Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2542-1840 / 2541-9145
Published by: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 183
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Veronika Dzvonik, Ol'ga Tkacheva, N. Skalon
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-1-6

Abstract:
The article features various creative activities that can be implemented at university during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors compare the concepts of game, carnival, and initiation and describe how these activities shape the image of professional self in students of journalism. Carnival is a game with a fixed set of roles. The authors define carnivalization as a form of pedagogical initiation or a controlled chaos that preserves the autonomy of the academic process. Its participants develop their professional qualities: from passive objects of education, they become its subjects. The article describes the advantages of pedagogical initiation via carnivalization in teaching junior students of journalism. It introduces some useful technologies that can be applied at a university media center.
Natal'ya Kozlovskaya, Evgeniya Tolstova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 26-33; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-26-33

Abstract:
The present research featured the development of cognitive processes in senior preschoolers. It focused on the specifics of role-playing games, which provide positive dynamic transformations of cognitive abilities at this age. The article describes various theoretical approaches to game as a cultural phenomenon that facilitates socialization and enriches experience. It also describes the cognitive processes and their development, which depend on the personality of a particular preschooler. A role-playing game is a leading type of preschoolers' activity. They acquire new ideas about the world, learn to compare data about objects, develop useful patterns, and accumulate experience in problem solving. Children's emotional attitude to their own activities and those of their game partners accompany the dynamic transformations of cognitive processes, thus increasing the productivity of various types of activities.
Marina Semenova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 34-41; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-34-41

Abstract:
This present research featured brain building in primary school students with speech problems. The article raises the issues of inclusive education, defines the concept of the so-called general speech underdevelopment, and describes its levels. The author studied various theoretical approaches to the problem in question and the cognitive development in children of primary school age. An ascertaining and formative experiment made it possible to study the specifics of mental operations in children with speech developmental issues. A number of non-verbal tests revealed poor formation of mental operations. The children found text-related tasks especially difficult and required additional explanations and visual examples, which was a clear sign of poor abstract thinking. The article introduces some ideas about correctional and developmental extracurricular activities that improve such cognitive skills as analysis, synthesis, and coherent writing.
Stanislav Gavrilov, Aleksey Velichko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 49-54; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-49-54

Abstract:
He present research featured the regulatory legal acts of 1917–1920 and the doctrinal foundations of justice during the formation of the Soviet political regime. The article concentrates on the problems of goal-setting of the Soviet legal system, the system of people's courts, and the crisis legislation of the period under review. The main functions of the judiciary system included: repressions; justice represented by people's courts; legislation; accessibility of justice; total involvement of workers in judicial duties; replacement of the system of criminal penalties with measures of peer pressure, and their effective implementation. The analysis showed that the legal goal-setting was performed empirically, depending on specific historical conditions. The main functions of administrative bodies and courts were deformed because no conditions for their implementation were provided for objective or subjective reasons. Only the repressive function was fully realized during the Civil War. The constituent norms of the Soviet legislation on the court contradicted with the legal realities of the era of civil confrontation.
Eugene Anichkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 42-48; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-42-48

Abstract:
The article examines constitutional and legal anomalies that prevent effective legal regulation of social relations and sustainable legal development in modern Russia. The research featured such types of anomalies as the dualism of nominal constitutional law and reality, interpretive and law enforcement deviations from the formal constitutional legal norm, normative contradictions, gaps, and other formal legal defects of certain sources and norms of constitutional law. The study was based on historical, comparative, systemic-structural, and formal-legal methods of studying the constitutional and legal doctrine, as well as the current legislation and law enforcement practice of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. Constitutional and legal anomalies appeared to be a complex and controversial issue of great practical relevance that requires further research. Constitutional and legal anomalies proved to have a close connection with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, a special sphere of action, and specific content. They produce a negative effect on the entire legal system of Russia. New measures will prevent and eliminate anomalies, thus ensuring sustainable legal development.
Dina Sadchikova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 55-63; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-55-63

