ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur
ISSN / EISSN : 2541-0598 / 2541-1217
Current Publisher: Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira (10.30822)
Total articles ≅ 150
Latest articles in this journal
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.1128
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 25-34; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.538
There has been a decline in the form and function of Sundanese vernacular architecture for large buildings due to the absence of artifacts in village houses. The data on palace or keraton and terraced roofs are only found in lontar and from outside observers in the XVI century. Meanwhile, the phenomenon of the bale nyungcung roof emerged on the mosque in the XVI-XIX centuries at West Java after disappearing for more or less two centuries. The reappearance makes it interesting to study this concept, especially with the focus on its relationship with the inner room of the mosque. This research was conducted on the Great Mosque spread in Sunda Tatar such as the West Java and Banten Provinces with buildings of Majalaya, Manonjaya, and Banten used as case studies. It was conducted qualitatively and interpretatively using the building anatomical theory to analyze the scope of shape and the Bale Nyungcung roof. The results showed the relationship between the roof and the inner space is a reflection of the adjustment in the mosque's basic reference with the Bale Nyungcung roof used as one of the Sundanese local building features.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 5-12; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.286
Jelekong is an art and culture village in Baleendah Sub-district of Bandung Regency which is well known for its activities in paintings and wayang golek or puppet crafts. The village’s character related to art is also shaped by several actions and relationships between socio-technical actors apart from the existence of artists and their activities. This research was, therefore, conducted to describe Jelekong Village as a heterogeneous socio-technical network by identifying and analyzing several actors and actions using Actor-Network Theory (ANT) which is a qualitative research method. Five network-actor conception prepositions including 1) the will of actan, 2) actors, 3) composition and translation of action, 4) network locality, and 5) network representation were reviewed to determine the phenomenon of the heterogeneous network formed in the village. The results showed several factors required in becoming Jelekong Village network and they include 1) the artist's will to initiate art actions, 2) existence of sociotechnical agent such as actors and resources related to the artist, 3) a very complex art relationship, 4) establishment of an art environment such as a studio and gallery, and 5) the meaning of art space for artists as a forum to preserve arts and culture as well as potential economic resources.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 105-118; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.627
The government is currently conducting programs to provide subsidized housing in order to meet the needs of low-income people. Some of the houses provided have, however, been modified by the residents to ensure proper and effective implementation of their activities and this indicates a benchmark of the dissatisfaction of the residents and omission of a particular thing in the initial design of the subsidized housing program provided by the government. The Grand Permata Residence II Housing used as a case study has a house with type 36/91 m2 and 13 out of 14 respondents have transformed their residential space according to their economic capacity as low-income people. This study was, therefore, conducted to map the residential space transformation of the subsidized housing program provided by the government and determine the causative factors. Primary data were obtained in the form of designs and photos of space transformation through direct observation and interviews with residents while secondary data were in the form of initial floor plans retrieved from the housing manager and analyzed using descriptive analysis techniques. The findings serve as an evaluation for the government in designing subsidized housing which meets the target and needs of low-income people.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 35-44; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.565
The environmental amenities of areas with a high elderly population need to be adjusted to support their lives and ensure they experience a healthy aging process. Therefore, this research examines the role of residential areas in providing support to the daily activities of the elderly for their optimal and everyday use of available outdoor seating facilities. Data were obtained from 25 outdoor seating facilities in a densely populated environment in Yogyakarta City center through observations, interviews, and person-centered mapping of the elderly as respondents. The results showed that the elderly utilize outdoor seating for social, recreation, rest, shelter, and household activities. Therefore, it is still necessary to improve the physical quality of seating in these facilities to ensure that they are maximally utilized by the elderly. The important aspect in establishing these criteria are as follows: (1) dimensions, (2) protection, (3) material, (4) Form, and (5) comfort.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 149-154; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.730
