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ISSN / EISSN : 1410-8062 / 2528-3936
Total articles ≅ 185
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Septi Anggita Kriskartika, Titis Srimuda Pitana, Susanto Susanto
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 150-160; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.102542

This study aims at understanding and describing the discourse clarity, how the discourse is constructed and the implication of discursion of noble soul in sêrat kawruh mahnitismê manuscript in Javanese’s people life. The Sêrat Kawruh Mahnitismê will be written as SKM in this essay. This manuscript is in manuscript song form which consists of 13 pupuh ‘lyric’, and written using Javanese alphabet and in Javanese language that have been both translated and transcribed into Latin language. The manuscript is stored in Kerataon Surakarta Hadiningrat library Sasanapustaka containing teachings about how a person gets a perfection and used it as a tool to fulfill his dreams. This research is done in the area of Cultural Studies with qualitative data analysis and descriptive and interpretative analysis techniques that use a hermeneutic approach. This research use content analysis and library studies as method of data collection. The theory use is Michael Foucault discourse theory. The results show that: (1) the cause of discourse of noble soul in SKM manuscript that resulted hegemony; (2) the construction process in discourse of noble soul in SKM manuscript happens from ideal becomes humanist and (3) the implication of the discourse of noble soul in SKM manuscript in the millennial era
Setiawan Edi Wibowo
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 136-149; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.105880

The current research is an ethnopragmatic study which aims to describe the practice of adu rasa, angonrasa, and njaga rasa in the speech act of the Javanese kiai. This research is an ethnographic field study. The data are the speeches of kiai from Central Java (Rembang and Demak) and East Java (Tuban) in the religious preaching activities, and they are provided through explanatory text. They are collected by observation and documentation through recording, observing and note-taking. The ability to understand, to see, and to remain considerate towards the interlocutor is necessary to make sure the communication runs very well. The practice of adu rasa, angon rasa and njaga rasa in the speech act of Javanese kiai is manifested in; (1) the speech act for convincing others under the principle of adu rasa and angon rasa (reassurance and sensibility management); (2) the speech act for convincing others under the principle of showing concern; and (3) the speech act for inviting others to do something (recommendation) under the principle of adu rasa and angon rasa.Keywords: Speech Acts, Ethnopragmatics, Adu Rasa, Angon Rasa, Javanese Kiai
Indrayuda Indrayuda, Marzam Marzam, Mohd. Effindi Samsudin
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 104-135; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.106302

Randai Arts is a cultural heritage used by the Minangkabau community as an entertainment which is called Pamenan in Minangkabau language means game. This article will reveal the social representation of the Minangkabau people in the past through the Randai show. As part of traditional Minangkabau performance art, Randai is packaged in a comprehensive form of performance, including motion, music, literature, and theater. Usually the stories shown are about the life stories of people from the past Minangkabau community. This research is a qualitative research using ethnographic and descriptive methods. Informants were selected using the purposive sampling technique, and used complementary instruments namely interview and observation guidelines. Data was collected through interviews, direct observation, and literature studies, as well as documentation studies. The analysis was carried out by adopting ethnographic methods, namely: (1) determining the object of study; (2) conducting domain analysis; (3) conducting taxonomic analysis; (4) conducting part analysis; (5) analyzing cultural themes; and (6) interpreting and concluding. The results of the research revealed that the art of Randai has never presented a story outside of humanitarian issues, namely the story of the social problems of the Minangkabau people of the past until now. This social problem is caused by social crises that often occurred in the past, in social life in Minangkabau. The problem revolves around love, household, and social status. To be cultural learning for the audience, the social issues in the past are brought up again in the story that is delivered in the Randai show.
Jaya Nasa Perta, Ermanto Ermanto
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 76-89; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.107199

The purpose of this study is to look at the language (diction) used and pantun in pantun in the speech of Irwan Prayitno (Governor of Sumatera Barat). The data of this study are words in the poem with the source of spontaneous pantun data collection ala Irwan Prayitno. This research describes pantun (identification and classification) based on word types. Based on the research objectives, the findings of this study are as follows. First the language study, the choice of words that are often found are the name of a person, the name of a place or region, and the name of a profession or nickname. The two pantun structures, the poetry found in general, ab.ab., then aa.aa, ab.aa, and By analyzing and linking the diction used, the findings of this study say the rhymes in Irwan Prayitno's speech (Governor of Sumatera Barat) have specific spontaneity as evidenced by the diction used that is relevant to the situation or condition of the speech event that took place.
Haryono Candra, Yusup Gumilar Sukma
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 30-46; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.108017

In Chinese and Indonesian languages, a syllable is composed of consonants and vowels. Many researchers have focused on studying consonants and paid less attention to vowels. However, vowels play an essential role in a syllable, which is in fact the most pronounced part of a syllable. It is because of vowels that people can perceive language and communicate with each other. This article takes the Chinese and Indonesian vowels as the research object and makes a comparative analysis of the Chinese and Indonesian vowel systems to reveal the similarities and differences between the two at the level of monophthongs, compound vowels, and allophones. Hopefully, it can make contributions to the development of the Chinese-Indonesian comparative phonology discipline. This paper mainly adopts qualitative research method, that is, combining literature integration method, description method, contrast method and analysis method. It reaches several conclusions: First, the Chinese monophthongs, compound vowels, and allophones are more developed than those of Indonesian; Second, there is contrast between rounded and unrounded lip sounds in the Chinese monophthong system, which does not exist in the Indonesian system; Third, there exists some cases in Chinese compound vowels system that the spelling is inconsistent with the actual pronunciation, but this is not the case in Indonesian. Fourth, Chinese vowels’ allophones are mainly caused by the different positions of vowel in the syllables, while in Indonesian they are mainly affected by the different natures of the syllables. The results of this research can provide some insights for other Chinese and Indonesian language researchers.
Tuti Elfrida, Syafiq Akmal Sazali, Muhammad Nasirin Abu Bakar
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 61-75; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.107681

