Membrane Water Treatment

Journal Information
ISSN : 2005-8624
Published by: Techno-Press (10.12989)
Total articles ≅ 193
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, Ho Young Cha, Phrompol Chantrasakdakul, KwanYong Lee, , Sungjun Bae
Published: 25 March 2017
Membrane Water Treatment, Volume 8, pp 201-210; https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2017.8.2.201

Sewoon Kim, Ki Young Park,
Published: 25 March 2017
Membrane Water Treatment, Volume 8, pp 113-123; https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2017.8.2.113

Abstract:
Evaluation of the efficiency of cleaning method in direct contact membrane distillation of digested livestock wastewater membrane distillation;wastewater treatment;membrane cleaning;flux recovery rate; This study investigated effects of physical and chemical cleaning methods on the initial flux recovery of fouled membrane in membrane distillation process. A laboratory scale direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) experiment was performed to treat digested livestock wastewater with 3.89 mg/L suspended solids, 874.7 mg/L COD, 543.7 mg/L nitrogen, 15.6 mg/L total phosphorus, and pH of 8.6. A hydrophobic PVDF membrane with an average pore size of $0.22{\mu}m$ and a porosity of 75 % was installed inside a direct contact type membrane distillation module. The temperature difference between feed and permeate side was maintained at $40^{\circ}C$ with the feed and permeate stream velocity of 0.18 m/s. The results showed that the permeate flux decreased from $22.1L{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}hr^{-1}$ to $19.0L{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}hr^{-1}$ after 75 hours of distillation. The fouled membrane was cleaned first by physical flushing and consecutively by chemicals with NaOCl and citric acid. After the physical cleaning the flux was recovered to 92 % as compared with the initial clean water flux of the virgin membrane. Then 94 % of the flux was recovered after cleaning by 2,000 ppm NaOCl for 90 minutes and finally 97 % of flux recovered after 3 % citric acid for 90 minutes. SEM-EDS and FT-IR analysis results presented that the foulants on the membrane surface were removed effectively after each cleaning step. The contact angle measurement showed that the hydrophobicity of the membrane surface was also restored gradually after each cleaning step to reach nearly the same hydrophobicity level as the virgin membrane.
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