IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2244-1840 / 2244-1832
Total articles ≅ 13

Latest articles in this journal

Rosalie C. Leal
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.209

The present generation of graduating college students belongs to the most time-pressed generation in history. With this, the need for research concerning stress experience is deem necessary. In this study, stress experiences among graduating students of Isabela State University San Mateo campus has been evaluated and analyzed. A descriptive method and a three-part questionnaire were utilized to collect data. Data were processed through the SPSS program. The gathered data were treated statistically using One-way Analysis of Variance (F-test) at 5 percent level of significance to determine if there were significant differences between the stress experiences and demographic profile. T-test was also used to evaluate the differences in means between two groups. Results showed that the graduating students of Isabela State University San Mateo campus experienced the different causes/sources, effects and coping mechanisms of stress, the graduating students experienced academic pressures and the causes/sources of stressor. Results also revealed that effects of stressor differ between male and female. Thus, knowledge of the causes/sources; effects and coping mechanisms of stress help college students confront stress constructively. Therefore, faculty and administration shall strengthen the Guidance Program considering the physical, psychological and academic effects of stress. Keywords - difference, experience, graduating students, stress, stressor, university
Mary Ann V. Fuertes, Ruperto Hector A. Lindo, Victoria T. Lupase, Emma V. Sagarino, Jean Suzanne A. Lindo, Ivy B. Nolasco, Jessibel A. Sanchez, Raulyn C. Fuentes, Dynah T. Petilona
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.212

In 2007, during the conception of this study, there were intense debates in Davao City on whether or not to ban aerial spraying of pesticides in banana plantations. The city councilors were pressuring the advocates for banning aerial spraying to present studies that would prove its adverse effects to human and environment. This study attempted to look into the health conditions of women of reproductive age who live in proximity to banana plantations. The investigation utilized a descriptive-comparative research design involving a combination of data collection methods. Three hundred purposively chosen women were interviewed and asked to go through physical examination and laboratory tests. One hundred participants came from each of the selected sites—Baganihan, Tawan-tawan and Mandug. It was found that a significant association between the type of barangay and the incidence of allergies, tuberculosis, and autoimmune disease among the respondents did exist. Higher number of these cases was evident in Mandug where aerial spraying is practiced. There is a significant association between the type of barangay and the reported cases of kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and thyroid disease. Diabetes mellitus was reported at a higher rate in Mandug. Kidney diseases, however, were higher in Tawan-tawan. Keywords: aerial spraying, banana plantations, pesticide drift, women’s health
Ernesto O. Golosino
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.213

One of the highly communicable form of vices is smoking. It easily attracts people from all walks of life who savors it out of curiosity and later on becomes addicted. The competing interests between government and tobacco enterprises makes smoking not only a social disease but an economic variable. Intense anti-tobacco campaign were launched by different lobbyist including the scientific communities but to no avail. This minute efforts were eaten up by the giant leap of tobacco manufacturers. Heavy investments were poured-in just to drive strong marketing appeal. Not only that they conquered the market, they also made it to the legislative and to the executive branches of our government. Heavy logrolling were done rendering our laws which intend to curb smoking inutil. In order to chronicle the fate society is heading to, this paper attempts to uncover the real picture of the issue using qualitative methods. Documents from the antagonists and pro smoking were gathered in order to draw unbiased conclusions. The results indicated that the benefits offered by this industry is very minimal relative to the greater damage it caused to society. Hence, it is imperative that government must act with dispatch in solving this problem. Keywords- The Real Cost, Smoking, Final Burden
Magdalena M. Ocbian
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.207

This study documented the cultural beliefs and practices of Sorsogueños related to pregnancy and childbirth through interviews to 233 respondents. The cultural beliefs were classified as prescriptive, restrictive, taboos and predictive. Examples of prescriptive beliefs are: conceiving mother is encouraged to be happy for this will have an effect on the baby; food cravings of the conceiving mother should be provided and lactating mother should be given warm bath with water previously boiled with guava and other medicinal leaves. Wearing anything around the neck of a conceiving mother like a shawl and a necklace is a restrictive belief; while watching scary movies or ugly images by the conceiving mothers is prohibited because it would cause the baby to resemble that person or object. A pregnant women should avoid witnessing an eclipse since it is believed to cause stillbirth. Determining the sex of the baby through the appearance and behavior of the mother and shape of her abdomen is a popular predictive belief. These cultural beliefs may be considered in implementing maternal care and other health programs that would fit in with their cultural practices. Keywords: culture, beliefs , practices, pregnancy, childbirth, Sorsogueños, Philippines
Christopher G. Batbatan
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.211

