Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)

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ISSN / EISSN : 2303-3045 / 2503-183X
Published by: Alma Ata University Press (10.21927)
Total articles ≅ 142
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Dian Isti Angraini, Rizki Arisandi, Emantis Rosa, Reni Zuraida
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 49-55; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).49-55

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Picky eating dicirikan sebagai penolakan terhadap jenis makanan tertentu. Perilaku makan ini berpotensi menyebabkan masalah pada status gizi karena asupan makan yang tidak adekuat. Status gizi yang bermasalah ini dapat menyebabkan berbagai gangguan, kekurangan gizi menyebabkan perkembangan fisik dan mental tertunda, menurunkan kapasitas intelektual dan meningkatkan kerentanan terhadap penyakit, sedangkan kelebihan nutrisi meningkatkan kerentanan terhadap penyakit metabolik dan kardiovaskular. Tujuan: Menentukan prevalensi picky eating dan hubungan picky eating dengan status gizi anak prasekolah di Kecamatan Rajabasa Bandar Lampung. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross- sectional. Sampel terdiri atas 160 anak prasekolah berusia 36-72 tahun (3-6 tahun) pada PAUD di Kecamatan Rajabasa Bandar Lampung. Sampel diambil menggunakan metode Multistage Random Sampling dan dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil: Sebanyak 100 anak (62,5%) teridentifikasi sebagai picky eater. Sebanyak 21 anak (13,1%) memiliki status gizi kurus berdasarkan IMT/U, 118 anak (73,8%) normal, dan 21 anak (13,1%) tergolong gemuk. Secara statistik, tidak ada hubungan antara perilaku makan picky eating dengan status gizi anak prasekolah dengan nilai p = 0,914. Kesimpulan: Prevalensi picky eating sebesar 62,5% dan tidak ada hubungan antara picky eating dengan gizi anak prasekolah di Kecamatan Rajabasa Bandar Lampung. KATA KUNCI: picky eating; prasekolah; status gizi ABSTRACTBackground: Picky eating is characterized by the refusal of a certain type of food. This eating behavior potentially causes a nutritional status problem because of inadequate intake of food. This nutritional status can lead to many problems, undernutrition causes delayed mental and physical development, decrease intellectual capacity, and higher susceptibility to disease, while overnutrition increases the susceptibility of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of picky eating and the relation of picky eating behavior and nutritional status of pre-school children in Rajabasa Bandar Lampung. Methods: This study uses a quantitative method with a cross-sectional approach. The sample consisted of 160 pre-school children aged 36-72 months (3-6 years) in kindergartens located in the Rajabasa subdistrict, Bandar Lampung. Sampling was done by multistage random sampling and the data were analyzed by chi-square test. Results: As many as 100 preschool children (62.5%) were identified as picky eaters. A total of 21 children (13.1%) were classified as thin by BMI/Age nutritional status, 118 children (73,8%) were normal, and 21 children (13.1%) were overweight. Statistically, picky eating behavior is not related to the nutritional status of preschool children with a p-value = 0.914. Conclusions: The prevalence of picky eating is 62.5% and there is no relation between picky eating behavior and the nutritional status of pre-school children in Rajabasa Bandar Lampung. KEYWORDS: nutritional status; picky eating; preschool
Siti Ummubella Habiba, Endah Budi Permana Putri
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).1-10

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Peningkatan kadar kolesterol terutama kadar LDL sering dijumpai pada masyarakat umum. Tingginya kadar LDL sering dikaitkan dengan berbagai permasalahan kesehatan seperti Atherosklerosis, Stroke, dan lain sebagainya. Upaya untuk menurunkan kadar LDL terus dilakukan baik dengan menggunakan terapi obat-obatan ataupun terapi alternatif. Para peneliti telah menemukan adanya efek antikolesterol pada buah kurma. Kandungan senyawa penting seperti plant sterol, flavonoid, dan serat pada buah kurma sangat berperan terhadap penurunan kolesterol darah. Tujuan: Menganalisis pengaruh pemberian kurma terhadap kadar LDL pada uji eksperimental hewan coba tikus dan manusia Metode: Metode penelitian ini menggunakan Systematic Literature Review. Sebanyak 133 artikel menggunakan keywords “The effect” AND “dates” AND “LDL” AND “rats” AND “humans” AND “RCT”. Terdapat 7 artikel eksperimental dengan Randomized Controlled Trial (inklusi) yang dipublikasikan melalui Pubmed, Google Scholar, Sciencedirect, EBSCO. Perlakuan intervensi pada hewan uji coba keseluruhan menggunakan ekstrak kurma dengan rata-rata 630,76 mg/kgBB selama 8-15 hari. Sedangkan, responden manusia mengkonsumsi buah kurma dengan rata-rata 70 g/hari selama 21-28 hari. Hasil: Analisis secara deskriptif yang dilakukan pada berbagai artikel bahwa mayoritas pemberian kurma pada subjek hewan uji coba tikus menunjukkan hasil uji p<0,05 yaitu adanya pengaruh signifikan terkait penurunan kadar LDL. Selain itu, mayoritas hasil pada subjek manusia menunjukkan hasil uji p<0,05 yaitu adanya pengaruh signifikan terkait penurunan kadar LDL. Kesimpulan: Dari hasil penelitian ini, dapat disarankan untuk dapat mengkonsumsi kurma 7 buah per hari (100 g) dan menerapkan asupan makan dengan tinggi serat, vitamin dan mineral serta memberikan informasi gizi terkait pangan fungsional (kurma) dalam mengurangi tingkat risiko keparahan penyakit. KATA KUNCI: kurma; Low Density Lipoprotei; Randomized Controlled TrialABSTRACTBackground: Increased cholesterol levels, especially LDL levels, are often found in the general public. High levels of LDL are often associated with various health problems such as Atherosclerosis, Stroke, and so on. Efforts to reduce LDL levels continue to be made either by using drug therapy or alternative therapies. Researchers have found an anti-cholesterol effect in dates. The content of important compounds such as plant sterols, flavonoids, and fiber in dates plays a very important role in reducing blood cholesterol Objectives: To analyze the effect of dates on LDL levels in experimental animal rats and humans Methods: his research method uses a Systematic Literature Review. A total of 133 articles used the keywords "The effect" AND "dates" AND "LDL" AND "rats" AND "humans" AND "RCT". There are 7 experimental articles with Randomized Controlled Trial (inclusion) published through Pubmed, Google Scholar, Science direct, EBSCO. The overall intervention treatment in experimental animals used date palm extracts with an average of 630.76 mg / kgBB for 8-15 days. Meanwhile, human respondents consumed dates with an average of 70 g / day for 21-28 days. Results: escriptive analysis carried out on various articles showed that the majority of dates given to rat experimental animal subjects showed p <0.05, which was a significant effect related to the reduction of LDL levels. Also, the majority of the results on human subjects showed p <0.05, which was a significant effect on the reduction of LDL levels. Conclusions: From the results of this study, it can be suggested to be able to consume 7 dates per day (100 g) and to implement a diet high in fiber, vitamins and minerals and provide nutritional information related to functional foods (dates) in reducing the risk level of disease severity. KEYWORDS:dates; Low Density Lipoprotein; Randomized Controlled Trial
Pramesthi Widya Hapsari, Katri Andini Surijati, Windri Lesmana Rubai
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 11-18; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).11-18

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Bagi anak sekolah dasar (SD) status gizi yang cukup akan menunjang kemampuan akademiknya di sekolah. Akan tetapi, disaat pembatasan social berskala besar (PSBB) berlaku pengukuran status gizi tidak mungkin dilakukan karena dapat meningkatkan resiko penularan. Tujuan: mengetahui status gizi anak sekolah dasar (SD) menggunakan skor keberagaman makanan. Metode: Metode cross sectional digunakan pada penelitian ini dengan mengikutsertakan 58 pasang ibu dan siswa SD di wilayah Banyumas. Pengambilan data keberagaman makanan dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner online melalui google form. Uji analisis yang digunakan adalah uji chi square. Hasil: Rata-rata siswa SD di Kabupaten Banyumas mengonsumsi 6 kelompok makanan dalam sehari dimana kelompok makanan yang sangat jarang dikonsumsi adalah kelompok daging yaitu sebesar 17.2%. Tiga kelompok makanan yang paling sering dikonsumsi adalah kelompok susu (74.1%), telur (67.2%) dan kacang-kacangan (62.1%). Berdasarkan hasil analisis bivariat, tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara keberagaman makanan siswa SD di wilayah perkotaan dan perdesaan. Namun ada kecenderungan siswa yang tinggal di wilayah perkotaan memiliki skor keberagaman yang lebih tinggi. Kesimpulan: Tidak ada perbedaan antara keberagaman makanan