Green city development policies have an essential role in improving the ecological functions of a municipality. According to Law 26/2007 on spatial planning, it contains provinsions for green open space which oblige the government to set aside 30% of the city as green open space. However, the main obstacle in providing green open space remains the limited availability of urban land. Therefore, efforts are needed to detect urban land that is available for use as green open space. The purpose of this study is to determine the initial description of the availability of green open space in Malang City. This study uses an integrated method of calculating the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) with land cover classification. NDVI analysis reveals the distribution value of vegetation density in Malang City. Based on NDVI analysis results, green open space requires medium and high density vegetation. In Malang City, only 2946.56 ha, or 26.60% of the city, meets these requirements. The availability of green open space in Malang City therefore does not meet minimum green open space requirements. This study's results suggest the need for additional policies aimed at providing green open space for Malang City.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 55-66; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.584
Space and architecture are two interrelated and encompassing concepts. However, space has a broad meaning in terms of location, privacy, and function such that the relationship between two spaces creates a different atmosphere and impression. A lot of studies have been conducted on space but there is no much focus on the concept of 'in-between space'. This research was, therefore, aimed at exploring in-between space in order to create a clear understanding and identify its concept in Batak Toba vernacular architecture. A content analysis method was adopted and this involves analyzing texts and images related to in-between space and Batak Toba architecture. The results showed the concept as an overlap created by two spaces in order to feel the atmosphere of both simultaneously. It was also discovered not to be a definitive space but found in the Batak Toba architecture to create a relationship between privacy, function, and environment. This means it is a key feature of the architecture and also expected to be a fundamental element in the modern Toba Batak architecture. These results are expected to serve as the basis for further in-depth research and to be applied in other ethnic architectures.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 139-148; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.662
The development of coastal areas in Denpasar City is no longer focused on one location in Sanur but rather prioritizes potential tourism areas such as the Ayung River Estuary in Kesiman Kertalangu Village. This area has a beautiful natural landscape which makes it a recreational destination for the surrounding community and several efforts have been made by the village government to make it desirable for tourists as observed in the evaluation of the beautiful landscape in Ayung river estuary to serve as an input for further planning of the area. This research was, therefore, conducted using a descriptive quantitative method and scenic beauty estimation for analysis. The results showed the high scenic beauty estimation category was on the west side of the Ayung River while the low category was in the coastal area to the north of the area. Moreover, the factors influencing the scenic beauty estimation value include vegetation, water elements, cleanliness, and the aesthetic form of hardscape/landscape elements.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 119-128; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.641
White soil is a common material in Timor Island, especially in Kupang, usually molded into bricks without adding sand due to its high sand content which has been recorded to be between 30-65%. This study was, therefore, conducted to determine the effect of adding husk ash and coconut fiber on the compressive strength of white soil bricks mixture using an experimental method. The process involved drying the white soil bricks using winding for 28 days after molding after which the compressive strengths for the coconut fiber with cement and rice husk with cement were measured. The results showed a ratio of 1 coconut fiber to 1 cement produced 7 white soil with compressive strength at 147 kg/cm² while 1.5 rice husk ash to 1 cement produced 7 white soil with 114.3 kg/cm². These were, however, observed to be much higher than the findings of previous studies which used 1 cement to 7 white soil to produce 51.9 kg/cm². This, therefore, means the compressive strength produced in this study exceeds the value for quality 1 bricks based on SNI 03-0349-1989 for loaded and unprotected constructions.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 129-138; doi:10.30822/arteks.v6i1.644
Atag functions as a place for the air curing process to dry tobacco leaves. This building, which is made of bamboo, has existed in Indonesia since 1850 and used to produce authentic quality cigars. Initially, this building was only utilized for local materials, however, based on the shape, dimensions, and construction, there is a tendency for atag to be established by considering several technical aspects. Therefore, this study aims to examine the technical ideas, such as calculations, practices, and procedures for making Atag using the ethnomodelling strategy. The results showed that the community's practices and calculations in building atag were a logical response in adapting to natural conditions such as climate, wind, and humidity. It also provided intelligence in utilizing the potential of local materials such as bamboo and sugarcane leaves