Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2548-8740 / 2503-0795
Published by: Indonesian Scientific Journal (10.25008)
Total articles ≅ 143
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I Gusti Ngurah Putra
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 187-197; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.633

Abstract:
Textbooks play an important role in the learning process in universities. They must be able to present the latest developments in theory, concepts and their application in everyday life. In the field of public relations, the existence of textbooks has been recorded since public relations as a scientific discipline was taught in universities. Unfortunately, there is almost no research that examines public relations textbooks in Indonesia. Therefore, this research asks the question of how does public relations textbook written by Indonesian authors discuss digital public relations? The research was conducted through a qualitative approach by describing the discussion of digital public relations and analyzing how public relations textbooks place digital communication technology in public relations. This study found that not all introductory public relations textbooks published between 2015-2020 presented a chapter on digital public relations. The introductory public relations textbooks analyzed presented various digital public relations topics. However, only one textbook that discusses digital public relations is relatively adequate as an introduction. There is a tendency to see digital media technology as a continuation of previous media technology. Digital media has not been fully placed as a medium that allows the process of dialogue and sees media users as the public who can create, produce, modify and share messages through social networks. This research has only succeeded in identifying four textbooks so that the results of this research cannot be used to make generalizations about the discussion of digital public relations. Further research can be directed to study by comparing digital public relations discussions in English texts or translations with Indonesian textbooks.
Bherta Sri Eko Murtiningsih, Veronika Veronika
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 221-231; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.625

Abstract:
The cross-cultural adaptation in different ethnic and religious communities is not an easy process. Stereotype factors, prejudice, and ethnocentrism will affect the process. In most cases, the cross-cultural adaptation process cannot be optimal and cause psychological pressure and disharmonious interactions between immigrants and hosts. However, the Javanese-Muslim Pagayaman and Balinese Hindus can adapt well. The success of the cross-cultural adaptation is supported by the cultural competence and local wisdom of the two communities. This study aims to determine the cultural competence and local wisdom of Javanese-Muslim Pagayaman and Balinese Hindus in the village of Pagayaman located in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province, during the cross-cultural adaptation process. The study uses the theory of cultural adaptation from Young Yun Kim and a qualitative approach and case study methods from Robert K Yin. Research participants are community and religious leaders. The findings show that the adaptation model performed by both Balinese Hindus and Pagayaman Muslims is integration. Successful adaptation is supported by cultural competencies such as respect (valuing other cultures, cultural diversity), openness (to intercultural learning and people from other cultures, withholding judgment), curiosity, and discovery (tolerating ambiguity and uncertainty).
Syafiq Basri Assegaff, Rudi Sukandar, Mike Hardy, Julia Ratnasari Dewi, Habib Mohammad Ali, Ni Putu Ayuniantari
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 63-74; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.650

Abstract:
Two years of COVID-19 pandemic have brought global consequences, especially to those operating in business. This paper examines how risk and crisis preparedness contributed to business survival and resilience in the hospitality sector in Bali, Indonesia, a market significantly dependent on international visitors. This qualitative research employing a phenomenological approach. Initial data were acquired from two months of observation in Bali from March 2020 until the end of May 2020. In addition to observation, semi structured interviews were also conducted with informants from four different hotels, aiming to uncover if the hotels embraced some strategies from the proactive pre-crisis planning to strategic implementations during the crisis. We did not include the after-crisis stage as the pandemic is still ongoing. The researchers validated findings through triangulating interviews with Balinese authorities. We found that although the current crisis disrupted hotel business, it also provided opportunities for creative communication, security strategies, and new connections with public sector health management. Further, in the early stages of crisis management preparedness and focused communication were vital for the level of survivability of the hotels. The study concluded that during a crisis, a successful organization management team does not follow a linear and organized process to lead their business through the stressful and chaotic phases. Based on this study, we learned that business managers who adapted to the situation with crisis preparation, combined with raised awareness of public health issues, and use of commercial strategies focused on local communities can successfully reduce threats.
Geofakta Razali, Rizki Hidayat
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 56-62; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.616

Abstract:
Efforts to reduce poverty rate are still a highlighted issue almost in every country. Especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, there is increasing attention to corporate social responsibility (CSR) around the world, to find out the magnitude of its influence on corporate image as can be seen from its sustainable, accountable and transparent implementation. Perfect Health carries out several strategies to realize the function of Public Relations activities through CSR Philanthropy in the program "compensation for orphans, disaster donations, social action”, with the aim of influencing other people through cognitive, affective and conative aspects. The researchers use a qualitative research method approach to collect data from some relevant sources for analysis through public relations theoretical approach. Informants in this study comprise community members, philanthropic institutions, and perfect health public relations officers. Data are collected through observation, interviews, questionnaires and literature study techniques. The results show that the implementation of CSR has a positive impact on company image. Furthermore, this study proposes that CSR philanthropy helps promote positive attitudes which in turn increase people’s behavioral interests.
Dewa Ayu Diah Angendari
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 152-164; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.594

Abstract:
During crisis, such as Covid-19 pandemic, public leaders are expected to be able to provide information that explains the situation at hand to the affected public while at the same time giving psychologically comforting messages. Nevertheless, a crisis can also be seen as a political event. Political actors use crisis as a momentum to change policies, gain support, and strengthen their positiveimage by showing off their capabilities in handling crisis. The absence of media gatekeeper in digital realms provides wider opportunities for political actors to set their agenda. Previous research found that Instagram is an effective medium to disseminate health-related messages and provides a platform for political actors to engage with their followers. Hence, this study seeks to understand how public leaders communicate crisis on Instagram. This research uses content analysis method by taking data from the Instagram of four prominent public leaders in Indonesia during the period from February 29 to May 29 2020. Findings show that all the four public leaders are actively uploading social media content during the beginning of the pandemic, focusing on showcasing their efforts to fight the virus, demonstrating leadership, proximity, and intimacy towards their followers. This study contributes to the study of crisis communication by providing understanding about the use of crisis as an image-making momentum in social media by public leaders.
Tri Isniarti Putri, Djuara Pangihutan Lubis, Heri Budianto
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 112-129; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.620

