Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2548-8740 / 2503-0795
Current Publisher: Indonesian Scientific Journal (10.25008)
Total articles ≅ 75

Latest articles in this journal

Mira Rochyadi-Reetz, Eni Maryani, Anna Agustina
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 111-124; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.381

The recent coronavirus outbreak is without a doubt a global crisis event that has affected almost all nations of the world. This study aims to contribute to crisis communication research from the audience perspective in Indonesia by presenting the public’s media use and gratification sought during the coronavirus outbreak based on a representative national mobile survey with 1,100 respondents. Results show that the majority of Indonesians intensively use (1) private television, (2-4) websites and social media accounts of actors providing information on the crisis and (5) public television to get information regarding the pandemic. The findings indicate that other types of media such as radio and local television are used to a much lower extent. Results also show that there are two media-use gratifications sought during the crisis: (1) information and direction gratification sought and (2) entertainment and comparison gratification sought. Sociodemographic factors such as gender, age and education level demonstrate some significant influence on public media use and the gratification sought during the coronavirus outbreak. Surprisingly, entertainment and comparison sought are demonstrated as having a higher effect on the increasing use of mass media, social media and messenger apps during the crisis event than the information and direction gratification sought.
Bachruddin Ali Akhmad
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.371

The use of health communication in the group of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) mosques and the group of Muhammadiyah mosques in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic in Banjarmasin City is inseparable from the background of the two religious organizations. In responding to the government’s call for mosques not to hold Friday prayers to contain the transmission of Covid-19, the group of Muhammadiyah mosques made persuasive, cautious and rational approaches to convey the message of the call to the congregation. On the other hand, the message of the call conveyed by the group of NU mosques to the congregation is coercive and tends to cause fatal or radical attitude. This study recommends that the group of NU mosques be united to manage an organization functioning as a basis, umbrella, and command. This way more effective and controllable communication among NU mosques can be created to resolve internal differences while conveying communication messages. The conclusion and recommendation are based on the results of the research conducted through qualitative approaches using data collection techniques covering observation and unstructured interviews to obtain indepth and pure data. Qualitative data analysis was conducted before, during and after a field research.
Novi Andayani Praptiningsih, Wini Tarmini, Rahmiwati Marsinun
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.324

Many gays in Indonesia dare to admit and open themselves that they are gay. Gay who has come out (coming out) usually realizes that he likes the same sex or often called SSA (Same Sex Attraction). The term coming out refers to how a gay person opens himself up to his sexual orientation. Gay openness about his sexual orientation (coming out) to the family, community, and community is preceded by the process of coming in, namely the process of self-acceptance that he has a sexual orientation that likes same-sex. or community only. If he fails to come in, then he will become an SSA (Same Sex Attraction) but tries to suppress his behavior so he does not become gay. The purpose of this study is to determine the motivations that cause gays to become gay coming out as self-identity in Indonesia. The research method uses a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques include in-depth interviews, observation, FGD, and literature study. Data analysis uses the Miles Huberman Interactive Model. The results showed that there are 15 reasons for a person to become gay in 3 (three) contexts of the formation of gay self-identity in this study, namely family, psychological trauma, and social environment.
Rajab Ritonga, Hasrat Efendi Samosir, Muhammad Luthi, Junaidi Junaidi, Eko Nugroho
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.370

The rally of around two million Muslims in Jakarta in November 2016 protesting against alleged religious defamation committed by Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama made the headlines in Indonesian mainstream newspapers; Kompas and Republika. However, both newspapers came out with different perspectives in accordance with their ideological background. Therefore, these differences lead to the question of whether they would trigger a clash of civilization as pointed by S. Huntington stating that the vast post-cold war conflicts would be represented by Western Civilization, China Civilization, and Islam Civilization. This study formulates the problems including: (1) How is the clash of civilization built through the symptoms constructed in Kompas and Republika newspapers? and; (2) How do the intertextual aspects build the clash of civilization semiotically through the texts of the news in Kompas and Republika related to the November 4, 2016 rally? The paradigm used is the critical paradigm with qualitative approach, while the data are analyzed by using Kristeva Semiotic Method. The results of the research include; the mass media has been a field of the symbolic war among civilizations, meaning that the clash of civilizations on media is manifested through the symbolic conflict upheaval operated semiotically by Kompas and Republika. The news of November 4, 2016 rally in both newspapers serves as a battlefield of meanings as well as the field of a clash of civilizations.
Dedi Sahputra, Indra Muda, Taufik Wal Hidayat, Waridah Waridah
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.282

The phenomenon of democratization, civil society and the use of social media in North Sumatra found its momentum in the North Sumatra Gubernatorial Election (Pilkada) 2018. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method by presenting descriptive data about the civil society movement that uses social media in the North Sumatra Gubernatorial Election. The results of the research show that the emergence of functional civil society movement has given different colors to local politics in North Sumatra. The movement that served as a means of channeling the community’s aspirations, has become a driving factor for the victory of one of the candidates for North Sumatra governor in 2018. The use of social media as a means of interaction, communication, and information forms a pattern in new social movement.
Deddy Mulyana
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.353

