Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0305-4470 / 1361-6447
Published by: IOP Publishing (10.1088)
Total articles ≅ 21,455
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Volume 39, pp 15403-15419; https://doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/50/008

Abstract:
The meaning of superselection rules in Bohm-Bell theories (i.e., quantum theories with particle trajectories) is different from that in orthodox quantum theory. More precisely, there are two concepts of superselection rule, a weak and a strong one. Weak superselection rules exist both in orthodox quantum theory and in Bohm-Bell theories and represent the conventional understanding of superselection rules. We introduce the concept of strong superselection rule, which does not exist in orthodox quantum theory. It relies on the clear ontology of Bohm-Bell theories and is a sharper and, in the Bohm-Bell context, more fundamental notion. A strong superselection rule for the observable G asserts that one can replace every state vector by a suitable statistical mixture of eigenvectors of G without changing the particle trajectories or their probabilities. A weak superselection rule asserts that every state vector is empirically indistinguishable from a suitable statistical mixture of eigenvectors of G. We establish conditions on G for both kinds of superselection. For comparison, we also consider both kinds of superselection in theories of spontaneous wave function collapse.
Paul Fendley
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Volume 39, pp 15445-15475; https://doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/50/011

Abstract:
Loop models have been widely studied in physics and mathematics, in problems ranging from polymers to topological quantum computation to Schramm-Loewner evolution. I present new loop models which have critical points described by conformal field theories. Examples include both fully-packed and dilute loop models with critical points described by the superconformal minimal models and the SU(2)_2 WZW models. The dilute loop models are generalized to include SU(2)_k models as well.
, Kenji Kitsukawa,
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Volume 39, pp 15365-15378; https://doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/50/005

Abstract:
We discuss a general method to construct correlated binomial distributions by imposing several consistent relations on the joint probability function. We obtain self-consistency relations for the conditional correlations and conditional probabilities. The beta-binomial distribution is derived by a strong symmetric assumption on the conditional correlations. Our derivation clarifies the 'correlation' structure of the beta-binomial distribution. It is also possible to study the correlation structures of other probability distributions of exchangeable (homogeneous) correlated Bernoulli random variables. We study some distribution functions and discuss their behaviors in terms of their correlation structures.
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Volume 39, pp 15491-15534; https://doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/50/m01

Back to Top Top