Jurnal Biomedika dan Kesehatan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2621-539X / 2621-5470
Published by: Universa Medicina (10.18051)
Total articles ≅ 132
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Firda Fairuza
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 57-60; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.57-60

Abstract:
Hepatitis adalah proses terjadinya inflamasi dan atau nekrosis jaringan hati yang dapat disebabkan oleh infeksi, obat-obatan, toksin, gangguan metabolik, maupun kelainan autoimun.(1) Hepatitis pada anak masih merupakan masalah kesehatan utama baik di negara maju dan berkembang . Etiologi utama penyakit hepatitis adalah infeksi virus hepatotropik ( liver merupakan target organ utama ) dan non-hepatotropik (menyerang sistemik dan organ hati) . Saat ini telah ditemukan virus hepatotropik penyebab utama infeksi akut, yaitu A, B, C, D, E, dan G. V irus B adalah virus DNA , sedangkan jenis lainnya adalah virus RNA . Selain virus hepatotropik ( virus herpes simplek (HSV), virus sitomegalo (CMV), virus epsteinbarr (EBV) , virus varicella -zoster , rubella, virus HIV, adeno, entero, arbo, parvo) dapat memberi kan gejala hepatitis .(2,3) Sekitar 10-15% penyebab kasus hepatitis akut tidak diketahui, termasuk hepatitis akut misterius (unknown hepatitis) yang saat ini sedang marak terjadi di sejumlah negara di dunia termasuk Indonesia. WHO menyatakan dari kejadian luar biasa unknown hepatitis ditemukan terlibatnya Adenovirus type 41 sebagai koinfeksi SARS-CoV-2
Michael Josia, Tubagus Ferdi Fadilah
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 102-108; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.102-108

Abstract:
BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the newly discovered Coronavirus, namely the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Daily cases of COVID-19 increased rapidly by up to 500% from May 15 to Jun 17, 2021, especially in Banten province; there were 53,472 cases, of which 10.4% were cases of children aged 6-18 years, causing an emergency to prevent the spread of COVID-19. One of the efforts to prevent COVID-19 in children can be through vaccination. Therefore, this study assessed students' attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine, evaluated data on COVID-19 vaccinations in students, and assessed the relationship between student attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine and COVID-19 vaccination in students. METHODS This study used a cross-sectional design with a population of students from Santa Patricia Junior High School with a sample size of 90 participants using cluster sampling technique and simple random sampling and then analyzed using the exact-fisher test. RESULTSThe results of the study prove that the most prominent characteristic aspects are female gender (64.4%), Age below or equal to 15 years (57.8%), having received the COVID-19 vaccine (86.7%), having a positive attitude towards the COVID-19 vaccine (85.5%), was influenced by other people around him (97.8%) and wanted to vaccinate against COVID-19 (86.7%). Students' attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine with COVID-19 vaccination had p=0.324. CONCLUSION The analysis did not show a significant relationship between students' attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine and the coverage of the COVID-19 vaccination (p=0.324; p>0.05). KEYWORDS: COVID-19 Vaccine, COVID-19 Vaccination, Junior High School, High School, COVID-19 Pandemic, Theory of Planned Behavior
Fitriyani Fitriyani, Kurniasari Kurniasari
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 116-124; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.116-124

Abstract:
BACKGROUND Obesity has become a global problem in the last ten years. The increasing incidence of obesity caused an increase number in deaths from various obesity-related diseases. Pharmacotherapy for obesity that exists today is limited and has a variety of side effects. Apple cider vinegar is one type of natural ingredient used by the general public to lose weight. Acetic acid is an active component of apple cider vinegar that plays important role in weight loss. METHODS This study is an experimental study using experimental animals. Thirtysix Sprague Dawley rats aged 1-2 months were given high-fat diet for 5 weeks. Rats with obesity were divided into 3 groups, the control group, the P1 group were given apple cider vinegar doses of 0.096mL/100g twice daily and the P2 group were given apple cider vinegar doses of 0.192mL/100g twice daily. Treatment is given for 4 weeks. Weight and leftovers food are weighed during treatment period. The final weight was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test and the weight difference was analyzed with the one-way ANOVA test followed by the Turkey post hoc test. RESULTS There was no difference in final weight between the 3 groups (p=0.55), but there was a significant difference in weight before and after treatment between the control group and the P1 group (p=0.001) and the control group with the P2 group (p=0.000). CONCLUSION Apple vinegar has the potential to be used as an anti-obesity treatment in obese subjects. KEYWORDS : Obesity, Apple Cider Vinegar, Weight Loss
Noviani Prasetyaningsih, Monica Dwi Hartanti, Anggraeni Adiwardhani, Jihan Samira
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 125-131; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.125-131

