ISSN / EISSN : 1858-2664 / 2442-4110
Published by: Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan (10.25015)
Total articles ≅ 368
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 232-241; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202240523
There is much inconclusive and unclear literature on understanding the benefits of environmental, social, and economic for the sustainability standards compliance of smallholders. The study aims to build a simultaneous relationship of the sustainable standard in the context of Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil toward the benefit of sustainable dimensions using the concept of sustainable development,incentive theory, and the concept of agricultural extension of 150 independent smallholders. The results prove that farmers' organization is the most significant, followed by management of environmental monitoring and sustainable business development. However, legal is insignificant because of thought of as a nice to have. There is limited involvement in practical communities’ instruments so agricultural extension becomes an effort to reconstruct thoughts and actions to promote sustainability, especially social sustainability. Most indicators of sustainable standards toward the benefit of sustainable dimensions indicators are poor, except for fire prevention and control which had a moderately positive effect on the conservation of biodiversity. Thus, an integrated approach to area-based risks management, local institutions with religious and traditional leaders, Community-Based-Fire-Management, conservation area buffer zone, public-private partnerships, enabling conditions to access finance, and resource distribution with budgets and geographic proximity can be an effort to encourage compliance with sustainable standards.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 208-218; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202239038
The innovation adoption process begins with the knowledge stage. At the stage of knowledge is influenced by individual characteristics. This study aims to determine the distribution of farmer characteristics and analyze the effect of characteristics on farmer knowledge. The study using the census method (140 clove farmers) was conducted in East Halmahera Regency. Interviews and observations were conducted to obtain data on individual characteristics. Simple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the age of the farmer was in the middle adult category with clove farming experience between 11-20 years. The level of formal education is in the low category, the level of cosmopolitan of farmers is low with a narrow land area and has a low level of income. However, the motivation of farmers in clove farming is included in the medium category. Individual characteristics of farmers who have a significant influence are cosmopolitan and income levels, while land area has a negative influence.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 265-276; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202237888
Makassar is one of the cities with the largest population in Indonesia so that the volume of waste that goes to the landfill is quite large. The most common type of waste is organic waste, which generally comes from households. Therefore, the target of this activity is women in the household as the controller of domestic affairs. The purpose of this activity is to know the transformation of the role of women in reducing and handling their household waste. The method used is qualitative descriptive method conducted through interview, observation and document study. The activities were carried out in the form of: (1) Household waste management socialization, (2) Training on reducing and handling household waste, (3) Practice of making composter and Biopore Infiltration Holes (LBR), (4) Assistance in the use of compost and processing of anorganic waste into useful items in the household. The results of the activity show that transformation of knowledge and the role of household women regarding household waste management, as well as increasing creativity and innovation of household women in processing waste so that it has economic value. What needs to be done next is to support the spirit of households in waste management through the establishment of community-based waste management partnership institutions and networks.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 219-231; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202240148
The process of disseminating innovation so that it can be quickly responded by the user community needs to be designed in such a way that it can produce relatively permanent changes in behavior. This study aims to analyze how the strategy of increasing the capacity of sheep farmers through the thematic village campus program in Neglasari Village, Bogor. The research was designed as action research at the study site, accompanied by the use of survey methods with a quantitative approach and supported by qualitative data. The selection of study sites was carried out purposively. The process of collecting data was carried out on sheep breeders, members of women's farmer groups, informants and related stakeholders. The Village Campus Program has accelerated the technology education process produced by the campus to the community, becoming a vehicle for lecturer service, linkage with faculty programs or study programs. In order for this program to be sustainable, it is necessary to involve various parties such as alumni, local leadership, based on user needs, as well as conducting regular meetings on a programmed basis.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 323-335; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202241400
The Farmer's Economic Institution (FEI) was formed due to similarities, having the aim of managing their farming business on the basis of togetherness and fulfillment of facilities. The presence of the food estate program provides acceleration in its growth, but does it have a good impact on the performance of the institution. The purpose of this study was to described the institutional performance that supports FEI in food estate locations, analyze the dominant factors that affect FEI in food estate locations and formulate a strategy for operationally developing FEI at food estate locations. This study used a survey method with purposive sampling technique, obtained 40 farmers who are members of farmer institutions supporting the formation of FEI in the food estate of Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan. Data collection was carried out from February to May 2022. Data processing used descriptive techniques and Partial Least Square. The results show that the variables that have a strong influence on the institutional character are social aspects and profitability aspects, with the characteristics of its members being having a relatively low level of education and having fairly good business experience with good technical aspects but weak in managerial mastery.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 336-346; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202241060
