IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science

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ISSN / EISSN : 17551307 / 17551315
Current Publisher: IOP Publishing (10.1088)
Total articles ≅ 28,279
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Latest articles in this journal

N A Dalisova, I I Grishina
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022072

Abstract:The export potential of a region can be characterized as the possibility of producing the necessary quantity of goods for the purpose of export sales, corresponding in their quality and competitiveness to the demands of an external market relative to a region. But potential is not only and not just the amount of resources, but also the possibility of developing the system in a given direction. The agro-industrial complex today plays a particularly important social role, not only solving the issues of food supply of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, but also providing basic employment and incomes of the population of agricultural areas and maintaining the system of settlement of the region.
A I Laishevtsev, A V Kapustin, E A Yakimova, A V Danilyuk, A M Gulyukin, V V Belimenko
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022075

Abstract:Poultry clostridia are a serious problem for the domestic poultry industry, which is stated in a number of works by foreign and Russian scientists. In modern conditions, the epizootic situation of clostridia is becoming increasingly tense - the number of outbreaks of necrotic enteritis caused by clostridia increases significantly in a number of poultry farms in Russia, but knowledge of clostridium poultry infection is rather limited. This phenomenon has a tendency to aggravation also due to the fact that many enterprises according to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation No 2045-p of September 25, 2017 "On the strategy for preventing the spread of antimicrobial resistance in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030" are already preparing to reduce use of antibiotics administered through feed and water. In this case, the producers of the poultry industry, striving to solve one social problem, receive a number of new production and economic problems that require fundamental scientific and applied research to solve them. The solution to this issue may be an alternative approach to the control of poultry clostridia, based on vaccine prevention, the issues of which are currently not studied. Additionally, it is worth noting that the group of poultry diseases caused by microorganisms of the Clostridiaceae family (clostridium) has not only epizootic significance, but also epidemiological one, since it is dangerous for people due to the toxic infection through processed products. In view of the above, the relevance of scientific research on the topic of clostridia of agricultural poultry species is considered obvious.
Valeriy A Vlasov
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022074

Abstract:The author of the paper made an attempt to analyse from the scientific point of view certain objective aspects that directly affect the provision of the population of Krasnoyarsk Territory with complete and sufficient food products. The relevance of studying the characteristics of both natural and economic conditions in relation to the food supply system of the region is not only theoretical, but also of practical importance. This issue is confirmed by the fact that without an objective analysis, a significant number of problems of economic and managerial relations in the food sector can arise. The publication examines how the natural and economic conditions affect the definition of the volume, structure, location and specialization of agricultural production in the region under study.
I R Ruiga, Z A Vasilyeva, L E Kirilina, A A Stupina, E S Kovzunova
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022073

Abstract:The paper is devoted to the formation of a system of indicators for monitoring threats to food security in the regions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF). The theoretical basis for the study included the results of the analysis of the accumulated foreign experience and current Russian practice on food safety assessment at the federal and regional levels. Focusing on the studied approaches, taking into account the identified advantages and disadvantages, the authors have compiled a list of methodological principles, on the basis of which a comprehensive system of indicators and indicators for assessing food security in the Arctic regions has been proposed. The results of the study can be used by regional and federal government to monitor risks and threats in the food sector of the Arctic territories, as well as to adjust existing regulatory and strategic documents and improve the mechanisms for ensuring food security in the Russian Arctic.
O P Kolpakova, S A Mamontova, O I Goryunova, N E Lidyaeva, A Yu Schekin
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022065

Abstract:The paper defines methods for the quantitative assessment of arable land structure by productivity, soil-protective ability and humus recovery balance. The dependence of quantitative indicators of arable land structure on the ratio of annual and perennial crops was established. The method of assessing the structure of arable land allows us to determine the optimal structure.
N G Ivanova, E S Shcheblyakov, A G Litvinova, G K Antoshechkina
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022066

Abstract:The paper deals with the problem of air pollution in one of the biggest regions of the Russian Federation which is Krasnoyarsk Territory. It is noted that the atmospheric air in the cities of the region is very polluted. The paper proposes measures to be taken to maintain an appropriate state of the environment.
A G Akopyan, L M Roiter
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022055

Abstract:Poultry farming is one of the most developed branches of agriculture, as evidenced by the positive dynamics of the main economic indicators, as well as the growth of innovative potential. However, over time, it became obvious that the economic entities of the industry are differentiated in terms of efficiency into solvent and insolvent. This division is measured on the basis of financial condition and the ability to consistently repay its obligations. Previously, the problems of a financial capacity assessment were not of interest to financial analysts. In this regard, a study of the basic models of economic viability (insolvency) was conducted for further use in the industry.
I Sandrakova, A Spryzhkova, Zh Shmeleva, A Stupina, L Yushkova
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022063

Abstract:Currently, many issues related to ensuring the enterprise competitiveness, the formation of its market superiority, improving the efficiency of production and development of the pork market, the necessity for its regulation, taking into account the conditions of import substitution, remain far from being resolved. This fact predetermined the research relevance to improve the competitiveness of the pig complex LLC APC "Chistogorsky" (Limited Liability Company Agricultural Production Complex "Chistogorsky"). State policy aimed at economic security, places the global development of pig complexes in all regions of the Russian Federation into the list of priorities. The goal is quite obvious – domestic chilled pork should displace imported chilled and frozen meat. The movement in this direction will provide a large national producer with comfortable conditions for development, and the end user with inexpensive and high-quality products.
E A Demakova, I V Dojko, I V Krotova, M V Glotova, G R Rybakova
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022070

Abstract:The subject of the article is to justify the prospects of using a systematic approach to creating a regional brand. The productivity of this approach is due to the fact that the process of designing a regional brand product as a system is characterized by the presence of a specific set of system-generating, system-forming and system-dependent factors. Their analysis is presented in this article. Features of the application of a systematic approach to the management of the range and quality of innovative products is shown by the authors in relation to the life cycle of products based on vegetable food raw materials with biologically significant active principles.
L V Yushkova, A A Stupina, Zh N Shmeleva, R I Kuzmich, O I Antamoshkina
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 315; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/315/2/022064

Abstract:The article is devoted to assessing the impact of competitive interactions of economic agents on the regulation of the development of food markets. Consideration of the problems of the formation and food market development in terms of competitive relations provides a theoretical and methodological basis for improving the interaction mechanisms between economic agents in order to achieve the desired quality of the population life and sustainable development of the territory, and its goals can be interpreted not only from the point of balancing view the use of natural resources, scientific and technological development, personal development in order to strengthen the capacity to satisfy human needs in terms of preventing threats to future development.