European Journal of Midwifery

Journal Information
EISSN : 2585-2906
Published by: E.U. European Publishing (10.18332)
Total articles ≅ 136
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Latest articles in this journal

, Eva-Kristina Persson, Elizabeth Crang Svalenius, Kamile Altuntuğ, Emel Ege
European Journal of Midwifery, Volume 5, pp 1-9;

, Hülya Türkmen, Hacer Yalnız-Dilcen
European Journal of Midwifery, Volume 5, pp 1-8;

Birth is a natural and joyful situation as well as a process that contains surprise situations that do not go well. Caregivers at birth are affected by this process. Especially when faced with difficult births, it can have an intense psychological effect and a perception of traumatic birth can occur. Although there is research about midwives on this subject, there are very few studies about students who are becoming midwives. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the traumatic childbirth perceptions of midwifery and nursing students. The study was carried out with 480 students of midwifery and nursing. The data were collected by using a Personal Information Form, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale, Traumatic Childbirth Perception Scale, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The traumatic childbirth perception levels were very low in 7.3% of the participants, low in 26.9%, moderate in 37.9%, high in 21.5% and very high in 6.9%. The regression analysis revealed a significant relationship between traumatic childbirth perceptions and the parameters of satisfaction with the department studied, fear of childbirth, defining childbirth as a difficult and painful process, and history of complicated birth in the family. There was also a significant relationship between traumatic childbirth perceptions and the parameters of trait anxiety and general self-esteem. Traumatic childbirth perceptions increased as the state and trait anxiety levels and self-esteem levels increased, while they decreased as the self-efficacy levels increased.
Meropi Moutzouri, Antigoni Sarantaki,
European Journal of Midwifery, Volume 5, pp 1-9;

The aim of this systematic review was to examine studies describing the association of cognitive representations with psychological adjustment or maladjustment during the experience of infertility and its treatment in light of the Common-Sense Model. According to this theoretical model cognitive perceptions about an illness can be associated with emotional adaptation. A systematic search of four electronic databases (PubMed, APA PsycINFO, SCOPUS, ScienceDirect) was performed. This review considered only quantitative, primary studies in the English language without geographical limitations, published during the period 1996–2020 and relevant to the objective. The population of interest was infertile individuals who are having or not having infertility treatment. Only studies that examined the association between independent variables, such as perceived causes, timeline, controllability, consequences, symptoms, illness coherence and emotional representations, with psychological variables, such as anxiety, worry, distress, depression and well-being, were included. Two authors performed an independent extraction of articles using predefined data fields. Relevant articles were critically appraised and a narrative synthesis was conducted. Seven cross-sectional studies met the inclusion and methodological criteria and were included in the review. The review results revealed that all components of cognitive representations of infertility and its treatment may correlate with psychological adaptation of people who deal with a fertility problem, at intrapersonal and interpersonal level. This systematic review suggested that the Common-Sense Model is an appropriate theoretical model to be applied in the experience of infertility and health professionals can make interventions based on modifying cognitive perceptions of a fertility problem that may increase levels of psychological well-being and decrease levels of distress.
, Johanna Nilsson, Elida Merio, Birgitta Larsson
European Journal of Midwifery, Volume 5, pp 1-9;

Anxiety and depression during pregnancy could imply difficulties in the attachment to the unborn baby. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and change in anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women with fear of birth. Another aim was to explore associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression on prenatal attachment. This is a longitudinal cohort study of 77 pregnant women with fear of birth in three hospitals in Sweden. Data were collected by three questionnaires in mid and late pregnancy and two months after birth. Anxiety symptoms were more often reported than depressive symptoms, significantly decreasing over time in both conditions. Anxiety symptoms were associated with low education level, negative feelings towards the upcoming birth, and levels of fear of birth. Depressive symptoms were associated with levels of fear of birth. One in five women presented with fear of birth, anxiety, and depressive symptoms, suggesting that co-morbidity was quite common in this sample. Depressive symptoms and co-morbidity were negatively associated with prenatal attachment. This study shows that symptoms of anxiety and depression in women with fear of birth vary over time and that co-morbidity is quite common. Lack of emotional well-being was related to prenatal attachment. Healthcare professionals must identify and support women with anxiety and depressive symptoms and fear of birth so that difficulties in the relationship between the mother and the newborn baby might be reduced.
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