Corn is one of the important food ingredients for Indonesian people, to maximize the important role of corn as a staple food for the community, it can be done by improving the psychology about their decision to manage and consume the corn. This research aims to find out the effect of farmers’ psychological factors on the application of fermentation bose corn technology in Setetes Madu Fatuleu farmer group association. This research was held in Camplong village II Fatuleu District Kupang Regency of East Nusa Tenggara using quantitative research as an explanation survey research method and the participants of all Setetes Madu Fatuleu Farmer Group Association that cultivate the corn is amount 55 participants. Data analysis in this research using multiple linear regression analysis. The result showed: (1) psychological factors consisting of knowledge, motivation and attitudes together had a significant effect of 53,8% on the application of fermented bose corn technology in Setetes Madu Fatuleu Farmers Group Association, (2) psychological factors consisting of knowledge and each motivation has a significant effect of 46,6% for knowledge and 27,2% for the motivation factor of participant Setetes Madu Fatuleu Farmers Group Association on the application of fermented bose corn technology, while the attitude factor of the Setetes Madu Fatuleu Farmers has no effect on the application of fermentation bose corn technology.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 307-322; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202238766
This research is to examine the actors mapping and the networking of actors relation in the wetland rural development process, the case study at Ulak Kembahang 1 district of Pemulutan Barat Ogan Ilir Regency province of South Sumatera. The purpose of this research is to analyzes the positive implications and consequences of the rule and position of each actor in the rural development process. Mix method is used in this study, combine the quantitative and qualitative method. The results shows that the rural development process not only determine by village government but also determine by many actors in the rural society for example the public figures, the religious leaders, the young man organization (Karang Taruna), the women’s organization (PKK), the women’s religious organization, the business women of songket craft, and the man and women’s activities. These actors are grouped in the three types, namely the individual actors, the organizational actors, and the combined of individual and organizational actors. Based on gender, the actors involved consisted of the women (44%) and the man (56%). Networking of the relations actors based on power/interest shows a positive relationship. The degree of power and interest of the each actor are varies from low, middle, and high, measured by lower score (11) to highest score (19).
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 296-306; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202240906
Infrastructure development has forced the transformation of rural farming communities to peri-urban communities and impacted community unreadiness. In Presidential Decree No. 59/2017, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been set as indicators of Indonesia's development. Private extensionists have a fundamental role in community empowerment as the implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in large companies. This research has built an alternative concept of private extensionists in the SDGs. The research objectives are to analyze the role of private extensionists in community empowerment through self-social engineering and to analyze the impact of community empowerment on the SDGs' achievement. The research method used is participatory action research supported by a cybernetic approach: participant-observer, triangulation techniques, and focus group discussion (FGD). The results showed that private extensionists' implementing the concept of self-social engineering effectively empowered the community. This effectiveness occurs by placing the community as the subject of creative social energy in empowerment. This is in line with the application of the participatory communication paradigm and dialogue, which causes a communication convergence between participants. The peri-urban community empowerment approach in organic farming development positively impacts the achievement of SDGs.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 196-207; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202239868
Technological innovations that are currently developing in the agricultural sector cannot be separated from the behavior of the farmers themselves, efforts to achieve increased production and productivity continue to be carried out both through increasing knowledge and changing farmers' attitudes, based on this, the purpose of this study is to determine the respone of lowland rice farmers in implementing the technology of the jajar legowo system, as well as what factors are dominant in the respone of farmers in applying the technology of the jajar legowo system. The research location was carried out at BBP Tegalkunir, Tangerang Regency, starting from August to October 2021. Withdrawing and collecting preliminary data, apart from using a questionnaire, they also looked for related data related to the research, Respondents in this study were 49 farmers who were taken by simple random sampling. The analysis used is non-parametric statistical analysis using the Rank Sperman correlation test. The results showed that the respone of farmers in applying the technology of lowland rice farming with the jajar legowo system was mostly in the medium category. The results of the Rank's Spearman correlation test simultaneously show that the length of farming, the role of extension workers, the role of farmer groups and the nature of innovation have a significant relationship with the respone of farmers in applying the technology of lowland rice farming with the jajar legowo system, while age, education level, land area and cropping index do not have a significant relationship. a real relationship with the respone of farmers in applying the technology of paddy farming with the jajar legowo system.
Jurnal Penyuluhan, Volume 18, pp 246-264; https://doi.org/10.25015/18202237727
The reality of damage to forest ecosystems and poverty in people living in and around state forest areas is caused by the previous allocation policy for the use of forest resources and policies in other sectors. The combination of those policies influence the behavior / actions / attitudes of the community and forges the community to have ability or capacity to utilize and manage forest resources, inside or outside the state forest area. Previous researchs have stated that communities have the capacity to manage forest resources sustainably, but there has been no in-depth research on the components of community capacity. The research explores it by comparing the capacity of the HKm Beringin Jaya community in Tanggamus District, Lampung Province and the HTR Hajran community in Batanghari District, Jambi Province, who are managing forest resources in social forestry areas. The study used a qualitative approach supported by quantitative data. The results show that the components of community capacity in managing forest resources consist of technical, networked and cultural capacities possessed by the two communities studied with different degrees/levels. The indicators in each capacity component showed that the HKm Beringin Jaya community has a higher capacity than the HTR Hajran community. The sustainability of forest resource management in forest areas has been achieved by the Beringin Jaya HKm community.