World Nutrition Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2580-7013 / 2580-7013
Published by: Indonesian Nutrition Association (10.25220)
Total articles ≅ 171
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Latest articles in this journal

Raina Muzlifa, Mulyadi Mulyadi, Husnah Husnah
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 1-7;

Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the major health problems worldwide. Smoking is the main risk factor of the COPD development. Not only COPD has clinical manifestations in the lungs, it also manifest outside lungs called systemic effects.One of systemic effects found in COPD patients is weight loss leading to declining lung function. This study aims to determine the relation of Brinkman Index and Body Mass Index (BMI) with spirometry result of COPD outpatients in RSUDZA. Methods: The study was held in lung outpatients department in RSUDZA Banda Aceh on December 5th until 28th with cross sectional design The sampling method is nonprobability sampling with accidental sampling technique. Respondents consisted of 30 patients who had agreed to informed consent given. Medical record used to obtain Brinkman index, BMI, and spirometry result of the patients. Results: The results of analysis shows majority of respondents are male (83,3%), dominated by 56-65 years age range (40,0%) and had moderate Brinkman Index (46,7%). The majority of respondents (53,3%) had an abnormal BMI (severe underweight (13,3%), underweight (6,7%), overweight (23,3%), and obese (10,0%)) and severe spirometry result (53,3%). The data was analyzed by the Spearman Correlation. With the Spearman Correlation, there was no association between Brinkman Index and spirometry result with p value 0,412 (p value >0,05). Meanwhile, there was an association between the BMI and spirometry result with p value 0,006 (p < 0,05). The strength of the correlation is moderate (rs =-0,488). Conclusion: The lower the BMI, the more severe the spirometry result.
Pittara Pansawira, Luciana Budiati Sutanto
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5;

The passing of Prof. Saptawati Bardosono on October 15th last year was a great sadness and loss for the entire scientific community, especially nutrition-related. It was also an immeasurable grief for us, the editorial team of World Nutrition Journal.
Bambang Sudarmanto, Citra Primavita
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 42-51;

Background: Malnutrition in children with cancer is a common problem, particularly in low-income countries. Risk factors, effects on outcome, and feasible interventions are important to comprehend in managing patients. Objectives: To know the risk and impact of malnutrition in children with patients. Discusion: Children with cancer are at risk of suffering from malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs due to energy imbalance and results from multifactorial interactions, including type of tumors and therapy. Malnutrition can contribute to poor clinical outcome and decreased quality of life. Management of malnutrition in pediatric patients with cancer include screening and nutritional interventions with suitable route of administration based on patient condition.
I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 32-41;

Background: Disease-related malnutrition (DRM) is one of the most common problems in pediatric patients. Both cancer and congenital heart diseases (CHD) are commonly associated with DRM. Altered nutrition utilization, reduced intake, malabsorption, and hypermetabolism are the main pathophysiology in DRM. Method: A systematic literature searching was performed through Pubmed and Google Scholar websites. Thirty-six articles were included into the study. Results: Malnutrition screening should be performed as soon as possible since early feeding can benefit the patients. One of the most commonly used tools is Screening Tool for Risk on Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids), which was proven to be valid, reproducible, and applicable in pediatric patients with malnutrition. Following screening and assessment, nutrition support can ensue, preferably in the form of enteral nutrition, unless contraindicated. Nutrient-dense formula, also known as protein and energy-enriched formula, aims to aid infants to reach nutrition target rapidly and stimulate anabolism. This formula has been studied in various population, mostly infants with CHD and studies showed favorable outcomes with its administration, namely faster improvement, reduced diuretics use and oxygen supplementation, decreased length of hospital stay, and less antibiotic use. Nutrient-dense formula is also safe and well-tolerated. Conclusion: Proper screening and management should be performed with multidisciplinary approach to achieve the best outcome in children with DRM.
Anin Ika Rosa, Diana Sunardi, Novi Silvia Hardiany
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 23-31;

Background: Children under five years experience rapid growth and development, so that adequate nutritional intake is very important. Zinc is essential for child development and growth. Children’s zinc requirements are fulfilled from daily food intake that might be affected by Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between zinc intake with hair zinc level and appetite in children aged 2-3 years in Jakarta. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to October 2020 in Kampung Melayu, Jakarta. Seventy children aged 2-3 years were taken using total population sampling method. Interviews were conducted to obtain characteristic data and zinc intake using semi quantitative-food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Appetite were assessed using VAS appetite questionnaire. Hair samples were collected to check level of hair zinc. Spearman correlation was performed using SPSS. Results: Median of zinc intake was 6 (1,2-22,5) mg/day, with 20% of the subjects had insufficient zinc intake. The median hair zinc value was 132 (30-451) µg/g, with 17,1% subjects zinc insufficient. The median of VAS appetite score was 54,5 mm. There were no significant correlation between zinc intake and hair zinc level (r = -0.077, p = 0.528). A weak positive correlation was found between appetite and hair zinc levels (r = 0,247, p = 0,039). Conclusion: Zinc intake in children aged 2-3 years had no significant correlation with hair zinc level, and appetite had a weak positive correlation with hair zinc level.
Sherly Ardi Vantono, Saptawati Bardosono, Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 18-22;