Abstract:
BACKGROUND The frequency and duration of using electronic devices have increased rapidly due to working from home during the Covid19 pandemic. This causes many complaints of vision such as tired eyes, heat, blur, foreign body sensation in the eyes and various other symptoms. All of these are known as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) symptoms, which could happen in and/or outside the eye. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the use of electronic devices with CVS symptoms felt by employees of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta. METHODS Fifty-three employees aged 25-60; were recruited for this cross-sectional study. A complete questionnaire consisting of several questions, including the type and number of electronic devices used, how many hours of use in a day, and complaints felt when using electronic devices, was applied to determine the CVS symptoms. In addition, a visual inspection was conducted to determine the visual acuity. Fisher's exact test was used for analyzing the statistics. RESULTS More than half of the subjects (52.8%) used 3-4 electronic devices for more than 6 hours daily (56.6%). Multiple CVS symptoms were complaint by 52.83% of subjects, such as tired eyes, blurred vision, and dry eyes observed in 71.7%, 45.3%, and 33.9% of subjects, respectively. Bivariate analysis using Fisher's exact test assessed the relationship between risk factors, such as the use of electronic devices, gender, age, number of electronic devices used, duration of usage in a day, visual acuity, and the incidence of CVS complaints. There was no significant relationship between the various risk factors with CVS complaints, indicated by p>0.05 in all variables. CONCLUSION Users of electronic devices often feel various complaints in their eyes when using these devices. Although there was no association between the risk factors studied and complaints of CVS, it is still critical to investigate other factors that may be associated with the incidence of CVS due to its multifactorial pathogenesis. KEYWORDS: Computer Vision Syndrom, CVS, Electronic Devices, Vision
Pratiwi Pa, Alvina Alvina
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 61-68; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.61-68

Abstract:
BACKGROUND In these modern times, gadgets are not only owned by adults, but teenagers and children have also used them. Childhood is a golden period which is a period of conducive growth and development of children. Many parents have given and let their children play with gadgets. Gadgets can have negative effects that interfere with a child's development level. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural and neurocognitive disorder characterized by ageinappropriate developmental level, hyperactivity, inability to focus and impulsive behaviour. ADHD appears from childhood and can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Excessive gadget exposure is thought to be one of the triggers of ADHD. The purpose of the research is to determine the relationship between the intensity of playing gadgets with and suspected ADHD. METHODS The study was conducted on 92 kindergarten and elementary school students in West Jakarta in September-November 2019. The method was cross-sectional. The instruments used were a questionnaire about the identity and intensity of playing gadgets and a Skala Penilaian Perilaku Anak Hiperaktif Indonesia (SPPAHI) questionnaire for early detection of ADHD in children. Data analysis using the chi-square test with a significance level of p <0.05. RESULTS Chi-square test showed no significant relationship between age with suspected ADHD p = 0.625, there was a significant relationship between sex with suspected ADHD (p = 0.000), and there was a significant relationship between the intensity of playing gadgets with a suspected ADHD (p = 0.000). CONCLUSION There is a significant relationship between gender and intensity of playing with gadgets with suspected ADHD in children.
Faiza Shafia, Magdalena Wartono
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 82-88; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.82-88

Abstract:
Relationship between Sitting Duration and Body Mass Index to Deep-Vein Thrombosis Risk on Employee BACKGROUND Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where a blood clot forms in the deep venous circulation system, especially in the femoral and popliteal vein. This disease has various factors, including obesity and a sedentary lifestyle such as sitting for long period of time. Employees who spend most of their time sitting at work are at risk of developing this condition. Previous studies showed different results, thus further research is needed. METHOD An analytic observational study with a cross-sectional method conducted on 90 employees at Bank BTN Head Office Jakarta from October to November 2021. Data were collected by interview using the OSPAQ questionnaire to assess sitting duration, Wells criteria to assess DVT risk, and calculation of body mass index (BMI). Sample was done by simple random sampling technique and analysis using chi-square. RESULTS There are more male respondents (60%) than female respondents (36%). It was found that 4,4% of employees have a thin BMI, 52,2% of employees have a normal BMI, and 43,3% of employees have a fat BMI. The respondents’ average sitting duration was 2,6 hours/day without interruption. There was no relationship between sitting duration (p=0,903) and the risk of DVT. There was a relationship between BMI (p=0,008) and the risk of DVT. CONCLUSION A body mass index above normal is a risk for deep vein thrombosis, but the disease is not affected by long sitting duration. Keywords : Sitting duration, Body mass index, Deep vein thrombosis, Employee
Syahwal Ichwantoro, Fransisca Chondro
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 89-94; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.89-94

Abstract:
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted negatively on lives all around the world. Indonesia implemented physical distancing and lockdown to prevent the spread of this virus. However, without realising it, the implementation of these rules can have a negative effect on physical and mental health, including stress. In a study of 113.285 people conducted in China, India, Spain, Italy, and Iran, stress was found to be prevalent in 53% of the population. Sudden changes in lifestyle (physical distancing and lockdown) can lead to less physical activity and poor sleep quality, both of which can lead to stress. Physical activity and sleep quality in the context of stress give inconsistent results. Therefore, researchers are interested in examining the correlation between physical activity and sleep quality with the incidence of stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS This study was using a cross-sectional approach and the subject of this study were teachers. In this study, physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form, sleep quality was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Scale. The data obtained was analysed using the chi-square and kolmogorov-smirnov test with a significance limit <0.05. RESULTS Based on the data obtained from this study, it can be concluded that 54.1% subjects have a moderate physical activity, 90.2% subjects have a poor sleep quality, and 60.7% subjects have a mild stress level. Statistical analysis between physical activity and stress obtained p = 1.0 and between sleep quality and stress obtained p=0.883. CONCLUSIONS According to the study's findings, there is no statistically significant correlation between physical activity and stress, and there is no correlation between sleep quality and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. KEYWORDS: COVID-19, Physical Activity, Sleep Quality, Stress
Raihan Muflih, Diana Samara
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 95-101; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.95-101