Abstract:
The contemporary Russian community service is a criminal punishment of a very contradictory nature. Therefore, its legal regulation requires special scientific attention in the historical context. This research featured a theoretical and legal understanding of the essence of modern community service through the prism of its Soviet prototypes. It involved comparative-legal, historical, and dialectical methods. The author performed a comparative analysis of community service, corrective labor, and probation in the USSR. The article gives a detailed description of criminal law regulation and a statistical analysis of community service at different stages of the Soviet Union. The Soviet legal reality appeared to have shaped the regulation, content, and procedure of community service in the USSR. The author proved the effect of the Soviet economic needs on this type of punishment. However, the contemporary Russian community service is rather unique and hardly inherited any features of its Soviet prototypes. The obtained conclusions can serve as foundation for further research on the theoretical concepts of community service.
Semen Sychev
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 64-74; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-64-74

Abstract:
The author raises the question of improving the activities of public authorities that comply with the orders of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. The research featured various issues related to the implementation of constitutional justice and their possible solutions. The study revealed the following needs: 1) to adjust the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation to time-limits for State Duma draft laws; 2) to return the extraordinary adoption of bills in pursuance of decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation; 3) to develop a scheme for the practical enforcement of judicial acts; 4) to expand the functions of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation and its regional structural divisions by including normative legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation and acts of their constitutional and judicial review in the sphere of legal monitoring; 5) to develop a special system for informing about decisions taken by the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation to verify the laws of the subjects of the Russian Federation; 6) to improve criteria and procedures for recognizing regional normative legal acts as similar to provisions of law subjected to constitutional normative control; 7) to provide the Prosecutor's Office with powers to supervise the execution of decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation; 8) to amend the Constitution of the Russian Federation and indicate the authority of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation to determine the executive body; 9) to change the regulatory and legal regulation aimed at expanding the mandatory powers of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation; 10) to specify the term of political activity with its current broad interpretation. The article also contains some recommendations aimed at improving the legislative regulation in the sphere of protection of civil rights and freedoms in modern Russia.
Tat'yana Artyuhova, Elena Federova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 16-25; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-16-25

Abstract:
This experimental study featured the process of brain building in senior preschoolers, namely the characteristics of verbal and nonverbal thinking at this stage of ontogenesis. The authors substantiated the possibilities of psychological and pedagogical support for cognitive development. Mental operations were tested using standard psychological diagnostics. The article covers some psychological and pedagogical theories of brain development in preschoolers. In visual-figurative forms, the development level of mental operations proved to be more expressive than in verbal and logical forms. The research revealed various possibilities of targeted development of verbal and nonverbal brain building components in senior preschoolers, as well as the forms and methods of psychological and pedagogical support it requires. The author believes that traditional educational practices should be reformed. Organized educational environment, productive activities, and games develop cognitive interests and curiosity and catalyze the development of activities initiated by the child. Experimental data proved the effectiveness of specially created programs of psychological and pedagogical support for the verbal and non-verbal cognitive development of preschoolers.
Vladislav Karpov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 7-15; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-7-15

Abstract:
Technosphere safety is a complex issue that depends directly on the level of professional competence of the people involved. The present research featured the problem-based method of teaching technogenic safety to Bachelor's Degree students. It involved a detailed analysis of the professionally-oriented training of technosphere safety bachelors. The analysis revealed some reasons behind the low efficiency of the current approach. The problem method is a promising resource for improving learning efficiency. The article introduces the content and application conditions of the problem method. The new approach was tested as part of lectures on Reliability of Technical Systems and Technogenic Risk. The problem method proved effective and improved the motivation of the future bachelors of technosphere safety.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 75-86; https://doi.org/10.21603/2542-1840-2022-6-1-75-86

Abstract:
The article contains some comments on the legal positions stated in the Decree of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. 46 dated December 23, 2021, as well as on novelties in the regulation of arbitration web conferences. The Decree points the participants of procedural relations to the need for conscientious implementation of their rights and obligations in the conditions of an adversarial process. It also indicates their obligation to apply the consequences of abuse of procedural rights. The emphasis on the risky nature of procedural relations stimulates the application of liability measures and encourages participants to exercise their rights and obligations. The categories of "other economic activity" and "dispute on the right to real estate" underlie the competence of arbitration courts but remain unclear. The author criticizes the decisions of the Plenum to lower the requirements for qualifications of legal representatives and formalize their powers in technical actions. The fact that a contractual representative has to apply for admission at each court session contradicts the principle of procedural economy and the legal nature of the procedural legal relationship. The article also reviews the amendments to the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation in terms of online court sessions.
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