Open Journal of Orthopedics

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2164-3008 / 2164-3016
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 481
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Latest articles in this journal

Muhammad Azfar Khanzada, Qamar Jaleel Akhter
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 362-366;

Background: Achondroplasia is a rare autosomal dominant disorder resulting in skeletal dysplasia. Any injury to the anterior cruciate ligament among people already suffering from achondroplasia results in devastating effects. In this report, the outcome of the hamstring graft arthroscopic reconstruction technique for anterior cruciate ligament injury in achondroplasia patients is assessed. The patient in the present case report exhibits the potential for excellent outcomes four months post-surgical follow-up on Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale. This encouraging result, ought to persuade surgeons to use the hamstring graft arthroscopic restoration approach in achondroplasia instances like these. Timely and excellent recovery in such complicated surgical cases, would reduce the obstacle to surgery for several patients with achondroplasia. It would also improve the methods of managing these patients with this particular surgical technique.
Takehiko Sugita, Naohisa Miyatake, Seiya Miyamoto, Akira Sasaki, Ikuo Maeda, Makiko Okumoto, Nozomi Itou, Masayuki Kamimura, Takashi Aki, Toshimi Aizawa
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 242-252;

Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a useful treatment option for advanced knee osteoarthritis. Excellent clinical outcomes after TKA have been widely recognized, but the influence of psychiatric problems on them has not been focused on until quite recently. This study aimed to assess the influence of psychiatric problems on clinical outcomes after TKA in Japanese patients using two assessment scales developed in Japan because the Japanese cultural lifestyle is specifically characterized by bending to the floor and standing up. Methods: Clinical outcomes and psychiatric problems were evaluated using the Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure (JKOM) and Brief Scale for Psychiatric Problems in Orthopaedic Patients (BS-POP), respectively. A total of 115 TKA patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after TKA. The patients were classified into four groups (groups A-D) based on the BS-POP score. The JKOM scores were then compared between the two groups (groups A and D) with the worst and least psychiatric problems. The JKOM improvement rate between pre- and postoperative status in both groups A and D was also calculated. Results: The total JKOM score was significantly poorer in group A than in group D preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after TKA. The improvement rate showed no significant difference between groups A and D. Conclusion: Psychiatric problems influence both the poorer post- and preoperative clinical outcomes. However, a similar improvement rate in both groups A and D has indicated that TKA can be an effective treatment even for patients with psychiatric problems.
Nana Theophile Chunteng, Ngo-Yamben Marie-Ange, Bombah F. Mertens, Wamba Y. Jeazet, Andrew Eyoh Edjua, Ekani Boukar Mahamat, Muluem Kennedy, Manga Alex, Assob Clement
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 97-112;

Background: Limb amputation is considered the last resort when the limb is no longer salvageable or when the limb is dead or dying, viable but nonfunctional or endangering the patient’s life. It is associated with profound economic, social, and psychological effects on the patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of life of major limb amputees in a rural setting in western Cameroon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study carried out at the BATSENGLA-DSCHANG community in the West Region of Cameroon. Participants were interviewed and data collected using a pre-defined accredited questionnaire of the WHOQOL-BREF to assess the quality of life. Results: There were 63 participants, and a majority (60.32%) reported trauma as the cause of amputation. Participants with prostheses had a better quality of life. Conclusion: The age range of the study participants was 18 to 85 years with a mean of 46.73 ± 18.31 years. The majority were males (74.6%). Most of them (41.27%) had attained at least a secondary level of education, a majority (80.95%) were unemployed and more than half (55.56%) have less than the guaranteed inter-professional minimum wage. Major limb amputations were mostly due to traumatic causes (72%) and involved the lower limbs. Only a few (12.70%) used prostheses. Almost all of them (90.48%) had symptoms consistent with a phantom limb. The quality of life after major limb amputation in this study was generally fair according to the WHO quality of life tool.
Yuji Kasukawa, Michio Hongo, Toshihito Ebina, Taishi Chiba, Daisuke Kudo, Ryota Kimura, Yoichi Shimada, Naohisa Miyakoshi
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 85-96;

