ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2477-4766 / 2580-5347
Current Publisher: Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar (10.24252)
Total articles ≅ 127
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Latest articles in this journal

Yenita Hastuti, Absharini Kardena, Eliza Chio
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 135-148; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a12

The research is due to several problems found in the field; the students assumed that narrative text was the difficult text to translate. It happened because the students translate the text literally, also the students were lack of vocabularies in translating the text. This research aims to find out the causes of students’ problems in translating narrative text. The research used descriptive method with a quantitative approach in which the sample of the research was 55 fifth semester students of English Education Study Program at IAIN Bukittinggi, academic year 2018/2019, by using questionnaires as the instrument of this research. The findings of the research showed that there are two factors causing problems in translating narrative text from English into Indonesian; they are linguistic factors and non-linguistic factors. It is proved by the highest percentage of students’ difficulties which is 55% in linguistic factors and 52% in non-linguistic factors.
Annisa Shofa Tsuraya
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 77-88; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a7

Pronunciation involves far more than individual sounds. Word stress, sentence stress, intonation, and word linking all influence the sound of spoken English, not to mention the way we often slur words and phrases together in casual speech. English pronunciation involves too many complexities for learners to strive for a complete elimination of accent, but improving pronunciation will boost self-esteem, facilitate communication, and possibly lead to a better job or least much respect in the workplace. This research aimed at investigating the effect of Intuitive-Imitative Approach in teaching pronunciation. The participants of this research were the second-year students of Indonesia Vocational High School in amount of 40 students. This research applied pre-experimental method. The instruments of this research were pre-test and post-test in oral test. The result of this research finally showed that the students’ pronunciation of post-test score was higher than the students’ pre-test score. Meanwhile, the result of t­-test showed that the difference was significant where value of the t-test was greater than the value of the t-table (20.17 ≥ 2.069). Thus, it can be concluded that the use of Intuitive-Imitative Approach is effective to use in teaching pronunciation. So that, by applying this method in learning pronunciation, the teacher are hoped to be more creative to enrich their selected word by choosing the unique words to stimulate students and present them an enjoyable, relax, and understandable way in learning process.
Jeremy Velasquez Basilio Velasquez Basilio, Inero Ancho, Gilbert Santos Arrieta
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 121-134; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a11

What do annual graduation messages convey? What is the gist of the message? What common themes may be derived from these messages? These inquiries inform this study as annual graduation messages issued by the Department of Education (DepEd) Secretary are analysed. This paper recognizes the impact of each graduation message as it serves as a venue in capturing what DepEd attempts to relay to its stakeholders, particularly student graduates in the context of this paper. This study employs qualitative method using data available online. Graduation messages annually issued by DepEd are posted and accessible through online resources. Graduation messages issued from 2010-2019 are utilized in this study. Careful analysis of data reveals the following clustered themes: quality education as the key to transformation, education at the core of life’s challenges, Filipino learners transforming the future, stakeholders and learners towards a better education, and K-12 curriculum as the vehicle for success. Recognition has been given to stakeholders who play crucial roles in the education system and advocate its success. Also, social, cultural, and curricular aspects have also shaped how each graduation message is crafted and relayed to stakeholders.
Amanda Pradhani Yanwar
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 1-17; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a1

This research was aimed to describe the students’ responses toward the use of language instructions. It was conducted at Unit Pelaksana Teknis Bahasa, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia. The techniques for collecting the data used in this research were observation, interview, document analysis, and questionnaire. Based on the analysis of the data, it can be concluded that the students could interact with the lecturer when the lecturer used both English and Indonesian language during the teaching and learning process. Therefore, it is recommended for English lecturers to use language instructions properly to make the students understand more about what the lecturer is talking about, to make the students accustomed more about the use of English vocabularies, to make the lecturers and the students have an enjoyable and successful English teaching and learning process. For the other researchers who want to conduct similar research, the result of this research can be an additional reference.
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 96-110; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a9

This research was designed to improve the students’ reading comprehension in English through the implementation of Reciprocal Teaching Method. The research employed a collaborative classroom action research design in which the researcher and the collaborative teacher worked together in preparing a suitable procedure of Reciprocal Teaching Method, designing the lesson plan, determining of the criteria of success, implementing the action, observing, and doing reflections. The subjects of this research were 40 students of Grade XI BHS 2 at MA. Nurul Jadid Problolinggo in the academic year 2019/2020. The data of this research were obtained through (1) observation sheet, to obtain information about teacher’s and the students’ activities and performance during the implementation of Reciprocal Teaching Method, (2) quiz, to identify whether the students had made progress in reading comprehension, and (3) questionnaire, to get information from the students whether the strategy applied could motivate the students to actively involve during the teaching and learning process. The result of the research showed that the Reciprocal Teaching Method in the teaching-learning of reading comprehension was effective in improving the students’ reading comprehension. The improvement was indicated by the increase of the students’ average score throughout the cycle of action that was 72.63 in the preliminary study; 79.88 in the test of Cycle 1. Besides, students were motivated and active in the class using the method in terms of learning to work together and to help each other in a group with different competence, which was showed by the result of their works.
Arqam Madjid
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 149-165; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a13

