Jurnal Belantara

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2614-7238 / 2614-3453
Published by: Mataram University (10.29303)
Total articles ≅ 94
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Eni Hidayati, Ida Ansharyani, Lalu Kukuh Mahendra, Mahardika Rizqi Himawan
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 279-295; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i1.845

Abstract:
Many policies, programs, and projects have been attempted to resolve waste problem in Indonesia, yet it is still one of the major environmental problems in the country. Several waste management practices exist at various levels, from the community level up to the industrial level. With increasing budget available for villages through various schemes, village-level management poses opportunities to solve waste problem in Indonesia. This empirical study uses Interpretive Structural Model (ISM) to examine variables contributed to youth-based waste management practice in Labuhan Bajo Village and the relationships among the variables. Participant observations and in-depth interviews were carried out to solicit information on important enablers for youth-based waste management. The model was developed using ten enablers. In this study, the model shows that the first driving power (at the bottom of the ISM) is facilitation, in this case, a NGO. On top of the model is the financial gain enabler. The MICMAC analysis shows that most of the enablers are in quadrant III (Linkages) category. Effective and efficient handling of the linkage enablers is necessary for youth-based waste management. This study offering enablers’ model gained from empirical study may offer fruitful insight for enhanced scholarship in waste management model at village level led by the local youth particularly in Indonesian context.
Rosmaiti Rosmaiti, Iswahyudi Iswahyudi
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 246-259; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.872

Abstract:
Ecotourism of the Gunung Pandan Natural Baths, which is located in Selamat Village, Tenggulun District, is one of the priority scales for tourism development in Aceh Tamiang Regency. The development of ecotourism is believed to be able to maintain the conservation of natural resources and improve the welfare of the surrounding community. This study aims to assess the feasibility of developing ecotourism at the Gunung Pandan Natural Baths. The assessment of potential tourism objects uses the Guidelines for Operation Areas for Natural Tourism Attractions (ADO-ODTWA) issued by the Director General of PHKA of the Ministry of Forestry in 2003. The results of the ADO-ODTWA analysis show that the Gunung Pandan Natural Baths as a conservation area are worthy of being developed as an ecotourism destination, with a recapitulation potential value index of 83.39%. Some criteria that need attention and improvement are accessibility and security. Improving the two components is a priority to develop the Gunung Pandan Natural Bath Ecotourism area into a leading ecotourism destination.
Beni Iskandar, Nanang Hanafi, Rifqi Anshari
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 210-218; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.866

Abstract:
The first step in monitoring deforestation is to measure and identify land cover changes. Our research uses remote sensing technology, because it has advantages such as: cheap, transparent, fast and has measurable accuracy and temporal analysis. This study aims to identify, measure, and analyze trends in land cover change in 1990-2000, 2000-2012, and 2012-2021. The results showed that there were 18 land cover classes with details of 3 forest classes; and 15 non-forest classes; Forest class decreased throughout 1990 to 2021, the trend of changing forest cover was deforestation into plantations, swamp shrubs, dryland agriculture mixed with shrubs, and swamps. The rate of deforestation in 1990-2000 was 3.07%, deforestation in 2000-2012 was 3.02%, and deforestation in 2012-2021 was 1.02%. The accuracy of land cover classification is 91%.
Iing Nasihin, Dede Kosasih, Rahman Rahman
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 296-306; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.878

Abstract:
A Flood is a natural phenomenon that causes material or non-material losses. The availability of geospatial information can be used to analyze the level of flood susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to identify and map flood-prone areas in the Cilutung sub-watershed based on geospatial data, namely land use and cover conditions, soil type, slope class, and rainfall. The method used in this study is weighting and scoring in geographic information systems (GIS). Based on the analysis, there are 4 classes of flood susceptibility in the Cilutung sub-watershed with the classification of safe, less vulnerable, moderate, and vulnerable. The distribution of flood-prone areas is almost spread over the entire Cilutung sub-watershed area, including the districts of Argapura, Banjaran, Bantarujeg, Cikijing, Cingambul, Lemahsugih, Maja, Majalengka, Malausma, Panyingkiran, Talaga, Cisitu, Jatigede, Jatigede, Tomo, and Wado. Medium class with an area of ​​22579 ha (36%), vulnerable class 18543 ha (30%), less vulnerable class 17883 ha (29%), safe class 2979 ha (5%). The most dominant parameters that cause flood vulnerability are flat slope 0-8%, latosol soil type, and land use in the form of rice fields, these parameters are spread in the southern and northern regions.
Elisabeth Deta Lustiyati, Royan Stulasyqin Fadli, Theresia Puspitawati
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 269 278-269 278; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.879

Abstract:
Mount Prau ecotourism is one of the tourist objects in the Dieng highland area, Wonosobo. The increase in climbing tourists from year to year has a significant impact on the generation of waste at Mount Prau basecamp. Waste management includes waste minimization and handling practice. Climbers' knowledge for reducing and handling waste during climbing as well as attitudes in waste management is important in reducing waste generation. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of mountain climbers in waste management. The type of research is an observational analytic study with a cross-approach design. The research technique used survey methods, interviews, questionnaires, and observations. This study involved 159 respondents to fill out a questionnaire containing 30 questions about the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of waste management. Data analysis used the Spearman correlative test with a significance level of 5%. Based on the data analysis, it was found that there was a positive and significant relationship between knowledge and behavior (p = 0.014, Rs = 0.194), as well as the results on the attitude and behavior variabels (p = 0.013, Rs = 0.197). The conclusion of this study the better the climber's knowledge and attitude towards waste reduction and handling, the better the waste management behavior of the climbers
Leni Susanti, Indra Gumay Febryano, Yulia Rahma Fitriana, Rudi Hilmanto
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 143-152; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.809