Certain socio-demographic factors can strongly influenced transmission and infection of helminth parasites but these factors are variable due practices and traditions, age groups, geographical locations, sex, education, and sanitation. To determine and identify regional demographic, environmental and behavioral variables among the schooling children of Maramag, Bukidnon, a survey was conducted from June to August 2009 in five public elementary schools of Maramag, Bukidnon: Dologon Elementary School (n=96), Famador Elementary School (n=93), Maramag Central Elementary School (n=65), Base Camp Elementary School (n=95) and San Miguel Elementary School (n=69). Each student was given a questionnaire and a fecal bottle. Fecal samples from 418 individuals were analyzed for the presence of helminths. Using direct microscopic examination, 18 (4.30%) individuals were positive for helminth infection out of 418 fecal specimens. The most common parasite was Ascaris lumbricoides with 6 (1.43%) individuals infected, 5 (1.19%) with Enterobius vermicularis, 4 with Necator americanus, 2 with Strongyloides sp and 1 with Trichuris trichura. By univariate analysis, all socio-demographic variables were not significantly associated to a particular helminth infection. However, high frequency of infected individuals can be observed in a certain socio-demographic variable. Among the 18 infected individuals 10 (58%) were, their mothers have no formal education. Thirteen infected individuals (72.22%) were from a low-income family having less than 5,000 pesos per month, and 12 (66.67%) infected individuals belong to a large-member-family having greater than eight members.Keywords: socio-demographic variables, helminth infections, prevalence
Nipa S. Ouppara, Maria Victoria U. Sy
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.214

The advent of modern technology has created a significant shift in the value placed on the benefits of industrialization, leading to reckoning its costs in what is known today as quality of work life. The concept permits a focus on key concerns – the dysfunction in the individual experience between work and the rest of life. The pressures of modern life have led to the stunted growth and development of the person which adversely affects his life experiences. It is within this purview that many companies today are increasingly more focused in providing quality of work to their employees. It is not a technique but rather a philosophy or concept adopted by many organizations today to balance business, human and social needs. It attempts to develop the individual while increasing productivity so that all sectors of society are benefitted. Coca Cola Amatil in Sydney, Australia espouses the core value of developing its people and rewarding performance. As a leading multinational organization, it takes pride with the fact that it conducts its operations based on the doctrine of developing and nurturing its people anchored on the principles of quality of work life Key Words: Quality of work life, developing human potential, social integration, growth and Security
Hongxiu Tang, Aihong Lin, Hongjing Wang, Qing Zhang, Weibin Cai, Ping Yin
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.203

Gay men were supposed to be at high risk of HIV infections. The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to HIV/AIDS among gay men. A cross-sectional survey was conducted and questionnaires were administered to 142 gay men in Shenzhen, China. Blood samples were detected. 114 respondents (80.28%) were valid return. The results showed: (a) Knowledge and attitudes: 77 respondents (67.5%) thought themselves unlikely to be infected with HIV; 48 men (37.2%) had no proper understanding of HIV infection routes; 32 men (28.1%) had no idea of the ‘window period’ process; 95 men (88.0%) thought it is necessary to use a condom when having sex with men. (b) Behaviors: 5 men (4.4%) respondents had a history of drug abuse; 52 men (45.61%) used a condom every time when having sex with men; only 21 men (18.7%) used a condom at first sex experience; 78 men (68.3%) reported anal intercourse; 32 men (28.1%) reported commercial sex; 32 men (28.1%) had multiple sex partners. (c) Blood samples detection: 2 HIV-positive cases (1.75%) and 14 syphilis cases (12.3%) were found. The study concludes that gay men were less aware of HIV/AIDS knowledge and had high-risk sexual behaviors. They were risk of suffering from sexually transmitted diseases. Key words: gay; HIV; AIDS; knowledge; attitudes; behavior; sex
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.210

