International Journal of Business Administration

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1923-4007 / 1923-4015
Published by: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 645
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n3p34

Abstract:
The aim of the article is to propose alternative and critical analytical perspectives to study creative economy and its correlated issues, such as creative city and creative class. A neo-marxist perspective indicates that creative economy reinforced the gap among innovators, investors, and those who work for them. According to a post-structural perspective, the formulas for the development of creative economy or creative city are homogenizing and contribute to the marginalization of differences. A postcolonial perspective indicates that marginalized societies in the capitalist system were conceived as blank spaces in which socioeconomic governance recommendations applied for creative sectors in North Atlantic societies could be replicated. Feminist approaches and queer theory highlight hierarchies related to gender, sexual orientation, race, and ethnicity in creative industries, despite the supposedly inclusive notions of creative economy and creative class.
Gamel Abdul-Nasser Salifu
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n3p45

Abstract:
This paper focuses on youth participation in decision-making processes for economic growth and development. Very little is known of the effectivity of rural youth participation in the developing world. Drawing on recent empirical evidence of youth participation in economics and development research, the paper identifies the growing interest of policy makers on shorthanded interventions aimed at improving young lives. Going beyond official blueprints and the stated objectives of international development interventions, interventions have widely emphasized the mechanical aspects of projects rather than the direct impact of interventions on young beneficiaries. Understanding this is critical for development as recent projects’ high rate of failure and unintended consequences for beneficiaries continue to grow. Based on the review of over 100 documented cases of youth participation in Africa, Asia and Latin America, the paper offers a conceptual guide, reinforced by methodological suggestions for studying the representational ‘afterlives’ of development interventions. Inspired by the phenomenological works of economic development research, the paper recognizes young voices as repositories of non-hegemonic knowledge with the ability to creatively re-appropriate development legacies. While such conclusions may have been kept under relative control, they come to fore upon the termination of interventions. A grassroots-based approach aimed at studying post-intervention communities would reveal the palimpsest-like multilayers of flagship programmes across the developing world.
Jean Nacife, Estela Najberg, Kennedy Barbosa, Lethicia De Oliveira, Isabela Costa
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n3p59

Abstract:
Research has presented that organizational behavior derives from some factors that may have got the potential for positive and negative effects on people's performance in organizations. The objective of the development of this study was to perform a systematic mapping of the evolution of the literature regarding the meritocratic organizational behavior construct, aiming to organize, evaluate and integrate scientific evidence with the selected articles. In this study of mapping the specialized literature, the Web of Science Scopus databases were used, through the application of informetric techniques using the bibliometrix package of the R language. The mapping of the evolution of behavior at work and merit in the organizational context made it necessary to contextualize the empirical research that supports the proposal of this study. The descriptive results illustrate the evolution of publications involving the terms “organizational behavior and merit or meritocracy” over the period studied, which was confirmed by the verification of the average annual growth rate of publications of 10.84%. An important demonstration refers to the clear identification of the capacity to produce publications by country. The mapping of time tracks related to publications on organizational behavior and merit presented that the United States of America is the major protagonist of this current of research at a global level. It was observed that a combination of aspects that involve not only the management of organizational behavior and its relationship with meritocracy between genders and diversity at work, as well as the merit in careers and promotions, and, mainly, the meritocratic system for performance as the focus of public management.
E. Salinas Garcia, J. V. Alcaraz Vera
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n3p1

Abstract:
This research determines the main variables that influence export competitiveness of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) producing mezcal, from the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Michoacán to the United States (U.S.) market. To reach this goal, a closed-structured questionnaire with a Likert-type scale was applied to a representative sample of mezcal-producing MSMEs located in the above-mentioned Mexican states. The results were processed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for its analysis. This helped proving that Productivity and the use of Technology have a very important incidence in export competitiveness of mezcal-producing companies, and the Organizational Structure variable takes effect to a lesser extent.
Tito Belchior Silva Moreira, Rosa Meguerian-Faria
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n3p14

Abstract:
This article aims to empirically evaluate, based on the annual time series from 1970 to 2018, the hypothesis that regional trade agreements (RTA) had a positive impact on the Mexican Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in this period. We use the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to evaluate its impact in Mexico, which entered into force in 1994. In this context, our interest variable is the dummy d_1994, where from 1994 to 2018 it is equal to 1. We tested several empirical approaches based on ARDL models, robust least-squares methods as well as GMM methods. We also use Granger causality tests and impulse response tests based on the VAR system. All empirical models show that the estimated coefficient from the dummy variable, d_1994, is statistically significant and presents a positive sign. Moreover, the causality tests show that the variable d_1994 granger causes FDI as a proportion of GDP, and the impulse response tests validate the tested hypothesis as well.
Andrew T. Muguna, Isaac N Micheni, James M. Kilika, Catherine Kaimenyi
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n2p79

