Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2542-1840 / 2541-9145
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 112
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Vladimir Kazmin, Margarita Kazmina, Evgeniya Yuzupkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-161-167

Abstract:
The paper features legislative regulation of physical education and sports in different historical periods. The research objective was to describe the legal framework of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods in order to use the experience in modern conditions. The study was based on the following scientific principles and methods. The principle of scientific research made it possible to use of a wide range of published and unpublished archival documents and scientific sources. The principle of historicism allowed the authors to identify the state of legal regulation in various historical epochs, as well as the nature of the changes they underwent. The comparative legal method helped identify the nature of the legal framework, its content in the Soviet period, and the qualitative changes that occurred after the collapse of the Soviet Union. As a result, the authors identified a number of stages in the development of the legal framework in question. The period of the Soviet legal norms lasted from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. During the transitional period of the 1990s, Russia was actively searching for legal regulation: the basic legislation was adopted in 1993, and the Law itself entered into force in 1999. The third period began when the state law on physical education and sport was adopted in 2008. Soon after that, a similar document was released in Kuzbass. In this regard, the development of sports law is a system of legal norms that regulate relations in the field of physical education and sports at the Federal and regional levels. The results of the research can be used in the development of the regulatory framework by Federal and regional legislative bodies, the scientific community, and lawyers involved in sports and physical education law.
Elena Brel
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-95-106

Abstract:
The research featured some peculiarities of the development of the emotional sphere in senior preschoolers and their positive changes in conditions of pedagogical support. The research objective was to study the possibilities of developing the emotional sphere of older preschool children in conditions of pedagogical support. The article describes the specifics of emotional development at preschool age, such as uneven development of recognition, expression, and regulation of emotional states. The author declares the necessity for organizing pedagogical support for the development of the emotional sphere in a preschool educational organization. The article introduces forms and methods of pedagogical support of senior preschoolers based on activities that improve their interaction experience with adults and peers. Such support makes it possible to develop emotional sphere in three directions: understanding emotions, expressing emotions, and regulating emotions.
Victor Rossiev
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-168-176

Abstract:
The present research featured criteria of qualified legal assistance. The research objective was to determine the professional and educational qualifications of legal advisors. The current domestic legislation has no legal concept of qualified legal assistance, only some contradicting qualification requirements for lawyers. Since legal assistance requires protection of the interests of the person in a jurisdictional order, the author considered it as the activity of a court agent. The article provides a flexible concept of qualified legal assistance that meets modern requirements of the legal services market. The author proved that it is impossible to establish uniform educational and professional qualifications for all legal advisors. Recognizing the requirement for a higher legal education as reasonable, the author claims that the knowledge of the actual circumstances of the case can sometimes attest to the qualification of the representative. Therefore, each case requires a balance of competence. The research included a thorough analysis of the Concept of Regulation of the Professional Legal Assistance Market issued by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. The paper explains the objective obstacles to the implementation of these provisions. The author also analyzed the draft professional standard of a lawyer, submitted in March 2020 by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, and found it lacking, imbalanced, and contradicting to federal laws. Thus, any unified qualifications for lawyers are premature.
Elena Ryabokony, Zoya Krecan, Ludmila Shmakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-126-136

Abstract:
The article deals with information visualization techniques aimed at effective development of cognitive processes as parts of students' cognitive activity. The research featured the means of visualization of educational information that encourage the cognitive activity in students. The research objective was to identify, justify, and test the possibilities of using visualization tools for educational information. The cognitive activity is represented as a set of cognitive acts, namely explanation, understanding, and reflection. The authors believe that the process of interaction between participants in educational relations needs to be improved. The article focuses on the organization of the informational approach to training. It describes the stages of work with educational information: search for new material, its perception, processing, and application. The visualization technologies include mind maps and denotational graphs. Visualization technologies provide positive changes in students’ cognitive activity and develop cognitive motivation.
Aigul Mukambetova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-117-125

Abstract:
The research featured the new social requirements for subject teachers, as well as the legal basis for the changes that have occurred in the education system of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The study focused on the current situation in Kyrgyz schools and universities, the development of new teaching technologies, and the new educational literature. The education system of Kyrgyzstan includes two large concepts. One of them is updating the content of subject knowledge corresponding to the required competencies. The second concept is the individualization of subject knowledge. These concepts are important in the framework of the Law of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan "On the Manas Epic" adopted in 2011. Previously, the content of education was based on the level of requirements for the young generation and was determined by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic that developed curricula for all educational institutions. However, subject teachers have to change their materials, taking into account the social and intellectual interests of the individual. The article introduces priority tasks that create the necessary conditions for the development of learners' personality. This goal was financed by the state budget in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The author believes that the new credit technology is to be adopted with caution, and that the Kyrgyz educational system can use some educational technologies tested in Russia, e.g. critical thinking development; developmental education; health saving technologies; problem learning; gaming; workshop technology; case method; integrated learning in class, etc. Subject teachers are responsible for updating the educational literature in connection with the new requirements.
Vsevolod Akhmatov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-137-145

