Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2475-6156 / 2475-6164
Total articles ≅ 167
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Safa Achour-Younsi, Athar Chabchoub, Nour El Houda Jouini, Fakher Kharrat
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 193-205; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-6

Abstract:
The main objective of this paper is to assess the energy efficiency of residential buildings in Tunis. To this end, three complementary studies were carried out at different levels. Initially, a diagnosis of the building’s adaptability to climate change at urban and architectural scales was established. The methodology adopted was based on indicators obtained following a cross-reference of environmental assessment tools. This made it possible to highlight the lacunary factors related to thermal comfort. According to this finding, the second research was set up to focus on outdoor thermal comfort. The methodology adopted is based on numerical simulations and calculations of comfort indices. The results demonstrated the importance of specific morphological indicators at the urban scale. Finally, the third research is interested in the architectural scale to assess the building’s thermal comfort and energy consumption. It was performed through numerical simulations. The results demonstrated the impact of specific physical indicators on buildings’ thermal comfort and energy behavior. Ultimately, this research highlighted the gap factors in urban and architectural design in Tunis. It detected the most significant physical and morphological indicators to be considered for sustainable urban design.
, Bambang Sulistyantara, Saraswati Sisriany, Samuel Nanda Lazuardi
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 143-155; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-3

Abstract:
COVID-19 has doubled the prevalence of mental health problems among young adults. In Indonesia, it extends the vulnerability of families, increases economic uncertainty, interrupts food security, and affects psychological well-being. Accordingly, this research examined the correlation between psychological effects and preferred landscape elements. Experiments were conducted in a campus park, arboretum, and a road. Participants captured attractive views during the walk using the Visitor-Employed Photography method and evaluated psychological effects using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) pre-and post-walking. Google Cloud Vision API was used to get the image annotation keywords. The results indicated a correlation between psychological effects and preferred landscape elements. Park therapy components, including plant, flower, and sky, were negatively correlated with negative moods and anxiety levels. These findings presented scientific evidence for the psychological relaxation outcome of walking and prominent components of park therapy to support therapeutic campus greenspace planning.
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 96-111; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-1

Abstract:
A revolutionary book by De Soto to formalize land tenure by changing “dead capital” to “life capital” has become the trademark in Egypt of issuing a temporary reconciliation law of 2019 and its amendment to approve a legal certificate to the violators against a certain fee. The question is does this law legalize informal housing? Is it enough to introduce a legal certificate to secure land tenure for the violators? How would this law apply on the ground? Depending on the deductive methodology, this paper traces sociotechnical transitions concerning legalizing the status quo of building/land, tenure security, real-estate markets (formal/informal) caused by laws on buildings violations reconciliation. The idea is to take a step back and look at a wide-angle of the problem in the future to arrive at a clear picture of the influences of the introduction of a new law on the land market, before making a decision. The paper assumes that the temporary reconciliation law in Egypt is opening the debate on the alteration of land management to govern the status quo of the chaos of the right to land. It concludes this temporary reconciliation law has created a state of decayed/wealth, social inclusion/exclusion of the bottom of the social pyramid nevertheless to whom the justification is affected.
Heng Song,
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 175-192; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-5

Abstract:
Smart heritage is still novel in heritage discourse, with a few relevant review articles. In this regard, a specific interpretation of smart architectural heritage and a framework for instructing its development is lacking. This article reviews the literature on smart heritage in sustainable development to fill the knowledge gap. As a methodology for this study, the integrative review approach and thematic analysis are adopted to review references located at the crossroads of historic, smart, and sustainable disciplines. The review and interpretation draw on literature from relevant fields to understand implementations, current states, and support to interpret smart heritage. Review outcomes indicate that smart heritage is becoming dynamic as technologies are increasingly applied to more detailed heritage branches. This article lists the factors that heritage should possess to be defined as smart, and it provides a framework that might be followed to achieve the aims of this discourse by stating that smart heritage discussions are relevant to smart cities, as they may have a mutual effect and interact to promote each other. 
Adedotun Ayodele Dipeolu, , Olusegun Ayotunde Oriola
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 159-173; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-4

Abstract:
Given the significance of green infrastructure in enhancing social, economic and ecological sustainability of the built environment, it is important to unearth how green infrastructure can influence pro-environmental behaviours among the urban population. This research assessed the influence of green infrastructure on residents’ endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. A total of 1560 residents recruited through the multi-stage sampling technique participated in the survey, and the data gathered were subjected to descriptive and regression analyses.  The participants generally felt that the available green infrastructure in their neighbourhoods was of low quality and rapidly disappearing, but it positively influenced all the key variables of the NEP and its endorsement. The size of neighbourhood green spaces, availability of green spaces for relaxation and its proximity to the people were found to be the three attributes of green infrastructure with the most noticeable influence on residents’ endorsement of NEP. This study implies that the availability and accessibility of a reasonable quantity of green areas within urban neighbourhoods can enhance a better understanding of the role of green infrastructure and promote favourable environmental behaviours among the urban population within and outside Nigeria.
, , Semra Erpolat Taşabat
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 113-141; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n2-2