The healthcare reality is composed of biomedical, naturalistic, and personalistic systems. Although the three healthcare systems go separately, to some extent they are overlapped. This study aims to explore alternative healing practices in Indonesia based on the personalistic system. The method used is a case study. Data was collected in several big cities (Bandung, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Palembang, Batam and Makassar) in Indonesia through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with stakeholders of healthcare programs on media, interviews with physicians, alternative therapists and patients, observation of alternative therapies, and media content analysis. The results indicate that the healthcare practices based on the personalistic system is widespread throughout Indonesia, including religious treatment (often called ruqyah) involving religious chants and prayers. With some using herbal medicine, a lot of alternative therapies based on the personalistic system have been promoted through word of mouth (interpersonal communication) by common people as patients as well as through the electronic media (especially television), and print media (especially newspapers) in many areas in the country.
Putut Widjanarko
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.358

The Japanese occupation of East Asia during World War II was accompanied by its propaganda targeted to the local population. In Indonesia, the military government, among other things, published Djawa Baroe, a fortnightly magazine published from January 1, 1943 to August 1, 1945.Compared to other magazines, this bilingual magazine (in Japanese and Bahasa Indonesia) Djawa Baroe was unique: it featured ample photographs and illustrations. Qualitative content analysis method enables this study to find the meaning of a theme in its holistic political, social, and cultural contexts beyond the number of its occurrences in the text offered by quantitative content analysis. All the issues of Djawa Baroe are examined in detail and reiteratively. Six themes can be found in Djawa Baroe, i.e., the friendship between Japanese and Indonesians, the description of Japanese military prowess, the exaltation of nationalism and the preparation for the war, the evil nature of Western power, the role of women in society, and entertainment. The study concludes that along with the development of the Pacific War that turned against the Japanese, Djawa Baroe moved its emphasis on long-range goals at the high psychological level to influence and win the hearts and minds of Indonesian people, to a more immediate result and practical guide in facing the imminent war. On the other hand, against the original intention of the Japanese propaganda, Djawa Baroe may have helped its educated readers to imagine their future nation-state, Indonesia. Keywords: Djawa Baroe; Wartime propaganda; Japanese occupation; nation-building
Novita Ika Purnamasari
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.349

Aladdin's film, tells not only about romance but also family problem communication, specially differences of opinion and perspective of parents in choosing their child's life partner. Not only is the problem found in the movie but also in everyday life. Parental demands for a child's life partner have an impact: loss of freedom to choose the desired life partner. As a result, there arise disappointment, conflicts, and feelings of depression to unwillingness to get married. This condition is exacerbated by the influence of family’s cultural background or certain restrictions. Using the Stuart Hall reception analysis model, this study involves four parents who have watched Aladdin's film with different backgrounds, cultures and experiences, and have teenagers entering adulthood. The results showed that the era of media and information openness has had an impact on changing parents' communication patterns to be more open, dynamic and aware of children's desires. Three parents are in a negotiating position with no emphasis on cultural background but religious similarity, and one parent is in a dominated position, freeing the child to determine a life partner without any criteria. Each parent captures the message of Aladdin's film by linking it to family experiences and personal knowledge.
Tri Sulistyaningtyas, Jejen Jaelani, Yani Suryani
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.372

Information about the spread of the coronavirus is circulated through various information channels in the society, both mainstream media, alternative media, social media, and daily conversation. One of the information channels that is widely used and referenced by the public is social media. Dissemination of information about the expanse of the coronavirus on social media is arranged by various individuals. This study will explain the disemination of information relating to covid-19 in terms of the social class of the reader. In this study, we use critical discourse analysis as a method for analyzing data. This study finding is that the information circulation about coronavirus in social media is class bias. General information is conducted through formal language by middle-class groups. On the other hand, many people present alternative information in the form of memes, jokes, and funny content that contains information about spreading the coronavirus. This phenomenon can be categorized as a lower social class attempt to understanding and spreading information about the coronavirus (Cinelli, et al., 2020)outbreak. The media used to disseminate this information contains text, images/photos, or videos that contain memes, organizes, and funny content. This phenomenon can be seen as a lower-class struggle to educate its class in situations and conditions caused by the coronavirus.
Dono Darsono, Jajang A Rohmana, Busro Busro
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Volume 5; doi:10.25008/jkiski.v5i1.356

This article focuses on sharing information and knowledge in the form of scholars’ academic communication about the COVID-19 epidemic in international publications. The data was collected from search results in the Scopus database from December 2019 to March 2020. Through the bibliometric assessment method, the survey shows that there are 1475 publications on COVID-19. There are 1104 publications (75%) that can be accessed. Although COVID-19 has started about four months since the first case in Hubei China (11/17/20), scholars are making a research program and publish their findings in order to share information and knowledge in dealing with the pandemic. The sharing information is theoretically a form of world scholarly academic communication activities. Therefore, open access publications can help scholars to easily communicate and share information about their findings. This then affects the number of publications and citations with the capacity of research institutions, sponsors, and countries. This article recommends as broad as possible to provide open access in the midst of disaster situations in order to handle COVID-19 pandemic faster and easier.
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