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted many aspects of the country, including the economy and health care. Food insecurity is increasing, causing harm to children’s nutrition and development. As a result, mother must deal with food insecurity to providing a balanced diet for her children aged 6 to 23 months. This study aims to review the possible mother’s coping strategies used toward food insecurity to maintain child nutrition during the COVID-19 pandemic. To review the literature, the researcher utilized search engine such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, Oxford journal, and British Medical Journal. "COVID-19", "Coping Strategies", “Food Security”, and "Child” were among the keywords chosen by the researcher. After filtering with the several criteria, the 17 articles were reviewed. Based on this paper review, we know that during the COVID19 pandemic, there is a coping strategy that assist mother to maintain their child nutrition. To address the problem of food insecurity, the possible mother’s coping strategy used are adaptive coping strategies such as home-cooked meals, financial support, and receiving food assistance.
Nina Indriyani Nasruddin, Novi Silvia Hardiany, Wiji Lestari
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 8-17;

Background: Obesity modulates oxidative stress and can be detected by examining malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels. Flavonoids are natural bioactive ingredients that can be found in various types of vegetables and fruits that function as antioxidants to suppress that oxidative stress. Objective: This study aimed to determine the correlation between flavonoid intake and MDA serum levels in obese women of reproductive age. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kendari, Indonesia from April to October 2021. The purposive sampling method was used to obtain 88 subjects who met the research criteria. Data were collected through interviews covering flavonoids intake using validated SQ-FFQ. Anthropometric measurements were performed to assess nutritional status, and laboratory tests were applied to determine MDA serum levels. Results: The average intake of flavonoids in the subjects was 142,26 ± 56,53 mg per day. Meanwhile, the average MDA serum level in the subjects was 2.16 mol/L, ranging from 1.09 nmol/ml to 6.71 nmol/ml. There was no significant correlation between total flavonoid intake and MDA serum levels in obese women of reproductive age (r=0,188, p=0,079). However, there was a weak correlation between the intake of flavonoid subclasses, namely flavan-3-ols/flavanols and MDA serum levels (r=0.325, p=0.002). Conclusion: We conclude that there was no correlation between total flavonoid intake and MDA serum levels. However, there was a correlation between flavan-3-ols/flavanols and MDA serum levels in the subjects.
Muzal Kadim, Bertri Maulidya Masita
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 1-8;

Introduction. The gut microbiota plays an important role in the normal functioning of the host organism. The microbiota of healthy newborn affected by many factors such as prenatal exposures, maternal nutrition, mode of delivery, type of feeding, introduction to solid food and its type, geography, and antibiotics consumption; and its composition continues to mature until reaching 3 years of age. Normal gut microbiota is essential in gut health, and play an important role in our homeostasis. Therefore, gut microbiota is considered a crucial factor for proper early life development and lifelong health. Prebiotics, along with probiotics, may alter gut microbiota composition thus play a role in the prevention of various diseases associated with dysbiosis condition. Methods. Advanced search for relevant literatures in PubMed, Cochrane, and Willey was conducted. After assessing the relevancy and eligibility, articles were selected and critically appraised. Conclusions. Accumulating evidence from different studies has shown that the occurrence of a disease is often preceded by early alterations of the microbiota. Many studies established correlation between gut microbiota dysbiosis with diseases pathogenesis i.e obesity and other metabolic syndrome, asthma and allergies, also stress-related disorder. Prebiotic supplementation has proven to be effective in obesity, asthma and allergies management, also beneficial for immune system.
Rita Ramayulis, Erika Wasito
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 23-29;

Introduction. The first 1000 days of life is the most crucial period for physical and neuro-emotional development. Since prenatal, the organ development had started and affected by many factors. Healthy neurodevelopment is dependent on socioeconomic, interpersonal and/or family, and nutritional factors. Macro- and micro-nutrients deficiencies may disrupt neurodevelopmental process. Iron, zinc, and iodium has been proven to affect brain development intrauterine and continues after birth. Prebiotics also play a role in neurodevelopmental through brain-gut-axis, but also beneficial on overall health. Methods. Advanced search for relevant literatures in PubMed, Cochrane, and Willey was conducted. After assessing the relevancy and eligibility, articles were selected and critically appraised. Conclusions. Prebiotics supplementation is beneficial in promoting gut health, thus also play a role in immune pathway and influence brain function. Many studies also shown that prebiotics might be used as additional therapy in diseases that related to gut health i.e functional gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, and allergy.
Setyo Handryastuti, Ni Ketut Susila Dharma Asih
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 15-22;

The right for optimal cognitive, social, and emotional behavioral growth is fundamental for every child. The cognitive, social, and emotional parts of the brain continue to develop across the lifespan. An immense portion of the brain’s structure and capacity is shaped early in life. Nevertheless, a cautious approach must be undertaken to ensure optimal development with long-term consequences during this sensitive period. Among the identified factors for optimal brain development, provision of optimal nutrition shared its portion as one of the fundamentals. This article will review the essential features of nutrients in the fetal, postnatal, and infancy period in relation to brain development.
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