ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2541-0598 / 2541-1217
Published by: ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur (10.30822)
Total articles ≅ 184
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L. M. F. Purwanto,
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 155-156; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.1269

Abstract:
Architecture is one part of culture, which reflects the development of human life from time to time and displays various types of life (Sharr 2012). The embodiment of architectural studies can appear in various perspectives, such as the study of technology, symbols, open space, landscape, interior and also architectural education, as in the articles of ARTEKS in this edition volume 6 issue 2, August 2021.
Antariksa, , Wahyuni Eka Sari
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 269-284; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.725

Abstract:
The assessment of cultural significance is important to the processes involved in the determination of building preservation policies. The cultural significance is mostly invisible or intangible in a cultural heritage building and contained in the form of value or meaning which are sometimes misinterpreted and this means it is possible to judge a building as worthy or unworthy to be preserved for the interests of the past, present, and future through the evaluation its importance. Moreover, some important elements are usually contained in a cultural heritage building which can be excavated through their cultural significance. This research was, therefore, conducted to determine the cultural significance of residential buildings in the Jatiroto Sugar Factory area complex at Lumajang Regency, East Java to be used in formulating policies required to preserve the structures as a cultural heritage for the benefit of future generations. This involved the use of the descriptive method to describe the situation in the field while the weighted evaluative method was applied to evaluate the cultural significance value of the building and its elements. The results were used as the criteria to determine the cultural significance of the official house of the Jatiroto Sugar Factory which can be applied as the reference to formulate the cultural significance criteria for similar cultural heritage buildings in other locations.
Arita, Hartanto Budiyuwono, Yuswadi Saliya
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 295-304; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.755

Abstract:
Architectural acculturation has a significant and uniform impact on modern architecture. However, the misunderstanding of this phenomenon tends to occur due to its inability to match its context's function and meaning. Therefore, this study aims to examine the acculturation of local and non-local architecture in mosque buildings. Previous research only focuses on mosque buildings as a syncretic factor, with none on the attributed topic. The research object is the Merah Panjunan Mosque in Cirebon City. This object was chosen based on the building age, the acculturation phenomenon that occurs, and because it is one of the cultural heritage in Cirebon City. The research method includes redrawing the Merah Panjunan Mosque's entire mass in three and two dimensions, making it easy to parse based on architectural anatomy. The study object's decomposition is intended to facilitate analysis in each unit of architectural elements, which is read based on the elaboration of the balance and orientation principles. The analysis results are interpreted in the conclusion section with the Merah Panjunan Mosque capable of displaying local and non-local architecture characterized by Javanese and Chinese architectures as well as a Hindu temple. The dominant composition of the Merah Panjunan Mosque acculturation is shown in the roof elements. Therefore, this research implies that Merah Panjunan acts as a reference for architectural design with the acculturation concept.
Isrina Indah, Prabu Wardono
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 199-214; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.679

Abstract:
The continuous improvement in the growth rate of urbanization in Indonesia is causing an increased need for work, limited residential land, and high prices for residential development in urban areas. This phenomenon has an impact on the low occupancy rate for the millennial generation and this makes developers offer co-living space which is considered capable of solving the problem of accommodation and its use as a living space is becoming increasingly popular in recent times. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the factors influencing the formation of habitual occupancy among millennials in the co-living space of Indonesia. The process involved using a survey method with online questionnaires to collect data from the study population which consisted of the millennial generation with a sample size of 190 respondents. The data obtained were processed using exploratory multivariant statistics to show the relationship between the latent variables used in forming habitual behavior in shared living. The results showed 10 factors which constitute the living behavior in co-living space and they include public facilities, social, place attachment, feeling of satisfaction, environment, intrinsic, extrinsic, group development, economy, and workspace availability.
Restika R. Efiariza, Ova Candra Dewi, Toga H. Panjaitan, Rizka Felly
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 249-258; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.715

Abstract:
This study examines the relationship between the green-based school with students’ environmental attitudes and behavior. Sustainable development has become the solution and commitment to save the earth from destruction due to human behavior. Environmental education plays an important role in creating an environmentally literate society. Adiwiyata School, an official form of environmental education, is one of the efforts to increase sustainable development through education as a way to improve student's environmental attitude and behavior. The research design used multiple case studies utilizing the observation method and questionnaire distribution to Adiwiyata and non-Adiwiyata schools. A New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale and a General Ecological Behavior (GEB) scale are used to measure student's environmental attitudes and behavior change. As a result, the green-based school creates influences in student's environmental attitudes (9.3%) and environmental behavior (12.3%).
Dian Kartika Santoso, Irawan Setyabudi
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 215-222; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.691

