IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 17551307 / 17551315
Current Publisher: IOP Publishing (10.1088)
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Latest articles in this journal

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 458; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/458/1/011002

Abstract:
All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/011002

Abstract:
All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/011001

Abstract:
The International Conference on Environment, Sustainability Issues, and Community Development 2019 (INCRID 2019) is the first international conference hosted by the Department of Environmental Engineering, Diponegoro University. INCRID 2019 was held at Santika Premiere Hotel, Semarang, Indonesia, from 23rd−24th October 2019. The program provides a unique platform for professionals, researchers, and academicians to share their experiences and explore the possible influence of sustainable living environment in the future. With the theme of "Discovering Innovations and Opportunities for Sustainable Living Environment", this forum will promote the close relationship between environment, sustainable development, and community development in order to achieve the desired goals to build the living environment. Published papers in this proceeding has themed with various topics including Environment, Health, & Safety, Environmental Technology, Green Infrastructure, Energy Conservation and Efficiency, Urban Development and Resilient Community, and Sustainable Development. All of participants in this conference were come from various parts of the country, with background of either academia or industry. The organizing committee is gratefully acknowledging for the support from various parties who contributed in successfulness of this event. We hope that INCRID 2019 will become a means of discussion that to improve and develop by promoting new ideas and strengthening networks among researchers. We believe that proceedings will serve the role of scientific reference and advancing knowledge in the future. M. Arief Budihardjo, S.T., M.Eng.Sc., PhD. Chief Organizer of INCRID 2019
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 458; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/458/1/011001

A Bakhtiar, D I Rinawati, D Pujotomo, I Indra, P R Handayani
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012036

Abstract:
According to data in World Bank, Indonesian income per capita, in 2016, still below from another country such as Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and Thailand. This condition is same as high technology exports, in 2015, where Indonesia still lack from the countries. It can be concluded from income per capita and high technology exports that patent in Indonesia still lack. Based on data Directorate General of IPR said that the total of active patent in Indonesia is 15.343, during 10 years (2007-2016). This amount is still far away compared to patent from another country that attain 46.838. To increase the number of patent registration, it is necessary to research the motive of patent owners and registrants to register their patent. This research is conducted on patent owners who have registered their invention at the Directorate General of IPR. The results of this study will be made recommendations for the Directorate General of IPR and consultants in socializing the importance of patent registration. Patent registration factors or motives vary by stakeholder. Overall there are 4 factors, in individual stakeholder there are 2 factors, and enterprises stakeholder there are 3 factors. The differences of motives are according to the importance every stakeholder.
A Siwiendrayanti, E T Pawenang, S Indarjo, I H Hikmah
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012016

D A P Sari, T E B Soesilo
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012092

Abstract:
Pandeglang Regency has the potential of a tsunami disaster due to its location, which is close to the megathrust segment of the Sunda Strait. The tsunami disaster caused negative impacts such as death, loss of property, and damage, which could be lessened by increasing community resilience aimed at reducing the disaster risk. Community resilience is related to the community's ability to recover from shocks or pressure to its original state. A resilient community can return to its previous state relatively quickly. It is crucial to know the tsunami disaster resilience index in Pandeglang Regency to obtain recommendations or concepts for tsunami disaster mitigation that are appropriate in creating community resilience to tsunami disasters in Pandeglang Regency. The purpose of this study was to measure community resilience to the tsunami disaster in Sukarame Village, Carita District, Pandeglang Regency using The Integrated Concept of Community Resilience (ICCR), which was adjusted to the conditions of the study area. Measurement indicators are developed based on internal and external factors that affect community resilience, such as social, cultural and economic capital, disaster risk governance, and disaster-based spatial planning. The analysis is based on data from the household questionnaire, which is then transcribed into statistically analyzed indicators. The results show that the combination of the social, cultural and economic capital, as well as the disaster risk governance index is medium, while the disaster-based spatial planning index is low. The ICCR index in Sukarame Village is in the medium category. It is necessary to improve disaster risk governance and disaster-based spatial planning in this area to reduce the tsunami risk that may occur in the future.
A Sarminingsih, G Samudro
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012009

Abstract:
Jatibarang Reservoir is located on the Kreo River. These reservoir functions are flood control, water supply, and hydroelectric power. The total capacity is around 20.4 million m3. The spillway is designed at elevation +148.9 with a width of 15 m, capacity Q50 = 240 m3/s, and an emergency spillway at +151.80 m, the width of 60 m with a capacity of 1350 m3/s. This paper aims to evaluate the performance of reservoirs in their function as flood control, due to land-use changes in upstream of the reservoir catchment area. The method which was used is the HEC HMS. Land use map data is used for the 2016 and spatial planning map of Central Java province for 2011-2031. The results were obtained are the hydrological parameters increase in CN and imperviousness, decrease in initial storage, and initial abstraction wich increasing flood discharge. The impact of this, an emergency spillway that was designed for discharges higher than Q50, must function at discharge that smaller than Q50. The initial design, Q50 water level elevation below +151.8, but with the change in hydrological parameters, water level elevation of Q50 increase up to + 152.2.
A Wicaksono, Widayat, S Saptadi
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012001

Abstract:
This research aims for the production of biodiesel (methyl ester) with the raw material of palm sludge oil (PSO) and perform a feasibility analysis through the parameters of Net Present Value, Internal Rate of Return (compare to bank interests rate), and Simple Payback Period on the small industrial scale 50-70 litters the biodiesel production obtained 91.30% yield from. Biodiesel can replace diesel oil as a fuel boiler for industrial use based on the quality parameters analysed, including methyl ester content, calorie value, flash point, viscosity and density. The economics analysis includes shows this business feasible to be applied.
B Zaman, E Sutrisno, F P Cahyani, D M Raharyani
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 448; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012031

Abstract:
An organic contaminant is one of the environmental issues in the wastewater. Organic contaminants in wastewater may produce toxic chemicals during disinfection. Nowadays, food industries and restaurants are the main contributors to the organic contaminant in the wastewater. Organic contaminant caused the increase of BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand), COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), TSS (Total Suspended Solid), and decrease DO (Dissolved Oxygen). The purpose of this article is to evaluate the efficiency of removing the organic contaminant from wastewater with natural biofilter from a banana tree. The efficiency of the banana tree was analyzed in terms of decreasing BOD, COD and the content of TSS. The parts of a banana tree that can be removed the organic contaminant from wastewater is its stem. The Banana stem used as natural media biofilter because of its abundant availability in Indonesia. The disadvantages of a banana tree were it can be easily placed by bacteria. Bacteria will develop well on the banana stem because the banana stem is moist enough and consist of much water in it. The banana stem contains cellulose fibers that can be used as media biofilter because of the characteristics of it, such as abundantly available, biodegradable, renewable, cheaper, low abrasive nature, unusual, specific properties, and exhibit excellent mechanical properties. However, the disadvantages of cellulose fibers were low thermal stability, moisture absorption, and poor compatibility.