Culinary becomes one of the fast growing industries along with the development of tourism. The Baba-Nyonya or Peranakan foods is one of Malacca's distinctive dishes as a form of acculturation of Chinese and Malaysian culture which presents to complement the diversity of attractions and services in the Malaysian tourism and hospitality industry. Several Baba-Nyonya restaurants are available in Malacca and most are located in Bandar Hilir, where the Peranakan community lived in the past. Baba-Nyonya restaurants emerge to have contribution to the development of Malaysia as Halal Tourism Destination. This research then finds a form of representation of Baba-Nyonya foods in an effort to provide halal products and services in Malacca, Malaysia. Through observation, interviews, and literature studies it is known that some restaurants are starting to change food menus from pork menus to pork-free menus. Although they do not hold halal certificates, they are categorized as Muslim-friendly Baba-Nyonya Restaurants and visited by Muslim customers. The restaurant does not have pork on its menu, but chicken, duck, seafood and vegetables. Also, there is one Baba-Nyonya restaurant who has obtained a halal kitchen certificate and a certificate of cleanliness application, so that it can be a reference in the Halal system and industry. The establishment of a halal assurance system can also be pursued in order to further enhance the confidence of Muslim customers of the Baba-Nyonya food products consumed.
Betty Mauli Rosa Bustam
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 47-60; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.104527

This article reveals a picture of discrimination against women that occurs in a Shiite Muslims community in Lebanon. As is well known, Shi'a Muslims are second only to Sunnis in Lebanese Muslims as a whole, even though both populations are balanced. Islam itself became the second religion after Christianity in Lebanon and there are still several other religions (sects). Lebanon accommodates the growth of many religions that have a variety rules for their followers, so there is often attraction in making decisions regarding state laws and regulations, especially relating to women. Feminist Literary Criticism is used to explain all literary phenomena relating to women that aesthetically spread in the Hikayah az-Zahra novel which is the object of the research, this is due to the peculiarities of women which can only be explained using their own perspective. The results of this study will show a variety of forms of discrimination against women in Shiite circles, which are part of the daily lives of Lebanese people in situations of prolonged conflict. Shiite women, represented by the character of Zahra, cannot even expect protection from anywhere, including family members.
Dewi Santika, Mangatur Nababan
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 1-14; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.102684

This study was conducted to describe the translation techniques’ impact on the accuracy of the translation of commissive speech act’s responses. The study used descriptive-qualitative research method. The source data used is a novel entitled Dark Matter. The primary data were translation techniques used to translating sentences represented commissive speech acts’ responses. Meanwhile, the secondary data were the quality of the translation of commissive speech act’s responses. The data were collected using content analysis and FGD or Focused Group Discussion through questionnaire and discussion. The result shows that the translator used 15 kinds of translation techniques with 392 times occurrences to translate 79 responses to commissive speech acts. The findings indicate that the use of certain techniques reduce the value of the translation accuracy. Those techniques are literal, discursive creation and addition. The application of the techniques generates the imperfect quality in terms of accuracy that is 2.96.
Jemila Adem Hussein, Terefe Mitiku, Megersa Regassa, Waktole Hailu
Humanus, Volume 19, pp 15-29; doi:10.24036/humanus.v19i1.103946

Conflict is a natural and unavoidable part of human existence. It is resulting from individual or groups that differ in attitude, beliefs, values or needs. This study explored Contemporary Practices of Customary Conflict Resolution Mechanism in and around Ambo district. The study answered the following basic questions: What are the roles of Bokkuu centers in handling conflict/disputes? How did the Bokkuu centers resolve conflict/disputes? Who are the main actors that guide the conflict resolution procedure at the Bokkuu centers? What types of conflict is resolved at the three Bokkuu centers? Qualitative research methods were used to understand the complexity of Oromo cultural peacemaking and how this takes shape within the culture of the Oromo custom. Techniques of collecting data were interviewing knowledgeable elders, field observation, and Focused Group Discussion were employed. The study discovers that the participants of the study agree that cultural conflict resolution are more effective in fact finding and resolve the disagreement between the disputants than that of formal courts. Because of its effectiveness in conflict resolution and truth finding traditional conflict resolution mechanisms is extensively serving in the study area. The ways judicial procedures take place is more reliably and open for disputants and any interested body that have an idea about the issue. The members of the council are the main actor of the cultural centers; they are five in number and belong to different clans.
Rayditya Brillian Prima
Humanus, Volume 18, pp 193-207; doi:10.24036/humanus.v18i2.107169

The use of language variations in online games are determined by several factors such as time, place, and situation that results in the emergence of the practice of power. This arises because the production of text is strongly influenced by the context in which in a game, there is a need to win the game. The purposes of this paper is to reveal the forms of registers and their applications that shape the practices of power within them. Data obtained from observations in the game. The data were then analyzed using a sociolinguistic approach by using a semiotic triangle of Halliday as the blade of analysis. The results of this paper indicate that the use of registers focuses on interaction among team and another team members in mocking each other. The conclusion of this paper is that the player who has the best ability, has the authority to manage other gamer's games and can mock his opponent team members as well as his own team.
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