Jurnal Belantara

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2614-7238 / 2614-3453
Published by: Universitas Mataram (10.29303)
Total articles ≅ 60
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Ferli Hartati, , Indra Gumay Febryano, Duryat Duryat
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 1-10; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.449

Abstract:
The development of mangrove forests as a mean of ecotourism has high economic value. The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic value of mangrove ecotourism. Determination of the sample is using the accidental sampling method. The data are collected by conducting interview and observation techniques in the field, the data will be analyzed descriptively and quantitatively through a travel cost method. The results show that ecotourism visitors come from inside and outside Lampung Province with an average travel cost is Rp 107.500/person/visit. The number of visitors reaches 1.200 people/year, so the economic value generated is Rp 129.000.000/year or Rp 1.038.647/ha/year. The object in the ecotourism location is quite simple, such as in the form of bridges, photo spots, seats, gazebo, and boats to surround the mangrove forest. The government and the community have an important role in the efforts to increase the economic value through the provision of facilities, quality and good services to ensure the sustainability of mangrove ecotourism.
Rahmat Safei, Hari Kaskoyo, Arief Darmawan, Fansuri Fikri Haikal
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 89-97; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.601

Abstract:
Protection forest becomes a forest area with the main function as protection of life support systems. The health condition of protected forests has a great influence on the environment of the ecosystem. It is important to assess the health of protected forests in view of their main function. Thus to determine the health condition of the forest, one indicator that can be used is tree biodiversity. Biodiversity is the richness of life found on earth. Assessment of biodiversity indicators is very necessary to do because it is sensitive to changes, ecological system indicators, spatial heterogeneity, temporal, and and the order in the food chain. This study aims to determine the diversity of tree species in protected forest areas managed by HKm Beringin Jaya as an indicator of forest health assessment. The study was conducted using the Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) method. The results showed that the final value of forest health status with indicators of biodiversity (tree species diversity) in the protected forest area managed by HKm Beringin Jaya was in the good category of 50% in cluster plots (2, 5 and 6) and bad by 50% on cluster plots (1, 3 and 4), thus showing that the protected forest area managed by HKm Beringin Jaya has a fairly healthy (stable) condition with a moderate category.
Cornelia M.A. Wattimena, Fransina Sarah Latumahina
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 66-74; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.630

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of botanical biopesticide extracts and concentrations on soil termite mortality of Coptotermes curvignathus, Holmgren. This research was an experimental study using a fully randomized design (CRD) consisting of 2 3-level treatments that were repeated three times. Treatment was a type of botanical biopesticide consisting of three levels, namely are A1 (papaya leaf), A2 (soursop leaf), A3 (lemongrass leaf). In comparison, the concentration of botanical biopesticide consists of three levels: B0 (without or as a control biopesticide), B1 (500 grams), B2 (1,000 grams) and B3 (1,500 grams) which have been repeated three times. The data that had been tabulated was then analyzed using Variant Analysis, and if there was any influence, the difference test was continued at 5 % and %. The results showed that the treatment of papaya leaf biopesticides (A1) had a faster reaction to the death rate of termite (95.6 % ) and the lowest was the death rate of soursop leaf (A2) termite (90.7 % ). In comparison, lemongrass (A3) caused soil termite mortality (94.1 %). In addition , treatment of biopesticide concentrations of B3 (1,500 grams) resulted in higher termite mortality of 96.67 %. compared to B2 (1,000 grams) with mortality of 94.07 % and B1 (500 grams) with mortality of 89.62 %.Whereas, for the interaction between the two treatments, the highest level of termite mortality was papaya leaf biopesticide with a concentration of 1,500 grams (A1B3) and termite mortality was 100 %.
Andi Atira Ilfa, Supratman Supratman, Muhammad Alif K.S
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 26-38; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.600

