Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2086-4639 / 2460-5824
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Former Publisher: Center for Environmental Research, Institute of Research and Community Services (IPB) (10.19081)
Total articles ≅ 326
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Nusaibah Sofyan, Ietje Wintarsih, Ahyar Ismail
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 607-615; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.607-615

Abstract:
Emisi kendaraan bermotor mengandung logam berat salah satunya adalah timbal (Pb). Pedagang kaki lima termasuk ke dalam kelompok masyarakat berisiko tinggi terhadap paparan emisi kendaraan bermotor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengkaji kadar timbal dalam darah pedagang kaki lima. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional dengan metode pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan kuesioner. Pengukuran timbal menggunakan metode Spektrofotometer Serapan Atom (SSA). Sampel ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling sebanyak 30 pedagang kaki lima. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 18 responden (60%) memiliki kadar timbal dalam darah melebihi kadar normal yaitu
Mutia Oktarina Permai Yenny, Arief Hartono, Syaiful Anwar, Yumei Kang
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 584-593; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.584-593

Abstract:
Heavy metals have been reported to accumulate in sediment of Citarum River. The measurement of total heavy metals may not be able to provide information about the exact dimension of pollution, thus the determination of different fractions assumed great importance. This study was performed to determine chemical fractions of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb and Cd) in sediment collected at 8 locations from Citarum River. The sequential extraction procedure was used to extract heavy metals in water-soluble, acid-soluble, MnO occluded, organically bound, FeO occluded and residual fraction in sediment. Bioavailability and potential ecological risk level of heavy metals were evaluated based on bioavailability factor (BF) and risk assessment code (RAC) method. The results showed that Cu, Ni, Cr were mostly in residual form, indicate those from geological sources. Cu had low bioavailability and no risk in all sediment samples of Citarum River. Ni and Cr each was found to have risk at 2 locations. Pb and Cd were found dominantly in non-residual fraction, suggest those from anthropogenic sources. BF and RAC analysis of Pb and Cd suggest that there is a potential risk to the aquatic environment.
Ati D Nurhayati, Bambang Hero Saharjo, Leti Sundawati, Syartinillia, Yeni Vetrita
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 568-583; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.568-583

Abstract:
South Sumatera Province experienced the worst peat fires in 2015, where the larger area is located in Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) District. Human activity is a very important factor in causing forest and peatland fires,because in fact nearly almost 100 % of forest and land fires are caused by human. One of the purposes of this paper is to study the human activities that could trigger forest and peatland fires in OKI District. The results of this study are expected to produce information about the causes of fires and provide a scientific based information for policymakers to prevent forest and peatland fires in OKI District. This research was conducted in six villages in three sub-districts, Perigi and Riding Village in Pangkalan Lampam Sub-District; Ulak Depati and Jungkal Village in Pampangan Sub-District; and Pulu Beruang and Ujung Tanjung Village in Tulung Selapan Sub-District. This research method is field observations, interviews, and analyzing Terra/Aqua MODIS satellite imagery data to get the burned area. Based on the interview,it had been found that the main behavior of the community triggers peat fires is sonor, land preparation for plantation, and fishing. Terra/Aqua MODIS image analysis reveals that the area burned in 2015 and 2019, mostly occurred in swamp scrub and open land cover. The knowledge and perceptions of the people in OKI Regency on forest and peatland fire control are classified as moderate (56.7% - 83.3%). Community participation in outreach and training activities can increase people knowledge and perceptions on forest and peatland fire control. Public knowledge has an essential correlation with people's perceptions. Positive public perceptions on efforts to control fires will increase their participation. Community participation at the site level will determine the success of controlling forest and land fires.
Rahmat Hidayat, Alfi Wardah Farihah
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 616-626; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.616-626

Abstract:
Climate datasets were analyzed to identify the changing climatic parameters and extreme events in Bogor, West Java. This study aims to analyze the characteristic of observational datasets in Baranangsiang and Dramaga, namely, air temperature and rainfall, and to indentify the changing structure of those climate parameters. The analysis has been conducted using RClimdex to understand the long-term changing air temperature and rainfall based on 10 indices for air temperature and 8 indices for rainfall. Results show that the rainfall in Baranangsiang has the daily mean of 10 mm/day and in Dramaga of 8 mm/day. The daily mean of air temperature in Baranangsiang and Dramaga is 27˚C and 25.5˚C, respectively. Generally, the declined slopes of the temperature indices in Barangsiang, namely, TN90p, TNx, TX10p, TNn, TXn, TR20, and SU25, indicate cooler temperature. In Dramaga, the increased temperature indices, namely, TN90p, TX90p, TXx, SU25, and TXn, indicate the warmer temperature. The rainfall indices generally decline, except for CDD, which indicate the increased consecutive dry days in Baranangsiang.
Drucella Benala Dyahati, Lailan Syaufina, Arzyana Sunkar
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 639-649; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.639-649