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effect of employee attitude surveys on academic staff turnover intentions in chartered universities in Kenya. The specific objectives were; to determine the extent of employee attitude surveys practices among universities in Kenya; assess the level of turnover intentions among academic staff in chartered universities in Kenya, and determine the effect of employee attitude surveys practices on turnover intentions among academic staff in chartered universities in Kenya. The study was anchored on the Universalistic theory and the Unfolding model of voluntary turnover. A positivism research philosophy guided the study, and a descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used. The study obtained primary data from a representative sample of 364 academic staff members drawn from 15 chartered universities in Kenya. The study found that employee attitude surveys have been practized to a low extent and produced correspondingly low staff turnover intentions. Two dimensions of employee attitude surveys significantly negatively affect staff turnover intentions. The study called on future research to apply more robust statistical techniques anchored on mixed methods design for a more comprehensive explanation of the direction of the causal effects of attitude surveys on staff turnover intentions.
, , Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n2p39

Abstract:
Sugarcane mills (SCMs) and sugarcane suppliers (SCSs) use different production systems. To increase competitiveness, these systems use cost reduction, high productivity investment, and technology strategies according to their scale of production, that is, small (S), medium (M), or large (L). The question that arises is: which of the three production scales, among SCMs and SCSs, have the best competitiveness index in activities related to soil tillage and sugarcane planting? The objective of this research was to analyze and compare a competitiveness index built by using the values of four variables: planted area, sugarcane replanted area, cost of soil tillage, and cost of planting. The study was conducted with data corresponding to the 2017/18 harvest season from 31 SCMs and 42 SCSs located in Brazil. In addition, Monte Carlo Simulation was used to analyze the level of certain costs and profits through relative frequency. Small scale suppliers showed the highest productivity and lowest cost in soil tillage, while the medium scale sugarcane mills revealed the smallest sugarcane replanting cycle area and the lowest cost of planting. However, the competitiveness index showed that SCSs are more competitive than SCMs, with both kind of sugarcane producers taking the benefits of using cost reduction and high productivity strategies.
Henrique De Castro Neves, Jose Carlos De Souza Colares, Joao Bosco Favero, Bruno Botelho Piana, Rosangela Aparecida Da Silva
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n2p67

Abstract:
The objective of this article was to investigate the impact of the efficiency level in the management of outsourcing on corporate financial results. For this, two companies in the industrial sector that adopted the outsourcing method in their operations were selected, considering the period from 2015 to 2019. The research is a descriptive exploratory case study with a quali-quantitative method. For the data collection, an instrument was used consisting of 8 (eight) management process efficiency indicators (iTEPG), 4 (four) analysis criteria and 5 (five) evaluation standards, intended for the formation of the Efficiency Rate. To define the Efficiency Rate, a mathematical model built from the literature studied was used. In order to reach the research objective, analyses were carried out in the financial and management reports, based on the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) method. The results showed that the negative impacts on these company's financial results are directly related to the low level of efficiency in the BPO management process, and it can be said with reasonable certainty that poor outsourcing management contributes decisively to negatively impact in the financial results of organizations.
Adriano Jose Sorbile De Souza, Erik Leonel Luciano, , Jorge Luiz Rosa, Rosenil Honorato De Melo, Rosinei Batista Ribeiro
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n2p1

Abstract:
This work aimed to design industrial packaging, type "metallic racks" for automotive components and assemblies, which contribute to the effective reduction of storage and transportation costs, potentiating the reduction of times and movements in environmental processes and liabilities. As an application, bibliographic, exploratory and product development research was used, which consisted of diagnosing the problematic situation for the development of the "Rack": standardized packaging / occupancy rate, handling / times and movements, Lean Manufacturing, ergonomic aspects, environmental processes and analysis of the material / construction process. As a result, it was found that the use of the Metallic “Rack” impacted in the company's money savings impacted an express economy for the company, with a reduction of 82% in the storage area, 89% in the times and movements involved in the packaging activity, among others. As an academic and scientific contribution, this work helps to expand studies in the most diverse aspects that affect the production process, logistics, racking design, ergonomic analysis and a product value chain.
Tito Belchior Silva Moreira, George Henrique De Moura Cunha, Luciano Balbino Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Pires De Sousa, Michel Constantino
International Journal of Business Administration, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v13n2p102

Abstract:
Since the last decades of the twentieth century, there has been a debate on the causes and consequences regarding the rise of inequality in its varied dimensions. Much discussion is dedicated to whether public policies should be aimed at reducing or mitigating the upward trend in inequality. This paper explores empirical evidence regarding the income inequality level that maximizes the per capita consumption of the U.S. economy from 1946 to 2015. Based on the cointegration equations empirical tests, we find a concave nonlinear relation between the log of per capita consumption and the log of the Gini Index. In this context, the optimal level of income inequality is 0.376. In addition, we test whether some determinants of inequality show a nonlinear relationship with the square of the difference between the current Gini index and its optimal level, (Gini – Gini*)2. The relation between (Gini-Gini*)2 and education shows an inverted U-shaped curve in which the threshold value wasn’t reached yet but, once the threshold value is reached, more education consumption could reduce income inequality, which can result in better equality of opportunity for most of the American population. However, the indicators of economic openness, taxes, and financial assets show U-shaped curves. Considering the analyzed period from 1946 to 2015, openness and, taxes have contributed to the increase in inequality since the mid-1970s. Besides, financial assets also have contributed to inequality since 2008. However, from 1946 to about 2007, these financial assets, which include credit, contributed to generating lower income inequality.
Back to Top Top