Purpose: Bone marrow and muscle adiposity have been considered to correlate with osteoporosis and Sarcopenia. Proton Density Fat Fraction (PDFF) can be measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The purpose of the present study was to measure PDFF in the lumbar spine, paraspinal muscle and subcutaneous fat tissue. Methods: Participants were comprised of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females; age range, 14 - 87 years) who underwent MRI due to low back symptoms. PDFFs for the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra (L4), paraspinal muscle, and subcutaneous fat were measured. Results: PDFFs of the vertebral body and subcutaneous fat were significantly higher than that of paraspinal muscle (p fat between females and males, PDFFs of the vertebral body and paraspinal muscle were significantly higher in older subjects (>63 years) than in younger subjects (Conclusions: PDFF of the vertebral body was significantly higher than that of paraspinal muscle. PDFFs of the vertebral body and paraspinal muscle were significantly lower in younger subjects than in older subjects.
Olivier K. Muluem, Loic Fonkoue, Ngo Yamben Marie-Ange, Sylvain N. Vofo, Mohamadou E. Guemse, Gael Dongmo, Koufagued Kaldadak, Daniel Handy, Jean Bahebeck
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 225-235;

Introduction: Patella tendon rupture (PTR) is a cause of handicap in athletic patients. Surgery remains the actual therapeutic modality with a variety of techniques that permits a return to sport. Our objective was to evaluate the return to sporting activities after surgical repair of a PTR. Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study over five years from January 2016 to April 2021. We included athletes from 18 to 65 years of operating for a PTR. We evaluated: the knee functional score, the level of satisfaction, Lysholm score, VISA-P questionnaire, and return to sports. Results: A total of twenty-one cases of PTR were identified. The median age was 36 years (18 - 63). After surgery, the median follow-up was 17 months (12 - 55). All patients were able to walk at 3 months. A total of 17 patients (85%) returned to sports. The median return to sports was 6 months (5 - 11). Patients who return to a similar sport with a similar initial level of sporting activity were 45% (9 patients). The median time to return to sports for patients at a similar level of sport was 7.5 months (6 - 13). Functional scores were satisfactory; with a VISA-P score of 90/100 (25 - 100) and a Lysholm score of 98/100 (40 - 100). Conclusion: Surgical repair of PTR in athletes offers good results regarding return to sports in terms of proportion and timing whatsoever the technique. The use of protection band wires is reserved for patients with relative satisfaction during suture repair.
Mamoudou Sawadogo, Salam Ouedraogo, Sayouba Tinto, Malick Diallo, Sibiri Abdoul Karim Bouda, Abdourahamane Ouangre, Madi Savadogo
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 1-9;

Introduction: Binding retains an important place in Africa. Leaving a health facility to see a bonesetter is common there, but a source of complications. The purpose of this work was to analyze the results obtained by bonesetter after discharge against medical advice. Methodology: Analytical cross-sectional study over a period of one year, including all patients admitted for limb fracture, discharged against medical advice for treatment with a bonesetter. Results: Thirty-nine patients were selected. The average age was 36.9 years, and the sex ratio was 5.50. The fractures were open in 35.9%. At a mean follow-up of 19 months, the course was marked by pain in 34.4% and inequality in limb length in 62.5%. Thirteen fractures (40.6%) were consolidated with axis defect, and 11 were without axis defect (34.4%). There were eight non-union (25%), and eleven patients (34.4%) presented with stiffness in one or more joints. Seven patients had died. Discussion: The problem of discharge against medical advice is found in all hospitals but is particularly marked for fractures in our context. The absence of an X-ray and ignorance of the rules of asepsis lead to complications. Only the fractures of the two bones of the leg had progressed well (5/8 good results). The rate of vicious calluses (40.6%) and non-union (25%) is high. Conclusion: Although a few cases have progressed favorably, the results of patients traditionally treated after discharge against medical advice are generally poor.
Barbara Minkowitz, Jennifer Ristic, Leah Nadel, Meghan McDermott, Violet Wallerstein, Eileen Poletick
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 57-65;

Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in children and is associated with increased fracture severity. Previous studies have shown mixed results on the impact of vitamin D supplementation on bone health parameters measured on dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan. This is the first longitudinal DEXA study in a pediatric fracture population. Pediatric fracture patients with vitamin D levels below 20 ng/mL were counseled to take vitamin D and calcium per a serum-based protocol. Patients underwent baseline DEXA within the initial 12 weeks post fracture and had follow-up scans at 6 and 12 months. 48 patients were enrolled, 32 patients completed two DEXA scans, and 19 completed three DEXA scans. There was a significant increase in lumbar spine BMC, TBLH BMD, and TBLH BMC between DEXA 1 and 2 (p 0.001). A positive trend in DEXA parameters is suggested between DEXA 1 and DEXA 3. Height adjusted z-scores (HAZ) were calculated which showed no statistical significance, p-values > 0.05. In this group, there are no significant changes in TBLH, BMC or BMD z-scores one year after fracturing despite vitamin D and calcium supplementation. This suggests that children returning to collision sports may be at continued risk for refracture and future studies are needed.
M’Bra Kouamé Innocent, Kouassi Kouamé Jean-Eric, Yao Loukou Blaise, Akobéjean Regis Achie, Sery Bada Justin Léopold, KouassiAya Adélaïde Natacha, Krah Koffi Leopold, Michel Kodo
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 142-152;