Abstract:
The massive transmission of Covid-19 has spread in various regions, causing negative trends in various aspects of life. Bogor, West Java, which recorded 1,484 cases is one of the areas that has high Covid-19 transmission rate. In addition, the Bogor City Government as a stakeholder has a large responsibility for overcoming a crisis in the midst of uncertain situation. This study aims to analyze the development of the Covid-19 crisis communication message in the Bogor city government. This research method uses a qualitative descriptive approach. The data collection is conducted through interviews, observation and documentation through photos and videos of the COVID-19 Task Force, government regulations and other sources. Based on the crisis emergency risk communication (CERC) model used by the researcher, the results show that the crisis communication process carried out by the Bogor City Government affects five phases, including: Pre-crisis, initial occurrence, maintenance, resolution, and evaluation, each of which has its own application and different handling such as in the pre-crisis phase, the Bogor City Government presented a crisis message and formed a crisis team as part of preparation to deal with a crisis, the period of initial events, information in terms of meeting the public’s needs for accurate, timely, credible, and consistent information. Then the stage of maintaining the form of communication is more tangible in the form of action, while the stage of creating new efforts to deal with new risks and the final evaluation, assessing the programs that have been run to get new innovations.
Vivi Varlina, Thesalonika Lefanya Kara Duma
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 176-186; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.613

Abstract:
Instagram is one of the most preferred social media platforms in Indonesia. Based on the survey, Instagram users in Indonesia are dominated by teenagers aged between 18 and 24 years. Instagram is used by teenagers as a medium to create self-image, show existence, and do self- disclosure. The disclosure of privacy by teenagers is very risky and has negative impacts, such as provocation, data manipulation, and other cybercrime. This study aims to confirm the factors that motivate teenagers to disclose personal information on Instagram. By using communication privacy management theory and quantitative methodology, this research found interesting insights. Researchers surveyed 100 Instagram users who use public mode accounts. Through a series of factor analyses it was found that out of 17 indicators of the 7 main motivational factors formulated in the initial research framework, only 15 indicators were valid because the significance value of the other 2 indicators did not meet the requirements. These 15 indicators formed 6 new motivational main factors that influence teenagers to disclose their personal information on Instagram. These factors are self-presentation, information storage, emotional support, relationship development, entertainment, and information sharing. This finding also confirmed the novelty of the research that there are some similarities and differences in the factors that motivate Instagram users and Facebook users when disclosing their personal information on both social media platforms.
Tawakkal Baharuddin, Sjafri Sairin, Achmad Nurmandi, Zuly Qodir, Hasse Jubba
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 130-142; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.607

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic not only causes health problems but also affects the level of social trust. Low social trust occurs in the public sphere and transforms in the digital space. This situation was then deemed necessary to rebuild social capital. This study aims to prove that there are still opportunities in times of crisis where social capital can be re-formed, depending on how social networks initiate voluntary activism on social media. This study used a quantitative approach. Data were collected from Twitter using Ncapture. The data including information on COVID-19 cases were later analysed using the Nvivo 12 Plus software. This study found that there is a possibility and opportunity that low social trust caused by the COVID-19 pandemic can still be restored in times of crisis, at least by utilizing social media as a social networking center. Social networks on Twitter slowly shape cooperative behavior and social trust, and influence collectivities in rebuilding social capital.
Verlita Evelyn Raimond, Poppy Ruliana
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 43-55; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.662

Abstract:
The public’s views about the position of women that have not contributed a lot to and have not been much engaged in politics, among others, pose a challenge to women to interact in the social environment as well as to communicate their ideas in politics. While men make up a majority of politicians in Indonesia, only a few women are politicians. The social interaction and political communication of female politicians become a topic that is worth studying. This research focuses on a female politician, Indah Kurnia, who sits in the House Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia (DPR RI). The conceptual and theoretical method used in this study is a theory in the communication science, particularly social interaction and political communication. This research uses qualitative method, particularly in conducting interviews with one primary informant and two additional informants. The result and discussion of this research show that the woman raised in this research is an individual that has a variety of social interactions in the diverse social environment. In addition, she also has typical characteristics of strategy for political communication media covering personal campaign, moderate, comprehensive and more-than--expected appearance, exemplary leadership and concrete work, and music.
Vera Wijayanti Sutjipto, Kiki Dwi Arviani, ‪kinkin Yuliaty Subarsa Putri
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 165-175; https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.527

Abstract:
Learning information needs to be considered to make learning activities more effective to achieve the goals of learning. One of the frequent obstacles to the reporting of learning activities is limited communication space, which causes communication errors in disseminating learning information. WhatsApp is one of the social media platforms which can be used to learn information. The purpose of this study is to see the effect of WhatsApp on the dissemination of learning information in the Communication Studies Program of the State University of Jakarta. This research uses new media theory and information theory. The method of data collection in this research is a survey with a questionnaire. The population for this study comprised 82 students of the Jakarta State University Communication Study Program class of 2019. The number of samples was calculated using the Slovin formula with a margin of error of 10% to 45 people. The sampling technique used simple random sampling, while the data analysis used statistical analysis. The results of this study indicate that the calculated f value is 36.552 with a significance value of 0.000. Thus. it can be seen that the variable x (the social media WhatsApp) affects the variable y (the dissemination of learning information). Hence, it can be denied that WhatsApp social media affects the dissemination of learning information.
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