Abstract:
Indonesia is a country located in a disaster-prone region. Disasters in Indonesia have caused adverse impacts on the Indonesian tourism industry. Disaster mitigation efforts are needed to reduce the impact of a disaster. This study aimed to analyze disaster-aware tourist development strategy in Puncak Areas Bogor District West Java Province. The result showed that disaster-aware tourists are tourists who have a good knowledge, attitudes and behavior about disasters. Results of analysis showed that disaster-aware tourists only 25% from total tourists visited Puncak Area. Disaster-aware tourists are tourists who consciously and responsible participate in an efforts of disaster mitigation in order to minimize or overcoming the impact of the disasters especially in tourism industry. Disaster-aware tourists development strategy is imparting disaster-aware tourists behavior on tourists, developing disaster-aware tourists through strengthening the social norm, socialize and promoting disaster-aware tourists concept until adopted into a trend that can support mitigation efforts and increase disaster preparedness, optimizing the role of disaster-aware tourists to encourage supporting infrastructure and mitigation efforts policies in the tourism areas and tourism industry, the government and tourism industry providing disaster-aware tourists supporting infrastructure, increase collaboration between the government, private sector and tourists in order to mend disaster mitigation efforts in the tourism areas and tourism activity, create and implement policies or special rules that regulate disaster mitigation efforts in tourism activity and industry with strength supervison, sanctions, and enforcement.
Refa Riskiana, Hefni Effendi, Yusli Wardiatno
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 650-659; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.650-659

Abstract:
The usage of plastic has been increasing from year to year for its durable, lightweight, sturdy, easy to form, and low cost production, so that plastic becomes a popular material. Plastics have affinities with persistent organic pollutant such as PCB, DDT, PAH and phthalates that can damage the ecosystem as well as harm to human. In this study plastic wastes were collected using nets in seven stations along Baturusa watershed, sorted based on its composing resin (RIC), then measured the abundance and the density rate on each station. 36% of the collected plastic wastes are Polypropylene (02), and 24% are LDPE (04). The highest density rate of collected plastic wastes was found on Mabet river (1.36 x 102 items/m3), followed by Baturusa river, and Rangkui river estuary. These three stations are located near the settlements so that the source of the plastic wastes comes from domestic activities. The variety of waste management showed a significant impact to the amount of plastic wastes on waters. One of the plastic waste management for the settlements is to carry out 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle), such as waste bank programs and implement EPR (extended producer responsibility) programme. The successfulness of this programme can only be achieved by the active participation of the waste bank customers and the implementation of 3R principle in daily life.
Ariffatchur Fauzi, Sugeng Santoso, Ali Nurmansyah
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 660-667; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.660-667

Abstract:
Pineapple is one of important fruit crops in Indonesia. One of important problems in pineapple production is pest infestation.. This study aims to investigate the biology, demography, and life cycle of Dolichotetranychus floridanus Banks on two pineapple cultivars (Queen and Cayenne). Observation of mite development (eggs-adults) were conducted every 6 hours. Adults were observed everyday to record the fecundity. The life table was constructed from the survivor and fecundity of D. floridanus. Based on this table, the variables of population growth, including gross reproduction rate (GRR), net reproductive rate (R0), mean generation time (T) and increase intrinsic rate (r) were determined. The results showed that the GRR, R0, and r of D. floridanus in the Queen cultivar were higher than Cayenne cultivar, while the T in the Queen cultivar was lower. Queen cultivar more suitable for D. floridanus than Cayenne cultivar.
Yudi Setiawan , Siti Badriyah Rushayati, Rachmad Hermawan, Lilik Budi Prasetyo, Arif Kurnia Wijayanto
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 559-567; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.559-567

