Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2542-1840 / 2541-9145
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 122
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Daria Buniak
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-245-256

Abstract:
The present research featured anti- discrimination laws used in EU countries. The research objective was to describe the categories of equality, non-discrimination, and protection against discrimination within the European model of human rights, as well as to analyze their effectiveness. The article focuses on domestic violence, gender discrimination in the political sphere, and the so-called gender laws, or laws on gender-based violence. Even in the modern world, women still remain subject to discrimination. This fact justifies the development of special laws to protect their natural rights. However, the exact extent of gender discrimination remains unclear. The author raises the question of effectiveness of such laws and other legal provisions. The research featured both constitutional norms and current legislation in cases its norms develop the constitutionally significant principle of non-discrimination, as well as the practice of constitutional review bodies, special bodies, and legal awareness. The work was based on the dialectical method (logical method, analysis and synthesis, modeling), as well as on some special methods (formal legal, historical, systemic, etc.). The formal legal method was used to analyze the gender anti-discrimination norms of legislation of EU countries. The specific-historical method helped to interpret the legal events and facts that shaped the modern constitutional protection measures. The system method was used to describe the legislation of the EU states. Equality is the freedom for a person to choose their identity and occupation regardless of behavior stereotypes imposed by their community. The European model of human rights concentrates on such constitutional and legal aspects of the fight against discrimination as the legislation reform and bodies of constitutional control. However, sometimes such measures fail and might be used for manipulation.
Irina Morozova , Alena Borisenko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-207-217

Abstract:
The research featured various means of psychological and pedagogical support of college students from foster families aimed at developing their socio-psychological adaptation. The authors identified the key characteristics of the socio-psychological adaptability of underage orphan students. Students that spent less than a year in foster families combined adaptation with behavioral regulation and demonstrated communicative potential, long-term goals, interest in life, and a sense of purpose. They were active, strong, and satisfied with their self-realization and self-image. Their maladaptation disorders, as well as asthenic and psychotic reactions, were minimal. The key characteristics of the socio-psychological adaptation of minor students from foster families were manifested in the inverse relationship of maladaptation with the life process, locus of self-control, behavioral regulation, communicative potential, moral norms and maladaptation disorders. In underage students from orphanages, adaptation was associated with the locus of control – life, behavioral regulation and minimized asthenic reactions. The authors designed and tested a set of means of psychological and pedagogical support that improve the socio-psychological adaptation of students from foster families. The experiment demonstrated a positive dynamics in the level of adaptation, emotional comfort, sense of purpose, internality and personal adaptive potential, as well as a decrease in the level of maladaptation.
Oleg Gavrilov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-227-234

Abstract:
Orthodox Christianity is the most widespread religion in Russia. Recently, there have been a lot of seemingly independent attempts to defame it, thus deforming the traditional matrix of historical memory. This well-coordinated campaign is based on the fact that historical identification and religion shape the foundations of cultural tradition and, in their inextricable unity, can develop the content of civil religion under certain circumstances. Civil religion gives sacred meanings to historical symbols, regardless of the religious affiliation of individual citizens. Therefore, it ensures social solidarity and awareness of the direction of various social processes. Civil religion originated in the Soviet period; today, it is undergoing some serious transformations. In its early days, it cultivated the sacral meanings of history limited by space and time, which is typical of undeveloped religions. Nowadays, these sacral meanings are gradually becoming more transcendental. For instance, historical events now correlate with the concept of God, and this dependence has been fixed in the basic law of the country. As a result, the former archaic nature of civil religion has acquired the status of a developed religion, capable of consolidating society with an appeal to the Absolute. These changes are often evaluated as violating the principles of secular society. However, their opponents ignore the intrinsically religious nature of culture. This legal innovation does not give preference to any particular confession. Foreign experience proves that many developed states with an official state religion manage to maintain their secular character. The research objective was to define common traits behind the seemingly independent attempts at discrediting Orthodox Christianity and develop some countermeasures.
Nurana Gurbanova, Semen Raspopin, Nikolai Iurtaev, Dmitrii Bardokin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020, pp 257-263; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-257-269

