruang publik kita, baik di media maupun dalam interaksi seharu-hari, dikhawatirkan akan menimbulkan konflik jika tidak ditangani dengan tepat. Keresahan inilah yang kemudian menginisiasi banyak gerakan melawan hoaks di Indonesia. Perlawanan terhadap hoaks ini dilakukan oleh berbagai pihak baik pemerintah maupun non pemerintah dengan beragam bentuk. Kementrian Komunikasi dan Informatika, Kepolisian Republik Indonesia, Masyarakat Anti Hoax Indonesia melakukan gerakan anti hoaks dengan cara pelaporan informasi yang dianggap hoaks. Selain itu dikenal pula sejumlah gerakan melawan hoaks lainnya seperti inisiasi Hoak Analyzer oleh mahasiswa ITB dan diluncurkannya aplikasi Apps oleh Muhammadiyah. Di level global gerakan melawan hoaks ini sudah dimulai lebih dahulu oleh Google melalui Google News Lab dan First Draft. Gerakan perlawanan terhadap hoaks ini mengkombinasikan antara teknologi dengan kognisi manusia untuk melakukan verifikasi informasi. Pembahasan dalam penelitian ini akan mengetengahkan eksplorasi dari gerakan-gerakan masyarakat di Indonesia dalam melawan hoaks. Studi ini bermaksud memetakan sejauh mana gerakan perlawanan terhadap hoaks berlangsung di Indonesia. Pemetaan ini tidak hanya menyasar bentuk gerakan itu saja, namun juga memperhatikan metode yang mereka gunakan untuk melawan hoaks, sekaligus melihat sejauh mana gerakan tersebut efektif untuk melawan hoaks di Indonesia. .