Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista

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EISSN : 1980-0827
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Helder Henrique de Faria, Andréa Soares Pires, Fernanda D. Abra
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 18; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082718120223103

Abstract:
Although being conceived with economical and social significance, building roads is a high impact mechanism of landscape fragmentation, in which the involved environmental factors are not fully considered. The SP-613 highway segments the forest and divides in half the 34000 ha of Morro do Diabo State Park (MDSP), representing the major source of disturbance to the protected area’s wildlife. A random monitoring was performed between 1989-1999 and counted 158 animals and 23 wild species killed in collisions with vehicles. Among these, 16% were endangered species. Data compiled between 2002 and 2010, following the same previous methodology, counted 46 dead animals and 15 species, indicating the geographic localizations of the collisions. A new stage of the monitoring was performed, with systematic data collection throughout two different periods: the first one with 197 days of monitoring and 56 days of sampling; the second one with 292 days of monitoring and 83 days of sampling. The species, sex, when possible, date, place and carcass conditions were registered, resulting in 29 individuals and 16 wild species. The three rounds of monitoring totaled 233 registered animals among 15 orders, 28 families and 33 impacted species. In this work, we revisit the data from the first two monitorings and present the analysis of the last survey, the most impacted species and the mortality rates after the adoption of measures aiming to diminish the fauna mortality along the highway.
João Lucas Piubeli Doro,
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 18; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082718120222805

Abstract:
A compreensão da relação sociedade-natureza posta pela Educação Ambiental em virtude da crise ecológica já denunciada desde anos 1950 se acentua com a crise sanitária mundial atual. O entendimento da tomada de consciência na relação dos humanos com o seu entorno natural e cultural contribuem para reflexões acerca do assunto e é primordial para a alteração do status quo estabelecido. Nesse prisma, convém enveredar pelas ideias da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural representada por Lev Semiyonovich Vigotski e pelos pressupostos da Educação Ambiental Crítica, com diversos representantes influenciados pelas ideias de Paulo Freire. Pressupondo que ambas as correntes encontram semelhanças entre si em diferentes cenários, tematizamos a articulação desses referenciais pela importância e pertinência para a formação da consciência. O trabalho não pretende sobrepor ideias e correntes sobre as outras, tampouco findar o assunto proposto nessa temática, mas como o próprio resultado desse trabalho, estabelecer articulações e reflexões sobre a relação homem e natureza, abordando assuntos como consciência socioambiental, o papel social e o sujeito nesses dois campos teóricos.
Marllon Moreti De Souza Rosa, Laíse Vieira Gonçalves, Antônio Fernandes Nascimento Júnior
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213073

Abstract:
This paper aims to report and analyze a pedagogical practice developed for Public Health Policies teaching in a course held at the Federal University of Lavras, in the first semester of 2018. For the development of this paper, a class was created and taught in a Public Health Policies teaching course based on the History and Philosophy of Science and Problem-solving Methodology, seeking to understand how these pedagogical strategies contribute to the teaching of this theme and its connection with the environment. At the end of the class, students were asked to evaluate the practice, pointing out the strengths and points to be improved. These feedbacks were organized and analyzed qualitatively through the Content Analysis and, later, were discussed. The results of the analyzes indicate that Environmental Education cannot be conservative of social conditions, but rather present the connection between man and nature, highlighting the link between the exploration of nature and the production of goods. In addition, the History and Philosophy of Science, starting with questions about the reality of students, can enhance the teaching-learning process, since it can avoid fragmentation of knowledge, allowing an approximation of students to scientific knowledge and its social use.
Gérsica Moraes Nogueira da Silva, Athos Farias Menezes, Maria Do Carmo Sobral
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213074

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic calls into question deficiencies in current public policies and infrastructure of basic services to the population in large urban centers. From health systems, environmental sanitation and social protection, particularly for the low-income population, this opens the debate of the values and priorities at different scales. The research study area are subnormal settlements located in the neighborhoods of Pina and Brasília Teimosa in the Metropolitan Region of Recife. The aim was to assess the sanitary conditions in ZEIS, by conducting semi-structured interviews and assessing secondary data. Among the interviewees, only 56.3% said they had sanitary sewage collection and another 74.4% (n=1041) had access to water supply by Compesa, showing a significant deficit in the provision of basic services. With the pandemic, the necessary production of detailed empirical field data from the perspective of the peripheries faces great scientific challenges. Ensuring access to ideal sanitary conditions is a right for all and is related in an integrated way to multiple SDGs of the 2030 agenda. Demanding safe, adequate and affordable housing, and inclusive and sustainable urbanization, with capacity for planning and management of participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlements.
Mariana De Melo Costa, Luciana Nemer Diniz
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213068

