ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2541-0598 / 2541-1217
Published by: ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur (10.30822)
Total articles ≅ 216
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Singgih Salim, Rahadhian Prajudi Herwindo, Yuswadi Saliya
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 11-22; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1087

Abstract:
Buddhism is one of the oldest religions in the world, andthe development has led to a greatchange in the typology of Buddhist architecture, and caused a complex scope of the concept. Thiscomplexity is due to the absence of architectural literature that regulates the addition of supporting functions, suchas profane and sacred value, in improving Buddhists' education. However, the addition of a profane functionreduces sacred valueandact of worship, opposes architectural design, and defiles ritual activities. Furthermore, one of the functions that provide education as well as a personal approach to Buddhism is the museum.This research aims to examine the contextual relationship between main and supporting functions, namely the sacred (worshipbuilding) and the profane (museum), respectively. And also, to display the sacred value through architectural characteristics. The analytical methodused the theory of sacredness and contextuality. Thiswas furtherelaborated in various architectural scopes to produce a relationship between temples and museums, that apply sacred values according to Buddhist philosophy. The research leads to differences in principles application, such as orientation, hierarchy, boundary scope, geometric shapes, symmetry, repetition, material appearance, shape synergy, zoning, processions, atmospheric ambiguity, symbolic objects, boundary guards, and gathering areas.
Ying Ying Chuah,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 43-52; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1185

Abstract:
Universal Design or ‘Accessibility for All’ is the design of a product or creation that meets the requirement and reaches the goals for people, which including disabled-bodies as well as the abled-bodies. Ergonomics is defined as a design to reduce human error, increase efficiency and improve safety and provides comfort in between people and the product. Universal design means segregation of special, separate designs with the normal design said that the majority of users can use them without feeling out of place. It is identified that some of the special groups all different kinds of designs would often make people feel different from others, the removal of which is essential in case of Universal Design. The major focus of this research is on the indoor spaces in providing measurement of operations and comfort in an indoor area such as the idea of research with respect to the ergonomics of Universal design which take into account within a qualitative research method of case study evaluation.
Wendy I. Hakim, Triatno Y. Harjono, Dalhar Susanto
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 23-32; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1170

Abstract:
There is a recent focus on households as residential units but most of the studies conducted rely on demographic and economic perspectives using economic value maximization schemes. The research on the household is considered necessary due to its close relation to family and kinship issues observed in different aspects of life and based on societal diversity associated with certain socio-cultural values. This is most important in Asia, including Indonesia, where extended families and households are regarded as ideal. Therefore, this study was conducted to understand the significance of socio-cultural values ​​on the spatial living implications in extended households using qualitative methods, especially ethnography, which involved targeted informants, interviews, and observations. The results showed that the socio-cultural values ​​held by the members of the household are based on the definition of kinship as a valuable bond, desire to share, cooperation, as well as the acceptance and sustenance of tradition. Moreover, the spatial arrangement concerning the allocation, use, and access to rooms based on gender in an extended family was observed to be identical to those in a nuclear family. Meanwhile, additional members are allowed to use different rooms in the house and also to interact with hosts.
Aldyfra Luhulima Lukman, Ariani Mandala, Clara Evangeline Utamalie
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 119-130; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1264

Abstract:
The interpretation differences of the policies implemented by the Second Vatican Council have a significant influence on the increasingly diverse views and manifestations of the sacred expressions in the Catholic Church. Therefore, this research focuses on the sacred expression of the Sanctuary as the most important space of the Catholic Church. It was carried out at St. Laurentius Catholic Church Bandung because it applies various artificial lighting techniques to its worship space. Furthermore, this research discusses how and to what extent artificial lighting techniques are able to support the sacred expression of the contemporary Catholic Church Sanctuary. Data were quantitatively collected through working drawings, measuring the illumination level in the work area, and determining the brightness of space-forming materials. Meanwhile, data were also qualitatively collected through field observations and visual recordings. The analysis process was used to analyze the architectural sacredness, such as orientation, hierarchy, balance, and symbols. In addition, visual analysis was used for clarity, uniformity, balance, brightness, and spatial intimacy. The results showed that artificial lighting techniques play a significant role in forming sacred expressions of the Sanctuary of the St. Laurentius Catholic Church Bandung.
Arra Chang Kien Guan, Mohd Jaki Bin Mamat
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 67-76; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1215

Abstract:
The pandemic COVID-19 has been a disaster for all over the world. The significant changes caused by the pandemic has left a huge impact on every sector especially on business environment and caused a major economic shock. In this paper, the role of technology- Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) has been explore and discuss in achieving a proposed studies to preventing and decreases the spreading of virus in efficient way. From this point of view, the proposed study has contributed to working environment –entrepreneur workplace. The working environment has been a high risk in virus spreading since it involved in people interaction’s place. Thus, TIC is important to prevent the virus spreading in workplace and community. The study of efficient movement and the issue regarded appropriate location of TIC in entrepreneur workplace has been carried in this paper. The objectives of this study are to identify the requirement of Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) in entrepreneur workplace zoning, to determine the best location for Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) in entrepreneur workplace zoning and to study the Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) location in promoting efficient workplace movement. The literature review is carried out to determined the related issues: TIC, workplace zoning and efficient movement I entrepreneur workplace. the qualitative method by John Creswell is used in collecting data to identify the best position of TIC in entrepreneur workplace by using observation method. As conclusion, the study for practice of allocate the TIC in the best location in entrepreneur workplace promotes the efficient of movement which it gives a direct and indirect impact on workplace performance.
Indri Astrina Fitria Indrarani Wirakusumah
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 143-154; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1457