Medication errors seriously affect patient safety, hospital costs and integrity of nursing profession. Proper understanding of the contributing factors that increase medication errors is the first step toward preventing them. The study is quantitative descriptive using researcher-made questionnaire. Total enumeration was used and there are 210 nurses participated in the study. The data were statistically treated using frequency, percentages, average weighted mean, one way ANOVA, and Pearson r-correlation. Based on the key findings of the study, it found out that professional factors is the number one cause of medication errors, followed by managerial factors, work-related factors, and lastly personal factors. Furthermore, there were identified significant differences between the respondents profile, competency level, and factors affecting medication errors. There was a very-low correlation between respondent’s competency level and factors affecting medication errors. In conclusion, the longer the hospital experience and the proficient a nurse is in the standards of care on medication management, the higher is the ability of the nurse to handle factors affecting medication errors. The researcher recommended utilization of medication information guide for nurses, self-report logbook, and enhanced course syllabus in Nursing Pharmacology. Keywords - Medication, medication errors, factors, patient safety, self-report, nurse, competency, cause
Requel Legaspino,
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.215

The study was conducted in four locations of Iligan City in - coastal, poblacion (city proper), hillside and mountain villages. Anthropometric measurements such as body weight and height were done. Presence of helminth eggs was done following standard parasitological examination. Survey questionaires were completed to determine factors contributing to the occurrence of infection. A total of 1,170 individual volunteers were gathered. Mountain villages revealed 69% infection rate followed by coastal villages with 28.3%, hillside villages with 26.03% and poblacion village with 16.7%. Multivariate analysis reveals that the pattern of Ascaris lumbricoides infection strongly influenced by several contributory factors. People sleeping in one room, absence toilet, source of water, presence of worms, playing in the soil, deworming drugs, gender, and type of toilet, presence of flies, number of people in household, herbal medicine, house pets, health condition, distance of house from the sea and eating of raw fish significantly contributed to the prevalence of A. lumbricoides infection. This study shows that the four sampling sites in Iligan city has provided favorable conditions for intestinal ascariasis. Transmission of intestinal A. lubricoides is linked to generally poor living conditions, poor public health services, poor sanitation and individual health behavior. Keywords - ascariasis, flies, roundworms, prevalence, parasite, transmission
S.Sai Satyanarayana Reddy, L.S.S. Reddy, Ch.Venkat Narayana, T.Sreenivas Reddy, Rajeswar Rao
IAMURE International Journal Of Health Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.7718/iamure.ijhe.v1i1.205

The common cause of persistent vertigo is affective in 2.4% of the universal population. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is produced when calcium carbonate material originating from the macula of the utricle falls into one of the semicircular canals. Due to their density relative to the endolymph, they move in response to gravity and activate excitation of the ampullary nerve of the exaggerated canal. This, in turn, produces a burst of vertigo connected with nystagmus unique to that canal. Recognition of this condition is important not only to avert expensive and often unnecessary testing, but also to easily, rapidly, and effectively treatment 90% of cases. Two well-established methods of treating BPPV form the basis for this project. By making people conscious of the phenomenon, helping them to cognitive choices, and brining awareness in humans and finding the symptoms and proactive measures to diminish the risk of positional vertigo. In forms of vertigo, where the inner ear has suffered damage and the function of that ear is fixed, not changing over time, physical therapy and behavioral therapy can be quite helpful. When the inner ear is damaged, people commonly experience severe spinning for several days. If after several weeks the person still has a loss of balance, then physical therapy can help restore this balance. The reason physical therapy and Behavioral therapy which is helpful to train the brain to compensate for the loss of function in the ear. Just as we can make a muscle stronger by exercising it, you can make the balance system in the brain work better by exercising it. The paper will give indispensable knowledge and understanding of vertigo and its effective treatment techniques. Keywords - Vertigo, paroxysmal, , nystagmus, utricle, inner ear.
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