antara wilayah perkotaan dan perdesaan di Kabupaten Banyumas. Namun ada kecenderungan bahwa siswa di wilayah SD lebih beragam. KATA KUNCI: COVID 19; keberagaman makanan; perdesaan dan perkotaan; siswa SD ABSTRACTBackground: School-aged children should maintain a better nutritional status to ensure the quality of their academic performance. However, during pandemic COVID 19 the weight and height measurement could increase the risk of spreading the virus. Objectives: To determine the the indicators of school-aged children’s nutritional status using dietary diversity score (DDS). Methods: In total 58 pairs of mothers and children were included in a cross-sectional study. The data of dietary diversity was collected using an online questionnaire through a google form. The chi-square analysis was used to assess the significant differences. Results: On average, school-aged children consumed six food groups a day. The three most consumed food groups were oil and fats, sweet and dark leafy vegetables, namely 51, 56, and 53 students respectively. There was a significant difference in the consumption of fresh meat and other fruits between urban and rural areas. Based on bivariate analysis, there was no significant difference in DDS within students’ characteristics. However, there was a better DDS trend within fathers’ occupation, mothers working status, and mothers’ knowledge level. Conclusions: There was a tendency that plant-based food was mostly consumed in rural areas and animal-based food was mostly consumed in urban areas. Furthermore, the study confirmed parental factors on students' food consumption. KEYWORDS: COVID 19; dietary diversity score; urban dan rural; school-aged children
Ninda Aini Syaher, Putri Ronitawati, Prita Dhyani Swamilaksita, Rachmanida Nuzrina, Laras Sitoayu
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 40-48; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).40-48

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Salah satu syarat keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja adalah dengan memenuhi kebutuhan gizi guna meningkatkan derajat kesehatan pekerja. Perencanaan menu perlu memperhatikan kualitas atau keragaman pangan. Semakin tinggi keanekaragaman makanan yang dikonsumsi akan diikuti dengan semakin terpenuhinya kebutuhan zat gizi seseorang yang selanjutnya akan berpengaruh pada produktivitas kerja pegawai. Tujuan: Menganalisis densitas energi dan zat gizi pangan, densitas energi konsumsi, densitas asupan zat gizi, dan kontribusi zat gizi makan siang pada pegawai Yayasan Islam Asy-Syukriyyah Tangerang Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross-sectional. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik total sampling dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 74 pegawai. Analisis bivariat menggunakan uji statistik Korelasi Spearman. Hasil:Sebagian besar responden berusia 31 – 50 tahun (middle adult) dan sebagian besar status gizi responden adalah gizi lebih. Hasil uji korelasi menunjukan ada hubungan antara densitas asupan vitamin A, vitamin C, zat besi makan siang pegawai dengan kontribusi vitamin A, vitamin C, zat besi makan siang pegawai (p-value=0,0001, p-value=0,0001, p-value=0,0001). Tidak ada hubungan antara densitas asupan protein dan kalsium makan siang pegawai dengan kontribusi protein dan kalsium makan siang pegawai (p-value=0,051, p-value=0,087). Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan antara densitas asupan vitamin A, vitamin C, zat besi makan siang dengan kontribusi vitamin A, vitamin C, zat besi makan siang. Hal ini dikarenakan kurang beragam dan berkualitasnya pangan yang digunakan pada menu makan siang. Sehingga zat gizi seperti vitamin dan mineral tidak terpenuhi. KATA KUNCI: densitas asupan zat gizi; densitas energi dan zat gizi pangan; densitas energi konsumsi; kontribusi zat gizi; pegawai