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the level of youth participation in community forest (HKm) management, analyze the driving forces and restraining forces of youth participation in community forest management and formulate strategies for increasing youth participation in community forest management. The data obtained were identified and reviewed in the form of a frequency table of Arnstein's degree of involvement, then analyzed descriptively by the Forces Field Analysis and Focus Group Discussion methods. The results showed the level of youth participation was at the degree of non-participation, with a percentage of 71.43%. The factors that encourage youth participation consist of the group facilitator, group meetings, work plan documents, assistance from various parties, the formation of the Social Forestry Business Group (KUPS), and the desire of youth to participate. The factors that inhibit youth participation consist of: lack of youth knowledge in managing community forest, not yet implementing work boundary arrangement activities, youth are not involved in the process of making work plans, and community forest implementation is still carried out individually, the farming experience is still lacking, lack of group capital makes the price of raw materials unstable. An appropriate strategy for increasing youth participation in the management of community forest consists of Conducting meetings involving facilitator, farmer groups and youth to discuss the implementation of management activities (planning, implementation & evaluation) of the community forest-conduct socialization and meetings regarding the contents of the community forest documents that have been made. Make internal group rules regarding product sales prices. Enhance the role of KUPS and conduct training for KUPS administrators to increase their capacity. Youth participate in various types of training conducted by government and non-government organizations (NGOs).
Alifia Putri Larasati, Christine Wulandari, Indra Gumay Febryano, Hari Kaskoyo
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 39-47; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.448

Abstract:
Gapoktan institutions have important roles, including its functions to regulate community activities, individually or in groups, on managing community forests. This study aims to explain the management of HKm based on the role of gapoktan institutions. The research methodologies are interview and documentation study. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. Results showed that institutionally Gapoktan has a complete administration and written rules regarding the management of HKm. Each farmer member is required to work on land with agroforestry patterns dominated by MPTS plants. Gapoktan has a farming business that functions to help market forest products. Farming management is divided into two, namely individual businesses and gapoktan businesses. Until now there has been no significant development of farming in the last two years. Therefore, the government needs to conduct counseling to increase knowledge about farming so that they can market forest products more optimally.
Reni Srimulyaningsih, Maiser Syaputra
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 48-55; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.519

Abstract:
Number of proboscis monkey population in Cajuputi Swamp Forest is 258 individual. This population is strongly influenced by condition of its habitat which is to degradation to 3.417 hektar. The object of research is to analyzed structure of proboscis monkey population. Method of research are river survey (Sha et al, 2008) and concentration count (Anonymous, 1981; Alikodra, 2002). The avarage density of proboscis monkey in their homerange is 3 individuals/hectares, with 30,2% males and 48,5 % females. This population is slow growth because there is only one baby/year, this is also indicated by number of 14 individuals babies (5,4%) and 41 infant (15,9%) lower when compared to number of adult indiviuals, so it is very worryng for continued growth of the population.
Memo Dinda Nugraha, Agus Setiawan, Dian Iswandaru, Yulia Rahma Fitriana
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 56-65; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.570

Abstract:
The existence of mangrove forests is very important in an area because as a habitat for various types of wildlife, especially birds. This study aims to determine the diversity of bird species in the Kelagian Besar Mangrove Forest, Lampung Province. Data on bird species diversity was obtained by the IPA (Indices Ponctual Abundance) method. Data collection of bird species by recording the type and number of individual birds found. Species identification also uses the method of bird recognition directly by people who know the birds in the area such as the local community or an expert on birds. Data obtained in the field are then analyzed using the Shanon-Winner diversity index formula. The results found 27 species of birds from 21 families with a total of 741 individual birds in the Kelagian Besar Mangrove Forest. While the diversity index value is 2.26 with medium index criteria. There are 8 protected bird species, namely the black-necked darautaut (Sterna sumatrana), the white-wing daralaut (Chlidonias leucopterus), the oyster daralaut (Gelochelidon nilotica), the white belly eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaste), the brontok eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus), oyster belly Rhipidura javanica), sabine seagulls (Xema sabini), and large fissures (Fregata minor).
Ok Hasnanda, Bramasto Nugroho, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Nyoto X Nyoto Santoso
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 11-25; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.594

