Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2542-1840 / 2541-9145
Published by: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 142
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Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-133-140

Abstract:
Cross-cultural analysis has firmly taken its place in linguistics, while the novelty of the term is relative: we are dealing with a new definition of what was meant by the concept of ethnolinguistics, linguistics, and cultural studies. In literary studies, cross-cultural analysis is a new term for culturological comparative studies, i.e. an analysis from the point of view of the "dialogue of cultures", which makes it possible to single out the national images of the world. The aim of the present research was to study the cross-cultural component in the works of the national authors of Dagestan who write in Russian. The study featured Russian-language poetic texts created by Dagestan authors and how they reflect the national identity of the author. Cross-cultural analysis relies on the idea about universal cultural patterns. As a result, Dagestan Russian-language literature can be interpreted as a set of national works written in Russian. Literary text as a role model plays a fundamental role in language acquisition. Reading fiction allows language learners to move away from standardized teaching texts and immerse into the "living" language. While studying a foreign work of art, the learner touches upon both linguistics and culture: it provides information about the social and cultural structure of a foreign community. A positive aspect of using literary texts for educational purposes makes it possible to learn more about the culture of the people, since the texts always reflect the language in its historical, social, and cultural context.
Elena Kovalenko, Nadezhda Tydykova, Olga Shavandina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-174-181

Abstract:
The research objective was to substantiate the concept of sports law as an independent branch of Russian law. Using the induction method, the authors analyzed the general approaches to understanding any branch of law. They believe that, at the present stage, sports law can be considered a complex branch of law. The systemic-structural method made it possible to present sports law not only through its subject and method, but also through sources, principles, and other attributes. Some of the positions expressed in the scientific publications were questioned by the methods of critical analysis. They used the comparative legal method to analyze the positive foreign experience. As a result, they obtained an authentic concept of sports law. They also defined the groups of social relations, their general characteristics, interpretation method, the concept of sports legal relations, etc. The field of sports legislation needs legal codification. A Sports Code of the Russian Federation would be a logical solution to the problem. It should unite the positive experience of foreign countries. Sports law is a complex branch of Russian law. Its subject is relations in the field of physical culture and sports. This branch of law uses both dispositive and imperative methods. The newly developed system of sources of sports law requires systematization, improvement, and legal codification. The results obtained can be used to expand the scientific understanding of sports law and as a material for lawmaking.
Svetlana Voronina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-165-173

Abstract:
He present research considered the property rights of minors by comparing civil and family legislation. The article covers various matters of separate ownership of parents and children, property management, and the behavior of parents, as well as sectoral and inter-sectoral legal relations as a whole based on family relations. The research was based on normative legal acts, scientific publications, and precedents. Family law regulates the property relations between parents and children regarding the maintenance and personal belongings. Any other property rights of minors fixed by the Family Code go beyond the limits of family law and are part of civil law. The basis of civil property relations of minors is the family relations. Therefore, they have to take into account social and legal relations between parents and children. A prerequisite for the emergence and implementation of property relations is the organizational relations that arise between the subjects of private and public law. Authorization by the guardianship authority ensures the protection of the property rights and interests of children. The regulation of property relations involving minors and their legal representatives is subject to inter-sectoral and inter-subject interaction, which must be taken into account when implementing the rights of minors and protecting them.
Alexandra Dashkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-114-124

Abstract:
The present research featured how learning a foreign language in small groups under the guidance of a student with leadership qualities improves professional vocabulary. Such ESL classes proved useful for students majoring in management. Their work was organized in such a way that students' roles were close to their personal characteristics, i.e. action-, people-, and thinking-oriented. A diagnostic test revealed the students' level of proficiency in English. A psychological training made it possible to identify potential leaders. The students in the experimental group were divided into small subgroups and had to master professional vocabulary under the guidance of the leader. In the control group, the subgroups consisted of either leaders or subordinates. Vocabulary acquisition in the experimental subgroups appeared to be 25 % higher than in the control subgroups. Therefore, teamwork under the guidance of a leader proved quite effective.
Ekaterina Abakumova, Alexey Komissarov, Dmitrii Tarasov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-148-154

Abstract:
The article examines the concept and development of legal relations in the field of the protection of honor, dignity, and business reputation in foreign legislation, where they are part of the legal institution of defamation. The research involved the formal-legal and comparative-legal techniques based on the principles of historicism and objectivity. The article features a retrospective summary of theoretical, normative, and practical approaches to the conceptual application of the institute of defamation in the countries of the Anglo-Saxon and continental law. The Anglo-American defamation law is formed both within the general and statutory framework. Special legislative acts of the United Kingdom define the conditions (criteria) for classifying these legal relations as essentially defamatory. The peculiarities of the continental defamation law can be attributed to its mainly criminal-legal regulatory component, rather than civil or administrative law. The comparative legal review of the foreign experience of legal support for the protection of honor, dignity, and business reputation proved relevant and practically significant.
Alexandra Pilyushenko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-141-147