Abstract:
Studies to reduce traffic accidents are of great importance, especially for metropolitan cities. One of these metropolitan cities is undoubtedly Istanbul. In this study, a perspective on reducing traffic accidents was trying to be revealed by analyzing 3833 fatal and injury traffic accidents that occurred in the Şişli district of Istanbul between 2010-2017, with Data Mining (DM), Machine Learning (ML) and Geographic Information Systems methods (GIS), as well as traditional methods. It is aimed to visually determine the streets where traffic accidents are concentrated, to examine whether the accidents show anomalies according to the effect of the days of the week, to examine the differences according to the accidents that occur in the regions and to develop a model. For this purpose Kernel Density, decision trees, artificial neural networks, logistic regression and Naive Bayes methods were used. From the results obtained, it has been seen that some days are different from other days in terms of traffic accidents, according to the accident intensities and the performances of the modelling techniques used vary according to the regions. This study revealed that the ‘day of the week effect’ can also be applied to traffic accidents
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 69-81; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n1-7

Abstract:
This study investigates how urban parks can contribute to helping cities become more sustainable through developing a set of criteria for the sustainable design of urban parks. Today, there is no example around the world where all the proposed sustainable design criteria are applied together in a specific urban park. In this context, this study aims to make a novel contribution by systematically reviewing the literature on the sustainable design of urban parks. In the light of research findings, this study contributes to the implementation of a comprehensive sustainable park design practice in our cities in the future. These design criteria may further serve as performance indicators to offer information and know-how to local authorities, practitioners, communities, and other actors in this field to help them assess their success levels and progress over time.
Mohamed Kafrawy, Sahar Attia, Heba Allah Khalil
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 83-95; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n1-8

Abstract:
Transportation has always been the backbone of development. Transit-oriented development (TOD) has been theorized, piloted and expanded increasingly in the past few decades. In this regard, this paper investigates the relationship between urban development, the transportation process, and the required implementation guidelines within fast-urbanizing cities, such as Cairo. After reviewing different related sustainable development theories, the study investigates pioneering case studies that have applied TOD and provided adequate implementation frameworks. The authors then extract and compare a set of required policies. The current Egyptian development paradigm is then discussed in relation to these enabling policies, focusing on Greater Cairo Region, Egypt. The authors debate previous development plans, progress, and newly proposed ones, focusing on the transportation process as the means for development. The study concludes with a set of required guidelines to ensure the integration of transportation with land-use planning, thus ensuring a more prosperous and inclusive urban development.
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 23-35; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n1-3

Abstract:
Afghanistan suffers from four decades of war, caused a massive migration of the rural population to the cities. Kabul was originally designed for 1,5 million people, where now 5 million people live. The importation of modern western styles housing for rapid reconstruction reveals apparent cultural conflict and significant environmental footprint. The new constructive cultures for sustainable reconstruction should necessary consider the use of local materials combined with modern technologies. Earthen architecture underlies the embodiment of Afghanistan architecture. The aim of this research is to revisit traditional afghan earthen construction with the tools of industrial modernity. Three soils of the Kabul region were first characterized. Then, sun-dried mud brick and compressive earth block, with and without stabilization have been prepared and tested in the laboratory to develop the most suitable earth construction element which is cost effective and easily available compared to the imported modern products.
Kaveh Hajialiakbari, Mohammad Zare, Mitra Karimi
Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Volume 6, pp 59-68; https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2022.v6n1-6

Abstract:
Rehabilitation projects are interventions that can lead to the transformation of the socio-spatial structure of obsolescent neighborhoods. The main intention of such projects is the creation and/or improvement of social interactions after physical and functional interventions. Urban Renewal Organization of Tehran (UROT) is tasked with identification of target obsolescent neighborhoods, preparation of neighborhood development plans and implementation of rehabilitation projects to improve the quality of space and stimulate social interactions. In this paper, three urban spaces in different scales (“micro” for neighborhoods, “meso” for local and “macro” for trans-local scales), designed and implemented by UROT, were selected as a case study. By designing and filling a questionnaire and after analyzing research findings, the effect of the scale of the urban project on different activities was evaluated based on the Gehl model. Overall, in the expanded model based on the scale of space, an inverse ratio between the scale of space and both optional selective and social activities has been revealed.
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