Abstract:
Modern processes of regulation of the legal market in Russia and other post-Soviet countries take place in the context of the right to qualified legal assistance. The authors used a set of such comparative legal methods as synchronous and intra-system comparison, as well as problem-chronological and formal legal methods. The paper focuses on the definition of qualified legal assistance and its criteria. The research involved a group of entities that provide qualified legal assistance: public authorities, civil society institutions, i.e. bar, notary, legal clinics, public associations, etc., commercial organizations, and individual lawyers. The comparative legal analysis featured qualified legal assistance in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union. A key aspect of the right to qualified legal assistance is the state system of legal aid. The article describes Russian and Belarusian models. The authors believe that there is no appropriate definition of qualified legal aid and that the bar holds the dominant position in the professional lawyers' community. Some countries of the Eurasian Economic Union preserved Soviet experience of bar associations. These countries demonstrate some specific traits of advocacy activities. For instance, institutions of legal consultants function as an alternative to the bar. The Republic of Armenia declared legal practice a business activity. The Republic of Belarus legally regulates specialized bar associations, e.g. legal counseling and law firms that specialize in a particular branch of law. As for free legal assistance, Russian model proved to be more advanced than that of Belarus, as Russia has no statutory mechanisms for obliging legal firms to provide free legal assistance at their own expense. In addition, Russia has a wider range of population categories entitled to receive free legal aid. Another advantage of the Russian free legal aid system is a detailed regulation of the status of legal clinics.
Alla Portnova, Svetlana Lesnikova , Nina Rusakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-218-226

Abstract:
The article deals with the statistical analysis of the effectiveness of the educational process at university. The research featured factors affecting the quality of training university students. The authors employed quantitative and qualitative indicators and organizational and pedagogical approaches, as well as methods of correlation and variance analysis. The indicators were systematized and generalized in order to identify the extent of their impact on the effectiveness of the factors under consideration. The reliability of the results was checked using the Pearson test. The methodology of the study was based on the identification of factors that affect the students’ achievements. A factor is a condition for good quality education. Based on the principles of general and professional education of the individual, the authors identified two groups of factors: 1) those related to the performance of the general education stage (academic performance, training profile); 2) those related to the results of higher education (academic performance, areas of training, course of study, academics). The academic performance of the first-year students did not depend on the results of the Unified State Exam and school grades. This dependence began to manifest itself during the second year, i.e. after the adaptation period. Statistical processing provided a mathematical model of the dependence of academic performance on the identified factors. The model can be used to predict the results of academic performance, as well as to adjust the learning process in order to improve the quality of university graduates' training, e.g. additional consultations, new information technologies, changes in the curriculum, level-based differentiation of content, tasks, individualized tasks, etc. The results are of interest for organizers of psychological and pedagogical support of professional self-determination for university students and their socio-psychological adaptation.
Sergey Kichigin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-270-277

Abstract:
The matter of canceling a service contract often hinders the work of personnel offices of government and local self-government. Due to the specifics of labor relations between state and municipal employees, it remains unresolved in the domestic labor law. There is a controversy between the subsidiary application of general labor legislation norms and special laws that control the activity of certain categories of workers. It comes from the vague border between the scope of general and special norms of labor legislation in relation to state and municipal employees. Another reason is the limited legal regulation of labor relations with these categories of workers with application of the general norms of the current labor legislation. The article features approaches to resolving the issue of the possibility and legality of canceling a service contract in personnel offices of government bodies. The research was based on a critical review of the two existing opinions on the place of the cancellation procedure in relations with state and municipal employees. The author describes the legal nature of the cancellation and termination of the employment contract based on scientific literature. The article contains some recommendations on how to avoid the situation in which the representative of the employer does not have adequate legal mechanism for responding to an employee's failure to appear at work on the first day of the contract.
Vladislav Radov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-278-286