ABSTRACTBackground: One of the requirements for occupational health and safety is to fulfill the nutritional needs to improve the health status of workers. Menu planning needs to pay attention to the quality and diversity of food. The higher the variety of food consumed, the more nutritional needs can be fulfilled and affect employees' work productivity. Objectives: To analyze energy and nutrient density, energy density intake, nutrient density intake, and nutrient contribution of lunch in employees at Asy-Syukriyyah Islamic Foundation Tangerang. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. Sampling was done by a total sampling technique with a total of 74 employees. Bivariate analysis using Spearman's Correlation statistical test. Results: Most of the respondents were 31 – 50 years old (middle adult), and most of the respondents' nutritional status was overweight.The correlation test results showed a relationship between vitamin A, vitamin C, iron density intake of employee’s lunch with vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron contribution of employee’s lunch (p-value = 0.0001, p-value = 0.0001, p-value=0.0001). There was no relationship between protein and calcium density intake of employee’s lunch with protein and calcium contribution of employee’s lunch (p-value=0.051, p-value=0.087). Conclusions: There is a relationship between the nutrient density intake (vitamin A, vitamin C, iron) with the nutrient contribution (vitamin A, vitamin C, iron) of lunch. This result is because of the lack of diversity and quality of food used on the lunch menu. So, the nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are not fulfilled. KEYWORDS: employees; energy and nutrient density; energy density intake; nutrient density intake; nutrient contribution
Windawati Dewi, Tri Marta Fadhilah
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 27-39; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).27-39

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Abon ikan merupakan jenis makanan olahan yang terbuat dari ikan yang diberi beberapa bumbu, cara pengolahannya dengan pengukusan dan penggorengan. Ikan gabus mengandung protein yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan jenis ikan lainnya. Lempuyang gajah dapat digunakan untuk obat gatal, perut nyeri, disentri, sesak nafas, wasir, cacing dan penambah nafsu makan. Tujuan: Untuk menganalisis skor dan uji perbedaan pada uji inderawi, uji hedonik, kadar albumin, kadar air, dan kadar abu pada abon ikan gabus dengan lempuyang gajah. Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimental dengan 2 faktor 3 taraf perlakuan terdiri dari daging ikan gabus 90%, 80%, 70% dan lempuyang gajah 10%, 20%, 30%. Hasil: Hasil skor uji inderawi dari indikator aroma, tekstur, dan rasa tertinggi pada formula 1 (90% ikan gabus : 10% lempuyang gajah) dan dari indikator warna tertinggi pada formula 2 (80% ikan gabus : 20% lempuyang gajah). Sedangkan uji beda inderawi menggunakan analisis Kruskall Wallis untuk uji beda inderawi didapatkan hasil yang memiliki perbedaan signifikan yaitu aroma,tekstur dan rasa (P-Value < 0,05). Uji hedonik tertinggi di masyarakat umum termasuk dalam kategori suka (77%) dengan perbandingan ikan gabus 70% dan lempuyang gajah 30%, sedangkan pada mahasiswa gizi termasuk dalam kategori suka (69,57%) dengan perbandingan ikan gabus 80% dan lempuyang gajah 20%. Dari hasil penelitian ini untuk kandungan albumin tertinggi pada formula 1 sebesar 2,57%, kadar air ketiga formula belum sesuai dengan SNI 01-37707-1995 dan kadar abu ketiga formula sudah sesuai dengan SNI 01-37707-1995 pada produk abon. Kesimpulan: abon ikan gabus dengan lempuyang gajah dapat diterima oleh masyarakat. KATA KUNCI: abon ikan; albumin; ikan gabus; lempuyang gajah ABSTRACTBackground: Fish Floss is a type of processed food made from seasoned fish, which is processed by steaming and frying. Snakehead fish contain higher protein than other fish. Bitter ginger can be used for itching medicine, stomach pain, dysentery, asphyxiate, hemorrhoids, worm disease and appetite enhancer. Objectives: For analyzing scores and test differences in sensory test, hedonic test (preference), albumin content, water content, and ash content in Snakehead fish with the addition of Bitter Ginger. Methods: The research design that was used was experimental with 2 factors 3 treatment levels consisting of 90%, 80%, 70% snakehead fish’ meat and 10%,20%,30% bitter ginger. Results: the result of sensory test scores from indicators of the aroma, texture, and highest test in formula 1 (90% snakehead fish: 10% bitter ginger) and from the highest color in formula 2 (80% snakehead fish: 20 % bitter ginger). Meanwhile, the sensory difference test using Kruskal Wallis analysis for sensory difference test showed that the result had significant differences such as aroma, texture and taste (P-Value <0,05). While the highest hedonic test in general public was included in like category (77%) with the ratio of 70% snakehead fish and 30% bitter ginger, in nutritional science department students were included in like category (69.57%) with the ratio of 80% snakehead fish and 20% bitter ginger. From the result of this research for highest albumin content in formula 1 was 2.57%, water content for all formulas are not appropriate with SNI 01-37707-1995 in fish floss products because it has more than 7% and ash content for all formulas are already appropriate with SNI 01-37707-1995 was less than 7%. Conclusions: Fish floss with the addition of bitter ginger can be accepted by society. KEYWORDS:  albumin; Bitter ginger; fish floss; Snakehead fish
