The Laryngoscope

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0023852X / 15314995
Current Publisher: Wiley (10.1002)
Former Publisher: Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health) (10.1212) , Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health) (10.1288) , Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health) (10.1097)
Total articles ≅ 33,549
Google Scholar h5-index: 53
Current Coverage
SCOPUS
PUBMED
MEDLINE
MEDICUS
PMC
SCIE
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Michael J. Marino, J. Omar Garcia, Matthew A. Zarka, Devyani Lal
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology; doi:10.1002/lio2.328

Abstract:Objectives There is interest in identifying chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) endotypes that align pathophysiology with clinical observation and outcomes. CRS with polyps (CRSwNP) has classically been studied with reference to tissue eosinophilia, but the role of other cellular infiltrates remains uncharacterized. No particular tissue prognosticators have been described for CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP). Predominance of leukocytes seen in surgical tissue may be useful for differentiating CRS subtypes, severity of inflammation, and outcomes. Methods Structured histopathology reports were examined for 277 patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for CRSwNP (n = 115), CRSsNP (n = 141), and recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS, n = 21). Inflammatory predominance was examined for associations with nasal polyposis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), immune deficiency, preoperative Lund‐Mackay score, and outcome (SNOT‐22 score change). Results In order of frequency, the prevalence of predominant inflammatory patterns accounting for 93.5% of CRS patients were: lymphoplasmocytic (n = 111), lymphocytic (n = 74), eosinophilic (n = 50), and lymphoplasmocytic with eosinophilic (n = 24). Eosinophilic predominance was 97.4% specific for nasal polyps (95% confidence interval [CI], 93.4%‐99.3%), although sensitivity was 43.4% (95% CI, 33.8%‐53.4%). The absence of eosinophilic predominance was 100% sensitive for RARS (95% CI, 82.4%‐100%), however specificity was 30.8% (95% CI 25.1%‐37.1%). There were no significant differences in preoperative SNOT‐22 scores or change postoperatively. Conclusions Eosinophilic inflammatory predominance was predictive for nasal polyps and against RARS. Nevertheless, the majority of CRSwNP patients had a different inflammatory predominance, demonstrating heterogeneity in CRS, even among patients with nasal polyps. Symptomatic outcomes were not associated with inflammatory predominance through 12 months follow up. Level of Evidence 4.
Benjamin D. Lovin, Paul W. Gidley
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology; doi:10.1002/lio2.330

Abstract:Objectives The rarity of temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma (TBSCC) precludes a clear understanding of the disease and approach to its management. This review provides general background on the disease and discusses the current and emerging oncologic and rehabilitative management options. Data Sources PubMed literature review. Methods A review of the current literature was conducted to assess and collate up‐to‐date information regarding TBSCC management. Results TBSCC is a rare and aggressive disease arising in the ear canal, temporal bone, or extratemporal sites. Prior radiation, chronic ear disease, or habitual ear picking may contribute to primary disease development. Because the symptoms of TBSCC and benign otologic disease are similar, TBSCC diagnosis may be delayed, allowing the tumor time to spread throughout the anatomically intricate temporal bone. The extent of the disease is determined based on imaging and is usually staged with the Pittsburgh Staging System. Temporal bone resection with parotidectomy and neck dissection is the current standard of care. Survival is generally good for early disease and poor for advanced disease, but chemotherapy is emerging as a promising treatment option. Auditory rehabilitation with osseointegrated hearing aids is recommended at initial oncologic resection. Conclusions The knowledge of and outcomes for TBSCC have improved with time, but because of the aggressive nature of the disease and the anatomic intricacy of the temporal bone, TBSCC treatment is complex and should be delivered by a multidisciplinary team. Inter‐institutional collaboration may accelerate research for this rare disease. Level of Evidence 5.
Megan J. Foggia, Rene Vielman Quevedo, Marlan R. Hansen
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology; doi:10.1002/lio2.329

Abstract:Objective To report current knowledge on the topic of intracochlear fibrosis and the foreign body response following cochlear implantation (CI). Methods A literature search was performed in PubMed to identify peer‐reviewed articles. Search components included “cochlear implant,” “Foreign body response (FBR),” and “fibrosis.” Original studies and review articles relevant to the topic were included. Results Ninety peer‐reviewed articles describing the foreign body response or intracochlear fibrosis following CI were included. Conclusions Intracochlear fibrosis following CI represents a significant limiting factor for the success of CI users. Several strategies have been employed to mitigate the foreign body response within the cochlea including drug delivery systems and modifications in surgical technique and electrode design. A better understanding of the FBR has the potential to improve CI outcomes and the next generation of cochlear prostheses.
Anuraag S. Parikh, Ayaz Khawaja, Sidharth V. Puram, Priya Srikanth, Tjoson Tjoa, Hang Lee, Rosh K. V. Sethi, Mustafa Bulbul, Mark A. Varvares, James W. Rocco, et al.
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology; doi:10.1002/lio2.326