Abstract:
INTRODUCTION In the midst of the chaos caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Indonesia can continue its formal education system with an online learning system. However, the online learning system as an alternative to the classroom teaching system was dismissed, considering the risk of contracting COVID-19 to students and teachers. This research aims to determine the correlation between online learning readiness and high school students learning motivation. METHODS This study was a cross-sectional study with analytical observations on high school students who were studying online with the same subject and the same teacher. 62 male and female respondents aged 15-17 were collected by consecutive random sampling. The research tools were the Online Learning Readiness Assessment (OLRA), and Situational Motivational Scale (SIMS) questionnaires filled out by the respondents. SIMS was measured using the Self-Determined Index (SDI) to determine intrinsic and extrinsic motivation categories. The results were then tested using the Pearson correlation test. RESULTS 54.8% of students were “not ready” for online learning, 30.6% were “almost prepared”, 12.9% were “not suited” for online learning, and 1.6% were “ready” for online learning. There was no statistically significant difference between extrinsically motivated students (53.2%) and intrinsically motivated (46.8%). There was no correlation between online learning readiness and motivation of the students (r=-0.051, p=0.692). CONCLUSION More students are not ready for online learning. However, it is not correlated between online readiness and students’ learning motivation. KEYWORDS: Online learning, Learning Motivation, High School, COVID-19 Pandemic
Sebrina Andri Prasetyowati, Lily Marliany Surjadi
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 109-115; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.109-115

Abstract:
BACKGROUND Puberty is intimately associated with adolescence, one of which is the first menstrual period. Young women frequently have dysmenorrhea as a result of menarche. Dysmenorrhea that isn't medicated appropriately might make it difficult for young women to go about their daily lives. Consuming kunyit asam is one solution to relieve the intensity of dysmenorrhea pain. This study aims to determine whether the consumption of kunyit asam and its regularity during menstruation can lower abdominal pain in dysmenorrhea. METHODS In October 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Yayasan Indocement Middle School in Bogor, West Java. Cluster random sampling was used to collect data from 108 junior high school students who completed the Form Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) questionnaire to determine the frequency and duration of kunyit asam consumption and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) questionnaire to reduce the severity of dysmenorrhea pain. The Chi-Square test was used to examine the data, with the level of 11 years old (90.74%), always take kunyit asam solution (57.41%) with duration >3 months (74.07%) and did not have menstrual pain (88.89%). In junior high school adolescents, a significant correlation was discovered between the frequency and the duration of kunyit asam consumption and dysmenorrhea (p=0.016, p=0.007). CONCLUSION In junior high school students, there is a correlation between the frequency and duration of kunyit asam consumption and dysmenorrhea. KEYWORDS: Regularity, Length, Kunyit Asam Solution, Dysmenorrhea, Teenage Girls
Nadia Mayra Afina, Dian Mediana
Published: 19 August 2022
Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, Volume 5, pp 69-74; https://doi.org/10.18051/jbiomedkes.2022.v5.69-74

Abstract:
BACKGROUND Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In Indonesia, the number of positive T. gondii findings in humans was around 53%. The transmission of toxoplasmosis from animals to humans can be through food, such as consumption of undercooked meat or raw vegetables or gardening without using gloves. Toxoplasmosis infection in women of childbearing age, especially during pregnancy, will be dangerous because it can cause premature birth, spontaneous abortion, fetal death, or babies born with congenital toxoplasmosis. This study investigates the relationship between knowledge level and toxoplasmosis prevention behaviour. METHODS This study uses a cross-sectional analytic observational study design on mothers aged 15-49 years at Puskesmas Grogol Petamburan, Jakarta, in November-December 2021. The samples studied were 132 samples. Data was collected using a knowledge level questionnaire about toxoplasmosis containing 20 statements and a toxoplasmosis prevention behaviour questionnaire containing eight statements. Data were analyzed by chi-square statistical test SPSS with significance limits of p<0.05. RESULTS Of the 132 respondents who participated in this study, 46 respondents (34.8%) had a good level of knowledge (score ≥ 8), while 86 respondents (65.2%) had a poor level of knowledge. A total of 91 respondents (68.9%) had very good preventive behavior, 26 respondents (19.7%) had good preventive behavior, and 15 respondents (11.4%) had poor preventive behavior. The chi-square statistical test results showed no significant relationship between the level of knowledge and toxoplasmosis prevention behavior (p=0.867). CONCLUSION Toxoplasmosis preventive behavior in women of childbearing age at Grogol District Health Center was not depend on the level of knowledge of toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis preventive behavior may be related to other factors that require further research. KEYWORDS: Knowledge, Prevention Behavior, Toxoplasmosis, Childbearing Age
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