ISSN / EISSN : 0033-2194 / 2657-599X
Published by: University of Warsaw (10.31338)
Total articles ≅ 169
Latest articles in this journal
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 20-35; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-2.2
The article aims to defend Karl Löwith’s secularization thesis from the criticism made by Hans Blumenberg. Löwith’s thesis claims that modern philosophy of history is a secularized Christian eschatology. Blumenberg accuses Löwith’s thesis of substantialism. Following Sjoerd Griffioen, the article shows that this criticism fails. The article presents Blumenberg’s arguments that the idea of progress cannot be derived from eschatology. These arguments are refuted by the analysis of the work of Joachim of Fiore and providing a distinction between two kinds of progress. The article is written from the perspective of intellectual history, detaching from the dispute over the judgement of modernity.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 36-55; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-2.3
The article analyses the limitations of the semiotic approach to the studies of late socialism in Poland through the critique of Semiotic of solidarity: an analysis of the discourses of the Polish Unites Workers' Party and the Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarność in 1981 written by Paweł Rojek in 2009. This paper questions the assumption made by Rojek about the historical continuity of the Russian ancien régime and Soviet modernisation project as supposedly constituting the same system of intelligibility. There is an alternative approach of reading the discursive relationship between Eastern and Western bloc through the genealogy of discursive practices instead of the duality of two semiotic systems as described by the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School. Finally, the article assesses the applicability of Rojek’s interpretation of Solidarity as belonging to the ternary system and the Party as belonging to the binary system.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 56-63; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-2.4
A remarkable book by Nina Witoszek, an outstanding compatriot of ours, originally published in the USA, where it has aroused well-deserved interest among both professional and avid readers, forms the background for this essay. Populist nationalist tendencies growing within existing, but also well-established democracies, having authoritarian thinking at their core, constitute a threat not only to individual freedom but also to the effective functioning of societies. The strengthening of democracies, i.e. systems that are fundamentally democratic but significantly imbued with authoritarian elements, is a serious challenge for contemporary states (Hungary, Belarus, Poland, the USA under Donald Trump, Taiwan, Turkey, Liberia, Hong Kong and others). Overcoming these authoritarian tendencies is seen in Witoszek’s book as an initiative taken by small social groups releasing social energy to build grassroots democracy known from history as constructive and effective initiatives, e.g. KOR and later “Solidarity” in Poland. The book is an apotheosis of the friendship of groups of so-called ‘humanist renegades’ who evoke the impulse of change and their energy and way of thinking are instilled in the broad masses of society thus delivering the anti-authoritarian message of sustainable modernity.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 7-19; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-2.1
The article aims to answer the question of whether a healthy person who takes a registered medication containing modafinil may be considered responsible for behaviours, for which he or she would not be responsible without the cognitive enhancement. For this purpose, three specific questions are analysed. First, it is analysed whether liability is connected to competence in such a way that the increase in an individual’s cognitive competence increases his or her responsibility. Second, if the answer to the previous question is affirmative, under which conditions the person who has taken medications to extend his or her responsibility may be held responsible for conduct which he or she would not have committed without the cognitive improvement. Third, can the conditions referred to in the previous sentence be satisfied in the case of a healthy person who acts under the influence of a drug containing modafinil.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 7-24; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-1.1
The article interprets the crisis of liberal democracy in the 21st century as the result of an ongoing, dual revolution of dignity. One such revolution is the work of “humanist outliers”: small groups and individuals dedicated to compassionate social emancipation. Thus anti-authoritarian revolutions like that of Solidarity in Poland (1980–81) succeed in large part thanks to cultural and political innovations springing from the work of such small groups. However, the humanist revolution of dignity – featuring altruism and cooperation – has its “tribal doppelgänger”: a twin revolution that strives to reclaim national dignity and pride at the price of submission to authoritarian rule.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 25-41; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-1.2
The article aims to characterize the multidimensional crisis of Nigeria on the basis of the novel Fishermen written by Chigozie Obioma. Obioma, a representative of the third generation of Nigerian writers, constructs a narrative around a self-fulfilling prophecy about the annihilation of interpersonal relations, as well as the macrosocial, the political, and ecological crisis in West Africa. Finally, the ethnic and political views of Obioma in the context of the collapse of statehood in Africa are characterized.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 55-71; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-1.4
The text analyses the inner life of Christopher Columbus based mainly on his writings and the literature on the subject. It is an attempt to reconstruct the mentality of the great explorer against the background of his turbulent biography and the historical context of the turn of the Middle Ages and modern times.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 42-54; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2021-1.3
The article presents an application of Elizabeth Grosz’s corporeal feminism to the interpretation of Język korzyści by Kira Pietrek. The emphasis is put on how the subjectivity and fleshliness of poetic characters are constructed. The key issues of the feminist identity discourse focus on redefining the categories of subject and flesh as well as going beyond the mind-body and subject-object oppositions. Pietrek uses and, at the same time, exposes and ridicules schemes and clichés to reconstruct patriarchal reality. Research problems concern insufficient characterization of the subject’s “materiality”, which is connected with the adoption of solutions that go beyond Grosz’s theoretical considerations.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 7-20; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2020-4.1
Around 1820–1821, a young and not quite experienced Balzac writes a short story in prose, a draft which will remain unfinished and which we know as Corsino. It is one of Balzac’s experimental texts in prose (Sténie ou les Erreurs philosophiques; Une heure de ma vie; Agathise; Falthurne) revealing his artistic quest and announcing some important traits to be found in his later official works. Corsino is influenced by Balzac’s philosophical lectures and reflections present in his notes known as Discours sur l’immortalité de l’âme from 1818, where the topics such as religion, God, morality, science, epistemology, materialism, or scepticism are discussed.
Przegląd Humanistyczny pp 21-50; https://doi.org/10.31338/2657-599x.ph.2020-4.2
The aim of the study is the synthetic presentation of the scope of methodological problems appearing during the comparative analysis of Joseph Conrad’s writings in the horizon of Polish Conrad’s world view background. To sum up, the question is how the comparative analysis concentrated on the works of Nostromo’s author within his extraordinary, hidden as well as phantomatic, Polish Romantic factors is possible. Long, lasting almost a hundred years surveys on Joseph Conrad and Polish Romantic literature should be not only revised, but also revolutionised. To reach this point, we should come back to the old schools of Wellek’s and Etiemble’s comparative literature, regarding however the renewal of the area of our research by new instruments such as Jacques Derrida’s hauntology.