Hildagardis Meliyani Erista Nai, Maria Amrijati Lubijarsih
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 9, pp 19-26; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2021.9(1).19-26

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Obesitas adalah masalah kesehatan dunia dengan prevalensi terus meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Wanita secara umum lebih banyak mengalami masalah berat badan dibandingkan dengan laki-laki. Perkembangan teknologi berpengaruh terhadap gaya hidup sedentari yang menyebabkan kenaikan berat badan. Wanita paling sering melakukan pemesanan makanan online dibandingkan laki-laki. Tujuan: menganalisis hubungan frekuensi pemesanan online food dengan obesitas sentral pada wanita usia 20 -49 tahun. Metode: jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional analitik dengan rancangan potong lintang (cross-sectional). Populasi adalah wanita dewasa usia 20 – 49 tahun. Total 120 wanita usia 20 - 49 tahun diobservasi status gizi dan frekuensi pemesanan online food. Lingkar perut digunakan untuk menentukan status obesitas sentral dari wanita. Wanita dikategorikan obes jika dia mempunyai lingkar perut >80 centimeter dan tidak obes jika lingkar perut ≤80 centimeter. Variabel paparan utama adalah frekuensi pemesanan online food yang dikategorikan menjadi ≥ 3 kali dan < 3 kali dalam seminggu. Kovariat adalah karakteristik responden yang meliputi usia, tingkat pendidikan, status pekerjaan, status pernikahan, dan aktivitas fisik. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis univariat (frekuensi dan persentase) dan analisis bivariat (chi-square). Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 70,8% responden mengalami obesitas sentral. Rata-rata lingkar perut responden adalah 85,0 centimeter. Sebagian besar responden (60,8%) pernah melakukan pemesanan online food. Makanan yang paling banyak dipesan responden antara lain ayam goreng, nasi goreng, martabak / roti panggang, dan pizza. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik responden tidak berhubungan signifikan dengan kejadian obesitas sentral. Tidak ada hubungan signifikan antara frekuensi pemesanan online food dengan kejadian obesitas sentral pada wanita dewasa usia 20 - 49 tahun (p=0,325). Kesimpulan: frekuensi pemesanan online food ≥ 3 kali seminggu bukan faktor risiko obesitas sentral pada wanita dewasa. KATA KUNCI: aplikasi smartphone; obesitas sentral; online food; wanita ABSTRACTBackground: Obesity is a global health problem with prevalence increasing from year to year. Women, in general, have more weight problems than men. Technological developments affect sedentary lifestyles that cause weight gain. Women are more often ordering food online than men. Objectives: To analyze the relationship between the frequency of online food ordering with central obesity in women aged 20 - 49 years. Methods: This study was an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. The population was women aged 20 - 49 years. A total of 120 women aged 20-49 years were observed for their nutritional status and frequency of online food ordering. Waist circumference was used to determine the status of central obesity in women. The woman was categorized as obese if she has waist circumference > 80-centimeters and not obese if waist circumference ≤ 80 centimeters. The main exposure was the frequency of online food ordering that was categorized into ≥ 3 times and < 3 times a week. Age, education level, employment status, marital status, and physical activity were analyzed using univariate analysis. The bivariate analysis was also conducted to analyze relations between variables. Results: Results showed that 70.8% of respondents have central obesity. Respondent’s average waist circumference was 85.0 centimeters. Most of the respondents (60.8%) have ordered food online. Respondents’ top-ordered foods include fried chicken, fried rice, martabak (fried crepe filled with egg, and vegetable) and pizza. Bivariate analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between characteristics of respondents with central obesity. There was no significant relationship between the frequency of online food ordering with central obesity in women aged 20 - 49 years (p = 0.325). Conclusion: online food ordering frequency 3 times a week is not a risk factor for central obesity in women aged 20 - 49 years. KEYWORDS: central obesity; online food; smartphone applications; women