Abstract:
The work comparatively analyzes the relation between popular housing and the main epidemics in Rio de Janeiro, from the end of the 19th century to the present day. The text rescues the memory of the tenements (the first popular form of housing), recalling the mortality of Yellow Fever and Spanish Flu; continues to study the formation process of the favelas, in parallel to the Dengue and Covid 19 epidemics, and the solutions implemented by the government with the objective of improve sanitary conditions in the form of housing estates, and more recently, in their urbanization. The SWOT Analysis, a reflection and positioning tool in relation to situations, widely applied in engineering and administration, it was used to list points of weakness and potential solutions in low-income housing in the face of sanitary problems and the solutions brought by the Government. In the methodology, consultations with secondary sources (books, articles, and newspapers) and iconographic research that illustrate the situations and provide support for the application of the SWOT analysis stand out. The conclusions highlight the extent to which epidemics overwhelmingly plague the population living in needy areas, whose absence of wholesome and appropriate urban solutions demonstrate the lack of Urban Planning and Management.
Tiago Vinicius Silva Athaydes, Jefferson De Queiroz Crispim, Mauro Parolin
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213075

Abstract:
Sanitation in rural areas in Brazil is still very precarious, with deficits greater than in urban areas. In this sense, the central objective of this research is to evaluate the role of the Municipal Surveillance in the management of water quality in rural properties in the Midwestern region of Paraná, covering the beginning of the monitoring of water quality, the relationship of the Consolidation Ordinance No. 5 of 2017 of the Ministry of Health regarding the choices of parameters on potability indices in relation to the parameters analyzed in the Surveillance, the presence of outbreaks due to diseases arising from the consumption of contaminated water, the demand by residents and the partners who contribute to the realization of these activities. The data were obtained through the application of a semi-structured questionnaire, through the 11th Health Regional Office of Campo Mourão. It was presented that the municipalities have acted in the monitoring of water quality in an uneven way at the beginning of the activities, following the parameters of the Ordinance. The municipalities had demands and demands from residents and counted on the 11th Health Regional Office as the main partner in the monitoring support. Only Iretama presented an outbreak due to the consumption of contaminated water.
Isadora Vitali Lobo, César Gustavo Da Rocha Lima, José Augusto Di Lollo
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213070

Abstract:
Urbanization in hydrographic basins promotes changes in the hydrological cycle through the impermealized areas. Not only surface runoff is increased, reducing infiltration, but also the susceptibility to extreme hydrological events. The objective of this study is to analyze the natural susceptibility of Córregos Barbosa e Barbosinha (Barbosa and Barbosinha Brooks) watershed to flooding. Morphometric parameters of land use and occupation were analyzed, in order to subsidize management and planning in an area of urban expansion. The analysis of land use and occupation was based on the supervised classification method of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor and Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager sensor (OLI) satellite images dated 1990, 2006 and 2020. Morphometric indices were calculated using the SPRING 5.4.3 software and a SRTM image with a spatial resolution of 30 meters. The results indicate that the natural susceptibility to flooding of the study area is medium to high, and can be intensified by the dynamics of land use and occupation and increasing impervious areas in the basin. Over the period of study, the growth of impervious areas was 133% relative to 1990.
Dayana Aparecida Marques De Oliveira Cruz
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213067

Abstract:
Since 2016, the four States Parties to the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) - Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay - are experiencing internal political and economic crises that cannot be understood without observing the South American regional context. With the pandemic of the new coronavirus, the crisis also took on a health dimension, whose repercussions in 2021 made the celebration of the bloc's thirty years a moment of reflection on the effectiveness of the integration process, due to the absence of territorial management that addresses the Mercosur needs. The purpose of this text is to discuss the measures adopted in the context of Mercosur in the face of the current pandemic, economic and political crisis. The methodology used for the elaboration of the text included a bibliographic review on the regional integration process in Mercosur and the analysis of news about the situation and the measures adopted to contain the effects of the crisis in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Helder Henrique de Faria, Andréa Soares Pires, Paulo Jancar Curi
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213076

Abstract:
This work presents the monitoring of the effectiveness of the management of the Morro do Diabo State Park, Sao Paulo, Brazil, during fourteen years (2002-2016), divided into six-time cuts for which management effectiveness indices were obtained. This protected area (PA) of category II of the World Conservation Union is responsible for the conservation of important species of Brazilian biodiversity, especially the leonthopitecus chrysopygus, which until the 1980s was considered the most endangered primate of the planet and which this park has its largest free population in nature. The methodological procedure used was an adaptation of the one proposed by Cifuentes, Izurieta, and Faria (2000), commonly denominated EMAP, an acronym of the initials in Spanish. The results indicate that at the beginning of the analyzed period the AP had reasonable conditions for its management, although it presented difficulties related to planning and administration, problems solved from a joint organizational and local effort, prioritizing actions for results. The management quality standard gradually increased, with a greater perception of the scope of the area's management objectives, since in addition to the ecosystem services resulting from its existence, the PA started to offer real benefits to the community by improving and increasing public use and environmental education, for example. However, the effectiveness of management has decreased to previous levels, having as main factors endogenous aspects of the management system linked to indicators limited to management, with repercussions on other management components.
Alexandre Effori de Mello
Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.17271/1980082717620213071

Abstract:
The objective of this article is to bring to discussion aspects of environmental comfort, built environment and sustainability, given the climate crisis and the urgency to find solutions to the issue. The concepts of ambience, quality of the built environment, environmental comfort and sustainable development are discussed, in addition to principles that can guide Architecture in its search for a built environment that preserves comfort through sustainability. The method used is bibliographical review, and the paper concludes by affirming that while it is not possible do determine the extent to which sustainability principles applied to the built environment can contribute to tackling the climate crisis, there is no other alternative.
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