Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 24606294 / 2528553X
Current Publisher: Office of Religious Research and Development (10.18784)
Total articles ≅ 73
Current Coverage
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Latest articles in this journal

Khamim Saifuddin
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 143-158; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.819

Abstract:
The emergence of Islamic organization groups outside Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah in Jambon, Gemawang, Temanggung has an impact to society’s religiosity. The religious activities of those Islamic groups tend to be radical and different with the existed other Islamic groups. NU as a representation of Islam Nusantara is known to be tolerant, moderate and accommodative to culture, tradition and all the differences. While radical Islam promotes againts religious traditions. This article aims at describing the NU’s strategy in stemming religious radicalism. The method used is qualitative descriptive and data is collected by interviews and field observations. The results of this study suggested that to counter radicalism, the NU branch in that region has built mechanism of massive and structured campaign, set da'wah materials using scientific approach, accompanied youth activities intensively. Such efforts become resposibility for all components of society in order to become a stronghold of the influence of radical Islamic ideology, especially among the younger generation. The indicator can be seen in the increasing quantity of students in non-formal and formal educational institutions in Jambon, which is quite significant. Besides, public awareness appears to be selective in choosing incoming Islamic teachings.
Ahmad Suhendra
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 201-212; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.859

Abstract:
The process of knowledge transmission in boarding school (pesantren) is done by maintaining tradition of giving ‘ijazah sanad’ (license on chain of transmission) . It enables that the teaching delivered in Pesantren continued to the authors of book (kitab) up to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). In millennial era today, some people study about religion to unclear teacher. They learn through social media, such as Facebook and YouTube. People are easily to access cross-regional studies. However, in millennial life, one of pesantren in Tangerang still maintains sanadan tradition. Pondok pesantren Al-Hasaniyah used to hold sanadan at the end of the year. This article explains the urgency of sanad for scholarship in the millennial era and describes the sanadan tradition in the Pesantren al-Hasaniyah in the transmission of religious knowledge. This study uses qualitative approach and data collected through observations and interviews. This results found that Pondok Pesantren Al-Hasaniyah formalizes sanadan tradition into an annual agenda so that students have a clear knowledge and connected until prophet Muhammad saw. However, it needs innovation in order to continuosly exist and not only for annual rituals.
Muhammad Misbah
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 213-227; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.817

Abstract:
The relations of santri-kyai in pesantren (boarding school) brings out a high loyalty from santri to their Kyai. This is caused by figure of kyai who is generally perceived by society as a perfect person who emphasizes of virtuous behavior that emulated by his ummah. However, modernization has brought changes in all aspects of life including relations of kyai and santri at Pondok Pesantren Ma'hadutholabah Babakan Tegal. This study tries to elaborate relationship of kyai-santri in this pesantren, and its effects on santri’s character education. It uses in-depth interviews, documentation, observations, patronage data analysis, Islamic education, and character education theory. The results showed that the pattern of kyai-santri relationships in Pondok Pesantren Ma'hadutholabah can be included in the "Patronage plus". The building of santri’s character is done by instilling religious character based on kitab kuning (yellow books). The methods used in shaping santri’s character are habituation, exemplary, and practice, as well as rewards and punishments. The relationship of both has a positive impact for santri’s character, in religious and social practices as well.
Arnis Rachmadhani
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 159-171; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.789

Abstract:
The destruction of Sanggar Candi Busono (Sapta Dharma) in Rembang, Central Java in 2015 has shown a disharmony relationship between the adherents of Sapta Darma and those who refused it. This article describes the results of conflict analysis through the elements of conflict and chronological analysis of the vandalism of Sanggar Candi Busono (Sapta Dharma) in Blandok, Plawangan Village, Kragan Rembang. This study uses descriptive analysis method of qualitative data collected through interviews, observations, and document review. The findings of this study are that the construction of Sanggar Candi Busono (Sapta Dharma) becomes a trigger for unharmonious relationship between adherents of Sapta Darma and the local residents. Besides there are differences in reference to the regulations by the two parties in which the Sapta Darma referred to the Joint Regulations of Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Culture and Tourism No. 43 of 2009 and No. 41 of 2009. While the religious scholars, community leaders and Blandok pleople rejected on the basis of Joint Regulations of the Minister of Religious Affairs and Minister of Home Affairs No. 9 of 2006 and No. 8 of 2006. The chronological conflict also denoted that the Rembang government has initiated conflict resolution effort by issuing the regulations of the use of Sanggar Candi Busono only for meeting activities but not functioned as a place of worship. It can be also used as a learning center for the followers of Sapta Darma and community in Blandok and surrounding areas.
Leni Andariati
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 275-289; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.870

Abstract:
Mankind and environment has very intimate relationship in the perspective of Humans and the environment have a very close relationship in Islamic perspective. Both are creatures created by Allah in this universe. Such view becomes a local knowledge for people wrapped in the form of myths. One of the myths in Brebes is the Pemali river myth that was seen as having relevance to this view. This article reveals the meaning of the Pemali river myth and its relevance to Islamic environmental ethics. The study used a qualitative approach in which data were obtained from the field through semi-structured interviews that focus on the questions have been prepared before. This study found that the existence of Pemali river myth makes people believe in the existence of supernatural powers in the Pemali river environment, so that it has a good effect on their attitude in treating it. Thus, the community actually carry out the responsibility as the caliph of Allah, because Allah did not create nature only for the benefit of humans, but also all the species in it. This has a positive impact on people’s behavior towards the environment.
Fardan Mahmudatul Imamah, Amalia Rizky Firlana
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 229-242; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.877