Anto J. Hadi, Syamsopyan Ishak, Matius Rantesalu
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 8, pp 54-60; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2020.8(2).54-60

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ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Banyaknya berbagai jenis jajan saat ini yang beredar tidak aman dikonsumsi anak usia sekolah dasar di lingkungan sekolah maupun dirumah. Makanan jajanan yang ditawarkan penjual belum tentu menyehatkan dan hal yang disukai anak-anak sekolah dasar tetapi sayangnya tidak semuanya aman dikonsumsi oleh anak.Tujuan : Untuk menilai pengaruh media penyuluhan gizi terhadap perilaku jajan siswa di SD Negeri 107422 Pagar Jati Kabupaten Deli Serdang.Metode: Penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment dengan desain pretest-posttest group. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SD Negeri 107422 Pagar Jati dan dilakukan pada bulan September dan Oktober 2019. Populasi sebanyak 60 siswa dan sampel terbagi menjadi 2 kelompok dengan jumlah masing-masing sebanyak 30 siswa dan pengambilan sampel secara proportional random sampling. Analisis data dengan menggunakan uji paired sample t-test.Hasil: Ada pengaruh media penyuluhan gizi terhadap sikap dan tindakan konsumsi makanan jajanan pada siswa sekolah dasar baik dengan menggunakan powerpoint (p=0,000) maupun leaflet (p=0,000). Skor rata-rata sikap dan tindakan siswa meningkat dari pretest ke posttest dan lebih tinggi peningkatannya pada penggunaan media powerpoint.Kesimpulan: Terdapat pengaruh positif media penyuluhan gizi terhadap sikap dan tindakan siswa dengan perilaku jajan siswa. Bagi siswa diharapkan selalu memilih makanan sehat dan tidak memilih jajanan yang kurang sehat.KATA KUNCI: media penyuluhan gizi; perilaku ngemil sehat ABSTRACTBackground: Various types of snacks currently existed in the market are not safe for consumption by elementary school-aged children at school or home environment. Snack food offered by the seller is not necessarily healthy yet the children like. But unfortunately there are several snacks that are not safe for children consumption.Objectives: This study aims to assess the effect of nutrition counseling media on student snack behavior in SD Negeri 107422 Pagar Jati, Deli Serdang Regency.Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental approach using pretest and post-test group design. The study was conducted at SD Negeri 107422 Pagar Jati, Deli Serdang Regency in September to October 2019. The population were 60 students. Samples were then divided into 2 groups with a total of 30 students using proportional random sampling. Data analysis used was paired sample t-test.Results: There was an influence of nutrition counseling media on the attitudes and actions of snacking behavior for elementary school students using either powerpoint (p = 0.000) or leaflets (p = 0.000).Conclusion: The average score of students' snacking attitudes and actions increases from pretest to post-test and higher increases in the use of powerpoint media. Students are expected to always choose healthy foods and not to choose snacks that are less healthy.KEYWORDS: nutrition counseling media; healthy sacking behavior
Aspiyani Aspiyani, Putri Ronitawati, Prita Dhyani Swamilaksita, Rachmanida Nuzrina, Mertien Sa'Pang
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 8, pp 80-86; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2020.8(2).80-86

Abstract:
Background: The most important thing in giving food to the elderly is that the food served must meet the nutritional needs, the food served is given regularly in small portions but often, the food must be gradual and varied so as not to cause boredom, the food must be according to doctor's instructions for certain elderly and food must be soft. The elderly who live in the Werdha Nursing Home are faced with a different situation than before they lived in an orphanage. This causes the elderly to make adjustments so that their needs can be fulfilled. Health conditions in the elderly stage are largely determined by the quality and quantity of nutritional intake.Objective: This study aims to determine the analysis of menu planning, the relationship of energy consumption density and food waste to the nutritional status of the elderly at the Social Home Method: This study was an observational study of cross-sectional study design. Sampling was done by purposive sampling technique with a total of 50 elderly respondents. Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square statistical tests. Results: Planning the menu at the Social Home is carried out once a year with a seven-day menu cycle compiled by a Puskesmas Nutritionist and has a menu structure consisting of the frequency of feeding 3 main meals and 2 interludes. The application in feeding has not been adjusted to the menu made by a Nutritionist. Most respondents were aged 60-74 years (elderly). Correlation test results showed that there was no relationship between energy consumption density with the nutritional status of the elderly ( p = 0.589 ) (p> 0.05) and there was a relationship between food waste and the nutritional status of the elderly (p = 0.010 ) (p <0.05). Conclusion: Some menu planning at the Social Institution was carried out and some did not meet the factors that influenced menu planning at the institution. There is a relationship between food waste with the nutritional status of the elderly, the main factor affecting nutritional status is food intake. This is because not only because of the small amount of food left (<20%) which causes the risk of malnutrition, but there are other factors based on the questions and the results of the MNA score.
Jurianto Gambir, Iman Jaladri, Endah Mayang Sari, Yulinda Kurniasari
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 8, pp 87-92; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2020.8(2).87-92

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Edukasi gizi yang tepat dapat merubah remaja putri untuk berperilaku hidup sehat. Inovasi program edukasi yang dapat memotivasi remaja putri dalam mencari dan mengkonsumsi tablet zat besi secara teratur sangat dibutuhkan sehingga dapat menurunkan prevalensi anemia di Indonesia.Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh edukasi melalui buku diary gizi terhadap pengetahuan gizi, minat mencari tablet zat besi dan kepatuhan remaja putri dalam mengkonsumsi tablet zat besi (Fe).Metode: Quasi experimental (Non-Randomized group pre–post test) study dengan 50 subyek penelitian yang terbagi menjadi dua kelompok perlakuan. Subjek penelitian adalah siswi remaja putri di SMA di Kota Pontianak, dengan kriteria umur 14-16 tahun sudah haid dan bersedia menjadi subjek penelitian. Intervensi berlangsung selama dua bulan efektif. Kelompok intervensi diberikan tablet zat besi (Fe) + buku Diary Gizi dan kelompok kontrol tanpa buku Diary Gizi. Tablet zat besi (Fe) yang diberikan mengandung 60 mg Fe elemental dan 20 mg asam folat. Data dianalisis menggunakan software komputer dan disajikan dalam bentuk tekstular dan table, dengan uji statistik Chi square dan t test. Hasil: Hasil penelitian program suplementasi zat besi (Fe) dikalangan remaja putri belum popular. Tingkat pengetahuan siswi yang mendapatkan edukasi gizi dengan Buku Diary lebih baik dibandingkan dengan siswi yang mendapatkan edukasi melalui penyuluhan (p<0,05). Siswi dari kelompok buku Diary Gizi lebih patuh dalam mengkonsumsi tablet zat besi (p<0,05). Kesimpulan: Pemberian dan aktivitas dengan catatan harian buku Diary Gizi dapat digunakan dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan meningkatkan kepatuhan remaja putri dalam mengkonsumsi tablet zat besi (Fe). Penggunaan Buku Diary Gizi dapat dipertimbangkan dalam mensukseskan program suplementasi zat besi (Fe) pada remaja putri KATA KUNCI: buku diary gizi; kepatuhan; konsumsi; pengetahuan; remaja putri; tablet zat besi (Fe) ABSTRACTBackground: Proper education about nutrition can change adolescent females to have a healthy lifestyle. Innovation of education programs which can motivate female adolescents in finding and consuming iron tablets regularly is highly necessary, so that it can decrease the prevalence of anemia in Indonesia.Objectives: To find out the effect of Nutrition Diary-Book education on nutritional knowledge, effort to find iron tablets and consuming iron tablets in adolescence.Methods: A quasi experimental study (non-randomized group pre–post test) was conducted with 50 subjects divided into two groups. The age of the subjects were 14-16 years old, already had menstruation and were willing to be research subjects for 2 months. Iron tablets and nutrition diary-books were administered to intervention group and were