Abstract:
The article addresses the problem of social health as a basic factor of positive sociocultural environment in the context of globalization. The research objective was to define the content of social health as a balance of such categories as social immunity and social pressure. The study relied on the methodology of philosophical analysis, dialectical method, and system approach. The phenomenon of social health was described as part of the system of dynamic and multidimensional social relations. The article featured the role of sociocultural environment of one's life and attitudes of spiritual and moral nature that make up one's social health formation. Social pressure is an attributive characteristic of social life, which is getting increasingly complex in all areas of human life. The article also introduces the term of social immunity as a set of spiritual foundations of one's activity that provides one with productive social relationships. Social immunity depends on one's age, lifestyle, and sociocultural environment. The author also analyzed various prosocial deviant forms of behavior. The decisive factor of social health formation is that social immunity should correspond with the current social pressure.
, Galina Tupikina, Elena Tsigichko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-125-132

Abstract:
The research featured the intellectual abilities of teenagers with different levels of stress resistance. The research objective was to describe the options for intellectual development of secondary school students depending on their stress resistance level. The authors reviewed various approaches to intellectual development of younger adolescents. They proposed a set of assessment techniques for the level of mental development. The research revealed the effect of stress resistance on the intellectual abilities of teenagers. Teenagers with a low level of stress resistance were excitable and careless, while demonstrating tender conscience and poor analytical and verbal skills. Respondents with a high level of stress showed a low level of excitability and conscientiousness, a high level of carelessness, a good ability to establish analogies, and admirable verbal abilities. The paper contains some useful recommendations for teachers and parents on the development of teenagers' intellectual skills based on their level of stress resistance.
Tat'yana Filippova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-182-190

Abstract:
The last will issues are always relevant, since they are associated with the desire and ability of a citizen to provide financially for their heirs. The current legislation takes into account the will of the testator and reflects, to some extent, the changes that occur in society. The present article features the current inheritance law of the Russian Federation, which, as it appears, do not reflect the special legal status of an individual entrepreneur. The authors analyzed statistical data confirming the place of individual entrepreneurs in the modern economy. The legislation on inheritance underestimates this fact, which leads to a violation of people’s rights and negative consequences in the business sphere. The research objective was to consider the issues of inheritance after the death of an individual entrepreneur, taking into account the preservation of the business, the stability of civil circulation, and the interests of the testator. The authors examined the existing approaches to the legal status of an individual entrepreneur and various cases of controversial conclusion about the property inheritance. They also assessed the effectiveness of legal regulation of inheriting the property of an individual entrepreneur and developed options for preserving the business, including a trust management agreement for inherited property. However, the notarial practice in this regard remains quite inconsistent. The paper contains several proposals for improving the current inheritance law.
Lyudmila Arlasheva, , Natalia Kasatkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-105-113

Abstract:
He concept of life-long education and the Federal State Educational Standard for General Education presupposes teaching technologies that form a positive attitude to a safe and healthy lifestyle in teenagers. The cognitive and social tasks that teenagers have to face grow more and more complex, which means that class environment should develop their coping potential and healthy lifestyle habits. The article features a pedagogical model for improving the health-saving and coping potential of adolescents in class. The model includes functional components that consist of organizational and pedagogical conditions aimed at solving learning, developmental, educational, and social tasks in class and during extracurricular activities. Monitoring proved to be the main organizational and pedagogical condition for improving the potential of adolescents in adaptation and healthy lifestyle habits. Monitoring includes three main stages: analytical, technological, and corrective. The research involved traditional and modified criteria of the health-saving and coping potential. The experiment proved the effectiveness of the new model.
Eugene Anichkin, Alexey Rezinkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2021-5-2-155-164

Abstract:
The article describes the international scientific and technical cooperation (ISTC) of the Russian Federation with foreign states in the context of the anti-Russian sanctions. The research featured the political and economic anti-Russian sanctions that define the current cooperation in the scientific and technical field. The authors described the phenomenon of sanctions, their main types, reasons, specific features, etc., putting stress on the industrial and selective character, as well as on their indirect influence on Russian ISTC. There are no scientific and technological sanctions per se; however, the current political and economic sanctions keep affecting the ISTC sphere, e.g. inability to purchase and deliver reagents and high-tech equipment, to accept financing from foreign funds, etc. The sanctions manifest themselves as narrow scope of research projects, low academic mobility, etc. The two areas with appropriate mechanisms to counter the sanctions policy are political and legal. For instance, a diversified state policy could be developed to support ISTC. Public scientific diplomacy and an official vector of development might be of great help, in particular, the Asian vector of ISTC development. The authors believe ISTC should take place between the members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The legal counteraction mechanisms include issuing normative legal acts, suspension of international agreements in ISTC, counter-sanctions, and international arbitration.
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