Abstract:
Institutional community-based mangrove management as an alternative to sustainable management of mangrove forests. This study aims to analyze which factors from the institution most play a role in guiding the community in managing mangrove forest resources in relation to forest management units (FMU). Primary data were collected through interviews conducted semi-structured to 26 respondents selected by the purposive sampling method. The snowball method is used to capture information from key figures. Deepening is considered complete if information saturation has occurred which is marked by repetition of the same information. While secondary data, obtained from various libraries. Of the three models of mangrove management institutions, namely the community institution of Pusong Kapal Village (PKV), the community institution of Pusong Telaga Tujoh Village (PTTV), and the Community Forestry (CF-BM) Bina Mufakat institution where the analysis shows that the community institutions of Pusong Kapal Village (PKV) are more flexible as an alternative form of community-based mangrove management institutions, because this institution is able to adapt to the changing social and environmental conditions that continue to occur, the collaboration of management with the government, and the recognition of community rights in the use of mangrove forests. FMU as the management authority at the site level has guaranteed the upholding of the rights of the PKV community as the manager of mangrove forests so that the bundle of rights and incentives obtained in the management of mangrove resources by PKV communities becomes strong.
Dessy Eko Prayitno, Andi Chairil Ichsan
Published: 1 March 2021
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 4, pp 75-88; doi:10.29303/jbl.v4i1.754

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to analyze the legal issues that cause FMUs to not work optimally in managing forests sustainably. Some of the legal issues analyzed are related to the institution, permit authority, funding, and RPHJP development. This research uses a statute approach and retrospective (ex-post) analysis by examining various laws and regulations in the forestry sector related to FMUs and its implementation. The results of this study indicate that the FMU has serious legal issues in terms of institution, permit authority, funding, and Long-Term Forest Management Plan/RPHJP development. From an institutional perspective, FMUs are at the crossroads of the authorities of the four directorates generals in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. In terms of authority, FMUs are the spearhead of forest management at the site level, but FMUs do not have adequate authority in managing forests in their areas. Then from the funding side, FMUs are faced with a minimum budget as well as no guarantee of funding for their RPHJP. And finally, in terms of the RPHJP development, FMU faces serious challenges after the enactment of Law No. 23/2014, and laws and regulations overlapping, particularly those related to the implementation of DG Forest Planology Regulation No. P.5/2012..
Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Safril Kasim, La Ode Agus Salim Mando, La Ode Midi, Suhartin Triyani Palebangan
Published: 1 August 2020
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 3; doi:10.29303/jbl.v3i2.513

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the climatic conditions that occur at Sengon cultivation sites and determine the standing potential number of trees, base area, and volume of sengon stands in community plantation forests that follow the people's seed garden program. Data collection is carried out in August to November 2018. The location of this village is at the coordinates of 04° 5'12 '' - 04°3'15'' LS and 122° 24'00'' - 122° 23'00'' BT and at altitude of 108 m above sea level. The population in this study is the sengon stand with an area of 5.8 ha. The sample area is determined with an intensity of 6.2% and the area of 1 plot is 0.04 ha, so the number of plots is 9 units. The results showed that 1) climatic conditions in the study location are classified as type B climate or wet (Schmidth-Ferguson method) including the category of tropical rain forests with an average number of wet months (BB) 9.2 and dry months (BK) 1.5 with a Q value of 0.16. Average annual rainfall is 2 662.6 mm, the monthly average rainfall of the highest in May was 347.4 mm with an average number of rainy days by 22.5 days and the lowest in September was 83.0 mm with an average rainy day of 11 days, while the longest rainy day occurred in April during 22.6 days with rainfall reaching 262.1 mm and the fastest occurred in October for 10.3 days with rainfall reaching 101.7 mm. The average annual temperature is around 230C with an 320C, with the lowest monthly average of 25.3oC (August) - 28.1oC (December). This fact indicates that the climatic conditions in Jati Bali Village South Konawe District are suitable for the development of sengon plants. 2) the potential of sengon stands in the village of Jati Bali South Konawe Regency, namely the number of trees 866 btgha-1, base area of 9.76 m2ha-1, volume of stands of 94.15 m3ha-1.
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