Abstract:
Pandemi covid-19 telah menimbulkan dampak secara global pada semua sektor termasuk lingkungan. Sebaran covid-19 ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh aktifitas dan mobilitas manusia. Aktifitas manusia juga sangat terkait dengan emisi polutan udara. Konsentrasi polutan udara yang tinggi pada saat pandemi covid-19, akan meningkatkan resiko terpapar covid-19. Kota Jakarta dan sekitarnya (Jabodetabek) merupakan kota dengan kepadatan penduduk yang tinggi. Kota-kota tersebut merupakan pusat ekonomi dan industri. Emisi polutan udara di kota-kota tersebut sangat tinggi. Konsentrasi polutan udara yang tinggi pada saat pandemic covid-19, akan meningkatkan resiko terpapar covid. Untuk mengantisipasi masalah ini maka pemerintah membuat Kebijakan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB). Aktifitas manusia yang dibatasi, selain berdampak pada menurunnya resiko manusia terpapar covid-19 dari droplet yang dikeluarkan penderita positif covid-19, juga berdaampak pada menurunnya emisi polutan udara sehingga dapat menurunkan resiko terpapar covid-19. Beberapa variabel yang memengaruhi kerentanan dan resiko terhadap paparan covid-19 yaitu sebaran permukiman, jalan, pusat ekonomi (pasar, pusat bisnis, pusat industri), dan mobilitas manusia. Dalam penelitian ini akan dianalisis juga peran ruang terbuka hijau terhadap resiko paparan covid-19. Ruang terbuka hijau sangat berperan penting dalam menurunkan polutan udara sehingga akan berpengaruh juga terhadap resiko terpapar covid-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk 1) mengkaji sebaran polutan udara berdasarkan kerentanan dan resiko covid-19 di Wilayah Jakarta Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi (Jabodetabek), dan 2) mengkaji hasil overlay antara tutupan lahan dengan kerentanan dan resiko terhadap covid-19.
Sri Malahayati Yusuf, Kukuh Murtilaksono, Dwi Mei Lawaswati
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 594-606; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.4.594-606

Abstract:
Penerapan model USLE pada beberapa Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) di Indonesia menunjukkan keragaman proses yang mempengaruhi terjadinya erosi tanah. Integrasi model USLE ke dalam Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) mampu memberikan gambaran spasial dari sebaran kelas erosi tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memprediksi besarnya erosi tanah pada berbagai tutupan lahan di sub DAS Ciesek dengan mengintegrasikan model USLE ke dalam SIG. Pengambilan sampel tanah utuh dan terganggu dilakukan berdasarkan SPT, disertai pengamatan sifat fisik tanah di lapangan. Prediksi erosi tanah dilakukan menggunakan menu raster calculator dengan input data berbasis raster yang memiliki resolusi spasial tertentu. Analisis sebaran kelas erosi pada berbagai jenis tutupan lahan dan kelas lereng dilakukan dengan metode tabulasi silang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kelas erosi tanah sangat rendah dominan di lokasi penelitian yaitu pada area dengan tutupan lahan hutan. Erosi tanah prediksi tertinggi dihasilkan dari tutupan lahan terbuka, diikuti oleh lahan tegalan, dan kebun campuran
Kanthi Hardina, Tri Giyat Desantoro, Nuarani Hardikananda, Fajar Alif Sampangestu, Shiela Safitri, Abdul Aziz
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 10, pp 489-500; doi:10.29244/jpsl.10.3.489-500

Abstract:
Individu burung yang terkumpul dari beberapa spesies dalam satu waktu di dalam ruang tertentu yang membentuk kelompok disebut komunitas burung. Komposisi vegetasi dan spesies tumbuhan merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi kehadiran burung pada suatu habitat. Komposisi vegetasi yang terjadi akibat campur tangan manusia membentuk ekosistem artifisial atau ekosistem buatan. PT PJB UP Paiton merupakan objek vital nasional berupa area pembangkit listrik untuk Jawa dan Bali. Kehadiran PT PJB UP Paiton membentuk ekosistem artifisial pada kawasan tersebut. Indeks komunitas burung (IKB) adalah Teknik dalam menentukan kualitas suatu kawasan dengan menggunakan daftar spesies burung dan guild sebagai indikatornya. Pengambilan data burung dilakukan dengan metode point transects sampling dan data flora dilakukan dengan teknik sensus, yaitu menghitung dan mengukur setiap individu pada setiap spesies yang dijumpai di dalam lokasi pengamatan. Keanekaragaman spesies burung dihitung dengan indeks keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener, dan indeks kemerataan. Keanekaragaman spesies tumbuhan diukur dengan menghitung jumlah spesies, dominansi, indeks keanekaragaman dan indeks kemerataan tumbuhan sedangkan komposisi vegetasi diukur dengan nilai persentase summed dominance rasio (SDR). Hasil penelitian mendapatkan keragaman spesies tertinggi (H’= 3,05; E=0,62) di lokasi Perumahan dan keragaman spesies terendah (H’=2,12; E=0,29) di lokasi Pareho. Spesies M. indica menjadi spesies pohon paling dominan pada lokasi perumahan (29.31%) dan kelontong & benduman (42.79%) sedangkan lokasi kantor didominasi oleh pohon A. indica (26.35%) dan pareho oleh A. saman (26.89%). Hasil analisa hubungan vegetasi terhadap burung mendapatkan nilai r2 direntang -0,8 hingga 0,9 dengan nilai uji signifikan Pvalue>0,05. Hasil hitung IKB mendapatkan kategori rendah hingga menengah. Nilai tertinggi (64.4) diperoleh pada lokasi perumahan, dan nilai terendah (42,8) pada lokasi perkantoran.
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