Introduction: Neglected elbow dislocations are much more common in developing and underdeveloped countries. The main reason for the delay in diagnosis is that patients initially seek treatment from traditional healers. These will immobilize the elbow in extension, which will lead to the retraction of the triceps muscle and collateral ligaments. Patients and Method: We carried out a prospective study over five years (2014-2019). The study involved patients with unreduced elbow dislocation older than 21 days. All patients with a dislocated fracture and those whose x-ray showed joint fusion were not included in the study. We collected 26 patients, 20 men and 6 women with an average age of 27.5 years (17 and 45 years). The average consultation time was 8.9 months (3 - 13). The approach was posterior about 8 cm above the olecranon and 2 cm below the olecranon, the ulnar nerve was identified and isolated. The triceps tendon was cut in a Z from its myotendin junction to the beak of the olecranon, and then lengthened. Results: The patients were reviewed after a mean follow-up of 24 months (12 - 36). The Mayo Clinic’s average elbow performance index was 77.1 (60 - 85), with 19 good and 6 average results. The mean flexion was 114° (100° - 135°) and the mean extension deficit was 31.15° (10° - 55°). The average range of motion was 82.5° (60° - 120°). We did not find a correlation between the duration of the lesion and functional recovery (p > 0.05). The Wilcoxon test showed that surgery significantly improved the overall range of motion of the elbow (p = 0.001). Discussion: Based on this study, open reduction with tendon lengthening should remain a treatment option regardless of the age and chronicity of the dislocation.
Kinya Nishida, Yong Ho Che, Hideto Irifune, Kazuhiro Uesugi, Akane Maeda, Koji Miyata
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 131-141;

Background: AO type C3 distal radius fracture (DRF) is the most difficult-to-treat fracture type because of a tendency to shorten and collapse. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of comminuted intra-articular DRFs treated with a dynamic external fixator combined with a volar locking plate (VLP). Methods: Eleven patients (mean age, 61 years) with comminuted intra-articular DRFs were treated with a dynamic type of external fixator combined with a VLP. Following reduction and fixation with a VLP, the dynamic external fixator was applied and the distal ball joint of the fixator was aligned with the lunate-capitate line. The ball joint was unlocked approximately 2 weeks after surgery to allow wrist mobilization. The fixator was removed 3 - 6 weeks (mean, 5 weeks) after surgery. Consequently, clinical and radiographic assessments were carried out at the final follow-up. Results: At the final follow-up, the mean range values of wrist extension and flexion were 76° and 64°, respectively. Compared with the contralateral side, the mean grip strength was 84%. The mean Modified Mayo Wrist Score and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score were 88 and 9, respectively. No significant differences in the radiographic parameters exist between after surgery and final follow-up. Conclusions: This study indicated that the dynamic wrist fixator combined with a VLP is effective for the treatment of AO type C3 DRFs.
Katon Harwood, Zachary Hubler, James Cappola Iii
Open Journal of Orthopedics, Volume 12, pp 297-302;

Objective: To further understand what factors should be considered when deciding to do mini-open versus arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Methods: A systematic literature search on the computer was done with the help of the PubMed database. Of the articles searched through, three have been chosen to specifically address topics of interest concerning the factors affecting arthroscopic vs mini-open RCR surgical approaches. Discussion: As we continue to progress down the line of factors impacting a clinician’s decision making, we begin to see how postoperative management is unchanged. Tear severity lacks sufficient evidence to base a decision on, but financial, educational, and logistical factors are proven to play a significant role in this decision. Conclusion: As of right now it seems that mini-open RCR is the most cost and time efficient method, especially amongst non-fellowship trained surgeons or ones with lower volume of shoulder scopes. However, further studies should be done to examine cost and efficiency in Sport Medicine fellowship trained orthopedic surgeons to validate these findings.
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