Abstract:
The paper features apostasy as a cultural-historical, ecclesiastic law, eschatological, spiritual, and moral phenomenon. The author focuses on the eschatological, spiritual, and moral aspects of the issue in the context of religious and philosophical discourse to perform a comparative and typological analysis of the causes of social conflicts and violence. The article introduces a typology of apostasy in the early Christian cultural and historical context based on the concept of Christian anthropology. The research also revealed a number of reasons behind the phenomenon of apostasy as a classification of its forms and directions. The author made an attempt to find a basis for apostasy classification, its essential directions, and reference types, as well as to identify the main criteria for the present study and its ontological premises. The author believes that the phenomenon of apostasy should be studied in the cultural and historical context. The research objective was to show the relevance of spiritual and moral issues in the modern philosophical discourse, thus preventing interreligious and social conflicts, violence, extremism, and terrorism.
Evgeniy Gavrilov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-146-152

Abstract:
The article features the problem of consolidating and understanding the digital sovereignty of the State and the individual. The author addresses the challenge of establishing a correlation between the idea of digital sovereignty and the global socio-political change. The paper focuses on the effect of modern trends of social development, i.e. accelerated social informatization and globalization, on the development of doctrine of digital sovereignty and its legal design. The author believes that the idea of digital sovereignty is a reaction to the transformation of the global social order, which resulted in new doctrinal provisions and legal norms. They give citizens the right to determine the process of formation, storage, and management of digital data, as well as to ensure their inviolability. The legal formalization of digital sovereignty can indicate either the protection of statehood and personality or, on the contrary, their absorption by structures of the global order. As a result, such categories as "sovereignty, "statehood, or "personality" may eventually lose their actual meaning and real content. The conceptualization of the phenomenon of neurosovereignty and its implementation programs might be the future of the theory and practice of sovereignty.
Egor Trezubov, Mikhail Roze
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020, pp 177-185; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-177-186

Abstract:
The research featured substantive and procedural peculiarities of contract costing for legal assistance through the so-called "success fee", or contingency fee, from the point of view of various legal approaches. The contract costing for legal services based on contingency fee does not comply with the current Russian law. Therefore, it can be difficult for the lawyer to collect the fee from the customer. Though courts do acknowledge contingency fees, the related business practice remains legally unregulated. The situation did not change in 2013 when the institution of invalidity of legal transactions was reformed in civil law. The issue belongs to the substantive sphere, since the procedural area reveals no peculiarities in reimbursing expenses incurred to pay for the services of a legal representative. The recent innovations of legal regulation on "success fee" are related to the new edition of the Federal Law "On Advocacy and the Legal Profession in the Russian Federation", which entered into force on March 01, 2020. The authors believe that the problem is not the matter of advocacy legislation because it would then contradict with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, which has priority over other regulations in this case. They criticize the obvious lobbying of legally enforceable precautions to include stipulated remuneration on legal assistance, as well as the substantial restrictions on the rights of private lawyers with no attorneyship.
Irina Dmirtieva, Irina Morozova, Olga Elkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-107-116

Abstract:
Our society needs highly qualified specialists able to meet the requirements of the modern socio-economic situation in the country, hence the need to identify the features of psychological readiness for professional activity in students of pedagogy. The present research features the peculiarities of psychological readiness for professional duties displayed by graduates of institutions of professional and higher education. The article focuses on the concept of "readiness for professional activity", its typologies and components. The authors revealed the essence and relationship of the concepts of "psychological readiness" and "readiness for professional activity". The research provided key features of students' psychological readiness for professional activity and the possibilities of their formation in the conditions of professional and higher education institutions. The article substantiates the need to develop and test methods for research of students' psychological readiness for professional activity. The authors developed and tested a program for the formation of psychological readiness for professional activity in university and college students. Its implementation can significantly improve the professional competence of future specialists in pedagogy.
Stanislav Gavrilov, Angelika Gavrilova, Nadegda Kozlova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2542-1840-2020-4-2-153-160

Abstract:
The research featured the reasons behind the development of an optimal management model in Siberian provinces, which slowed down the integrative processes of the official imperial policy. Governor-General of Siberia M. M. Speransky intended to eliminate the legal nihilism and arbitrariness of Siberian bureaucracy. His ideas provided the basis for the so-called Institution for the Management of Siberian Provinces – a document that structured the administration of Siberian provinces in the first half of the XIX century. The document regulated all types of management and record keeping at the level of provinces and governorates. The research revealed the features of provincial administration, control, supervision, and subordination. The author analyzes the powers of Governors-General and Civil Governors as representatives of the Supreme power in provincial administrations. The article outlines the positive and negative characteristics of the transformation of the regional management model. The authors defined a contradiction between the legal provisions and the legal reality that developed after the implementation of the Institution for the Management of Siberian Provinces, which was due to both personnel inconsistencies and the discrete nature of the administrative policy of the autocracy in Siberia.
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