Abstract:
The article deals with theoretical and law-enforcement problems of establishing the chain of causation in crimes of omission committed by the obligor. The doctrine of criminal law developed an unambiguous philosophical understanding of causality within the framework of dialectical materialism. However, such scientists as Prof. V. B. Malinin and Prof. Z. B. Soktoev came to polar conclusions about the absence and presence of a causal relationship in cases of criminal omission. The author criticizes the so-called golden rule of causality in cases of omission and the comprehensive reason for omission. He believes that omission cannot be recognized as a condition of an antisocial result. The author uses the relativistic approach to causality to explain the relationship between the failure to fulfill one's professional or official duties and the resulting antisocial consequence. He proves the conditioning relationship in such situations and states the correlation of causation and condition, as well as the limits of understanding causality as an element of the objective aspect of a crime. Apparently, doctrinal controversies affect the law enforcement. The article introduces the latest judicial practice and positions of the courts on the legal content and legal consequences of establishing an indirect, indirect, and mediated causation chain. The category of causality cannot be used for the purposes of criminal law qualification due to the fact that law and natural science have a different understanding of causation. The research questions the significance of forensic medical examinations in cases of iatrogenic crimes in relation to the causal relationship and their assessment by the court. In this article, the issues of causality are considered only for such cases of omission that presuppose a failure to fulfill professional or official duties in a negligent crime. Therefore, the author does not claim to be exclusive of conclusions and proposals. As Academician V. N. Kudryavtsev said, the configuration of chain of causation depends on the corpus delicti or the type of crime.
Elena Kuznetsova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-198-206

Abstract:
The resent research featured psychological and pedagogical approaches to determining the essential characteristics of coherent speech as a higher mental function. The article focuses on coherent speech development in senior preschoolers and project activities that improve it. The research objective was to study related scientific sources and experimentally justify the efficiency of project activities that improve various parameters of coherent speech in children of senior preschool age. The paper introduces qualitative characteristics of coherent speech development in senior preschoolers. Its specific features include variability in the formation levels of skills to generate simple and complex sentences, as well as to retell and compose texts. The article describes various technologies of coherent speech development, including project activities in the process of interaction between an adult and a child. The experiment confirmed a positive impact of project activities on the coherent speech of senior preschoolers.
Vladimir Krasikov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-235-244

Abstract:
Numerous non-political radical ideas that appeared in the digital space of the RuNet require a thorough theoretical analysis as potentially extremist. The present research featured views and activities of radical gender Internet communities. The research objective was to assess their potential threat to society. The study was based on both empirical and theoretical analyses. The author developed a set of criteria that made it possible to refer some Internet communities to "hate groups." He used a specially compiled thesaurus in search engines and social media search programs. The empirical information was structured and conceptualized. The novelty of the research lies in the criterial and typologizing analysis of a previously unexplored fragment of radical activity on the RuNet. The article introduces a set of categories and criteria for identifying radical non-political Internet communities. The author established the addresses of the Internet distribution of masculists and radical feminists, compared them, and assessed their potential threat to society. The results may be of interest to social scientists and government officials, as well as to specialists in security issues.
Tatiana Bobrova, Sergei Dranishnikov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-3-187-197

Abstract:
This article introduces the theoretical and methodological foundations for studying the development of identity and tolerance in foreign university students. The research featured the organization of the educational process that encourages the development of personality identity and tolerance in foreign students. The authors defined the main directions and approaches to the problem of identity and tolerance development as a set of skills. The article describes the identity and tolerance profile of foreign students that study at Russian universities. The author proved that tolerance developed under the effect of national, cultural, and religious factors, as new sociocultural environment affected the personal characteristics of foreign students. The results were both positive and negative, thus forming both tolerant and intolerant attitudes. Subsequently, the personality profile of foreign students demonstrated a combination of tolerant and intolerant traits. The levels of ethnic nihilism and egoism were low; so were the levels of ethnic isolationism and fanaticism. The level of ethnic and social tolerance appeared average. The ethnic indifference and communicative tolerance were also at an average level. However, the level of positive ethnic identity was high. The research revealed a link between tolerance and ethnic identity in foreign students. The results can help to organize the development of identity and tolerance in foreign students.
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