Abstract:Objectives To describe a 10‐year single center experience with parotid gland malignancies and to determine factors affecting outcomes. Study Design Retrospective review. Methods The institutional cancer registry was used to identify patients treated surgically for malignancies of the parotid gland between January 2005 and December 2014. Clinical and pathologic data were collected retrospectively from patient charts and analyzed for their association with overall survival (OS) and disease‐free survival (DFS). Results Two hundred patients were identified. Mean age at surgery was 57.8 years, and mean follow‐up time was 52 months. One hundred two patients underwent total parotidectomy, while 77 underwent superficial parotidectomy, and 21 underwent deep lobe resection. Seventy patients (35%) required facial nerve (FN) sacrifice. Acinic cell carcinoma was the most common histologic type (22%), followed by mucoepidermoid carcinoma (21.5%) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (12.5%). Twenty‐nine patients (14.5%) experienced recurrences, with mean time to recurrence of 23.6 months (range: 1‐82 months). Five‐ and 10‐year OS were 81% and 73%, respectively. Five‐ and 10‐year DFS were 80% and 73%, respectively. In univariate analyses, age > 60, histologic type, positive margins, high grade, T‐stage, node positivity, perineural invasion, and FN involvement were predictors of OS and DFS. In the multivariate analysis, histology, positive margins, node positivity, and FN involvement were independent predictors of OS and DFS. Conclusions Our single‐center experience of 200 patients suggests that histology, positive margins, node positivity, and FN involvement are independently associated with outcomes in parotid malignancies. Level of Evidence 4
Jonathan M. Sharrett, Matthew C. Ward, Eric Murray, Joseph Scharpf, Eric D. Lamarre, Brandon L. Prendes, Robert R. Lorenz, Brian B. Burkey, Shlomo A. Koyfman, Neil M. Woody, et al.
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28396

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Michele Tulli, Massimo Re, Stefano Bondi, Luigi Ferrante, Marianxhela Dajko, Leone Giordano, Federico M. Gioacchini, Andrea Galli, Mario Bussi
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28395

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Arie Oksenberg, Vlada Goizman, Edith Eitan, Kitham Nasser, Natan Gadoth, Timo Leppänen
Published: 13 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28387

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Alexandros Koukkoullis, István Tóth, Noémi Gede, Zsolt Szakács, Péter Hegyi, Gábor Varga, István Pap, Kinga Harmat, Adrienn Németh, István Szanyi, et al.
Published: 12 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28353

Abstract:Objective Compare intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of endoscopic and microscopic stapes surgery to provide objective evidence on whether the former is a better alternative than the latter. Methods We performed a systematic review and meta‐analysis for studies that compared endoscopic stapes surgery with microscopic stapes surgery. Only studies that met predetermined criteria were selected and assessed for bias and quality. Primary outcomes were postoperative air–bone gap (ABG) and chorda tympani nerve injury. Secondary outcomes were average operating time, tympanic membrane (TM) perforation, and postoperative taste disturbance, pain, and dizziness. We calculated pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for dichotomous outcomes and weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% CI for continuous outcomes. A confidence interval starting above 1.0 was considered as statistically significant. I2 and χ2 tests were used to quantify statistical heterogeneity. We used funnel plots to look for publication bias and performed a sensitivity analysis. Results Six nonrandomized cohort studies were eligible. The primary outcomes were ABG < 10 dB: OR = 1.80 (95% CI: 0.96 to 3.38), ABG = 11 dB to 20 dB: OR = 1.49 (95% CI: 0.76 to 2.93), ABG > 20 dB: OR = 2.51 (95% CI: 0.77 to 8.22), and chorda tympani injury: OR = 3.51 (95% CI: 1.55 to 7.93). Secondary outcomes were taste: OR = 2.36 (95% CI: 1.01 to 5.51), average operation time: WMD = 0.14 (95% CI: −11.69 to 11.98), TM perforation: OR = 1.70 (95% CI: 0.44 to 6.58); pain: OR = 0.84 (95% CI: 0.36 to 1.96), and dizziness: OR = 2.15 (95% CI: 0.94 to 4.89). Conclusions Endoscopic stapes surgery is a valid alternative to the microscope. Level of Evidence 2a Laryngoscope, 2019
Zhenxing Wu, John R. Craig, Guillermo Maza, Chengyu Li, Bradley A. Otto, Alexander A. Farag, Ricardo L. Carrau, Kai Zhao
Published: 12 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28400

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Bharat A. Panuganti, Philip Weissbrod, Edward Damrose
Published: 12 November 2019
by Wiley
The Laryngoscope; doi:10.1002/lary.28382