Abstract:
The traditional wooden house has become a symbol for the indigenous people of Lampung. The research objective is to explain the factors that influence the community to maintain its traditional wooden houses. This research used the qualitative approach within a case study method in Penanggungan Village, Tanggamus District, Lampung Province. By collecting data through in-depth interviews, involved observations, and documentation studies, then analyzed some factors that influence the community to maintain the stilt house. The results showed that the local community held its wooden-based stage due to various factors, especially: cultural, heritage, raw materials, community economic conditions, public knowledge, and government policies. The government needs to make local regulations to maintain the existence of the remaining stilt houses and provide subsidies to the community to maintain its sustainability. In addition, the cultivation of the types of wood that used and its types substitution needs to be encouraged to avoid the scarcity of raw materials for stilt houses.
Muhammad Hanif Alfatah, Gunardi Djoko Winarno, Agus Setiawan, Irwan Sukri Banuwa
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 260-268; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.806

Abstract:
Green open space has an ecological function because it contains constituent trees that can provide comfort in the form of coolness to the surrounding area. This study aims to determine the level of comfort based on the Comfort Index/Temperature Humidity Index (THI) by measuring the temperature and humidity at Taman Merdeka green open space, Metro City, Lampung Province. The method used in this research is direct observation method, with sampling using saturated sampling method. The data that has been obtained is tabulated and analyzed using the convenience / THI method. The results showed that there were 129 individuals of the Taman Merdeka green open space composed of 14 species, with a tree density value of 81,13 trees / ha, a total canopy area of 8.545,29 m2. The comfort level at Taman Merdeka RTH is included in the Medium category with an average THI value at the three data collection locations of 25,99. The condition of the open green open spaces of Taman Merdeka, in the form of the number of individual trees, tree types, tree density, and tree canopy cover area can affect the temperature and humidity in the green open space so that the level of comfort will also be affected. The condition of the Taman Merdeka green open space is included in the Medium category, the hope is that the manager of the Taman Merdeka green open space can improve it so that visitors feel comfortable when doing activities in this green open space.
Kevin Alrino Damara, Sugeng P. Harianto, Dian Iswandaru, Agus Setiawan
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 219-231; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.896

Abstract:
The rise of the hobby of raising birds in the community became an event that caused a large market demand for the availability of birds in the market. Often also found birds that are traded specifically in the city of Bandar Lampung have status as birds protected by the government, or these birds have conservation status (IUCN) and trade status (CITES) in the category that allows. This study aims to determine the protection status and conservation status of birds traded in the Bandar Lampung City area. The method used is direct observation and interviews, data analysis used is descriptive qualitative by describing according to the status of protection, trade and conservation of the types of birds obtained. The results showed there were 15 species of birds included in the list of protected wildlife according to Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia No. 106 of 2018. Birds with conservation status determined by IUCN are 50 species with status (LC), 10 species with status (NT), 1 species with status (VU), 4 status (EN) and 1 species status (CR). Birds with a trade status set by CITES, there are 1 species of birds in the Appendix 1 category and 2 species of birds included in the Appendix 2. The role of bird traders as a second hand in the trading channel, which involves pengepul, breeders and hunters. Periodic monitoring and guidance is needed as a preventif measure to reduce the risk of extinction and decline of population in the nature.
Ardiantiono Ardiantiono, Afrizal Maula Alfarisi, Yanuar Ishaq, Rhemawati Wijaya, Reza Septian, Adhi Nurul Hadi
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 153-168; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i2.874

Abstract:
Media reports on human-predator interaction can influence public attitudes and supports toward wildlife conservation. Negative interactions between humans and wildlife in Indonesia are dominated by two predator species: Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). This research aims to characterize the patterns of media reporting on human-predator interaction and compare the reporting between tiger and crocodile. Media reports published between 2017-2019 were collected from online mass media using Google News searching tool. Four parameters were used to evaluate the media content: tone, framing, illustration, and objectivity. Reports on human-tiger interaction (HTI; 356 articles) and human-crocodile interaction (HCI; 430 articles) showed similar patterns including dominant negative headline tone, neutral reporting focusing on interaction events, use of neutral-safe illustrations, and objective reporting. Further investigation showed that some aspects of media reporting on HCI differed from HTI. Reporting on HTI incidents used more negative contents and illustrations; and was not as comprehensive as HTI reporting. To promote balanced reporting, this research recommends collaboration between practitioners, scientists, and media to increase the media awareness on human-predator interactions and wildlife conservation; to write engaging content; and to increase the roles of practitioners and scientists as writers and sources in mass media.
Alviana Indah Saputri, Dian Iswandaru, Christine Wulandari, Samsul Bakri
Published: 10 August 2022
Journal: Jurnal Belantara
Jurnal Belantara, Volume 5, pp 232-245; https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v5i1.854

Abstract:
The existence of birds and trees has an important role in the ecosystem, especially agroforestry. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between bird and tree diversity. Data was collected using plot and point count methods, then analyzed descriptively quantitatively using diversity index, significant value index and correlation analysis. The results showed that the index value of bird and tree diversity was classified into the medium category, namely H'=2.06 and H'=1.02. Correlation analysis shows that there is no significant relationship between the two variables. The absence of a relationship between the two variables occurs due to the lack of availability of bird feed on agroforestry land so that the birds only use trees to play, stop or perch. A more diverse variety of plants can increase bird diversity, but in this study this was not found. Based on the research results, it is hoped that the government and the community will increase bird diversity through increasing tree variety so that the quality of the ecosystem balance is maintained.
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