Abstract:
Green open space has many benefits for humans. Unfortunately, the function of green open space cannot be fully felt due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Even though the application of physical distancing in the garden can be created through the use of garden border elements. As a first step in determining good and effective elements, this study aims to explore the preferences of garden designers in selecting garden border elements, their shapes, and arrangements to maintain the distance between garden users. This research is a perceptual research using a survey method obtained through distributing questionnaires and processed by quantitative descriptive and chi-square test. As for the results obtained in this study, garden designers agree that the border element is an effective way that can be used to implement physical distancing in public parks. Although, in general, garden designers prefer hardscape over softscapes as a border element, there are different preferences for the type of hardscape and softscape used. Garden designers prefer fences, portable benches> 2m apart and concrete construction as a hardscape barrier that can be applied to gardens that have been built. Meanwhile, the selection of softscape in the garden that has been built tends to use flowering shrubs as a border element. The conclusion of this study is the preference for material selection that is different in terms of functionality and aesthetics is caused by the pandemic
Azizi Bahauddin, Rani Prihantmanti, Josephine Ong
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 305-314; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.757

Abstract:
Biophilic design is a well-known design philosophy based on human-nature relationships. However, it has not been explored extensively in the Malaysian context and most of the previous studies were based on plants which were not suitable for tropical climate. This paper analyses the application of biophilic design and the usage of local edible and medicinal plants in Baba-Nyonya heritage shophouses’ courtyards in George Town UNESCO World Heritage Site, Penang, Malaysia. The aim of this research is to enhance the human quality of life through biophilic design with local knowledge application in the urban setting. Qualitative method strategies were applied to collect the data: photographic survey, plant inventory and building observation. Three heritage shophouses that had been adaptively reused into contemporary cafes were selected for this study. Significant results showed that Biophilic Design Pattern under the ‘visual connection with nature (P1)’ has been achieved through the application of edible and medicinal plants. Unfortunately, the local knowledge for applying edible and medicinal plants for achieving biophilic design compliance is weak. In the future, a further study is needed to identify the species of local edible and medicinal plants which can be applied in the Baba-Nyonya heritage shophouses courtyards.
Ariani Mandala, E. B. Handoko Sutanto, Amirani Ritva Santoso
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 223-234; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.698

Abstract:
The utilization of daylighting as an effort to reduce the usage of building energy needs to be optimized. This is because, low-rise buildings with large volumes require specific strategies for proper light distribution throughout the space. Hence, this study aims to explore and compare the effectiveness of daylighting in the openings design of skylight, roof monitor, and sawtooth in large-volume buildings in Bandung. The effectiveness is assessed by examining lighting performance based on distribution patterns, the value of Daylight Factor (DF), and the Coefficient of Uniformity (CU). Experimental research method with simulation program known as Velux Daylight Visualizer 3.0 is used to present and analyze the lighting data. The results showed that the type, position (openings' height and distance), as well as the opening direction affected the distribution patterns and daylighting performance. Based on the simulation, the skylight opening is the most effective in meeting the standard value of Daylight Factor (> 2%) and Coefficient of Uniformity (CU min. 0.3 and DF min. 0.8%). Thus, space and openings model with a percentage roof area of 16.3% in the simulation can be used as a reference for large-volume buildings because, it meets the requirements of Daylight Factor value and sufficient Coefficient of Uniformity.
, , Husnul Hidayat
ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 6, pp 315-324; https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i2.839

Abstract:
Indonesia is an earthquake-prone area because it is located at the world's most active tectonic plates and hundreds of local faults. Obviously, there have been many earthquake victims caused by collapsed buildings, hence the need for earthquake-resistant construction. However, there is not much guidance for architects to design earthquake-resistant buildings. This research proposes guidance for architects on how to design building forms relatively able to resist earthquakes. The simulation experiment method involving 32 building models in various forms was employed. The experimental results were then analyzed with modal analysis in ETABS and SVA for architectural design. Based on the analysis report, some guidelines were proposed: 1). Avoid buildings that are too slender, use the slenderness ratio H/D ≤ 2, 2). Avoid soft stories where the ratio of the top column height (h) to the bottom column height (h1) ≤ 0.8, 3). Use symmetrical shapes with 1 or 2 axes and avoid shapes with random compositions, 4). Use the additive and subtractive mass transformation ≤ 15%, 5).Strengthen the structural elements, install shear walls, or use dilatation to minimize potential torsional irregularities and non-parallel system irregularities of L, T, U, +, and Z forms6). Avoid using non-axial asymmetrical forms.
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