Abstract:
Humans are homo religiosus with a natural desire that there is an absolute power beyond reasoning which makes them "existent". This is observed from their religious behaviors as well as the continuous increase in their spirituality. Humans have a basic need to worship according to their religious orders and the construction of mosques is considered the fulfillment of the main needs of Muslims to conduct their prayers. The diversity of mosque forms in West Java showed that there is a mutually influencing relationship between the basic need for space to accommodate prayer rituals which tend to be dogmatic and the human desire to appreciate architectural elements of mosques as a form of contextual and dynamic spirituality enhancement. The comparison between the needs and desires in mosque architecture as indicated in previous studies was used as the main reference to understand the dynamics of the meaning in mosque architecture in order to produce new meaning reading diagrams. This was achieved through three main stages with the first being the re-description of the ideograms and typograms pairing in each mosque from the previous studies, the second is the identification of keywords that form the basis of thought for architects, users, and organizers as a series of triangulation processes to reveal new meanings and functions in the case study of mosques, and the third is the placement of the results of the analysis on the Function-Form-Meaning diagram to produce a new meaning reading diagram to identify the dynamics of meaning in mosque architecture in West Java. The contribution of this study is to enrich the theory and method of the meaning process in mosque architecture as well as to serve as a guide for architectural practitioners in designing mosques.
Maria Christina Prasetya, Frengky Benediktus Ola
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.954

Abstract:
The basement lobby area in Campus II of Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta was originally designed to function as a vehicle parking and laboratory space with noise-generating equipment, but it is currently being used as a place for students to do assignments. Meanwhile, it has been discovered that psychosocial stress can be caused by continuous exposure to noise, thereby, making it necessary to consider the quality factor of the indoor environment of this area for students use. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of the noise in the basement lobby area on student work productivity and psychosocial stress. This involved the use of a quantitative method by measuring the noise level using Phonic PAA3 per one point in the 4 segments of the corridor according to the provisions of SNI 7231:2009. Moreover, a qualitative approach was also applied by distributing online and offline questionnaires to determine the perception of noise, psychosocial stress, and its effect on work productivity. A total of 109 respondents consisting of 48 architecture, 40 civil engineering, and 21 techno-biology students using the lobby as a place to do assignments were used as the respondents. The data obtained were analyzed using a simple regression method in the SPSS25 program. It is important to note that the quantitative and qualitative measurements were not conducted simultaneously. The results showed that the study room does not fulfill the standard reference value of 45dB required for the noise level as indicated by the highest and lowest noise (Leq) values recorded to be 74.10dB and 64.34dB in segments B and A, respectively, as well as the overall average of 70.1dB. Furthermore, the combination of the qualitative and quantitative data showed that the noise affects students' psychosocial stress by 43% and productivity by 45%, hence, this means the noise reduced the student productivity. Therefore, the noise factor needs to be considered in planning a workspace or converting the function of space in order to ensure its purpose is achieved maximally.
Riajeng Sinta Damayanti, Purnama Salura
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 109-118; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1257

Abstract:
This study discusses the spirit of place which is also known as the “genius loci” of two GPIB church buildings in Depok, Indonesia. It is important to note that the physical and spatial order of a structure theoretically has an expression usually interpreted according to the character and identity created by the observer or user. This means it is possible for buildings with the same function, liturgy, and space requirements but different physical arrangements to have the same spirit of place. The focus of this study is on the church of GPIB Immanuel and GPIB Pancaran Kasih in Depok and it was conducted qualitatively and descriptively through anatomical and phenomenological methods. The operational stage involves the emic steps which include field observations and structured or unstructured interviews for managers and informants doubling as the users of the buildings as well as ethical steps which are focused on the study of architectural theories. The results showed that the physical architectural order of the two churches creates a dynamic character and identity as well as a spirit of place even though they come from the same synod, order, and have the same liturgy and procession. This was discovered to be due to their similarities and differences.
Mohd Akmal Harris Bin Zolkefil, Roslan Bin Hj Talib
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 7, pp 77-84; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v7i1.1226

Abstract:
A campus library is an educational environment that has a wide range of academic activities that are organized and arranged according to hierarchy and activity requirements. When activity in the campus library increases, so does the intensity of a movement that does not correspond to the availability of compelling and wayfinding signage within the library. In fact, on campus there must be international students who are not fluent in speaking and reading the local language. The purpose of the study is to investigate a wayfinding signage issue in interpreting the information through visual graphic for international student in campus library. In this issue, it will examine the importance of visual graphic design used in wayfinding signage for interpreting information and determined the require component which help the topic incorporate a greater user experience through visual qualities such as graphic, text, color and size. Therefore, the (TWO) 2 objectives of this research paper are 1) To identify the current graphic design of the wayfinding signage in the campus library and 2) To determine the graphic design in interpreting information in the wayfinding signage. It will use a qualitative method by John Creswell in collecting the data at several proposed case studies place.
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