Teacher’s professional competence development becomes very important in the general area of study of education, it is probably because the professional competence development of the teacher plays an important role in their performance in teaching and the interaction with the students and other members of the school community. So, the problem statement of this research are: (i) What are the EFL teacher’s at SMA Negeri 1 Parepare Perspectives on the meaning of professional competence development. The research applying a qualitative descriptive method in the form of a phenomenological study approach. The findings indicate that (i) EFL teacher’s perspectives on the meaning of professional competence development in SMA Negeri 1 Parepare are: English teacher’s professional competence development is very necessary and very helpful it feels like a re-fresh and recharge program, English teacher’s professional competence development is very influential in increasing them self-confidence at teaching and influential to the teaching quality for both professional and pedagogical competence, Professional competence development very much helped to improve their professional and pedagogical competence, EFL teacher’s professional competence development has very good and a lot of positive effects for their profession as a teacher, EFL teacher’s professional competence development is really feel indeed greatly help improve their quality in teaching.
Nichella Ayu Clarita, Indah Rahmawati, Solikin Sudibyo
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 42-51; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a4

Many students usually find it hard to speak in English, because they have not practiced enough. This reason makes them cannot speak English well. Speaking is the skill which student should master it in order to communicate with other people. The situation in the learning process is one of the important things that the teacher should consider. This research aims to know; (1) the students’ achievement of the third semester of English Education Department at the University of Technology Yogyakarta in speaking English using role-play technique on academic year 2018/2019, and (2) the influencing factors to the students’ speaking skill achievement using role-play technique. The method used was quantitative method with experimental design to 9 students as the research sample. The data were analysed using Microsoft Excel 2013. The findings indicated that the mean score increased from 70 to 78.88, the standard deviation also improved from 6.123 to 7.817. Furthermore, the data from questionnaire indicated that the students had positive responses toward the use of role-play technique. Therefore, the use of role-play technique can improve the students’ speaking ability at this experimental research.
Muthi'Ah Muthi'Ah, Syamsul Arif Galib
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 111-120; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a10

This study examines the use of humor in the teaching process of the English Education Department as perceived by the students. Three main points are discussed in this study: (1) the kinds of lecturers that the students mostly expect to keep them engaged with English tasks in classroom environment, (2) the students’ perception on the use of humor as learning motivator, and (3) the students’ perception on the Lecturers’ Teaching Characters. The participants of the research were the students of the English Education Department at UIN Alauddin Makassar. This research is descriptive. The data were collected using a survey and depth interviews with the students. The results show that the most preferable lecturers are the ones who can make the class/course interesting. Also, while 96% of the students think that using humor in the classroom is important as a learning motivator, the researchers found that lecturers in the English Education Department rarely use humor in the teaching process.
Mochlis Eko Wijayanto
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 18-30; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a2

The learning process at the University of Nurul Jadid must be guided by Trilogi Santri and Panca Kesadaran Santri formulated by the founder of the Nurul Jadid Islamic Boarding School Foundation. Thus, each learning program at the Faculty of Islamic Religion (FAI) of Nurul Jadid University must be able to produce teachers who can integrate Islamic values in their teaching, including learning English itself. To find out students as prospective teachers of Islamic religious education are able to integrate Islamic values into learning English. The problem in this research is, "how is the integration of Islamic values in learning English in the classroom through a religious approach?" This study is an empirical study (field research) in the form of descriptive methods. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis method. The subjects of this study were 17 students majoring in Islamic religious education (PAI) in the academic year 2018/2019. Data collected using observation techniques. The results showed that in carrying out teaching practices in class English III, students of religious education (PAI) had a fairly good competence in integrating Islamic values into the teaching and learning process of English. It was demonstrated by 14 students (prospective teachers) who were able to integrate Islamic values in the learning material they applied. While the rest is only integrated into the opening and closing activities by saying Salam (Islamic greetings) and doing do'a (prayer).
Sitti Hamsina
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 31-41; doi:10.24252/eternal.v61.2020.a3

This present study investigated students’ motivation for learning writing skills through an inquiry approach. The research methodology that was used the type of descriptive research using correlational, where the researchers wanted to know the motivation of students as well as see differences in student motivation in learning writing skills through an inquiry approach. This study used purposive sampling and the respondents were the tenth-grade students of MAN 3 Makassar consist of two classes. They are the 10th Science grade that used the inquiry approach and the 10th Social grade with a non-inquiry approach consists of 30 students in each class. Collecting data in this study used a close question by using the MSLQ. Then to analyze the data, the present researcher used a paired samples t-test by using SPSS 22 for windows. Based on the data analysis, the present researcher found that the mean score of and the 10th Science grade for three motivation scales namely: control belief (5.76), self-efficacy (5.68), and anxiety (5.46) and the 10th Social grade got control belief (5.18), self-efficacy (5.14), and anxiety (4.99). The interpretation scale of the three motivation scales of the 10th Science grade obtained a mean score higher than the 10th Social grade. The t-scores of the three scales, two of them of control belief scale and self-efficacy scale were a significant difference at 0.05 level and the anxiety scale was not a significant difference. The present researcher states that the inquiry learning approach could increase students’ motivation for learning writing skills for the tenth grade of MAN. Based on the results of this study, researchers currently expect that English teachers could use the inquiry learning approach to teach English writing skills.
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