administered to control group without nutrition diary-books. The results were analyzed using chi square and t-test.Results: The level of knowledge who get education about nutrition by having nutrition diary-books is better compared to female students who get the education through elucidation (p<0.05). The female students from the intervention group were proven to be more obedient in consuming iron tablets (p<0.05).Conclusion: The administration of nutrition diary-book and activity of writing nutrition diary-book can be used to increase knowledge and adherence in consuming iron tablets among adolescent female students.KEYWORDS: adherence; adolescent; iron tablet; knowledge; nutrition diary-book
Dhuha Itsnanisa Adi
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), Volume 8, pp 61-67; https://doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2020.8(2).61-67

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Rasio LDL terhadap HDL menggambarkan profil kolesterol LDL dan HDL dalam darah dan merupakan salah satu komponen penting sebagai indikator risiko penyakit kardiovaskular. Kandungan serat yang tinggi terutama pektin (serat larut air) pada kulit markisa kuning dapat mencegah penyerapan karbohidrat, menurunkan absorpsi lemak dan kolesterol darah sehingga dapat mengontrol kadar lipid dalam darah.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai pengaruh jus kulit markisa kuning terhadap rasio kolesterol LDL:HDL pada pasien diabetes mellitus sebagai prediktor penyakit kardiovaskuler di wilayah kerja puskesmas Teppo Kabupaten Pinrang.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan non-randomized pre-test dan post-test with control group. Cara pemilihan sampel dengan metode purposive sampling sebanyak 40 orang yang dibagi dalam 2 kelompok. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan jus kulit markisa kuning sebanyak 250 ml/hari dan edukasi selama 15 hari sedangkan kelompok kontrol hanya diberikan edukasi.Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa rasio kolesterol LDL: HDL pada kelompok intervensi mengalami penurunan dengan rerata penurunan sebesar 0,56 sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol mengalami peningkatan dengan rerata peningkatan sebesar 0,25. Secara statistik menunjukkan adanya perbedaan antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok control (p< 0,05).Kesimpulan: Dengan demikian terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan rerata selisih rasio kolesterol LDL:HDL antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol setelah pemberian jus kulit markisa kuning pada penderita diabetes mellitus.KATA KUNCI: kulit markisa kuning; rasio LDL:HDL; prediktor penyakit kardiovaskulerABSTRACTBackground: The ratio of LDL to HDL illustrates the profile of LDL and HDL cholesterol in the blood and it is one of the important components as an indicator of risk for cardiovascular disease. High fiber content, especially pectin (water-soluble fiber) on the skin of yellow passion fruit can prevent the absorption of carbohydrates, reduce the absorption of fat and blood cholesterol so that it can control blood lipid levels.Objectives: To assess the effect of fruit peel juice on LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio in patients with diabetes mellitus as predictors of cardiovascular disease in the working area of Teppo Health Center, Pinrang Regency.Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental design with a non-randomized pre-test and post-test with the control group. The method of selecting samples with a purposive sampling method of 40 people divided into 2 groups. The treatment group was given 250 ml of yellow passion fruit peel juice /day and education for 15 days while the control group was given education only.Results: The result showed that LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio in the intervention group decreased about 0.56 while in contrast LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio in the control group increased about 0.25 and statistically, the change was the difference (p> 0.05).Conclussion: Thus there is a significant difference in the mean LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio between the intervention group and the control group after administration of yellow passion fruit skin juice in people with diabetes mellitus.KEYWORDS: Yellow passion fruit peel juice; LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio; predictor of cardiovascular disease
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