Abstract:
Women's leadership is still a controversial issue in religious' perspective, even though most women have received equal education and employment to men. The controversy emerges from different opinions about the interpretation of An-Nisa verse 34. This study discusses how women who are active in religious organizations define women's leadership based on the verse. There are two organizations as research subjects, namely Muslimat and Aisyiah in Tulungagung Regency. With the Living Quran approach, this research shows that women’s insight on women's leadership have diverse spectrum influenced by their religious understanding of the Quran as well as organizational policies and daily experiences. Muslimat provides greater tolerance for it, especially in the political and social fields. As for Aisyiah, despite accepting women's leadership as a today’s necessity, they still limit theirself to political leadership, especially as governmental head. However, both Muslimat and Aisyiah agreed that the An-Nisa verse 34 is a verse that explain the relationship between men and women in the household, so it could not be generalized to prohibit women's leadership in the public sphere.
Alifa Fidiyawati, Ulya Ulya
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 173-186; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.842

Abstract:
Religious diversity in plural society tends to have the potential for conflict over the differences they have. In several regions in Indonesia there have been also conflicts due to the diverse religions and beliefs. But in Karangrowo, Undaan-Kudus, people live in harmony. This article discusses the concept of harmony according to religious leaders (Muslim clerics/kyai & priests) and teachers of faith believers ‘Sedulur Sikep’ in Karangrowo, Undaan Kudus and its implementation. This study is a field research with a qualitative approach and data were collected from religious leaders, faith believer teachers and elements of village government through interviews, observation, and documentation. The results of the study found that religious leaders (Muslim clerics & priests) and faith believer teachers ‘Sedulur Sikep’ in Karangrowo Village serve as interpreters of religious teachings about harmony and make it easier to be understood by people. Muslim clerics emphasize the Islamic universal values of mercy (rahmah) and brotherhood (ukhuwah). Christian priests assert in the love of Jesus which must be spread to all people. While for the ‘Sedulur Sikep’ teachers, they stress on the attitudes in life such as living in fresh and healthy life (seger waras), peace and harmony (guyub rukun), and doing good in day and night (nglakoni apik sak rinane sak wengine). The teachings of those religious leaders are implemented by both religious communities and faith believers followers in behavior and religious and social activities.
Umi Muzayanah, Setyo Boedi Oetomo, Zakiyah Zakiyah
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 259-273; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.883

Abstract:
Indonesia, as the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, has issued a regulation on halal product assurance (UU JPH) Act No. 33/2014. Furthermore, the consumers’ care on the halal food is another significant element in the implementation of this regulation. This study concerns on how the students of Islamic Senior High School (MA) in Surakarta care on the halal food products. This is a quantitative study in which data were collected using questioners. There are 430 selected students participated in this study. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis by counting the mean score and classified into four categories namely; do not care, less care, quite care, and care. Findings of this research showed that most students are “quite care” for halal product, but they mostly did not ask to the merchants whether the product they bought to have “haram” ingredients or not. Moreover, the majority of students sometimes checked the halal label on the product, while others did not check them at all. Overall, the students’ care level toward halal product is categorized as at the “quite care”. This result indicated that it needs more concern from the related stakeholders on how the students can be more attentive toward halal food products.
Sri Sulasteri, Ulfiani Rahman, Sri Wahyuni, A. Sriyanti
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 243-257; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.834

Abstract:
Mathematics is one of the most important subjects, but it often becomes a scourge for most students. Lack of student motivation is an obstacle and also affects the learning outcomes in Mathematics. The SAVI (Somatic, Auditory, Visual, Intellectual) approach integrated with the verses of Al-Qur’an into mathematical material is an alternative method of learning. This article aims at describing students' motivation and learning outcomes in mathematics through that SAVI approach. The approach used is a quasi-experiment with non-equivalent control group design. The study was conducted at MTs Madani Alauddin Gowa. The sample consisted of class VIII A, 32 people as the control class and class VIII B, 32 people as the experiment class. Data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The results showed that the average students’ motivation increased 10% in the experimental class and in the control class increased by 3%; and the average student learning outcomes increased by 23% in the experimental class and in the control class increased by 7%. Thus, there are differences in learning motivation and student learning outcomes between classes that apply and those that do not apply the SAVI approach by integrating Qur'anic verses. In short, it effectively increases students' motivation and learning outcomes in mathematics so that it can become alternative learning methods.
Wardiah Hamid
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), Volume 5, pp 187-200; doi:10.18784/smart.v5i2.731

Abstract:
After the opening of the Suez Canal in the early twentieth century, Muslims in the archipelago massively carried out pilgrimage (Hajj) as well as deepening religious knowledge in Mecca and Medina. This had an impact on the emergence of Muslim clerics (ulama) from the archipelago who took part in both cities and returned to their homeland. These ulama are scholarly interconnected, when they were studying in the holy land and doing missionary (da'wah) in their hometowns. This article reveals the history of intellectual genealogy of the twentieth century of Bugis scholars in the districts of Bulukumba and Bantaeng, South Sulawesi. This study uses a historical approach and the data collected through interview, documentation, and observation. The results showed that, first, the history of intellectual genealogy of Muslim scholars in the early twentieth century in Bulukumba and Bantaeng was formed when the socio-political dynamics of the Middle East in 1920 over the victory of Ibn Saud became a revival symbol for the Wahabi group impacted by the arrival of the Ahlul Sunnah wal Jamaah scholars to the Archipelago. The return of the knowledge seekers had a positive impact on the development of the transmission of religious knowledge to local people who wanted to gain knowledge from these scholars. Second, the figures of the early twentieth century scholars in Bulukumba and Bantaeng eventually formed intellectual geneology between teacher and pupil. The transfer of religious knowledge at that time was carried out at variety of venues: houses, mosques (mushala) which also functioned as a place of worship and for the learning process.